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Andersson Granberg, TobiasORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5868-2388
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 53) Show all publications
Steins, K., Matinrad, N. & Andersson Granberg, T. (2019). Forecasting the Demand for Emergency Medical Services. In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019: . Paper presented at the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, January 8-11, Grand Wailea, Maui, Hawai'i (pp. 1855-1864). University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forecasting the Demand for Emergency Medical Services
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, University of Hawai'i at Manoa , 2019, p. 1855-1864Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Accurate forecast of the demand for emergency medical services (EMS) can help in providing quick and efficient medical treatment and transportation of out-of-hospital patients. The aim of this research was to develop a forecasting model and investigate which factors are relevant to include in such model. The primary data used in this study was information about ambulance calls in three Swedish counties during the years 2013 and 2014. This information was processed, assigned to spatial grid zones and complemented with population and zone characteristics. A Zero-Inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression approach was then used to select significant factors and develop the forecasting model. The model was compared to the forecasting model that is currently incorporated in the EMS information system used by the ambulance dispatchers. The results show that the proposed model performs better than the existing one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2019
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Probability Theory and Statistics Communication Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157097 (URN)9780998133126 (ISBN)
Conference
the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, January 8-11, Grand Wailea, Maui, Hawai'i
Available from: 2019-05-28 Created: 2019-05-28 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Ramsell, E., Andersson Granberg, T. & Pilemalm, S. (2019). Identifying functions for smartphone basedapplications in volunteer emergency response. In: Zeno Franco, José J. González, José H. Canós (Ed.), Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management: . Paper presented at 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and ManagementValencia (Spain), May 19-22, 2019 (pp. 1044-1056). Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying functions for smartphone basedapplications in volunteer emergency response
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management / [ed] Zeno Franco, José J. González, José H. Canós, Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management , 2019, p. 1044-1056Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Emergency response organisations struggle with resource constraints and thereby faces challenges in providing high-quality public services. Utilising voluntary first responders is one way to address these challenges. There are different types of volunteers who can help at an emergency site, e.g. citizen volunteers or voluntary professionals from other occupations. To successfully engage with and utilise these resources, adequate information and communication technology (ICT) is necessary. In this meta-study, combining and further exploring two previous studies, the aim is to identify, analyse and evaluate suitable functions for smartphone applications that can be used to dispatch and support volunteers. The results show that the functions can be divided into essential ones that are necessary for the response to work at all, and others that might contribute to a more effective response. The study also shows that the same functions can be used for different volunteer groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 2019
Series
ISCRAM Conference proceedings, ISSN 2411-3387
Keywords
Voluntary emergency response, ICT, smartphone application, end users, co-production
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157031 (URN)978-84-09-10498-7 (ISBN)
Conference
16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and ManagementValencia (Spain), May 19-22, 2019
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-06-24
Andersson Granberg, T., Polishchuk, T., Polishchuk, V. & Schmidt, C. (2019). Integer Programming-Based Airspace Sectorization for Terminal Maneuvering Areas with Convex Sectors. Journal of Air Transportation, 27(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integer Programming-Based Airspace Sectorization for Terminal Maneuvering Areas with Convex Sectors
2019 (English)In: Journal of Air Transportation, E-ISSN 2380-9450, Vol. 27, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper an airspace sectorization framework for terminal maneuvering areas based on mixed integer programming is presented. It incorporates an airspace complexity representation, as well as various constraints on the sectors’ geometry, for example, the requirement that points demanding increased attention from air traffic controllers should lie in the sector’s interior to allow for enough time to resolve possible conflicts. The method can enforce convex sectors. In contrast to earlier integer/constraint programming approaches, which used synthesis methods with variables per elementary airspace piece that were glued together to form sectors, the integer programming formulation uses a variable per potential edge on the sector boundary. It is also the first step toward an integrated design of routes, the resulting complexity, and a sectorization. This paper presents results for Stockholm Arlanda airport and compares the integer programming results to convex sectorizations obtained by enumerating all possible topologies for a given number of sectors. This yields a proof-of-concept for the application of this highly flexible approach to terminal maneuvering areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2019
