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Nadali Najafabadi, Hossein
Publikasjoner (10 av 17) Visa alla publikasjoner
Safaric, L., Shakeri Yekta, S., Ejlertsson, J., Safari, M., Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, A., . . . Björn, A. (2019). A Comparative Study of Biogas Reactor Fluid Rheology: Implications for Mixing Profile and Power Demand. Processes, 7(10)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Comparative Study of Biogas Reactor Fluid Rheology: Implications for Mixing Profile and Power Demand
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Processes, ISSN 2227-9717, Processes, ISSN 2227-9717, Vol. 7, nr 10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an established process for integrating waste management with renewable energy and nutrient recovery. Much of the research in this field focuses on the utilisation of new substrates, yet their effects on operational aspects such as fluid behaviour and power requirement for mixing are commonly overlooked, despite their importance for process optimisation. This study analysed rheological characteristics of samples from 21 laboratory-scale continuous stirred-tank biogas reactors (CSTBRs) digesting a range of substrates, in order to evaluate substrate effect on mixing efficiency and power demand through computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The results show that substrate and process parameters, such as solids content and organic loading, all have a significant effect on CSTBR fluid rheology. The correlation levels between rheological and process parameters were different across substrates, while no specific fluid behaviour patterns could be associated with substrate choice. Substrate should thus be considered an equally important rheology effector as process parameters. Additional substrate-related parameters should be identified to explain the differences in correlations between rheological and process parameters across substrate groups. The CFD modelling revealed that the rheology differences among the AD processes have significant implications for mixing efficiency and power demand of the CSTBRs, highlighting the importance of considering the substrate-induced effects on CSTBR rheology before including a new substrate.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Basel, Switzerland: MDPI, 2019
Emneord
anaerobic digestion; viscosity; substrate; computational fluid dynamics; stirring
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161272 (URN)10.3390/pr7100700 (DOI)000495436200062 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 316838Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01054Vinnova, 2008-139
Merknad

Funding agencies:  European CommissionEuropean Commission Joint Research Centre [316838 ATBEST]; Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas [2016-01054]; Swedish Innovation Agency [2008-139]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-25 Laget: 2019-10-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Schminder, J., Nadali Najafabadi, H. & Gårdhagen, R. (2016). Learning by teaching: Student developed material for self-directed studies. In: The 12th International CDIO Conference: Proceedings - Full Papers. Paper presented at 12th International CDIO Conference, Turku, Finland, June 12-16, 2016 (pp. 750-759). Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Learning by teaching: Student developed material for self-directed studies
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: The 12th International CDIO Conference: Proceedings - Full Papers, Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences , 2016, s. 750-759Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The objective of the presented paper is to demonstrate how e-learning course material developed by the students can enhance active learning for self-directed studies outside the classroom in a flipped classroom concept. A method which merges different learning activities such as learning by teaching, video based teaching etc. was developed to improve the students’ personal and interpersonal engineering skills in relation to CDIO standards. In an effort to assess the students’ satisfaction and practical use of the students’ created material, a survey was conducted. Statistics, the students’ feedback, and observations show an increase in learning motivation, deepened understanding, and expanded communication skills.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences, 2016
Serie
Research Reports from Turku University of Applied Sciences, ISSN 1796-9964 ; 45
Emneord
Learning by Teaching, Video, Multimedia, Lisam, Flipped Classroom, E-learning
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129455 (URN)978-952-216-610-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
12th International CDIO Conference, Turku, Finland, June 12-16, 2016
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-06-20 Laget: 2016-06-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Wang, L., Kinell, M., Nadali Najafabadi, H. & Karlsson, M. (2015). A THREE-REGIME BASED METHOD FOR CORRELATING FILM COOLING EFFECTIVENESS FOR CYLINDRICAL AND SHAPED HOLES. In: ASME TURBO EXPO: TURBINE TECHNICAL CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION, 2015, VOL 5B: . Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (UNSP V05BT12A004)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A THREE-REGIME BASED METHOD FOR CORRELATING FILM COOLING EFFECTIVENESS FOR CYLINDRICAL AND SHAPED HOLES
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: ASME TURBO EXPO: TURBINE TECHNICAL CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION, 2015, VOL 5B, AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS , 2015, nr UNSP V05BT12A004Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

