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Ivner, Jenny
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Publikasjoner (10 av 47) Visa alla publikasjoner
Lindkvist, E., Karlsson, M. & Ivner, J. (2019). System Analysis of Biogas Production: Part II Application in Food Industry Systems. Energies, 12(3), Article ID 412.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>System Analysis of Biogas Production: Part II Application in Food Industry Systems
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, nr 3, artikkel-id 412Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Biogas production from organic by-products is a way to recover energy and nutrients. However, biogas production is not the only possible conversion alternative for these by-products, and hence there is interest in studying how organic by-products are treated today and which alternatives for conversion are the most resource efficient from a systems perspective. This paper investigates if biogas production is a resource efficient alternative, compared to business as usual, to treat food industry by-products, and if so, under what circumstances. Five different cases of food industries were studied, all with different prerequisites. For all cases, three different scenarios were analysed. The first scenario is the business as usual (Scenario BAU), where the by-products currently are either incinerated, used as animal feed or compost. The second and third scenarios are potential biogas scenarios where biogas is either used as vehicle fuel (Scenario Vehicle) or to produce heat and power (Scenario CHP). All scenarios, and consequently, all cases have been analysed from three different perspectives: Economy, energy, and environment. The environmental perspective was divided into Global Warming Potential (GWP), Acidification Potential (AP), and Eutrophication Potential (EP). The results show, in almost all the systems, that it would be more resource efficient to change the treatment method from Scenario BAU to one of the biogas scenarios. This paper concludes that both the perspective in focus and the case at hand are vital for deciding whether biogas production is the best option to treat industrial organic by-products. The results suggest that the food industry should not be the only actor involved in deciding how to treat its by-products.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI, 2019
Emneord
biogas production; food industry; organic by-products; resource efficiency; energy; environment; economy
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155943 (URN)10.3390/en12030412 (DOI)000460666200080 ()2-s2.0-85060908484 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Swedish Energy Agency; Linkoping University

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-01 Laget: 2019-04-01 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Emilsson (Gustafsson), S. & Ivner, J. (2018). Implementing the global sustainable goals (SDGs) into municipal strategies applying an integrated approach. In: Walter Leal Filho (Ed.), Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research: (pp. 301-316). Springer
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Implementing the global sustainable goals (SDGs) into municipal strategies applying an integrated approach
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research / [ed] Walter Leal Filho, Springer, 2018, s. 301-316Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The UN emphasises the importance of collaboration and integrated approaches to effectively implement the SDGs. Much of the action will have to take place locally where municipalities will play an important role in coordinating the efforts towards SDG fulfilment. They are constant local actors close to citizens and they can also influence other actors through their strategies. This paper reflects on how the SDGs can be integrated into existing strategies in order to avoid parallel non-effective processes and to avoid the risk of the SDGs to become marginalised. Furthermore, the paper discusses roles and preconditions of municipalities in the SDG implementation process. This study focuses the implementation of the SDGs into a regional municipality’s strategic planning and management, Region Östergötland, Sweden. The challenges and opportunities connected to implementing the SDGs will be problematized, and the paper gives recommendations on how this type of organisations can implement the SDGs taking advantage from qualities in already existing management and working procedures.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2018
Serie
World Sustainability Series, ISSN 2199-7373
Emneord
Sustainable development goals, Region, Strategic planning
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142860 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_18 (DOI)9783319630069 (ISBN)9783319630076 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-07 Laget: 2017-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Fenton, P. D., Gustafsson, S., Ivner, J. & Palm, J. (2016). Stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning – experiences from Sweden. Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 21(3), 272-289
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning – experiences from Sweden
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 272-289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the factors influencing stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning, together with stakeholder experiences of participation in such processes. The article presents findings from a survey of 60 Swedish municipalities and detailed case studies of energy and climate planning in five Swedish municipalities to explore which stakeholders are involved, how and why they are involved, and the impacts of participation on both stakeholder experiences. The results of this study provide insight into the role of stakeholders in municipal energy and climate planning.The study proceeds as follows: the Introduction is followed by a discussion of theoretical perspectives on stakeholder participation and energy and climate planning. The Methods used to conduct the study are presented, followed by Results and Analysis. In the subsequent Discussion, the authors propose a conceptual approach that may assist municipalities in development of energy and climate strategies. The Analysis and Discussion inform Conclusions in which the authors advocate early and active stakeholder engagement in energy and climate strategy planning and emphasise the possible utility of their conceptual approach in supporting stakeholder participation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Emneord
Energy and climate strategies; municipalities; participation; stakeholders
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104465 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2014.946400 (DOI)000378168000002 ()
Prosjekter
HEKSA - Sustainable Energy and Climate Strategies
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Merknad

