liu.seSök publikationer i DiVA
Ändra sökning
Länk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
BETA
Carstensen, John
Alternativa namn
Publikationer (10 of 83) Visa alla publikationer
Simberg-Danell, C., Lyth, J., Mansson-Brahme, E., Frohm-Nilsson, M., Carstensen, J., Hansson, J. & Eriksson, H. (2016). Prognostic factors and disease-specific survival among immigrants diagnosed with cutaneous malignant melanoma in Sweden. International Journal of Cancer, 139(3), 543-553
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Prognostic factors and disease-specific survival among immigrants diagnosed with cutaneous malignant melanoma in Sweden
Visa övriga...
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 139, nr 3, s. 543-553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Little is known about cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) among immigrants in Europe. We aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and disease-specific survival among first-and second-generation immigrants in Sweden. This nationwide population-based study included 27,235 patients from the Swedish Melanoma Register diagnosed with primary invasive CMM, 1990-2007. Data were linked to nationwide, population-based registers followed up through 2013. Logistic regression and Cox regression models were used to determine the association between immigrant status, stage and CMM prognosis, respectively. After adjustments for confounders, first generation immigrants from Southern Europe were associated with significantly more advanced stages of disease compared to Swedish-born patients [Stage II vs. I: Odds ratio (OR) = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.61-3.50. Stage III-IV vs I: OR=2.40, 95% CI = 1.08-5.37]. The ORs of stage II-IV versus stage I disease were increased among men (OR = 1.9; 95% CI = 1.1-3.3; p = 0.020), and women (OR = 4.8; 95% CI = 2.6-9.1; pamp;lt;0.001) in a subgroup of immigrants from former Yugoslavia compared to Swedish-horn patients. The CMM-specific survival was significantly decreased among women from former Yugoslavia versus Swedish-born women [hazard ratio (HR)=2.2; 95 h CI = 1.1-4.2; p = 0.043]. After additional adjustments including stage, the survival difference was no longer significant. No survival difference between the second generation immigrant group and Swedish-born patients were observed. In conclusion, a worse CMM-specific survival in women from former Yugoslavia was associated with more advanced stages of CMM at diagnosis. Secondary prevention efforts focusing on specific groups may be needed to further improve the CMM prognosis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2016
Nyckelord
cutaneous malignant melanoma; population-based; prognosis; immigrants; nationwide
Nationell ämneskategori
Cancer och onkologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130258 (URN)10.1002/ijc.30103 (DOI)000378418100007 ()27004457 (PubMedID)
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Swedish Cancer Society [CAN 2010/225, CAN 2011/883]; Radiumhemmet Research [124083, 124092]; Sigurd and Elsa Golijes Memorial Foundation [LA2012-0112]; Stockholm County Council [20100032]

Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-01 Skapad: 2016-07-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-03
Lyth, J., Carstensen, J., Synnerstad, I. & Lindholm, C. (2016). Stage-specific direct healthcare costs in patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 30(5), 789-793
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Stage-specific direct healthcare costs in patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, ISSN 0926-9959, E-ISSN 1468-3083, Vol. 30, nr 5, s. 789-793Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Clinical stage at diagnosis is a strong prognostic factor for death in cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), with worse prognosis at higher stages. However, few studies have investigated how direct healthcare cost per patient varies with clinical stage.

Objective The aim of this study was to determine the stage-specific direct healthcare costs for CMM patients compared to the healthcare costs in the general population in the County of Östergötland, Sweden.

Methods CMM patients in the County of Östergötland diagnosed 2005-2012 were identified from the Swedish cancer registry. Information on clinical stage was collected from the Swedish Melanoma Register (SMR) and cost data from the Cost per Patient database (CPP) for 1 075 CMM patients in Östergötland. CPP contains costs associated with all healthcare contacts per patient including inpatient, outpatient, and primary care. The CMM-related costs were defined as the difference in mean healthcare costs between CMM patients and general population.

Results The first year after CMM diagnosis, the average healthcare costs for CMM patients was 2.8 times higher than in the general population. The healthcare cost ratio varied from 2.0 (stage I) to 10.1 (stage IV) and the CMM-related costs per patient-year varied from €2 670 (stage I) to €29 291 (stage IV). The mean healthcare costs decreased over time but remained significantly higher than in the general population for all clinical stages. During the first year after diagnosis, patients in clinical stage III-IV (7% of CMM patients) accounted for 27% of the total CMM-related healthcare costs.