To cope with high temperature of the gas from combustor, cooling is often used in the hot gas components in gas turbines. Film cooling is one of the effective methods used in this application. Both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes are used in film cooling. There have been a number of correlations published for both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes regarding film cooling effectiveness. Unfortunately there are no definitive correlations for either cylindrical or fan-shaped holes. This is due to the nature of the complexity of film cooling where many factors influence its performance, e.g., blowing ratio, density ratio, surface angle, downstream distance, expansion angle, hole length, turbulence level, etc. A test rig using infrared camera was built to test the film cooling performance for a scaled geometry from a real nozzle guide vane. Both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes were tested. To correlate the experimental data, a three-regime based method was developed for predicting the film cooling effectiveness. Based on the blowing ratio, the proposed method divides the film cooling performance in three regimes: fully attached (or no jet lift-off), fully jet lift-off, and the transition regime in between. Two separate correlations are developed for fully attached and full jet lift-off regimes, respectively. The method of interpolation from these two regimes is used to predict the film cooling effectiveness for the transition regime, based on the blowing ratio. It has been found this method can give a good correlation to match the experimental data, for both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes. A comparison with literature was also carried out, and it showed a good agreement.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, 2015
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130691 (URN)10.1115/GT2015-42180 (DOI)000380175100004 ()978-0-7918-5672-7 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-08-19 Laget: 2016-08-19 Sist oppdatert: 2016-08-19
Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M., Kinell, M. & Utriainen, E. (2015). Film Cooling Performance of a Turbine Vane Suction Side: The Showerhead Effect on Film Cooling Hole Placement for Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes. Journal of turbomachinery, 137(9), Article ID 091005.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Film Cooling Performance of a Turbine Vane Suction Side: The Showerhead Effect on Film Cooling Hole Placement for Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of turbomachinery, ISSN 0889-504X, E-ISSN 1528-8900, Vol. 137, nr 9, artikkel-id 091005Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, the transient IR-thermography method is used to investigate the effect of showerhead cooling on the film-cooling performance of the suction side of a turbine guide vane working under engine-representative conditions. The resulting adiabatic film effectiveness, heat transfer coefficient (HTC) augmentation, and net heat flux reduction (NHFR) due to insertion of rows of cooling holes at two different locations in the presence and absence of the showerhead cooling are presented. One row of cooling holes is located in the relatively high convex surface curvature region, while the other is situated closer to the maximum throat velocity. In the latter case, a double staggered row of fan-shaped cooling holes has been considered for cross-comparison with the single row at the same position. Both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes have been examined, where the characteristics of fan-shaped holes are based on design constraints for medium size gas turbines. The blowing rates tested are 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2 for single and double cooling rows, whereas the showerhead blowing is maintained at constant nominal blowing rate. The adiabatic film effectiveness results indicate that most noticable effects from the showerhead can be seen for the cooling row located on the higher convex surface curvature. This observation holds for both cylindrical and fan-shaped holes. These findings suggest that while the showerhead blowing does not have much impact on this cooling row from HTC enhancement perspective, it is influential in determination of the HTC augmentation for the cooling row close to the maximum throat velocity. The double-row fan-shaped cooling seems to be less affected by an upstream showerhead blowing when considering HTC enhancement, but it makes a major contribution in defining adiabatic film effectiveness. The NHFR results highlight the fact that cylindrical holes are not significantly affected by the showerhead cooling regardless of their position, but showerhead blowing can play an important role in determining the overall film-cooling performance of fan-shaped holes (for both the cooling row located on the higher convex surface curvature and the cooling row close to the maximum throat velocity), for both the single and the double row cases.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ASME Press, 2015
Emneord
Film cooling, Showerhead cooling, Cylindrical holes, Fan-shaped holes, Gas Turbine
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116936 (URN)10.1115/1.4029966 (DOI)000377794200005 ()
Prosjekter
Turbo Power Program
Merknad

Funding agencies: Swedish Energy Agency; Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB; GKN Aerospace Sweden AB; Royal Institute of Technology through the Swedish research program TURBO POWER