On the day of the defence date the status of this article was Manuscript.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-17 Laget: 2014-02-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ivner, J. & Broberg Viklund, S. (2015). Effect of the use of industrial excess heat in district heating on greenhouse gas emissions: A systems perspective. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 100, 81-87
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effect of the use of industrial excess heat in district heating on greenhouse gas emissions: A systems perspective
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 100, s. 81-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

European policy promotes increased use of excess heat as a means to increase the efficiency of resourceuse. By studying possible effects on greenhouse gases, this article aims to analyze and discuss systemaspects of the use of industrial excess heat in district heating. Effects on greenhouse gas emissions arestudied by applying different energy market conditions with different system boundaries in time andspace. First, life cycle assessment is used to assess the introduction of excess heat in district heating in acontemporary system with different geographical system boundaries. Thereafter, future energy marketscenarios for Europe are investigated to explore possible future outcomes. This study concludes that boththe heat production system and the energy market conditions affect the system emission effects of usingexcess heat in district heating. Industrial excess heat in district heating can be beneficial even if it leadsto reduced local electricity production when unused biomass can be used to replace fossil fuels. It isrecommended that a strengthened EU policy should encourage the use of biomass where it has the mostfavorable effects from a systems perspective to ensure emission reductions when industrial excess heatis used in district heating.

Emneord
Industrial excess heat, industrial waste heat, district heating, ENPAC, LCA, emission mitigation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118080 (URN)10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.04.010 (DOI)000356750300009 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-21 Laget: 2015-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-17
Karlsson, M., Ivner, J. & Söderström, M. (2015). Final report for BRC EP3 (New industries). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Final report for BRC EP3 (New industries)
2015 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In BRC EP3 focus has been on new industries. The goal has been to find some new industries where biogas production is a resource‐efficient way to take advantage of material flows that are not used today. From this goal seven activities were formulated and are in short: (A1) Present biogas solutions, (A2) Overview of new industrial sectors in Sweden regarding biogas production, (A3) Possibilities and impossibilities process‐wise, (A4) Energy and environmental impacts, (A5) Societal aspects, (A6) Selection of case studies, and (A7) Case study design. These activities needed different angles of approach and therefore a variety of methods were used in the project, e.g. literature studies, calculations, measurements, interviews and workshops. The results from the activities are presented in short below.

A1: International comparison of biogas production at industrial sites, for example, is impossible to carry out as different classifications are used in different countries. In A1 a way to categorize biogas plants is proposed and discussed.

A2: By screening and geographically pin‐pointing the food industry, eight clusters were chosen for deeper studies. A mapping of biogas potential was thereafter carried out in these clusters. The activity shows great potentials for some of the clusters regarding biogas production.

A3: Process‐related feasibility for opportunities for the clusters studied in A2 is targeted. The general conclusion is that there are no severe aspects that imply that one should not continue working with a specific cluster or a specific substrate found in those clusters, regarding biogas production.

A4: Each cluster found in A2 is assessed in terms of environmental aspects (climate, acidification and eutrophication), energy balance and economy, which were found being the most important assessment criteria when it comes to efficient biogas solutions. The results show, for example, that even though some of the clusters hold a large potential for biogas production some of these clusters do not imply profitable solutions or environmental advantages compared to the present situation of using the substrates. Moreover, the study shows that the end use of the biogas (electricity, heat and vehicle fuel) has significant influence on the results. It is shown that each cluster has a unique combination of substrates and unique alternatives for use of both substrates and produced biogas, implying different beneficial solutions. Sometimes the beneficial solutions differ dependent on what assessment criterion used.

A5: Societal aspects were explored for each cluster found in A2. It is shown that there are differences between the clusters regarding institutional and organizational prerequisites. Important areas have been identified on both a national level (e.g. taxes) and regional level (e.g. cooperation between public and private sectors).

A6: When selecting case studies it is found that the following aspects needs to be considered: (1) biogas potential, (2) character of substrates and other materials, (3) environmental aspects (climate, acidification and eutrophication), (4) influence on energy balances (5) economy, (6) use of biogas, and (7) societal aspects.

A7: When designing case studies the same aspects as for A6 applies. However, when designing the case study it is also vital to consider where to put the system border and also consider the localization of the production unit (e.g. internal at a company or detached).

Moreover, integration of biogas solutions with other types of material or energy flows has to be considered.