Conclusions The direct healthcare costs for CMM patients were significantly higher than in the general population independent of clinical stage. CMM patients diagnosed in clinical stage III-IV were associated with particularly high costs and the healthcare system may save resources by finding CMM patients in earlier stages.

Nationell ämneskategori
Dermatologi och venereologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113144 (URN)10.1111/jdv.13110 (DOI)000374554200007 ()
Anmärkning

Funding agencies:Regional cancer center South East in Linkoping

Vid tiden för disputation förelåg publikationen som manuskript

Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-12 Skapad: 2015-01-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-03
Nygren, M., Carstensen, J., Koch, F.-S., Ludvigsson, J. & Frostell, A. (2015). Experience of a serious life event increases the risk for childhood type 1 diabetes: the ABIS population-based prospective cohort study. Diabetologia, 58(6), 1188-1197
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Experience of a serious life event increases the risk for childhood type 1 diabetes: the ABIS population-based prospective cohort study
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 58, nr 6, s. 1188-1197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims/hypothesis The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate whether psychological stress during childhood may be a risk factor for manifest type 1 diabetes. Methods The All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study invited all families with babies born between 1 October 1997 and 30 September 1999 in southeast Sweden to participate. Our study subsample includes 10,495 participants in at least one of the data collections at 2-3, 5-6, 8 and 10-13 years of age not yet diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at inclusion; 58 children were subsequently diagnosed. Age at diagnosis was obtained from the national register SweDiabKids in 2012. Family psychological stress was measured via questionnaires given to the parents assessing serious life events, parenting stress, parental worries and the parents social support. Results Childhood experience of a serious life event was associated with a higher risk of future diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (HR 3.0 [95% CI 1.6, 5.6], p = 0.001) after adjusting for heredity of type 1 diabetes and age at entry into the study. The result was still valid when controlling for heredity of type 2 diabetes, size for gestational age, the parents education level and whether the mother worked at least 50% of full time before the childs birth (HR 2.8 [95% CI 1.5, 5.4], p = 0.002), and also when childhood BMI was added to the model (HR 5.0 [95% CI 2.3, 10.7], p less than 0.001). Conclusions/interpretation This first prospective study concluded that experience of a serious life event in childhood may be a risk factor for manifest type 1 diabetes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Verlag (Germany), 2015
Nyckelord
Longitudinal studies; Prospective studies; Psychological stress; Risk factors; Stressful events; Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Nationell ämneskategori
Klinisk medicin Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118842 (URN)10.1007/s00125-015-3555-2 (DOI)000353893000008 ()25870022 (PubMedID)
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [K2005-72X-11242-11A, K2008-69X-20826-01-4]; Swedish Child Diabetes Foundation (Barndiabetesfonden); JDRF Wallenberg Foundation [K 98-99D-12813-01A]; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research [FAS2004-1775]

Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-08 Skapad: 2015-06-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11
Bladh, M., Josefsson, A., Carstensen, J., Finnström, O. & Sydsjö, G. (2015). Intergenerational cohort study of preterm and small-for-gestational-age birth in twins and singletons. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 18(5), 581-590
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Intergenerational cohort study of preterm and small-for-gestational-age birth in twins and singletons
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Twin Research and Human Genetics, ISSN 1832-4274, E-ISSN 1839-2628, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 581-590Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To date several studies have investigated the intergenerational effect of preterm and small-for-gestational-age births. However, most studies excluded both twin mothers and twin offspring from the analyses. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the intergenerational effect of preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) among twins and singletons.

A prospective population based register study of mother-first-born offspring pairs recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register was performed. The study included 4073 twins and 264,794 singletons born in 1973-1983 and their firstborns born in 1986-2009. Preterm birth was defined as birth <37 weeks of gestation and SGA as < 2 standard deviations of the Swedish standard. Logistic regressions were performed to estimate the intergenerational effect of each birth characteristic. Adjustments were made for maternal grandmothers and mother’s socio-demographic factors in addition to maternal birth- characteristics.