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-10 Laget: 2015-04-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M., Utriainen, E., Kinell, M. & Wang, L. (2015). Film Cooling Performance of Multiple Arrays of Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 31(6), 1621-1630
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Film Cooling Performance of Multiple Arrays of Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes
Vise andre…
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Propulsion and Power, ISSN 0748-4658, E-ISSN 1533-3876, Vol. 31, nr 6, s. 1621-1630Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Experimental investigations are performed on the suction side of a cooled turbineguide vane. Transient IR thermography is used to evaluate film cooling performanceof cylindrical and fan-shaped holes in a test facility representing engine conditions.Adiabatic film effectiveness (AFE) and net heat flux reduction (NHFR) results due tocoolant injection through double and multiple rows in the presence and absence of anupstream showerhead are presented. Two double staggered rows at different positionshave been cross-compared; one at a relatively high convex curvature region and theother close to the maximum throat velocity. A combination of the two double rowsis considered to be multiple rows. The tested blowing ratios are in the interval of[0.6 – 1.2] and [0.3 – 1.2] for double and multiple rows, respectively. The showerheadcooling is maintained at nominal blowing ratio. The findings suggest that the choice ofbest cooling hole shape for film cooling design can be highly influenced by the numberof cooling rows to be used and also the presence (or absence) of showerhead cooling.It is worth noting that the outcome may differ depending on the quantity of interest, i.e. AFE or NHFR.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2015
Emneord
Film Cooling, Gas Turbine, Film Effectiveness, Net Heat Flux Reduction, Cylindrical Holes, Fan-shaped Holes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117030 (URN)10.2514/1.B35618 (DOI)000368248000011 ()
Prosjekter
Turbo Power Program
Merknad

Funding agencies: Swedish Energy Agency; Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, AB; GKN Aerospace Sweden, AB; Royal Institute of Technology through the Swedish research program TURBO POWER

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Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-11 Laget: 2015-04-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Nadali Najafabadi, H. (2015). On Film Cooling of Turbine Guide Vanes: From Experiments and CFD-Simulations to Correlation Development. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>On Film Cooling of Turbine Guide Vanes: From Experiments and CFD-Simulations to Correlation Development
2015 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

To achieve high thermal efficiency in modern gas turbines, the turbine-inlet temperature has to be increased. In response to such requisites and to prevent thermal failure of the components exposed to hot gas streams, the use of different cooling techniques, including film cooling, is essential. Finding an optimum film cooling design has become a challenge as it is influenced by a large number of flow and geometrical parameters. This study is dedicated to some important aspects of film cooling of a turbine guide vane and consists of three parts.

The first part is associated with an experimental investigation of the suction and pressure side cooling by means of a transient IR-Thermography technique under engine representative conditions. It is shown that the overall film cooling performance of the suction side can be improved by adding showerhead cooling if fan-shaped holes are used, while cylindrical holes may not necessarily benefit from a showerhead. According to the findings, investigation of an optimum cooling design for the suction side is not only a function of hole shape, blowing ratio, state of approaching flow, etc., but is also highly dependent on the presence/absence of showerhead cooling as well as the number of cooling rows. In this regard, it is also discussed that the combined effect of the adiabatic film effectiveness (AFE) and the heat transfer coefficient (HTC) should be considered in such study. As for the pressure side cooling, it is found that either the showerhead or a single row of cylindrical cooling holes can enhance the HTC substantially, whereas a combination of the two or using fan-shaped holes indicates considerably lower HTC. An important conclusion is that adding more than one cooling row will not augment the HTC and will even decrease it under certain circumstances.

In the second part, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) investigations have shown that film cooling holes subjected to higher flow acceleration will maintain a higher level of AFE. Although this was found to be valid for both suction and pressure side, due to an overall lower acceleration for the pressure side, a lower AFE was achieved. Moreover, the CFD results indicate that fan-shaped holes with low area ratio (dictated by design constraints for medium-size gas turbines), suffer from cooling jet separation and hence reduction in AFE for blowing ratios above unity. Verification of these conclusions by experiments suggests that CFD can be used more extensively, e.g. for parametric studies.

