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Anderson, Chris D
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Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hyaluronic Acid Accelerates Re-epithelialization and Alters Protein Expression in a Human Wound Model
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2019 (English)In: PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY-GLOBAL OPEN, ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 7, no 5, article id e2221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a large glycosaminoglycan involved in proliferation, migration, and tissue repair, is suggested to be an important factor for keratinocyte activation and re-epithelialization. The experimental hypothesis of this study was that HA accelerates re-epithelialization, and we aimed to investigate the effect of exogenous intradermal HA during deep dermal, incisional wound healing in vivo in humans, the primary endpoint being re-epithelialization. Methods: A total of 8 standardized deep dermal incisional wounds (depth 1.6mm, width 1.8mm) per subject were induced in 10 healthy volunteers. Two of the wound sites per subject were pretreated with injections of HA and 2 with saline solution. At 2 time points (24 hours and 14 days), 2 biopsies for each treatment group (one for histology and one for proteomics) were taken. Skin erythema was measured at 24-hour intervals for 14 days as a surrogate measurement of inflammation. Results: At 24 hours, 8 of 9 wounds pretreated with HA showed complete re-epithelization, whereas none of the wounds pretreated with saline had re-epithelized. Wounds pretreated with HA also showed a 10-fold regulation of 8 identified proteins involved in wound healing compared to wounds treated with saline solution. No difference in inflammation, as measured as erythema, could be seen between any of the groups. Conclusions: We conclude that HA accelerates re-epithelialization and stimulates an altered protein expression in vivo in human deep dermal incisional skin wounds, but has no effect on the inflammation process as measured by erythema.

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urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164452 (URN)10.1097/GOX.0000000000002221 (DOI)000480725100035 ()31333952 (PubMedID)

Funding Agencies|ALF Grants, Region Ostergotland, Sweden

Available from: 2020-03-28 Created: 2020-03-28