Among mothers born as singletons, being born preterm was associated with an increased risk for delivering a preterm child (adjusted OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.29-1.50) while being born SGA increased the likelihood of a SGA child (adjusted OR 3.04, 95% CI 2.80-3.30) as well as a preterm child (adjusted OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.20-1.40). In twin mothers, the corresponding ORs tended to be lower and the only statistically significant association was between a SGA mother and a SGA child (adjusted OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.40-3.31). A statistically significant interaction between twinning and mother’s size for gestational was identified in a multivariate linear regression analysis indicating that singleton mothers born SGA were associated with a lower birth weight compared to mothers not born SGA.

Preterm birth and SGA appear to be transferred from one generation to the next, although not always reaching statistical significance. These effects seem to be less evident in mothers born as twins compared with those born as singletons.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge University Press, 2015
Nationell ämneskategori
Pediatrik Hälsovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121275 (URN)10.1017/thg.2015.60 (DOI)000361660800010 ()
Anmärkning

Funding: Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden

Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-11 Skapad: 2015-09-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Bladh, M., Josefsson, A., Carstensen, J., Finnström, O. & Sydsjö, G. (2015). Reproductive pattern among twins and singletons in relation to number of siblings: a Swedish cohort study of individuals born between 1973 and 1993.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Reproductive pattern among twins and singletons in relation to number of siblings: a Swedish cohort study of individuals born between 1973 and 1993
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background Twinning has been shown to be associated with a reduced reproductive rate compared to singletons. This can partly be explained by the birth-characteristics pertaining to twinning as many twins are born preterm, with low birth weight or small for gestational age. However, the intergenerational reproductive rate may also be due to familial factors such as number of siblings.

Methods This is a register-based study of all men and women born in Sweden between 1973 and 1993 who were living in Sweden at 13 years of age. Data on the study objects’ own births as well as their offspring, parental socio-demographic factors were collected from Swedish population based registers. Hazard ratios for the likelihood of becoming a parent were estimated using Cox’s proportion hazard models. All models were adjusted for socio-demographic and birth characteristics.

Results Adjusting for number of siblings, socio-demographic factors and birth characteristics, twinning was associated with a decreased likelihood of becoming a first-time parent, compared with singletons both for females (HR (95% CI)=0.90 (0.88-0.93) and males (HR (95% CI)=0.96 (0.93-0.99). Having 3 or more siblings increased the chance of becoming a first-time parent among both male twins (HR (95% CI)=1.17 (1.08-1.27)) and singletons (HR (95% CI)=1.16 (1.15-1.18)) compared to having fewer than 3 siblings. This increased likelihood of becoming a parent was also present among female twins (HR (95% CI)=1.18 (1.10-1.26)) and singletons (HR (95% CI)=1.22 (1.21-1.24)).

Conclusions Twins have a decreased likelihood of becoming a parent compared to singletons even when adjusting for number of siblings.

Nyckelord
Twinning, reproduction, siblings, prematurity, size for gestational age, birth weight
Nationell ämneskategori
Pediatrik Hälsovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121276 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-11 Skapad: 2015-09-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Nygren, M., Carstensen, J., Koch, F.-S., Ludvigsson, J. & Frostell, A. S. (2015). Serious life events across childhood and mental health problems in early adolescence: The moderating role of family climate. Results from the ABIS population-based longitudinal study.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Serious life events across childhood and mental health problems in early adolescence: The moderating role of family climate. Results from the ABIS population-based longitudinal study
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This study aims to investigate the association between experiences of serious life events assessed by checklists longitudinally across childhood (at age 5-6, age 8, and age 12-14 years) and level of mental health problems in early adolescence (at age 12-14), and the mediating role of family climate factors across childhood. Questionnaire data from the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) population based cohort-study were used (n=1132). The association were best modelled with a sequential cumulative approach; that means that the number of time-periods at least one serious life event was experienced were linearly related to the level of mental health problems (SDQ-score) after controlling for age, sex/gender, parental educational level, immigrant status and fuzzy/difficult temperament at age 2-3 (b=0.58 [95% CI 0.28, 0.87], p<0.001). Parenting stress and the parents size and satisfaction of social support were found as moderating factors, where the association between serious life events and mental health problems only were found in the subgroups of families where the parent perceive chronically high levels of parenting stress (high at 3-4 times of 4 possible; n=163, b=1.28 [0.55, 2.01], p=0.001), have a small social network (n=108, p=1.75 [0.86, 2.64], p<0.001), and are dissatisfied with their social support (n=95, p=1.22 [0.36, 2.09], p=0.006). An absence of parenting stress across childhood and adequate social support for the parents are suggested as resilient factors. To avoid negative consequences for child mental health after experiences of stressful life events, parents should get adequate support in child health services.

Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Endokrinologi och diabetes Pediatrik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121065 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-04 Skapad: 2015-09-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Lyth, J., Eriksson, H., Hansson, J., Ingvar, C., Jansson, M., Lapins, J., . . . Lindholm, C. (2015). Trends in cutaneous malignant melanoma in Sweden 1997-2011: Thinner tumours and improved survival among men. British Journal of Dermatology, 172(3), 700-706
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Trends in cutaneous malignant melanoma in Sweden 1997-2011: Thinner tumours and improved survival among men
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0007-0963, E-ISSN 1365-2133, Vol. 172, nr 3, s. 700-706Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Both patient survival and the proportion of patients diagnosed with thin cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) have been steadily rising in Sweden as in most western countries, though the rate of improvement in survival appears to have declined in Sweden at the end of last millennium.

Objectives: To analyse the most recent trends in the distribution of tumour thickness (T-category) as well as CMM-specific survival in Swedish patients diagnosed 1997-2011.

Methods: This nationwide population-based study included 30 590 patients registered in the Swedish Melanoma Register (SMR) and diagnosed with a first primary invasive CMM 1997-2011. The patients were followed through 2012 in the national Cause-of-Death Register.

Results: Logistic and Cox regression analyses adjusting for age at diagnosis, tumour site, and health care region were carried out. The odds ratio for being diagnosed with thicker tumours was significantly reduced (P = 0·0008) and the CMM-specific survival significantly improved in men diagnosed 2007-2011 compared to men diagnosed 1997-2001 (hazard ratio=0·81; 95% CI 0·72-0·91, P = 0·0009) while the corresponding differences for women were not significant. Women were diagnosed with significantly thicker tumours during 2002-2006 and a tendency towards decreased survival was observed compared to those diagnosed earlier 1997-2001 and later 2007-2011.

Conclusion: In Sweden, the CMMs of men are detected earlier over time and this seems to be followed by an improved CMM-specific survival for men. Women are still diagnosed with considerably thinner tumours and they experience a better survival than men.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015
Nyckelord
malignant melanoma, time trend, survival, tumour thickness, population based
Nationell ämneskategori
Dermatologi och venereologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113143 (URN)10.1111/bjd.13483 (DOI)000351400500029 ()25323770 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-12 Skapad: 2015-01-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Gnosa, S., Zhang, H., Brodin Patcha, V., Carstensen, J., Adell, G. & Sun, X.-F. (2014). AEG-1 expression is an independent prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients with preoperative radiotherapy: a study in a Swedish clinical trial. British Journal of Cancer, 111(1), 166-173
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>AEG-1 expression is an independent prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients with preoperative radiotherapy: a study in a Swedish clinical trial
Visa övriga...
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 111, nr 1, s. 166-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Preoperative radiotherapy (RT) is widely used to downstage rectal tumours, but the rate of recurrence varies significantly. Therefore, new biomarkers are needed for better treatment and prognosis. It has been shown that astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) is a key mediator of migration, invasion, and treatment resistance. Our aim was to analyse the AEG-1 expression in relation to RT in rectal cancer patients and to test its radiosensitising properties.

METHODS:

The AEG-1 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in 158 patients from the Swedish clinical trial of RT. Furthermore, we inhibited the AEG-1 expression by siRNA in five colon cancer cell lines and measured the survival after irradiation by colony-forming assay.

RESULTS:

The AEG-1 expression was increased in the primary tumours compared with the normal mucosa independently of the RT (P<0.01). High AEG-1 expression in the primary tumour of the patients treated with RT correlated independently with higher risk of distant recurrence (P=0.009) and worse disease-free survival (P=0.007). Downregulation of AEG-1 revealed a decreased survival after radiation in radioresistant colon cancer cell lines.