The last part deals with method development for deriving correlations based on experimental data to support engineers in the design stage. The proposed method and the ultimate correlation model could successfully correlate the laterally averaged AFE to the downstream distance, the blowing ratio and the local pressure coefficient representing the effect of approaching flow. The applicability of the method has been examined and the high level of predictability of the final model demonstrates its suitability to be used for design purposes in the future.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. s. 68
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1643
Emneord
Film Cooling, Gas Turbine, Correlation, CFD, Cylindrical holes, Fan-shaped Holes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117029 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-117029 (DOI)978-91-7519-125-6 (ISBN)
Disputas
2015-06-05, ACAS, A huset, Campus Valla, Linkoping, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
Turbo Power Program
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-16 Laget: 2015-04-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M., Kinell, M. & Utriainen, E. (2014). Film Cooling Jet Injection Effect in Heat Transfer Coefficient Augmentation for the Pressure Side Cooling of Turbine Vane. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014 (pp. Paper No. GT2014-26055). American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 5B
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Film Cooling Jet Injection Effect in Heat Transfer Coefficient Augmentation for the Pressure Side Cooling of Turbine Vane
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2014, Vol. 5B, s. Paper No. GT2014-26055-Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Improving film cooling performance of turbine vanes and blades is often achieved through application of multiple arrays of cooling holes on the suction side, the showerhead region and the pressure side. This study investigates the pressure side cooling under the influence of single and multiple rows of cooling in the presence of a showerhead from a heat transfer coefficient augmentation perspective. Experiments are conducted on a prototype turbine vane working at engine representative conditions. Transient IR thermography is used to measure time-resolved surface temperature and the semi-infinite method is utilized to calculate the heat transfer coefficient on a low conductive material. Investigations are performed for cylindrical and fan-shaped holes covering blowing ratio 0.6 and 1.8 at density ratio of about unity. The freestream turbulence is approximately 5% close to the leading edge.

The resulting heat transfer coefficient enhancement, the ratio of HTC with to that without film cooling, from different case scenarios have been compared to showerhead cooling only. Findings of the study highlight the importance of showerhead cooling to be used with additional row of cooling on the pressure side in order to reduce heat transfer coefficient enhancement. In addition, it is shown that extra rows of cooling will not significantly influence heat transfer augmentation, regardless of the cooling hole shape.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111022 (URN)10.1115/GT2014-26055 (DOI)000362139100038 ()978-0-7918-4572-1 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-10-03 Laget: 2014-10-03 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M., Utriainen, E. & Kinell, M. (2012). CFD Based Sensitivity Analysis of Influencing Flow Parameters for Cylindrical and Shaped Holes in a Gas Turbine Vane. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012: . Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2012, June 11-12, Copenhagen, Denmark (pp. 1501-1509). ASME Press, 4
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>CFD Based Sensitivity Analysis of Influencing Flow Parameters for Cylindrical and Shaped Holes in a Gas Turbine Vane
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012, ASME Press, 2012, Vol. 4, s. 1501-1509Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In this study a CFD based sensitivity analysis is performedincluding the flow parameter blowing ratio, the geometrical parametercooling hole shape and the effect of approaching flow(hole position), investigating the film cooling performance of areal vane configuration working at engine like conditions. Forthis purpose numerical results from the commercial CFD codeFLUENT using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model has beenvalidated versus experimental results on the same vane includingthe film cooling hole configurations. Blowing ratios ranging from(0.2-1.8) have been considered. In addition, film cooling performanceof rows of cooling holes at six different positions locatedaround the suction and pressure side of the vane are investigatedfor studying the influence of flow acceleration present in turbinevanes. These flow parameters are investigated for both cylindricaland fan-shaped holes. Investigations are performed at afixed unity density ratio. It has been found that for fan-shapedholes film cooling performance is higher for cooling holes locatedat positions whit a high accelerated flow. On the otherhand, film cooling performance of cylindrical holes are found tobe affected less by acceleration. Due to the low velocity and lowacceleration on the pressure side the hole position seems to haverelatively low influence on the cooling performance.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ASME Press, 2012
Emneord
Computational Fluid Dynamics, Film Cooling, Fan-shaped Holes, Cylindrical Holes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116938 (URN)10.1115/GT2012-69023 (DOI)978-0-7918-4470-0 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ASME Turbo Expo 2012, June 11-12, Copenhagen, Denmark
Prosjekter
Turbo Power Program
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-10 Laget: 2015-04-10 Sist oppdatert: 2016-03-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Kinell, M., Utriainen, E., Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M. & Barabas, B. (2012). Comparison of Gas Turbine Vane Pressure Side and Suction Side Film Cooling Performance and the Applicability of Superposition. In: In Proceedings of ASME: . Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012 (pp. 1479-1489). ASME Press, 4
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Comparison of Gas Turbine Vane Pressure Side and Suction Side Film Cooling Performance and the Applicability of Superposition
Vise andre…
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: In Proceedings of ASME, ASME Press, 2012, Vol. 4, s. 1479-1489Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In order to protect a solid surface exposed to high temperature gaseous flows, e.g. gas turbines and rocket engines, a second gas at lower temperature may be introduced into the hot boundary layer, i.e. one obtains a three temperature problem. The impact of the film cooling on a prototype vane due to variation in blowing ratio, the shape of the hole-outlet and position has been experimentally investigated. The semi-infinite and low conductive test object, initially at a uniform temperature, was exposed to a sudden step change in main flow temperature and a time-resolved surface temperature was measured using an IR camera. By assuming constant values of the heat transfer coefficient and the film cooling effectiveness over time, the heat equation was solved using least squares.

