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Magnusson, T. & Berggren, C. (2018). Competing innovationsystems and the need for redeployment in sustainability transitions. Technological forecasting & social change, 126, 217-230
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competing innovationsystems and the need for redeployment in sustainability transitions
2018 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 126, p. 217-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to sustainability transitions theories, innovation policies should create protective spaces (‘niches’) for promising new technologies. Moreover they should support a cumulative process of market formation and growth. Based on results from comparative case studies of two competing technological innovation systems for heavy transport (biogas and electrification), this paper argues that these recommendations are contradictory when technology alternatives with different degrees of maturity compete for the same niche. Should innovation policies open up the niche for the promising but immature alternative, or should they continue to support the technology that already has attained a niche position? If this contradiction remains unsolved, there is a risk for conflicts that block the progress of both alternatives. The paper suggests that there is a need for differentiated policies to resolve the contraction. In order to facilitate further development of both systems, the paper suggests that niche nurturing for immature systems needs to be combined with redeployment into new market segments for more mature systems. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Technological innovation system; strategic niche management; technology competition; system redeployment; market formation; niche accumulation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141195 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2017.08.014 (DOI)000419411000022 ()2-s2.0-85029231428 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Miljöbuss, BRC
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-03536
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Energy Agency [DNR2013-6841]; Swedish Innovation Agency (VINNOVA) [2015-03536]

Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F., Borah, D. J. & Berggren, C. (2018). Separation or Integration for Successful Acquisition?: A Comparative Study of Established and Emerging Economies' Firms. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 8(1), 1-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Separation or Integration for Successful Acquisition?: A Comparative Study of Established and Emerging Economies' Firms
2018 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, ISSN 1927-033X, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies of the post-acquisition practices of established economy firms argue that integration is one of the most important factors that drives acquisition performance. Recent research suggests that firms from emerging economies may use different approaches in their acquisitions. However, there is a lack of studies of the post-acquisition strategies of emerging economy firms. This study presents an in-depth case study of the strategy of an emerging economy firm from a large business group after its acquisition of a classical brand-name company in a developed economy. Moreover, this strategy and its performance outcomes is compared with the strategy of the acquired firm´s previous owner, an established MNE from a leading OECD country. The study reveals that the emerging economy firm, Tata Motors, pursued a consistent separation strategy in all the investigated areas – human resource management, new product development, production, and marketing. Moreover, this separation strategy turned out to be much more successful than the integration strategy pursued by the previous owner, Ford Motors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Burnaby, Canada: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 2018
Keywords
Post-acquisition organization strategy, separation, integration, emerging economies firm, automotive industry, Tata, Ford
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146278 (URN)
Projects
This work was supported by VINNOVA, Sweden´s national innovation agency (grant number: 2014-03388)
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03388
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved
da Silva, L. E. (2017). Collaboration in international technology transfer: the role of knowledge boundaries and boundary objects. Munich
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboration in international technology transfer: the role of knowledge boundaries and boundary objects
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Firms increasingly use choose collaborative arrangements to get access to the most recent and advanced technologies instead of trying to develop them in-home. Several emerging economies use such arrangements particularly in the defense industry as a vehicle for technology transfer to the local industry. The effectiveness of technology transfer, however, is affected by many factors. This paper analyzes international technology transfer as a challenge of inter-firm collaboration and a challenge of cross-boundary knowledge management, and highlights the role of boundary objects to mitigate problems of knowledge boundaries such transfers. Building on a comparative case study of two international technology transfer projects, the paper contributes to the understanding of how collaboration problems can affect the transfer of knowledge across knowledge boundaries and how the use of appropriate boundary objects may improve collaboration management and the knowledge transfer. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Munich: , 2017. p. 17
Keywords
technology transfer; international collaboration; knowledge management; knowledge boundaries; boundary objects
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143680 (URN)
Projects
Innovative Firms from Emerging Economies
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-03388
Note

A part of this project financed by Vinnova.

Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. & Kågeson, P. (2017). Speeding up electro-mobility: How to electrify half of new car sales by 2030. Brussels: Transport and Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Speeding up electro-mobility: How to electrify half of new car sales by 2030
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Noxious diesel emissions far above official limits and the need to rapidly reduce-greenhouse gases generate widespread calls for banning fossil-fueled cars in Europe. This report shows that it is possible to electrify 50 per cent of all new cars in the EU by 2030.

 This, however, requires massive investment in European battery production capacity, and a long-term commitment to sustainable supply of critical materials. In addition a large-scale expansion of the charging infrastructure is needed, in particular at home and at work places, which account for around 95 per cent of all battery charging. Moreover, local grids will need enforcement in most countries. The additional electricity demand must be satisfied at a time when many coal-fired and nuclear-based power plants will be decommissioned.  Plug-in hybrids, which combine a downsized combustion engine with an electric motor, will probably play an important role, both to relieve long-distance drivers of range anxiety and to reduce the demand for scarce virgin metals, in particular cobalt.

 To make the shift happen, an EU-wide Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate needs to be established from 2025, with planned stringency increases every second year or so. Such a regulation is less vulnerable to budget restraints and changing relative prices than financial incentives. At the same time, the regulatory demands on manufacturers to reduce CO2 emissions from combustions engines need to become more stringent and apply to all combustion engines, including those in plug-in hybrids. Such a combination of policies will make it possible to realize the overall target of 50 per cent electrification of new cars in a robust and flexible way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brussels: Transport and Environment, 2017. p. 82
Keywords
Electric vehicles, Li-ion batteries, total cost of ownership, recycling, policy instruments
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142010 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2012-0086:1
Note

Financial support from Jan Wallander´s, Tom Hedelius' and Tore Browald´s research foundations at Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm.

Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. & Berggren, C. (2017). Struggling with knowledge boundaries and stickiness: case studies of innovating firms in an emerging economy. In: Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, Andrew Van de Ven (Ed.), Managing knowledge integration across boundaries: (pp. 139-154). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Struggling with knowledge boundaries and stickiness: case studies of innovating firms in an emerging economy
2017 (English)In: Managing knowledge integration across boundaries / [ed] Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, Andrew Van de Ven, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 139-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates the efforts of firms in emerging economies to acquire the advanced knowledge needed to build internationally competitive innovation capabilities. Two studies of innovator firms in Turkey are analysed using Carlile´s framework of syntactic, semantic and pragmatic boundaries. The findings show how firms use external collaboration to overcome semantic boundaries related to interpretive ambiguity, and international windows of opportunity to bypass pragmatic, interest-related knowledge boundaries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017
Keywords
firms in emerging economies, innovation, capability building, knowledge integration, syntactic boundaries, semanticboundaries, pragmatic boundaries, Kunskapshantering
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121724 (URN)9780198785972 (ISBN)0198785976 (ISBN)
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014:03388
Available from: 2015-10-03 Created: 2015-10-03 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. & Berggren, C. (2016). Misconduct, Marginality and Editorial Practices in Management, Business, and Economics Journals. PLoS ONE, 11(7), Article ID e0159492.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Misconduct, Marginality and Editorial Practices in Management, Business, and Economics Journals
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, article id e0159492Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The paper presents data on the two problems of misconduct and marginality in management, business and economics (MBE) journals and their practices to combat these problems.

Design

Data was collected in three phases. First, all publicly retracted papers in MBE journals were identified through keywords searches in 7 major databases (n = 1329 journals). Second, a focused survey was distributed to editors involved in such retractions (n = 64; response rate = 28%). Finally, a survey was administered to all active journals in the seven databases to collect data on editors’ perceptions and practices related to the two problems (n = 937, response rate = 31.8%). Frequency analyses, cross tabulations, and qualitative analyses of open answers were used to examine the data.