All the stated parts in “Motivation and aim” are addressed in the project. Consequently, the target of the project is achieved.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. s. 36
Serie
Biogas Research Center (BRC) Report ; 2014:4
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117406 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-24 Laget: 2015-04-24 Sist oppdatert: 2015-09-21
Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), S., Ivner, J. & Palm, J. (2015). Management and stakeholder participation in local strategic energy planning – Examples from Sweden. Journal of Cleaner Production, 98, 205-212
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Management and stakeholder participation in local strategic energy planning – Examples from Sweden
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 205-212Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

When it comes to improving energy efficiency and environmental sustainability, municipalities are important actors. The Swedish Energy Agency initiated a program called Sustainable Municipalities to support strategic energy activities at the local level. Participating municipalities were mandated to develop local energy and climate strategies. This study gives a general overview of how the 60 participants in the Sustainable Municipalities program developed and used energy strategies. The paper focuses on analyses of whether energy plans or strategies are present, and if present, how the municipalities address the issues, what actors are involved, and whether follow-up of the strategies is pursued. The empirical data were collected using structured telephone interviews and other studies. The paper elucidates local energy strategies from a management perspective, discuss whether and how the composition of actors influences suggested goals and measures, and explore whether there were plans for implementation and follow-ups. The theoretical ambitions are to integrate theories on how to manage efficient strategic energy planning with theories on how to achieve successful participation of stakeholders. These theories are used to discuss weaknesses and strengths in existing municipal energy planning practices and potential improvements.

The results from this paper show that only 75% of the municipalities adopted local energy strategies. In addition, it was revealed that the processes to develop the strategies generally included several municipal actors although other stakeholders were rarely represented. The strategies resulted in concrete measures; however, there were no clear correlations between included actors, suggested measures, and identified themes in the strategies. The rather limited participation in the process could affect the impact and legitimacy of the strategies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2015
Emneord
energy strategy; planning; Swedish municipalities; participation; management
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111714 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.014 (DOI)000356194300021 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-10-29 Laget: 2014-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05
Fenton, P. D., Gustafsson, S., Ivner, J. & Palm, J. (2015). Sustainable energy and climate strategies: lessons from planning processes in five Swedish municipalities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 98, 213-221
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sustainable energy and climate strategies: lessons from planning processes in five Swedish municipalities
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 213-221Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish municipalities have traditionally had significant powers and played a major role in implementing national energy strategies. This paper describes the factors influencing development of municipal climate and energy plans in five Swedish municipalities and assesses the relevance and importance of these factors from theoretical and practical perspectives. The questions raised in the paper are: what are the characteristics of municipal climate and energy planning processes in the five municipalities, do these municipalities include stakeholders in the process, if so how, and do the stakeholders influence the content of strategies? Results suggest that a number of factors influence the development of municipal climate and energy strategies and their content. These include the importance of a clear, shared vision and engaged politicians; the size and organisational structure of the municipality and its willingness and capability to act; the organisation of the process and extent to which stakeholders not only have been involved but also felt included; the need for clarity about financial aspects, such as planned financing of implementation; and the need for greater clarity concerning selection of targets and their relevance to global climate and energy trends. The study and its results may be used to inform policy-makers on the national and local levels about factors influencing municipal energy planning and also contribute to a discussion on benefits and problems of involving stakeholders and citizens in the strategic work to reduce climate impacts and energy consumption.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2015
Emneord
Energy and climate strategies, municipalities, stakeholders, planning processes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104464 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.001 (DOI)000356194300022 ()
Prosjekter
HEKSA - Sustainable Energy and Climate Strategies
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-17 Laget: 2014-02-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Paramonova, S., Ivner, J. & Thollander, P. (2014). Outsourcing Industrial Energy Management: Industrial Energy Efficiency Networks Provided As an Energy Service. In: Andre Deering (Ed.), Outsourcing: strategies, challenges and effects on organizations (pp. 71-98). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Outsourcing Industrial Energy Management: Industrial Energy Efficiency Networks Provided As an Energy Service
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Outsourcing: strategies, challenges and effects on organizations / [ed] Andre Deering, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2014, s. 71-98Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Improving industrial energy efficiency (IEE) is of the outmost importance for both individual industrial companies, and governments. Improved IEE leads to reduced energy costs for companies, and improved sustainability through reduced CO2 emissions. Despite a large untapped potential for improved IEE, many energy efficiency measures (EEM) remain unexploited due to the existence of various barriers to IEE. One of the reasons for the large untapped IEE potential is the apparent low level of energy management practices in industry. A promising approach to stress improved IEE, and improved energy management practices, are industrial energy efficiency networks (IEEN), which in essence is a type of energy service where energy management is partly outsourced to a third party. There is a need to study how IEENs could and should be structured. Successful networks have been under operation in many different areas and disciplines. A large part of the organizational issues of previous research on networks, could thus be transformed to IEENs, e.g. in terms of transition theory, transformation etc. The aim of this book chapter is to present a general model for the management of IEEN.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2014
Emneord
Energy efficiency networks, energy management practices, double-loop learning
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112281 (URN)978-1-63463-288-1 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-21 Laget: 2014-11-21 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Ivner, J., Thollander, P., Paramonova, S., Svensson, A., Tuenter, G., Björkman, T. & Moberg, J. (2014). Swedish energy manager networks for energy-intensive industry as a driver for improved energy efficiency. In: : . Paper presented at ECEEE Industrial Summer Study, 2014: Retool for a competitive and sustainable industry.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Swedish energy manager networks for energy-intensive industry as a driver for improved energy efficiency
Vise andre…
2014 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

