liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Taghizadeh Larsson, Annika
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 65) Show all publications
Jönson, H. & Taghizadeh Larsson, A. (2019). Ableism and Ageism. In: Danan Gu & Matthew E. Dupre (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging: (pp. 1-6). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ableism and Ageism
2019 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging / [ed] Danan Gu & Matthew E. Dupre, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since Robert N. Butler (1969) introduced the term ageism to research, a number of attempts to define and conceptualize the phenomenon have been proposed (Iversen et al. 2009). Most have followed Butler in defining ageism as prejudice and discrimination based on age, with older people as the victimized category (See “Self reported ageism”). Some definitions describe ageism as affecting people of all ages, and in fact, investigations show that younger people are most affected by negative treatment that they ascribe to their age (Bratt et al. 2018). The definitional ambiguity has resulted in confusion on the causes of ageism; it is likely that different types of dynamics are present for persons of different ages. The present text will focus on ageism – and ableism – as a problem for older people.

The concept of ageism has been used to cover a wide range of phenomena, from skewed knowledge and intolerant values to attitudes and behaviors toward older people. Ageism has been described as the “denial of basic and civil rights of elders” and has been qualified as an ideology (Estes 2011, p. 300). Commonly age discrimination has been described as the manifestation of ageist attitudes and prejudice, specified as hostile forms of discrimination (e.g., neglect or mistreatment), but also in more compassionate, subtle ways (e.g., patronizing and “elder speech”), and even positive discrimination (Cary et al. 2017; Chonody 2016; Palmore 2015). This line of thought is pursued through the use of the attitude concept that is divided into a cognitive, an affective, and a behavioral component (Iversen et al. 2009): discrimination is the behavioral manifestation of individual or societal attitudes on age. Within the constantly growing field of research on ageism (Levy and Macdonald 2016), much interest has been devoted to different arenas where ageism appears (e.g., Ayalon and Tesch-Roemer 2018) and texts and tools for discovering and combating ageism have been provided (e.g., Palmore 1990, 2015; Levy 2016).

Less frequent and elaborated in gerontological literature is the concept of ableism. Ableism could be defined as the devaluation and discrimination of people based on perceived functional inability. The phenomenon has been devoted explicit interest in disability studies (e.g., Goodley 2014; Burch and Sirotkin 2018). According to Renee Butts (2017), in the Salem Press Encyclopedia, the concept was probably coined in the 1980s and refers to the discrimination of people with disabilities, conveying that they are of lesser value than the “able-bodied.” This definition is useful when identifying discrimination of persons with disabilities but as it rests on the dichotomy able-bodied – disabled – it downplays the fact that ableism has its roots in a greater societal order. Simply put, the logical counterpart to devaluation based on functional inability is the valuing of people based on ability, a principle that people in general tend to support in many situations (the system of education, the labor market, sports, and so on).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158899 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_581-1 (DOI)9783319698922 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2019-07-17 Created: 2019-07-17 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
São José, J. M., Amado, C. A., Ilinca, S., Buttigieg, S. C. & Taghizadeh Larsson, A. (2019). Ageism in Health Care: A Systematic Review of OperationalDefinitions and Inductive Conceptualizations. The Gerontologist, 59(2), E98-E108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageism in Health Care: A Systematic Review of OperationalDefinitions and Inductive Conceptualizations
Show others...
2019 (English)In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 59, no 2, p. E98-E108Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose:

International and national bodies have identified tackling ageism in health care as an urgent goal. However, health professionals, researchers, and policy makers recognize that it is not easy to identity and fight ageism in practice, as the identification of multiple manifestations of ageism is dependent on the way it is defined and operationalized. This article reports on a systematic review of the operational definitions and inductive conceptualizations of ageism in the context of health care.

Design and Methods:

We reviewed scientific articles published from January 1995 to June 2015 and indexed in the electronic databases Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane. Electronic searches were complemented with visual scanning of reference lists and hand searching of leading journals in the field of ageing and social gerontology.

Results:

The review reveals that the predominant forms of operationalization and inductive conceptualization of ageism in the context of health care have neglected some components of ageism, namely the self-directed and implicit components. Furthermore, the instruments used to measure ageism in health care have as targets older people in general, not older patients in particular.