CONCLUSIONS:

The AEG-1 expression was independently related to distant recurrence and disease-free survival in rectal cancer patients with RT and could therefore be a marker to discriminate patients for distant relapse.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Nature Publishing Group, 2014
Nyckelord
MTDH; astrocyte elevated gene-1; distant recurrence; disease-free survival
Nationell ämneskategori
Klinisk medicin Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109376 (URN)10.1038/bjc.2014.250 (DOI)000339163300020 ()24874474 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-15 Skapad: 2014-08-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Bygren, L. O., Tinghög, P., Carstensen, J., Edvinsson, S., Kaati, G., Pembrey, M. E. & Sjöström, M. (2014). Change in paternal grandmothers' early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren. BMC Genetics, 15(12)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Change in paternal grandmothers' early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren
Visa övriga...
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Genetics, ISSN 1471-2156, E-ISSN 1471-2156, Vol. 15, nr 12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

This study investigated whether large fluctuations in food availability during grandparents' early development influenced grandchildren's cardiovascular mortality. We reported earlier that changes in availability of food - from good to poor or from poor to good - during intrauterine development was followed by a double risk of sudden death as an adult, and that mortality rate can be associated with ancestors´ childhood availability of food. We have now studied transgenerational responses (TGR) to sharp differences of harvest between two consecutive years´ for ancestors of 317 people in Överkalix, Sweden.

Results

The confidence intervals were very wide but we found a striking TGR. There was no response in cardiovascular mortality in the grandchild from sharp changes of early exposure, experienced by three of the four grandparents (maternal grandparents and paternal grandfathers). If, however, the paternal grandmother up to puberty lived through a sharp change in food supply from one year to next, her sons´ daughters had an excess risk for cardiovascular mortality (HR 2.69, 95% confidence interval 1.05-6.92). Selection or learning and imitation are unlikely explanations. X-linked epigenetic inheritance via spermatozoa seemed to be plausible, with the transmission, limited to being through the father, possibly explained by the sex differences in meiosis.

Conclusion

The shock of change in food availability seems to give specific transgenerational responses.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central, 2014
Nyckelord
Epidemiology; Food change; Environmental shock; Human transgenerational response; Cardiovascular mortality; Överkalix
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104752 (URN)10.1186/1471-2156-15-12 (DOI)000334611200001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2014-02-25 Skapad: 2014-02-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Tinghög, P., Björkenstam, C., Carstensen, J., Jansson, C., Glaser, A., Hillert, J. & Alexanderson, K. (2014). Co-morbidities increase the risk of disability pension among MS patients: a population-based nationwide cohort study. BMC Neurology, 14(117)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Co-morbidities increase the risk of disability pension among MS patients: a population-based nationwide cohort study
Visa övriga...
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Neurology, ISSN 1471-2377, E-ISSN 1471-2377, Vol. 14, nr 117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and often disabling disease. In 2005, 62% of the MS patients in Sweden aged 16-65 years were on disability pension. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the presence of common co-morbidities increase MS patients' risk for disability pension.

METHODS:

This population-based cohort study included 4 519 MS patients and 4 972 174 non-MS patients who in 2005 were aged 17-64 years, lived in Sweden, and were not on disability pension. Patients with MS were identified in the nationwide in- and outpatient registers, while four different registers were used to construct three sets of measures of musculoskeletal, mental, and cardiovascular disorders. Time-dependent proportional hazard models with a five-year follow up were performed, adjusting for socio-demographic factors.

RESULTS:

All studied disorders were elevated among MS patients, regardless of type of measure used. MS patients with mental disorders had a higher risk for disability pension than MS patients with no such co-morbidities. Moreover, mental disorders had a synergistic influence on MS patients' risk for disability pension. These findings were also confirmed when conducting sensitivity analyses. Musculoskeletal disorders appeared to increase MS patients' risk for disability pension. The results with regard to musculoskeletal disorders' synergistic influence on disability pension were however inconclusive. Cardiovascular co-morbidity had no significant influence on MS-patients' risk for disability pension.

CONCLUSIONS:

Co-morbidities, especially mental disorders, significantly contribute to MS patients' risk of disability pension, a finding of relevance for MS management and treatment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central, 2014
Nyckelord
Multiple sclerosis; Co-morbidity; Disability pension; Sick leave; Synergistic effects; Insurance medicine
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälsovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109269 (URN)10.1186/1471-2377-14-117 (DOI)000338378200001 ()24894415 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-12 Skapad: 2014-08-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer

Sök vidare i DiVA

Visa alla publikationer