Results

184 retracted papers in MBE journals were identified in 2005–2015 (no retraction was found before 2005). From 2005–2007 to 2012–2015, the number of retractions increased by a factor ten with an all-time high in 2015. The survey to journals with reported retractions illustrates how already a few cases of suspected misconduct put a strain on the editorial workload. The survey to all active journals revealed that 42% of the respondents had started to use software to screen all submitted papers, and that a majority recognized the problem of marginality, as indicated by salami-style submissions. According to some editors, reviewers easily spot such submissions whereas others argued that authors may submit thinly sliced papers in parallel to several journals, which means that this practice is only discovered post-publication. The survey question on ways to support creative contributions stimulated a rich response of ideas regarding editorial vision, engaged boards and developmental approaches. The study uses data from three specialized fields, but its findings may be highly relevant to many journals in the social sciences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge, UK: Public Library of Science, 2016
Keywords
Misconduct, Scientific Misconduct, Academic Misconduct, Originality, Salami Publication, Editorial Practices, Publication Ethics, Research Ethics, Management, Business, Economics
National Category
Social Work Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130701 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0159492 (DOI)000381515200024 ()27454761 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-08-21 Created: 2016-08-21 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2016). Vetenskaplig publicering: historik, praktik och etik (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vetenskaplig publicering: historik, praktik och etik
2016 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Publicering i vetenskapliga tidskrifter är allt mer väsentligt för dagens forskare och lärare, och vetenskapliga publikationer allt viktigare som grund för meritering och samhällets beslut i svåra frågor. Vetenskaplig publicering beskriver den vetenskapliga kommunikationens framväxt, särart och centrala funktioner. Med många konkreta exempel belyses hur förmågan till vetenskapligt skrivande kan övas upp och olika hinder övervinnas genom systematiskt kollegialt samarbete.

Vetenskaplig publicering tar också upp de etiska utmaningar som idag hotar detta publiceringssystem när allt fler skribenter från allt fler länder trängs om plats i samma tidskrifter. Aktuell forskning om akademisk oredlighet, från plagiering och datamassage till salamipublicering, redovisas liksom resultaten från en stor studie av redaktionernas motåtgärder, och vad de innebär för framtidens forskare.