The prototype vane was tested for different film cooling row positions on the pressure and suction side. Both cylindrical as well as fan shaped holes were investigated with and without showerhead cooling.

The resulting heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness on the pressure side is compared to flat plate studies and to the results from the suction side. Also, the applicability of using superposition on showerhead cooling and on single/double rows is investigated. Furthermore, the results are compared to other published airfoil film cooling experiments and to CFD analysis for which conclusions are drawn on quantitative and qualitative capabilities of this tool.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ASME Press, 2012
Emneord
Pressure, Suction, Gas turbines, Film cooling
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120306 (URN)10.1115/GT2012-68994 (DOI)000335868900131 ()9780791844700 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
Prosjekter
Turbo Power
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-07-28 Laget: 2015-07-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-03-07
Nadali Najafabadi, H., Karlsson, M., Kinell, M. & Utriainen, E. (2012). Film Effectiveness Correlations for Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes, Introducing Local Pressure Coefficient. In: ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012: . Paper presented at ASME Turbo Expo 2012, June 11–15, Copenhagen, Denmark (pp. 1491-1500). ASME Press, 4
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Film Effectiveness Correlations for Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Holes, Introducing Local Pressure Coefficient
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012, ASME Press, 2012, Vol. 4, s. 1491-1500Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Most of the proposed correlations for prediction of gas turbinefilm cooling performance in the open literature rely on experimentsconducted on flat plates. These correlations neglectadverse pressure gradient effects present in the flow field for airfoillike configurations. The continuous change in flow characteristicsin the main flow field from leading edge to trailingedge that will affect the film cooling performance is also neglected.In this study correlations are derived from measurementsconducted on a gas turbine vane working at engine likeconditions. This will take into account the effect of hole positionand the local flow situation. Indeed, cooling holes locatedat three (five) different positions with blowing ratio ranges from0.3-2.5 (0.9-6) have been considered along the suction (pressure)sides. The non-dimensional pressure coefficient CP, at the exitlocation of each hole has been introduced as a new variable toderive a single correlation for either suction or pressure sides.Three main variables: downstream distance, blowing ratio, andlocal CP together with the two way interaction between thesevariables are introduced into a commercial statistical analysisprogram, Minitab. Stepwise regression analysis has been performedto highlight factors with greatest influence on the correlationmodel. Appropriateness of the derived model is measuredbased on the adjusted coefficient of determination, R2ad j. Correlationsare derived for eight different configurations: for suctionand pressure sides, cylindrical and fan-shaped holes and in thepresence and absence of showerhead cooling. Despite the complexity of the flow due to high blowing ratio (existence of lift off)and also variation of film cooling performance from one positionto another, the calculated R2adj values indicate a high predictabilityof the proposed correlation model. The suggested correlationmodel can be useful for optimizing the location of one or severalrows of cooling holes around the vane and also one single rowperformance.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ASME Press, 2012
Emneord
Film Cooling, Gas Turbine, Film effectiveness, Correlation, Fan-shaped Holes, Cylindrical Holes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116987 (URN)10.1115/GT2012-69021 (DOI)000335868900132 ()978-0-7918-4470-0 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ASME Turbo Expo 2012, June 11–15, Copenhagen, Denmark
Prosjekter
Turbo Power Program
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-10 Laget: 2015-04-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-03-07bibliografisk kontrollert
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