liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 165) Show all publications
Ängerud, K. H., Sederholm Lawesson, S., Isaksson, R.-M., Thylén, I. & Swahn, E. (2017). Differences in symptoms, first medical contact and pre-hospital delay times between patients with ST- and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care, Article ID 2048872617741734.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in symptoms, first medical contact and pre-hospital delay times between patients with ST- and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Show others...
2017 (English)In: European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care, ISSN 2048-8734, article id 2048872617741734Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIM: In ST-elevation myocardial infarction, time to reperfusion is crucial for the prognosis. Symptom presentation in myocardial infarction influences pre-hospital delay times but studies about differences in symptoms between patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction are sparse and inconclusive. The aim was to compare symptoms, first medical contact and pre-hospital delay times in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre, observational study included 694 myocardial infarction patients from five hospitals. The patients filled in a questionnaire about their pre-hospital experiences within 24 h of hospital admittance. Chest pain was the most common symptom in ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (88.7 vs 87.0%, p=0.56). Patients with cold sweat (odds ratio 3.61, 95% confidence interval 2.29-5.70), jaw pain (odds ratio 2.41, 95% confidence interval 1.04-5.58), and nausea (odds ratio 1.70, 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.87) were more likely to present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction, whereas the opposite was true for symptoms that come and go (odds ratio 0.58, 95% confidence interval 0.38-0.90) or anxiety (odds ratio 0.52, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.92). Use of emergency medical services was higher among patients admitted with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The pre-hospital delay time from symptom onset to first medical contact was significantly longer in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (2:05 h vs 1:10 h, p=0.001).

CONCLUSION: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction differed from those with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction regarding symptom presentation, ambulance utilisation and pre-hospital delay times. This knowledge is important to be aware of for all healthcare personnel and the general public especially in order to recognise symptoms suggestive of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and when to decide if there is a need for an ambulance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Myocardial infarction, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, care seeking, first medical contact, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, prehospital delay, symptoms
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144358 (URN)10.1177/2048872617741734 (DOI)29111768 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Cannon, C. P., Bhatt, D. L., Oldgren, J., Lip, G. Y. H., Ellis, S. G., Kimura, T., . . . Hohnloser, S. H. (2017). Dual Antithrombotic Therapy with Dabigatran after PCI in Atrial Fibrillation.. New England Journal of Medicine, 377(16), 1513-1524
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dual Antithrombotic Therapy with Dabigatran after PCI in Atrial Fibrillation.
Show others...
2017 (English)In: New England Journal of Medicine, ISSN 0028-4793, E-ISSN 1533-4406, Vol. 377, no 16, p. 1513-1524Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Triple antithrombotic therapy with warfarin plus two antiplatelet agents is the standard of care after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with atrial fibrillation, but this therapy is associated with a high risk of bleeding.

METHODS: inhibitor (clopidogrel or ticagrelor) and no aspirin (110-mg and 150-mg dual-therapy groups). Outside the United States, elderly patients (≥80 years of age; ≥70 years of age in Japan) were randomly assigned to the 110-mg dual-therapy group or the triple-therapy group. The primary end point was a major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding event during follow-up (mean follow-up, 14 months). The trial also tested for the noninferiority of dual therapy with dabigatran (both doses combined) to triple therapy with warfarin with respect to the incidence of a composite efficacy end point of thromboembolic events (myocardial infarction, stroke, or systemic embolism), death, or unplanned revascularization.