While the potential for improved energy efficiency in industryis large, deployment of measures is often inhibited by a numberof barriers. In order to overcome these barriers, a number ofenergy end-use policies is functioning in Sweden, the two largestbeing a Voluntary Agreements (VA) for energy-intensiveindustry, an energy audit program, and in addition, various energymanager networks for improved energy efficiency. Whilethe two former have been evaluated and are well-known, theSwedish energy efficiency networks have so far neither beenpresented nor evaluated previously. The aim of this paper is topresent the current Swedish energy efficient network, and theirrole in the energy policy mix from a theoretical viewpoint. TheSwedish energy network, Energiintensiven consisting of about100 companies from the major electricity-intensive sectors isadministrated by the Swedish Energy Agency. Participatingcompanies are all part of the Swedish VA, the PFE. In additionthe aluminum companies have an energy network (GeniAl),one network is functioning among Swedish saw mills (EESI), aswell as there is a network in the iron- and steel industry ENETSteel.Results of the paper show that despite the low emphasison networks as a part of the policy mix, the networks havean important role in overcoming barriers to energy efficiencyamong the participating companies.

Emneord
energy-intensive industry, energy efficiency policy, energy efficiency network
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113819 (URN)
Konferanse
ECEEE Industrial Summer Study, 2014: Retool for a competitive and sustainable industry
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-01-31 Laget: 2015-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2015-02-06
Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), S., Ivner, J. & Palm, J. (2012). Management and stakeholder participation in local strategic energy planning: – examples from Sweden. Paper presented at Greening of Industry Network Conference (GIN 2012), 21-24 October 2012, Linköping, Sweden.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Management and stakeholder participation in local strategic energy planning: – examples from Sweden
2012 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Rapid environmental degradation and consumption of natural resources is a growing global concern, leading to the awareness that environmental sustainability is a critical new strategic objective. Municipalities are important actors when it comes to energy efficiency and improve environmental sustainability. One important tool to promote this work is implementing a local energy and/or climate strategy. How such local strategies are and could be designed in order to make a difference and promote sustainable energy solutions will be in focus for this paper. In order to promote strategic energy work at the local level, the, Swedish Energy Agency initiated a program called Sustainable Municipalities. As a part of this program participating municipalities were mandated to develop local energy and climate strategies.

This paper aims at creating a general overview of approaches to, and uses of, local energy strategies among the participants in the Sustainable Municipalities program. This overview includes: analyzes of whether energy plans or strategies are present, which issues these plans address, what actors that are included, and whether follow-up is pursued.

We will elucidate local energy strategies from a management perspective, and discuss if and how the composition of actors influence suggested goals and measures, if there were plans for implementation and follow-ups. Our theoretical ambitions are to integrate theories on how to manage an efficient energy strategic planning and on how to achieve successful stakeholder participation. This in order to discuss weaknesses and strengths in existing municipal energy planning practices and how to improve energy planning in relation to those theories.

Document studies and structured telephone interviews with representatives from 60 municipalities were used to collect data. Around 75 percent of the municipalities in the study had adopted local energy strategies. This figure is surprisingly low; given that participation in the sustainable Municipalities program required energy strategies. In general, processes to develop a strategy included different parts of the municipality, and resulted in concrete measures. There were no correlations between included actors, and measures suggested and themes in the strategies. Most commonly occurring were strategies related to public buildings and other buildings owned by municipality owned companies. The most commonly suggested measures were related to transports. Almost all respondents claimed that they performed follow-ups and that this was planned for already in the set-up phase.

Ten out of sixty respondents, who mainly were managers or strategists, meant that they were they alone were the main driving actors in strategic energy issues.

The studied municipalities had not adopted energy plans or strategies to a higher degree compared to other Swedish municipalities. Cooperation is often broad within the municipalities but limited when it comes to external actors. The content of the energy plans do not always reflect the content of the measures and goals. The rather limited participation in the process could affect the impact and legitimacy of the strategies in the organizations.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86265 (URN)
Konferanse
Greening of Industry Network Conference (GIN 2012), 21-24 October 2012, Linköping, Sweden
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-12-12 Laget: 2012-12-12 Sist oppdatert: 2014-10-08
Organisasjoner