Vetenskaplig publicering lyfter fram betydelsen av det CUDOS-ideal som formulerades under hotet från 1940-talets totalitära ideologier: att dela kunskap utan anspråk på betalning; att bedöma resultat utan sidoblickar på författarens kön, etnicitet eller nationalitet; att inte låta sig styras av olika särintressen, och att skeptiskt kontrollera nya påståenden – ideal som är än viktigare i de sociala mediernas tidevarv.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016. p. 148 Edition: 1
Keywords
Vetenskaplig publicering Etik
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128201 (URN)978-91-4410-884-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-23 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Sandin, J. & Berggren, C. (2015). A simplified service engineering approach used by an industrial service solutions provider. In: 7TH INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS CONFERENCE - IPSS, INDUSTRY TRANSFORMATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND BUSINESS: . Paper presented at 7th Industrial Product-Service Systems Conference - PSS, Industry Transformation for Sustainability and Business (pp. 30-35). ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A simplified service engineering approach used by an industrial service solutions provider
2015 (English)In: 7TH INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS CONFERENCE - IPSS, INDUSTRY TRANSFORMATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND BUSINESS, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2015, Vol. 30, p. 30-35Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper shows how a provider of complex hardware with long operation times makes use of a structured methods approach to develop maintenance, repair and overhaul services and improve its service solutions. Service engineering is a methodical approach for the design of service offerings, and can be described by using the dimensions outcome, structure, process and management. So far, little is known about how firms implement such approaches. On the basis of a longitudinal case study within a large, product-based, high-technology business corporation, the paper shows that the use of a simplified service engineering model may be effective in supporting both the development and the maintenance of a comprehensive service business. More specifically, the case suggests the following factors to be important for success: A systematically applied engineering method, the presence of dedicated service champions, an ability to articulate and formalize new service roles, and deep technical knowledge of the involved hardware. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2015
Keywords
Service engineeing; industrial service solutions; work breakdown structure; long product life-cycles; longitudinal case study; aircraft industry
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121911 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.141 (DOI)000361471300006 ()
Conference
7th Industrial Product-Service Systems Conference - PSS, Industry Transformation for Sustainability and Business
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-12 Last updated: 2015-11-03
Berggren, C. & Magnusson, T. (2015). Coordinated policies for electrification of heavy vehicles: a technological innovation systems analysis.. In: : . Paper presented at Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015) June 10-12 13:37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coordinated policies for electrification of heavy vehicles: a technological innovation systems analysis.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Less than 10 years ago, Volvo Cars was known for spacious family cars with high levels of safety but fuel consumption well above the EU average. When in 2007, customers started to demand more efficient cars, the company had little to offer and few projects in the pipeline, whereas competitors rapidly launched less-emitting models. Without waiting for formal executive decisions, a team of experienced engineers took the initiative and organized a broad reengineering campaign labeled “DRIVe” (“Drive towards zero”). The basic idea was to build on existing models and platforms and in a very focused process introduce modifications and fuel-saving modules and so launch a low emitting model within less than 12 months. Incentives on various national markets, for example Belgium or the Netherlands were important factors to convince the market organization and get internal acceptance. In 2008, production started of the first DRIVe versions of Volvo’s compact cars with emissions at 119 gram CO2/km, a reduction by 10+ grams. Six months later more advanced versions with start/stop functionality reduced emissions to 104 g/km. DRIVe versions of the larger models followed, and in 2010, production started of a new version of the large V70 DRIVe with fuel consumption reduced to 0.45 l/100 km and emissions to 119 g CO2/km, a 25% improvement. Later in 2010, improved versions S40 and V50 reported emissions at 99 g/km. The flow of rapid reengineering projects continued and in 2014, the team could present the compact V40 model with a new powerful engine, boasting emissions as low as 85gra/km – without the help of any hybrid systems. An important driver of this flow constantly improved models has been the purchasing incentives in the Netherlands which are tightened annually, 88 gram/km in 2013, 85gram/km in 2014, 82gram/km in 2015, etc. Compliance with these levels is critical for success in the Dutch company car segment and has been very effective in setting a target for the DRIVe projects in recent years, and has contributed to Volvo Cars repositioning from fuel consumption well above the EU average to the lowest fuel consumer within its segment. In total, the DRIVe program has delivered 25 improved models from 2008 to 2014. In this paper we analyze its success factors, management particularities and lessons and limitations for other development projects.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122264 (URN)
Conference
Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015) June 10-12 13:37
Available from: 2015-10-26 Created: 2015-10-26 Last updated: 2015-11-04
Borah, D. J., Karabag, S. F. & Berggren, C. (2015). Drivers for a successful acquisition: The case of Jaguar Land Rover’s acquisition by Tata. In: Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015): . Paper presented at 23rd International Colloquium of Gerpisa, Paris, France, 10-12 June 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers for a successful acquisition: The case of Jaguar Land Rover’s acquisition by Tata
2015 (English)In: Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015), 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The automotive management literature stated that Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) was not successful under Ford ownership. Recent JLR‟s reports and automotive publications highlight that JLR has been successful under Tata ownership. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the various factors behind Tata-JLR‟s success by investigating the post-acquisition strategies adopted by Tata for JLR. This paper uses qualitative study primarily based on interviews with top management portfolio holders from Ford, JLR and Tata as well as industry experts to study the differences in post-acquisition strategies adopted by the two owners. The findings show that separation strategy, market expansion, and increased investments are the major drivers behind the success of Tata‟s acquisition. Time of the acquisition (2008) has come out as a surprising success factor in this research. The study reveals that Ford used organizational integration strategy, which limited the quality of decision making of JLR management team. On the other hand, Tata has implemented separation strategy and empowered decentralized decision making to JLR‟s managers. This study also brings out a comparison of level of task integration between Jaguar Land Rover and its owners with the help of patent analysis

Keywords
Mergers and Acquisitions; Jaguar Land Rover; Tata; Ford; Luxury Brand; Emerging Multinational Firms;
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121727 (URN)
Conference
23rd International Colloquium of Gerpisa, Paris, France, 10-12 June 2015
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-10-03 Created: 2015-10-03 Last updated: 2015-10-07
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4233-5138

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