RESULTS: The incidence of the primary end point was 15.4% in the 110-mg dual-therapy group as compared with 26.9% in the triple-therapy group (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42 to 0.63; P<0.001 for noninferiority; P<0.001 for superiority) and 20.2% in the 150-mg dual-therapy group as compared with 25.7% in the corresponding triple-therapy group, which did not include elderly patients outside the United States (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.88; P<0.001 for noninferiority). The incidence of the composite efficacy end point was 13.7% in the two dual-therapy groups combined as compared with 13.4% in the triple-therapy group (hazard ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.84 to 1.29; P=0.005 for noninferiority). The rate of serious adverse events did not differ significantly among the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: inhibitor, and aspirin. Dual therapy was noninferior to triple therapy with respect to the risk of thromboembolic events. (Funded by Boehringer Ingelheim; RE-DUAL PCI ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02164864)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Massachusetts Medical Society, 2017
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145511 (URN)10.1056/NEJMoa1708454 (DOI)000413243900005 ()28844193 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-04 Created: 2018-03-04 Last updated: 2018-03-09
Beygui, F., Castren, M., Brunetti, N. D., Rosell-Ortiz, F., Christ, M., Zeymer, U., . . . Goldstein, P. (2017). Gestione pre-ospedaliera dei pazienti con dolore toracico e/o dispnea di origine cardiaca[Pre-hospital management of patients with chest pain and/or dyspnoea of cardiac origin]. Recenti progressi in medicina, 108(1), 27-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gestione pre-ospedaliera dei pazienti con dolore toracico e/o dispnea di origine cardiaca[Pre-hospital management of patients with chest pain and/or dyspnoea of cardiac origin]
Show others...
2017 (Italian)In: Recenti progressi in medicina, ISSN 2038-1840, Vol. 108, no 1, p. 27-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chest pain and acute dyspnoea are frequent causes of emergency medical services activation. The pre-hospital management of these conditions is heterogeneous across different regions of the world and Europe, as a consequence of the variety of emergency medical services and absence of specific practical guidelines. This position paper focuses on the practical aspects of the pre-hospital treatment on board and transfer of patients taken in charge by emergency medical services for chest pain and dyspnoea of suspected cardiac aetiology after the initial assessment and diagnostic work-up. The objective of the paper is to provide guidance, based on evidence, where available, or on experts' opinions, for all emergency medical services' health providers involved in the pre-hospital management of acute cardiovascular care.

Abstract [it]

Dolore toracico e dispnea acuta sono cause frequenti di attivazione dei servizi medici di emergenza. La gestione pre-ospedaliera di tali condizioni è estremamente eterogenea nelle diverse regioni del mondo e d’Europa, a causa delle differenze dei servizi medici di emergenza e dell’assenza di linee-guida sull’argomento. Questo position paper intende pertanto occuparsi degli aspetti pratici del trattamento pre-ospedaliero a bordo delle autoambulanze e durante il trasferimento dei pazienti in carico ai servizi di emergenza medica per dolore toracico e dispnea di sospetta eziologia cardiaca, dopo la valutazione diagnostica iniziale. L’obiettivo è quello di fornire indicazioni, basate su evidenze, quando disponibili, o sull’opinione degli esperti, per tutte le figure professionali coinvolte nella gestione dei servizi sanitari medici di emergenza e nella gestione pre-ospedaliera delle patologie acute cardiovascolari.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore, 2017
Keywords
Chest pain, dyspnoea, pre-hospital management, Dispnea, dolore toracico, gestione pre-ospedaliera
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139127 (URN)10.1701/2624.26982 (DOI)28151526 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85019553787 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-07-03 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved
Panayi, G., Wieringa, W. G., Alfredsson, J., Carlsson, J., Karlsson, J.-E., Persson, A., . . . Swahn, E. (2016). Computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with acute myocardial infarction and normal invasive coronary angiography. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 16(78)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with acute myocardial infarction and normal invasive coronary angiography
Show others...
2016 (English)In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, ISSN 1471-2261, E-ISSN 1471-2261, Vol. 16, no 78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Three to five percent of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have normal coronary arteries on invasive coronary angiography (ICA). The aim of this study was to assess the presence and characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques on computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and describe the clinical characteristics of this group of patients. Methods: This was a multicentre, prospective, descriptive study on CTCA evaluation in thirty patients fulfilling criteria for AMI and without visible coronary plaques on ICA. CTCA evaluation was performed head to head in consensus by two experienced observers blinded to baseline patient characteristics and ICA results. Analysis of plaque characteristics and plaque effect on the arterial lumen was performed. Coronary segments were visually scored for the presence of plaque. Seventeen segments were differentiated, according to a modified American Heart Association classification. Echocardiography performed according to routine during the initial hospitalisation was retrieved for analysis of wall motion abnormalities and left ventricular systolic function in most patients. Results: Twenty-five patients presented with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and five with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Mean age was 60.2 years and 23/30 were women. The prevalence of risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) was low. In total, 452 coronary segments were analysed. Eighty percent (24/30) had completely normal coronary arteries and twenty percent (6/30) had coronary atherosclerosis on CTCA. In patients with atherosclerotic plaques, the median number of segments with plaque per patient was one. Echocardiography was normal in 4/22 patients based on normal global longitudinal strain (GLS) and normal wall motion score index (WMSI); 4/22 patients had normal GLS with pathological WMSI; 3/22 patients had pathological GLS and normal WMSI; 11/22 patients had pathological GLS and WMSI and among them we could identify 5 patients with a Takotsubo pattern on echo. Conclusions: Despite a diagnosis of AMI, 80 % of patients with normal ICA showed no coronary plaques on CTCA. The remaining 20 % had only minimal non-obstructive atherosclerosis. Patients fulfilling clinical criteria for AMI but with completely normal ICA need further evaluation, suggestively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2016
Keywords
Acute myocardial infarction; Normal coronary arteries; Computed tomography coronary angiography; MINCA
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129496 (URN)10.1186/s12872-016-0254-y (DOI)000376723200001 ()27142217 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation [20120449]; Region of Ostergotland [437491]; European Union FP 7 [223615]; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden [157921]

Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2018-03-23
Holm, A., Sederholm-Lawesson, S., Swahn, E. & Alfredsson, J. (2016). Gender difference in prognostic impact of in-hospital bleeding after myocardial infarction - data from the SWEDEHEART registry.. European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care, 6, 463-472
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender difference in prognostic impact of in-hospital bleeding after myocardial infarction - data from the SWEDEHEART registry.
2016 (English)In: European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care, ISSN 2048-8734, Vol. 6, p. 463-472Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Bleeding complications increase mortality in myocardial infarction patients. Potential gender difference in bleeding regarding prevalence and prognostic impact is still controversial.

OBJECTIVES: Gender comparison regarding incidence and prognostic impact of bleeding in patients hospitalised with myocardial infarction during 2006-2008.

METHODS: Observational study from the SWEDEHEART register. Outcomes were in-hospital bleedings, in-hospital mortality and one-year mortality in hospital survivors.

RESULTS: A total number of 50,399 myocardial infarction patients were included, 36.6% women. In-hospital bleedings were more common in women (1.9% vs. 3.1%, p<0.001) even after multivariable adjustment (odds ratio (OR) 1.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-1.37). The increased risk for women was found in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.10-1.94) and in those who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.45-2.24). In contrast the risk was lower in medically treated women (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.62-1.00). After adjustment, in-hospital bleeding was associated with higher risk of one-year mortality in men (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.04-1.74), whereas this was not the case in women (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.72-1.31).

CONCLUSIONS: Female gender is an independent risk factor of in-hospital bleeding after myocardial infarction. A higher bleeding risk in women appeared to be restricted to invasively treated patients and ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients. Even though women have higher short- and long-term mortality, there was no difference between the genders among bleeders. After multivariable adjustment the prognostic impact of bleeding complications was higher in men.