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161306 (URN)10.2514/1.D0148 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
Matinrad, N., Andersson Granberg, T., Ennab Vogel, N. & Angelakis, V. (2019). Optimal Dispatch of Volunteers to Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients. In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii InternationalConference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii, USA, 8th-11th January 2019: . Paper presented at The 52nd Hawaii InternationalConference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii, USA, 8th-11th January 2019 (pp. 4088-4097). University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal Dispatch of Volunteers to Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii InternationalConference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii, USA, 8th-11th January 2019, University of Hawai'i at Manoa , 2019, p. 4088-4097Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Initiatives with mobile phone dispatched volunteers to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases, can be found today in some countries, e.g. Sweden, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Italy. When an OHCA case is reported, an alarm is sent to the registered volunteers’ phones. However, the allocation of which volunteers to send to the automatic external defibrillator (AED) and who to send directly to the patient, is today based on simple rules of thumb. In this paper, we propose a model to optimally select how many and which volunteers to send directly to the patient, and who should pick up and deliver an AED. The results show that the model can help increase the survivability of the patients, compared to simple decision rules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2019
Keywords
Optimization of and the Use of IT for Healthcare Processes Information Technology in Healthcare Daily emergency, Mixed-integer optimization, Mobile dispatch, SMS life savers, Volunteer management
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155670 (URN)9780998133126 (ISBN)
Conference
The 52nd Hawaii InternationalConference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii, USA, 8th-11th January 2019
Available from: 2019-03-25 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Yousefi Mojir, K., Pilemalm, S. & Andersson Granberg, T. (2019). Semi-professionals: emergency response as an additional task in current occupations. International Journal of Emergency Services, 8(2), 86-107
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-professionals: emergency response as an additional task in current occupations
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 86-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to identify occupational groups who can act as semi-professional first responders, in order to shorten the response times to frequent emergencies, and second, to identify related opportunities, challenges and needs of training, emergency supplies and information technology (IT) support. Design/methodology/approach A case study approach was taken, combining future workshops, focus groups and an exercise. Network governance was used as an analytical lens. Findings The identified potential groups are security guards, home care personnel, fire services day personnel and facility service personnel. The results show that semi-professionals have a large potential to complement professional resources by carrying out first response or supportive actions vital to the emergency, partly by using already existing cars and equipment. The identified needs include additional basic equipment such as fire extinguishers and first-aid kits, training in basic firefighting, first aid and risk assessment, as well as mobile phone application-based IT support to manage alarms. The major challenges are organisational, economic and juridical, including ambiguities in responsibilities and related insurances. The analysis recognises the new collaboration as a hybrid form of hierarchical government and network governance. Social implications The study suggests that using semi-professional resources can be one of many innovative solutions to recent public sector challenges that have put a huge strain on professional emergency response organisations. Originality/value The study provides a novel view of using semi-professional resources in emergency response, based on the joint perspectives of various occupational groups, and the fire services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Network governance, Cross-sector collaboration with fire services, Semi-professionals
National Category
Communication Studies Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150834 (URN)10.1108/IJES-11-2017-0059 (DOI)000476677000001 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Norrkoping municipality; Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, through the research centre CARER (Center for Advanced Research in Emergency Response)

Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Al Haji, G., Fowler, S. & Andersson Granberg, T. (2018). Smart traffic calming measures for smart cities - a pre-study. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smart traffic calming measures for smart cities - a pre-study
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traffic calming measures, such as speed bumps and elevated crossing points, are used to reduce speed, to prevent overtaking and generally contribute to a safer traffic situation. However, they might also cause increased response times for rescue vehicles (e.g. ambulances or fire trucks). An alternative to the conventional traffic calming measures is so-called smart traffic calming measures. These can determine when a vehicle approaches, whose journey should not be hindered, and adjust to allow for free passage for this vehicle.

This report gives an overview of the problem, and some examples of smart  traffic calming measures are discussed. Special focus is put on the wireless communication necessary to detect emergency vehicles. Furthermore, existing challenges and possible solutions for traffic calming measures and the communication needed to make them smart are discussed.

Abstract [sv]

Trafiklugnande åtgärder, såsom vägbulor och förhöjda övergångsställen, används för att minska hastigheten, hindra farliga omkörningar och generellt bidra till en säkrare trafiksituation. Dock kan de också bidra till att insatstiderna för räddningsfordon (t.ex. ambulanser eller räddningstjänstens släckbilar) förlängs. Ett alternativ till de konventionella trafiklugnande åtgärderna, är s.k. smarta trafiklugnade åtgärder. Dessa kan avgöra när ett fordon närmar sig, vars färd inte bör hindras, och anpassa sig så att fri färd för detta fordon tillåts.

I denna rapport ges en översikt av problemet, och några exempel på smarta trafiklugnade åtgärder diskuteras, med fokus på sådana som hämtar information och styrs med hjälp av trådlös kommunikation. Vidare diskuteras existerande utmaningar och möjliga lösningar för trafiklugnande åtgärder och den kommunikation som krävs för att göra dem smarta.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 20
Series
CARER Report ; 22
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Computer Engineering Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145386 (URN)
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Yousefi Mojir, K., Pilemalm, S. & Andersson Granberg, T. (2018). User Participation in Information Systems Development for Emerging Public Sector Initiatives. In: : . Paper presented at 27th International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD2018), August 22-24, Lund, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User Participation in Information Systems Development for Emerging Public Sector Initiatives
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study is a-posteriori analysis of information systems (IS) development in a cross-sector collaboration case to identify and address user participation challenges in emerging public sector initiatives. The major challenges in the studied case was to develop IS for future cross-sector collaboration in a setting that does not yet exist, i.e. where the tasks, stakeholders and end-users are undefined. To address identified challenges, we suggest a combination of activities based on multiple design groups, scenario-based Future Workshops, focus groups, context-specific frameworks, and practical exercises with after-action-review. We argue that while similar challenges have been discussed in relation to large-scale projects and, sometimes, cross-sector collaboration, IS development for emerging public sector initiatives pose specific issues that need to be addressed.

Keywords
User participation, future service design, cross-sector collaboration
National Category
Public Administration Studies Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150956 (URN)
Conference
27th International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD2018), August 22-24, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved
Andersson Granberg, T., Polishchuk, T., Polishchuk, V. & Schmidt, C. (2017). A Framework for Integrated Terminal Airspace Design. In: : . Paper presented at Flight Simulation Conference: Modelling and Simulation in Air Traffic Management, Royal Aeronautical Society.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Framework for Integrated Terminal Airspace Design
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161311 (URN)
Conference
Flight Simulation Conference: Modelling and Simulation in Air Traffic Management, Royal Aeronautical Society
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2019-10-28
Andersson Granberg, T., Fredriksson, A., Pilemalm, S. & Yousefi Mojir, K. (2017). Effektivt sambruk av kommunala resurser för ökad säkerhet och trygghet. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effektivt sambruk av kommunala resurser för ökad säkerhet och trygghet
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Användandet av så kallade semiprofessionella resurser i räddningsinsatser har blivit allt vanligare i Sverige. En semiprofessionell är en person som fått utökade arbetsuppgifter inom respons och räddning inom ramen för sitt ordinarie yrke. Det kanske mest kända exemplet är väktare som responderar på den kommunala räddningstjänstens ärenden.

I det projekt som avrapporteras här, är syftet att undersöka vilka yrkesgrupper som skulle passa bra som semiprofessionella, och vad som krävs för att de effektivt ska kunna utföra de nya arbetsuppgifterna, bland annat i form av utbildning och utrustning. Vidare syftar projektet till att utvärdera vilken samhällsnytta semiprofessionella kan bidra med. Som studieobjekt används Norrköpings kommun, och via en aktionsforskningsinspirerad metodansats är målet att projektresultaten ska kunna bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i kommunen.

En kombination av kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder används för att uppnå syftet. Genom workshops identifieras först fyra potentiella yrkesgrupper (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal, hemtjänstpersonal, förvaltningsentreprenörer och väktare), för vilka detaljerad data erhålls via fokusgruppsintervjuer. En grupp (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal) väljs ut för vidare analys, och ytterligare en workshop genomförs, plus ett experiment i form av en simulerad olycka där semiprofessionella får göra en första insats. En prototyp av ett utlarmningssystem tas fram, inklusive en smartphoneapplikation som de semiprofessionella kan använda för att ta emot och hantera larm. Med hjälp av applikationen utförs ett experiment där historiska larm skickas till potentiella semiprofessionella under två månaders tid, och de får svara på om de kan åka eller inte, samtidigt som deras position noteras. Genom att jämföra deltagarnas uppskattade insatstider med räddningstjänstens historiska, kan möjliga insatstidsförkortningar beräknas. Detta kompletteras med en bedömning av vad de kan bidra med i respektive händelse.