Implications:

The results have important implications for the advancement of research on this topic, as well as for the development of interventions to fight ageism in practice. There is a need to take into account underexplored forms of operationalization and inductive conceptualizations of ageism, such as self-directed ageism and implicit ageism. In addition, ageism in health care should be measured by using context-specific instruments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
Ageism, Health care, Systematic review
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137717 (URN)10.1093/geront/gnx020 (DOI)000462597900005 ()28510642 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding agencies:  FCT-Foundation for Science and Technology; FEDER/COMPETE [UID/SOC/04020/2013, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007659, UID/ECO/04007/2013]; COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) on ageism [IS1402]

Available from: 2017-05-27 Created: 2017-05-27 Last updated: 2019-04-18
Xu, W., Taghizadeh Larsson, A., Hydén, L.-C. & Motel, A. (2019). Media Representation of Life Stages: Analysis of Photographs Posted on Norrköping Municipal Facebook Accounts. In: : . Paper presented at The International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden, 23-25 May, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media Representation of Life Stages: Analysis of Photographs Posted on Norrköping Municipal Facebook Accounts
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: It has been found by researchers that older adults are statistically underrepresented and associated with negative stereotypes in the mass media. Older adults are generally viewed as incompetent from stereotyped media content, which may make them socially excluded from a set of opportunities and resources. The media portrayals are conceived as value-expressive and constructing the image of older adults and ageing. The purpose of this study is to investigate how Norrköping municipality portrays citizens at different life stages in social media with a special emphasis on the use of age stereotypes in the photos used.

Method: The material consists of the photos collected from 32 Facebook accounts produced by municipal bodies during the entire year of 2018. The analysis is based on a categorization of various features of the photos in order to statistically describe the relation between signs, activities and contexts associated with distinct life stages. Further, the meaning of frequently-used symbols in the photographs is analysed.

Result: The study concludes that old age persons are numerically underrepresented in the material. A number of signs and activities in the photographs, and contexts beyond the photographs, that stereotypically corresponded to five distinct life stages (infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age) are identified. Old age is repetitively portrayed in the context of coffee drinking and foot bathing on Norrköping municipality’s Facebook page, while adolescence is depicted with practical training at high schools to an excessive degree. Besides, the result suggests that certain minorities of citizens did not show up in the municipal social media: people with disabilities, migrants, people with dementia and on forth.