Keywords
Myocardial infarction; bleeding; gender; prognosis
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124287 (URN)10.1177/2048872615610884 (DOI)26450782 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2017-01-17
Fålun, N., Moons, P., Fitzsimons, D., Kirchhof, P., Swahn, E., Tubaro, M. & Norekvål, T. M. (2016). Practical challenges regarding in-hospital telemetry monitoring require the development of European practice standards. European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practical challenges regarding in-hospital telemetry monitoring require the development of European practice standards
Show others...
2016 (English)In: European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care, ISSN 2048-8734Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2016
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133988 (URN)10.1177/2048872616660957 (DOI)27436407 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved
Venetsanos, D., Alfredsson, J., Segelmark, M., Swahn, E. & Lawesson, S. (2015). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) during and after STEMI: a single-centre, methodological study comparing estimated and measured GFR. BMJ Open, 5(9), 1-8, Article ID e007835.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) during and after STEMI: a single-centre, methodological study comparing estimated and measured GFR
Show others...
2015 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, no 9, p. 1-8, article id e007835Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To validate the performance of the most commonly used formulas for estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) against measured GFR during the index hospitalisation for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Setting: Single centre, methodological study. Participants: 40 patients with percutaneous coronary intervention-treated STEMI were included between November 2011 and February 2013. Patients on dialysis, cardiogenic shock or known allergy to iodine were excluded. Outcome measures: Creatinine and cystatin C were determined at admission and before discharge in 40 patients with STEMI. Clearance of iohexol was measured (mGFR) before discharge. We evaluated and compared the Cockcroft-Gault (CG), the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD-IDMS), the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) and the Grubb relative cystatin C (rG-CystC) with GFR regarding correlation, bias, precision and accuracy (P30). Agreement between eGFR and mGFR to discriminate CKD was assessed by Cohens. statistics. Results: MDRD-IDMS and CKD-EPI demonstrated good performance to estimate GFR (correlation 0.78 vs 0.81%, bias -1.3% vs 1.5%, precision 17.9 vs 17.1 mL/min 1.73 m(2) and P30 82.5% vs 82.5% for MDRD-IDMS vs CKD-EPI). CKD was best classified by CKD-EPI (. 0.83). CG showed the worst performance (correlation 0.73%, bias -1% to 3%, precision 22.5 mL/min 1.73 m(2) and P30 75%). The rG-CystC formula had a marked bias of -17.8% and significantly underestimated mGFR (p=0.03). At arrival, CKD-EPI and rG-CystC had almost perfect agreement in CKD classification (kappa=0.87), whereas at discharge agreement was substantially lower (kappa=0.59) and showed a significant discrepancy in CKD classification (p=0.02). Median cystatin C concentration increased by 19%. Conclusions: In acute STEMI, CKD-EPI showed the best CKD-classification ability followed by MDRD-IDMS, whereas CG performed the worst. STEMI altered the performance of the cystatin C equation during the acute phase, suggesting that other factors might be involved in the rise of cystatin C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP, 2015
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122794 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007835 (DOI)000363484000021 ()26399570 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-11-23 Created: 2015-11-23 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Trzebiatowska-Krzynska, A., Driessen, M., Sieswerda, G. T., Wallby, L., Swahn, E. & Meijboom, F. (2015). Knowledge-based 3D reconstruction of the right ventricle: comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance in adults with congenital heart disease. Echo research and practice, 2(4), 109-116
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge-based 3D reconstruction of the right ventricle: comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance in adults with congenital heart disease
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Echo research and practice, ISSN 2055-0464, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 109-116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function is a challenge, especially in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). The aim of the present study is to assess whether knowledge-based RV reconstruction, used in the everyday practice of an echo-lab for adult CHD in a tertiary referral center, is accurate when compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examination.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Adult patients who would undergo CMR for assessment of the RV were asked to undergo an echo of the heart for further knowledge-based reconstruction (KBR). Echocardiographic images were acquired in standard views using a predefined imaging protocol. RV volumes and ejection fraction (EF) calculated using knowledge-based technology were compared with the CMR data of the same patient.

RESULTS: Nineteen consecutive patients with congenital right heart disease were studied. Median age of the patients was 28 years (range 46 years). Reconstruction was possible in 16 out of 19 patients (85%). RV volumes assessed with this new method were smaller than with CMR. Indexed end diastolic volumes were 114±17 ml vs 121±19 ml, P<0.05 and EFs were 45±8% vs 47±9%, P<0.05 respectively. The correlation between the methods was good with an intraclass correlation of 0.84 for EDV and 0.89 for EF, P value <0.001 in both cases.

CONCLUSION: KBR enables reliable measurement of RVs in patients with CHDs and can be used in clinical practice for analysis of volumes and EFs.

Keywords
congenital heart disease; knowledge-based reconstruction; right ventricle volume; ventripoint system
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124289 (URN)10.1530/ERP-15-0029 (DOI)26796613 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-04-12
Alfredsson, J., Lindahl, T. L., Gustafsson, K. M., Janzon, M., Jonasson, L., Logander, E., . . . Swahn, E. (2015). Large early variation of residual platelet reactivity in Acute Coronary Syndrome patients treated with clopidogrel: Results from Assessing Platelet Activity in Coronary Heart Disease (APACHE).. Thrombosis Research, 136(2), 335-340
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Large early variation of residual platelet reactivity in Acute Coronary Syndrome patients treated with clopidogrel: Results from Assessing Platelet Activity in Coronary Heart Disease (APACHE).
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, E-ISSN 1879-2472, Vol. 136, no 2, p. 335-340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: There is a large inter-individual variation in response to clopidogrel treatment and previous studies have indicated higher risk of thrombotic events in patients with high residual platelet reactivity (HRPR), but the optimal time-point for testing is not established. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal time-point for aggregometry testing and the risk of major adverse cardiac events associated with HRPR.

METHOD AND RESULTS: We included 125 patients with ACS (73 with STEMI, and 71 received abciximab). The prevalence of HRPR varied substantially over time. The rate of HRPR in patients treated and not treated with abciximab were 43% vs 67% (p=0.01) before, 2% vs 23% (p=0.001) 6-8h after, 8% vs 9% (p=0.749) 3days after, and 23% vs 12% (p=0.138) 7-9 days after loading dose of clopidogrel. We found HRPR in 18% of the patients but only four ischemic events during 6months follow-up, with no significant difference between HRPR patients compared to the rest of the population. There were 3 TIMI major bleedings, all of which occurred in the low residual platelet reactivity (LRPR) group.

CONCLUSION: There is a large variation in platelet reactivity over time, also depending on adjunctive therapy, which has a large impact on optimal time-point for assessment. We found HRPR in almost 1 in 5 patients, but very few MACE, and not significantly higher in HRPR patients. In a contemporary ACS population, with low risk for stent thrombosis, the predictive value of HRPR for ischemic events will probably be low.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2015
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119644 (URN)10.1016/j.thromres.2015.05.021 (DOI)000363953000026 ()26033398 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding agencies: Linkoping University; County Council of Ostergotland

Available from: 2015-06-24 Created: 2015-06-23 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Sederholm Lawesson, S., Alfredsson, J., Szummer, K., Fredrikson, M. & Swahn, E. (2015). Prevalence and prognostic impact of chronic kidney disease in STEMI from a gender perspective: data from the SWEDEHEART register, a large Swedish prospective cohort.. BMJ open, 5(6), e008188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence and prognostic impact of chronic kidney disease in STEMI from a gender perspective: data from the SWEDEHEART register, a large Swedish prospective cohort.
Show others...
2015 (English)In: BMJ open, ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, no 6, p. e008188-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Gender differences in prevalence and prognostic impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have been poorly evaluated. In STEMI, female gender has been independently associated with an increased risk of mortality. CKD has been found to be an important prognostic marker in myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to evaluate gender differences in prevalence and prognostic impact of CKD on short-term and long-term mortality.

DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study.

SETTING: The national quality register SWEDEHEART was used. In the beginning of the study period, 94% of the Swedish coronary care units contributed data to the register, which subsequently increased to 100%. The glomerular filtration rate was estimated (eGFR) according to Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study (MDRD) and Cockcroft-Gault (CG).

PARTICIPANTS: All patients with STEMI registered in SWEDEHEART from the years 2003-2009 were included (37,991 patients, 66% men).

MAIN RESULTS: Women had 1.6 (MDRD) to 2.2 (CG) times higher multivariable adjusted risk of CKD. Half of the women had CKD according to CG. CKD was associated with 2-2.5 times higher risk of in-hospital mortality and approximately 1.5 times higher risk of long-term mortality in both genders. Each 10 mL/min decline of eGFR was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital and long-term mortality (22-33% and 9-16%, respectively) and this did not vary significantly by gender. Both in-hospital and long-term mortality were doubled in women. After multivariable adjustment including eGFR, there was no longer any gender difference in early outcome and the long-term outcome was better in women.

CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with STEMI, female gender was independently associated with CKD. Reduced eGFR was a strong independent risk factor for short-term and long-term mortality without a significant gender difference in prognostic impact and seems to be an important reason why women have higher mortality than men with STEMI.

National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120388 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008188 (DOI)000363479900096 ()26105033 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding text: National Board of Health and Welfare; Swedish Society of Cardiology; Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions

Available from: 2015-08-04 Created: 2015-08-04 Last updated: 2015-11-23
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2608-2062

Search in DiVA

Show all publications