Bedömningen görs enligt en strukturerad metod av professionell personal från två olika räddningstjänstorganisationer. De beräknade insatstiderna och den skattade förmågan vägs samman till en monetär nytta av den semiprofessionella insatsen.

Resultatet visar att det finns ett stort antal yrkesgrupper som skulle kunna vara lämpliga att nyttja som semiprofessionella. I rapporten redovisas en lista med 23 grupper som anses ha potential och möjlighet att utföra räddningsinsatser som en del av sitt yrke. Vidare redovisas ett antal utmaningar och möjligheter, baserat på analysen av de fyra utvalda grupperna. En konkret sammanställning har gjorts i form av listor på utbildning och utrustning som krävs för att de effektivt kunna utföra sitt nya uppdrag. Dessa krav är förhållandevis enkla att uppfylla, och handlar om grundläggande utbildning i riskbedömning, brandsläckning och livräddande åtgärder, samt utrustning som tex handbrandsläckare och förbandslåda. Mer utmanande är de organisatoriska förändringar som är nödvändiga för att de semiprofessionella akut ska kunna lämna sina pågående arbetsuppgifter, samt hur utlarmningen ska kunna integreras i de tekniska system som används för professionella räddningsresurser. Vidare visar resultaten att semiprofessionella kan larmas, och förväntas göra nytta på en stor mängd olika typer av händelser, dock främst vid händelser med personskador eller akuta sjukdomsförlopp. Den monetära nyttan av att införa ett fåtal (i snitt 3,4 st) semiprofessionella i Norrköping och Linköpings kommuner beräknades till mellan 600 000 och 2 400 000 kr per år, beroende på hur lång tid det tar för de semiprofessionella ifrån att de får larm tills de påbörjar färden mot händelseplatsen.

En slutsats från projektet är att semiprofessionella skulle bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i Norrköping kommun, om de används som förstainsatsresurser, som ett komplement till befintlig professionell räddningspersonal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. p. 61
Series
CARER Report ; 21
National Category
Public Administration Studies Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144352 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
Ramsell, E., Pilemalm, S. & Andersson Granberg, T. (2017). Using Volunteers for Emergency Response in Rural Areas: Network Collaboration Factors and IT support in the Case of Enhanced Neighbors. In: Tina Comes, Frédérick Bénaben, Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras and Aurélie Montarnal (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management: . Paper presented at The 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management, May 21-24, Albi, Occitanie Pyrénées-Méditerranée, France (pp. 985-995). Albi: ISCRAM Association, 14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Volunteers for Emergency Response in Rural Areas: Network Collaboration Factors and IT support in the Case of Enhanced Neighbors
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] Tina Comes, Frédérick Bénaben, Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras and Aurélie Montarnal, Albi: ISCRAM Association, 2017, Vol. 14, p. 985-995Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In public services, there is a trend to increasingly utilize collaborations with non-professional volunteers for certain tasks, one example being emergency response. In many of these collaborations, information technology (IT) is an essential tool, and inadequate IT support can have far-reaching consequences—including even the loss of lives. Since a volunteer is a different type of actor, and may have different technical requirements, compared to professionals, there is a need to explore how collaborations between professionals and volunteers can be successfully developed. This paper is based on a case study of the Enhanced Neighbor project, which uses volunteers as first responders in emergency response. The study highlights important factors to consider when involving volunteers, including how IT can foster the collaboration, and the volunteers’ needs for IT support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Albi: ISCRAM Association, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISSN 2411 -3387 ; 14
Keywords
Emergency response, IT support, volunteers, policy network collaboration
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Computer and Information Sciences Communication Studies Public Administration Studies Human Aspects of ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141904 (URN)
Conference
The 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response And Management, May 21-24, Albi, Occitanie Pyrénées-Méditerranée, France
Available from: 2017-10-12 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2018-02-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5868-2388

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