Conclusion: The municipality communicates stereotypical images of life stages through associating with specific contexts in the photographic coverage. Therefore, communication professionals need to be aware of the stereotypical construction of life stages in the media.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158438 (URN)
Conference
The International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region Congress 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden, 23-25 May, 2019
Projects
ITN EuroAgeism
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2019-06-29 Created: 2019-06-29 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved
Taghizadeh Larsson, A. & Jönson, H. (2018). Ageism and The Rights ofOlder People. In: Liat Ayalon & Clemens Tesch-Roemer (Ed.), Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism: (pp. 369-382). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageism and The Rights ofOlder People
2018 (English)In: Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism / [ed] Liat Ayalon & Clemens Tesch-Roemer, Springer, 2018, p. 369-382Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter critically examines established attempts to counter ageism, highlighting how they have failed to include the so-called fourth age, and might instead contribute to further stigmatization of older people with impairments and care needs. Drawing upon models from disability policies, an equal rights framework will be introduced that could be used to combat discrimination and improve everyday conditions of older people in need of long-term care. In this chapter, the equal rights framework will call into question existing cases of “institutional ageism” whereby older people with impairments are excluded from government programs benefiting younger people with disabilities. Instead of acting as a normative reference group, as the standard that older persons may fail or manage to live up to, it is possible to use the third age as a comparative reference group. We argue that society should make available for older persons with impairments living conditions and lifestyles that are typical for healthy active seniors, that is, for the group of older people that are commonly referred to as constituting the third age. These conditions and activities should then not be regarded as normative, but as typical, and thus possible to refer to when defining social rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
International Perspectives on Aging ; 19
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148051 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-73820-8_22 (DOI)9783319738192 (ISBN)9783319738208 (ISBN)
Projects
Kan en handikappolitisk modell ge en bättre äldreomsorg?
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2014-4565
Available from: 2018-05-28 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Taghizadeh Larsson, A. & Jeppsson-Grassman, E. (2018). ”Om det kunde hålla sig så här ett tag nu”: Ett långt liv med sviktande hälsa och funktionsförsämringar. In: Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Sonja Olin Lauritzen (Ed.), Mellan hälsa och ohälsa: ett livsloppsperspektiv (pp. 175-197). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Om det kunde hålla sig så här ett tag nu”: Ett långt liv med sviktande hälsa och funktionsförsämringar
2018 (Swedish)In: Mellan hälsa och ohälsa: ett livsloppsperspektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Sonja Olin Lauritzen, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 175-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148047 (URN)9789144117171 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-28 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Buttigieg, S. C., Ilinca, S., Sao Jose,, J. M. .. & Taghizadeh Larsson, A. (2018). Researching Ageism in Health-Care and Long Term Care. In: Liat Ayalon & ClemensTesch-Roemer (Ed.), Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism: (pp. 493-515). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Researching Ageism in Health-Care and Long Term Care
2018 (English)In: Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism / [ed] Liat Ayalon & ClemensTesch-Roemer, Springer, 2018, p. 493-515Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The literature across different fields defines ageism ambiguously and widely covers a span of intolerant knowledge, values, attitudes and behaviors towards older adults or more generally toward people of a certain age. In this chapter we provide an overview of how ageism is defined, measured, and assessed in health care and long-term care. In so doing, we aim to bridge the gap between the concept and measurement of ageism in these two contexts and to provide some general insights into the approaches, which researchers can apply to assess ageism in these settings. In this chapter, we therefore aim to answer the following questions namely (i) Why is it important to know how ageism in healthcare and long-term care has been empirically studied? (ii) What evidence for the existence of ageism among key stakeholders (e.g. health care professionals and long-term care workers, family members and older adults) is reported in empirical research covering these two contexts? and (iii) Which are the conceptual and methodological approaches used to measure and assess ageism involving these key stakeholders in the two contexts?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
International Perspectives on Aging ; 19
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148049 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-73820-8_29 (DOI)9783319738192 (ISBN)9783319738208 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-28 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Jönson, H. & Taghizadeh Larsson, A. (2018). Skilda upplevelser och möjlighetshorisonter bland äldre brukare av äldreomsorg och LSS-insatser. In: Håkan Jönson & Marta Szebehely (Ed.), Äldreomsorger i Sverige: Lokala variationer och generella trender (pp. 75-90). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skilda upplevelser och möjlighetshorisonter bland äldre brukare av äldreomsorg och LSS-insatser
2018 (Swedish)In: Äldreomsorger i Sverige: Lokala variationer och generella trender / [ed] Håkan Jönson & Marta Szebehely, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148046 (URN)9789140697073 (ISBN)
Projects
Kan en handikappolitisk modell ge en bättre äldreomsorg?
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2014-4565
Available from: 2018-05-28 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Olaison, A., Taghizadeh Larsson, A. & Österholm, J. (2017). Case conferences as an arena for assessments- arguments used by social workers in order to maintain social problems.. In: : . Paper presented at 7th ECSWR European Conference for Social Work Research April 19-21, in Aalborg, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case conferences as an arena for assessments- arguments used by social workers in order to maintain social problems.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137581 (URN)
Conference
7th ECSWR European Conference for Social Work Research April 19-21, in Aalborg, Denmark
Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Johansson, S. & Taghizadeh Larsson, A. (2017). Omsorg och personlig assistans. In: Stina Johansson (Ed.), Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar (pp. 89-108). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Omsorg och personlig assistans
2017 (Swedish)In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 89-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140828 (URN)9789140696236 (ISBN)
Projects
Åldrande: Kan en handikappolitisk modell ge en bättre äldreomsorg?
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-2296
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-20Bibliographically approved
Taghizadeh larsson, A. & Nedlund, A.-C. (2016). Being a Full Citizen with Cognitive Impairment: How Supported Decision-Making Is Managed For People with Dementia in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at Conference: the 2015 International Conference on Claiming Full Citizenship: Self Determination, Personalization and Individualized Funding, At Vancouver, Canada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being a Full Citizen with Cognitive Impairment: How Supported Decision-Making Is Managed For People with Dementia in Sweden
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129764 (URN)
Conference
Conference: the 2015 International Conference on Claiming Full Citizenship: Self Determination, Personalization and Individualized Funding, At Vancouver, Canada
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 4853510000
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications