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Tondel, Martin
Publications (10 of 26) Show all publications
Vrethem, M., Lindh, J., Tondel, M., Persson, B. & Dahle, C. (2013). IgA antibodies against tissue transglutaminase, endomysium and gliadin in idiopathic polyneuropathy. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 127(2), 109-115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>IgA antibodies against tissue transglutaminase, endomysium and gliadin in idiopathic polyneuropathy
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2013 (English)In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 127, no 2, p. 109-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To study the prevalence of antibodies of IgA class against tissue transglutaminase (tTG), endomysium (EMA) and gliadin (AGA) in patients with chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) and to characterize the patients clinically and neurophysiologically. Methods Of 182 patients, 126 patients agreed to blood sampling. Sera were analysed by ELISAs detecting anti-tTG and AGA, whereas EMA was analysed by indirect immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy. Gastrointestinal symptoms were assessed by data from medical records and patient interviews. Results Nine of 126 patients (7%) were seropositive in at least one test (five with positive anti-tTG and/or EMA and four with positive AGA only). One patient with elevated levels of all specificities had laboratory signs of malabsorption and gastrointestinal complaints with abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Conclusions Elevated levels of IgA-AGA were slightly more frequent in patients with CIAP (4%) compared to 2.5% in 1866 healthy blood donors. Highly specific serological markers indicative of coeliac disease (CD) (anti-tTG and EMA) were somewhat more common in our patients with CIAP (4%) than expected from normal reference values and from studies of the prevalence of CD in the general population. Even though these findings may indicate a relationship, the aetiological importance is unclear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley and Sons, 2013
Keywords
neuropathy, idiopathic, gluten sensitivity, coeliac disease, anti-tissue transglutaminase, anti-gliadin, anti-endomysium
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89742 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0404.2012.01687.x (DOI)000313886700007 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Council for Work Life and Social Research||Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS)||

Available from: 2013-03-07 Created: 2013-03-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Tondel, M., Lindgren, P., Garvin, P. & Persson, B. (2008). Parish classification or dwelling coordinate for exposure assessment in environmental epidemiology: A comparative study using Geographical information System. Science of the Total Environment, 405(1-3), 324-329
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parish classification or dwelling coordinate for exposure assessment in environmental epidemiology: A comparative study using Geographical information System
2008 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 405, no 1-3, p. 324-329Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Two previous epidemiological studies on the incidence of total malignancies in Sweden after the Chernobyl accident have shown consistently increased risks. The first study used an analogue map on (CS)-C-137 from 1986 to classify individuals in terms of the parish they lived in. In the second study, dwelling coordinates were matched to a digital map from the year 2000 to assess the individual exposure. To establish the accuracy of the exposure assessment using the larger unit of parish, instead of coordinates, we decided to compare the methods.

Methods: On the analogue map eleven isolines on the deposition of Cs-137 (kBq/m(2)) were used to classify all individuals in each of the 450 parishes. Using the digital map, by contrast, each dwelling with its inhabitants could be matched to Cs-137 deposition at a coordinate level. A population-weighted average of Cs-137 deposition was calculated for each parish. In total, 1,126,960 individuals and 450 parishes were included and analysed into six different exposure categories.

Results: Using the new parish exposure index, 111 out of the 450 parishes were reclassified as a result of the increased resolution of the digital map (86 parishes) or unequal distribution of the population compared with the deposition (25 parishes). Seventy-five per cent of the parishes remained in the same exposure category as on the analogue map.

Conclusion: Using dwelling coordinates for exposure assessment may not always be superior to parish classification. Nor is it always a cost-effective way of estimating the exposure, especially if the exposure in a parish is relatively homogenous or if parishes can be merged into broader categories with little intra-parish difference.

Keywords
Analysis, Caesium-137, Chernobyl, Disease, GIS, Health, Malignancies, Method, Spatial
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16141 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.07.019 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-01-08 Created: 2009-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14
Dick, F., De Palma, G., Ahmadi, A., Osborne, A., Scott, N., Prescott, G., . . . Tondel, M. (2007). Gene-environment interactions in parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease: The Geoparkinson study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 64(10), 673-680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gene-environment interactions in parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease: The Geoparkinson study
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2007 (English)In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 64, no 10, p. 673-680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate associations of Parkinson's disease (PD) and parkinsonian syndromes with polymorphic genes that influence metabolism of either foreign chemical substances or dopamine and to seek evidence of gene-environment interaction effects that modify risk. Methods: A case-control study of 959 prevalent cases of parkinsonism (767 with PD) and 1989 controls across five European centres. Occupational hygienists estimated the average annual intensity of exposure to solvents, pesticides and metals, (iron, copper, manganese), blind to disease status. CYP2D6, PON1, GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTM3, GSTP1, NQO1, CYP1B1, MAO-A, MAO-B, SOD 2, EPHX, DATl, DRD2 and NAT2 were genotyped. Results were analysed using multiple logistic regression adjusting for key confounders. Results: There was a modest but significant association between MAO-A polymorphism in males and disease risk (G vs T, OR 1.30, 95% C1 1.02 to 1.66, adjusted). The majority of gene-environment analyses did not show significant interaction effects. There were possible interaction effects between GSTM1 null genotype and solvent exposure (which were stronger when limited to PD cases only). Conclusions: Many small studies have reported associations between genetic polymorphisms and PD. Fewer have examined gene-environment interactions. This large study was sufficiently powered to examine these aspects. GSTM1 null subjects heavily exposed to solvents appear to be at increased risk of PD. There was insufficient evidence that the other gene-environment combinations investigated modified disease risk, suggesting they contribute little to the burden of PD.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39589 (URN)10.1136/oem.2006.032078 (DOI)49969 (Local ID)49969 (Archive number)49969 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Tondel, M. (2007). Malignancies in Sweden after the Chernobyl accident in 1986. (Doctoral dissertation). Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Malignancies in Sweden after the Chernobyl accident in 1986
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

On 26 April 1986 an accident occurred in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant resulting in the release of large amount of radionuclides. Almost five percent of the total released caesium-137 was deposited in Sweden. The incidence of malignancies in the most affected counties in Sweden was investigated in three epidemiological studies.

In the first study the incidence of malignancies in children and adolescents was studied for the period 1978-1992. The parishes and their inhabitants were classified according to the ground deposition of caesium-137 on an analogue map provided be the Swedish Radiological Protection Authority. A continuous increase of brain tumour incidence observed during the time of the study had no clear relationship to the Chernobyl fallout. A somewhat decreased relative risk of ALL was observed in areas with increased deposition. Other malignancies showed no changes in incidence over time or with regard to the exposure of caesium-137. In study II and III we enlarged the study base by including adults. We improved the methodology by defining a cohort of subjects who lived in the same parish from 31 December 1985 to 31 December 1987. The inhabitants from seven counties were included. Parishes were classified the same way as in study I. Due to the large number of individuals six exposure categories could be created; <3, 3–29, 30–39, 40–59, 60–79, and 80–120 kBq caesium-137/m2. The inhabitants of the 117 non-affected parishes (<3 kBq/m2) served as reference. During the 1988-1996 followup, 22,409 malignancies were recorded. The MH-IRR in the fully adjusted model was 1.00 (reference), 1.05, 1.03, 1.08, 1.10 and 1.21, respectively. ERR was 0.11 per 100 kBq/m2 (95% CL 0.03;0.20). A more advanced method was used in Study III by ignoring the exposure classification for parishes, and instead matching the dwelling coordinate to a digital map of deposition of casesium-137. In spite of a more valid exposure classification the risk estimates were similar in study II and III. Also, the ERR during the longer follow-up of 1988-1999 was almost identical, 0.10 per 100 kBq/m2 (95% CL 0.00;0.23). The strongest dose-response relationship was seen in the first four years (1988-1991). No obvious excess for leukaemia or thyroid cancer was recognised in either study II or III. The estimated number of exposure related cases was calculated to 849 in study II and 1,278 in study III. Our interpretation is that we have shown an increased incidence of total malignancies with dose-response relationship for caesium-137, only a few years after the Chernobyl accident. In study IV we compared the two different ways of classifying the exposure in study II and III. Out of the 450 parishes 111 got a different classification. The similar risk estimates in study II and III could probably be explained by relatively homogenous exposure in the parishes making the intra-parish difference less influential, especially when included in categories. In study V we examined the urinary excretion of 8-OHdG in Belarussian children from areas with high and low fallout of caesium-137, respectively. We found significantly lower urinary 8-OHdG levels in children from rural contaminated areas compared to urban uncontaminated areas, suggesting an urban, rather than a radiation related, risk factor.

Using the Hill criteria for causality there is support for a causal inference between the fallout of caesium-137 from the Chernobyl accident and the increased incidence in total malignancies in Northern Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, 2007. p. 57
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1001
Keywords
Epidemiology, Environmental, Chernobyl, ionising radiation, geographical information systems GIS, 8-OHdG, Malignancies, Low dose, Dose-response, Latency, Causalty
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-8886 (URN)978-91-85715-17-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-06-04, Aulan, Hälsans Hus, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-05-15 Created: 2007-05-15 Last updated: 2009-08-22
Sjögren, E., Sjögren, E., Kristenson, M., Kristenson, M., Tondel, M. & Ståhlbom, B. (2006). Can gender differences in psychosocial factors be explained by socioeconomic status?. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 34, 59-68
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can gender differences in psychosocial factors be explained by socioeconomic status?
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2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 34, p. 59-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Decision latitude, gender, health, psychosocial factors, social integration, socioeconomic status
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-32373 (URN)10.1080/14034940510006049 (DOI)18270 (Local ID)18270 (Archive number)18270 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Tondel, M., Lindgren, P., Hjalmarsson, P., Hardell, L. & Persson, B. (2006). Increased incidence of malignancies in Sweden after the Chernobyl accident: a promoting effect?. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 49(3), 159-168
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased incidence of malignancies in Sweden after the Chernobyl accident: a promoting effect?
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2006 (English)In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, ISSN 0271-3586, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 159-168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background After the Chernobyl accident in 1986, as much as 5% of the released caesium-137 was deposited in Sweden due to a heavy rainfall 2 days after the event. A study of increased incidence of malignancies was initiated after the accident.

Methods The cohort included 1,137,106 inhabitants who were 0-60 years old in 1986 and lived in 8 counties of Sweden with the highest fallout of caesium-137. With the dwelling coordinate, GIS-technique and a digital map on caesium-137, each individual was matched for the exposure. Adjustments were made for several potential confounding factors. During the follow-up 33,851 malignancies was recorded 1988-1999.

Results Exposure categories were: 0-8 (reference), 9-23, 24-43, 44-66, 67-84, and 85 nGy/hr. The corresponding adjusted Mantel-Haenszel incidence rate ratios for total malignancies during follow-up amounted to 1.000, 0.997, 1.072, 1.114, 1.068, 1.125, respectively. The excess relative risk per 100 nGy/hr with the same adjustments and time period was 0.042 95% confidence limit 0.001;0.084. An excess for thyroid cancer or leukemia could not be ruled out.

Conclusion Increased incidence of total malignancies possibly related to the fallout from the Chernobyl accident is seen.

Keywords
caesium-137, ionising radiation, nuclear power, low dose, epidemiology, environment, background radiation, cancer, GIS, cohort
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14507 (URN)10.1002/ajim.20271 (DOI)
Available from: 2007-05-15 Created: 2007-05-15 Last updated: 2018-02-20
Tondel, M., Lindh, J., Jönsson, P., Vrethem, M. & Persson, B. (2006). Occupational determinants of cryptogenic polyneuropathy. Neuroepidemiology, 26(4), 187-194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational determinants of cryptogenic polyneuropathy
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2006 (English)In: Neuroepidemiology, ISSN 0251-5350, E-ISSN 1423-0208, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 187-194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim was to investigate different occupational and leisure time exposures as determinants for cryptogenic polyneuropathy. Methods: A case-referent study was conducted in Sweden including 232 cases of cryptogenic polyneuropathy 40-79 years of age at diagnosis who were enrolled from the out-patient neurology departments of 3 hospitals. From the population register 853 referents were randomly selected. Information on occupational and leisure time exposure was obtained from a postal questionnaire. The response rate was 71% for cases and for referents. Crude odds ratios (CORs) and logistic regression odds ratios (LORs) were calculated for exposures with 5 or more exposed cases and referents taken together. The reference category was defined as individuals unexposed to any of the occupational or leisure time risk factors in the questionnaire. Results: As expected, male sex and increasing age were significant determinants for cryptogenic polyneuropathy. Occupational exposures in men to Stoddard solvent, petrol exhausts, herbicides or hand and foot vibrations generated significantly increased CORs. LORs >3.50 were found in men for occupational exposure to sulphur dioxide, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, herbicides and in women for occupational exposure to lead, nitrous oxide and insecticides. Only solvent exposure in leisure time remained significant in the regression analysis indicating that not only occupational exposures were of importance. Interactions between occupational and leisure time exposure were seen for several agents. Conclusions: Several known determinants for polyneuropathy, from animal studies and case reports, were confirmed. New determinants were also indicated, i.e. sulphur dioxide, xylene and methyl ethyl ketone. Copyright © 2006 S. Karger AG.

Keywords
Environmental exposure, Epidemiological factors, Polyneuropathy, cryptogenic, Solvents
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-48033 (URN)10.1159/000092405 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Landtblom, A.-M., Tondel, M., Hjalmarsson, P., Flodin, U. & Axelson, O. (2006). The risk for multiple sclerosis in female nurse anaesthetists: A register based study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 63(6), 387-389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The risk for multiple sclerosis in female nurse anaesthetists: A register based study
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2006 (English)In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 63, no 6, p. 387-389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies have suggested that exposure to organic solvents, including volatile anaesthetic agents, may be a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS), possibly in combination with genetic and other environmental factors. Aims: To further investigate the role of volatile anaesthetic agents having similar acute toxic effects to other organic solvents. Methods: Female nurse anaesthetists, other female nurses, and female teachers from middle and upper compulsory school levels were identified and retrieved from the 1985 census, Statistics Sweden. By means of the unique personal identity number in Sweden, these individuals were linked with the disability pension registers at The National Social Insurance Board and also with data on hospital care 1985-2000 at The National Board of Health and Welfare. Results: The cumulative incidence rate ratio of MS was found to be increased in female nurse anaesthetists in relation to other nurses (statistically not significant) and teachers (statistically significant), respectively. Conclusions: These findings give some support to previous findings of an increased risk for MS in nurse anaesthetists. This is interesting in the context of previous observations of organic solvents in general as a potential risk factor in MS.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34807 (URN)10.1136/oem.2005.024604 (DOI)23305 (Local ID)23305 (Archive number)23305 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Lindh, J., Tondel, M., Osterberg, A. & Vrethem, M. (2005). Cryptogenic polyneuropathy: Clinical and neurophysiological findings. Journal of the peripheral nervous system, 10(1), 31-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cryptogenic polyneuropathy: Clinical and neurophysiological findings
2005 (English)In: Journal of the peripheral nervous system, ISSN 1085-9489, E-ISSN 1529-8027, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 31-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and neurophysiological features of cryptogenic polyneuropathy in 168 patients in the neurological departments at three Swedish hospitals. The medical records of all patients aged 40-79 years with the diagnosis of cryptogenic polyneuropathy from 1993 to 2000 were analysed. One hundred and fourteen patients (68%) were men. The mean age at first symptom was 61 years and at diagnosis it was 64 years. Distal numbness (n=115, 68%) was the most common symptom, but some patients complained of pain, pedal paresthesiae, and impairment of balance. The most common clinical findings were decreased or lost proprioception or sense of vibration (n=135, 80%) and loss of ankle jerks (n=131, 78%). Neurography in 139 patients showed mixed sensorimotor polyneuropathy of axonal or mixed axonal and demyelinating type in 97 (70%). Cryptogenic polyneuropathy is a slowly progressive sensorimotor nerve lesion of mainly axonal type. Men are more often affected than women. Most patients have a minor or moderate severe polyneuropathy.

Keywords
Axonal, Electromyography, Idiopathic, Neurophysiology, Peripheral neuropathies
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45496 (URN)10.1111/j.1085-9489.2005.10106.x (DOI)
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Nordlund, A., Ekberg, K., Kristenson, M., Group: med:, L., Ståhlbom, B. & Tondel, M. (2005). EQ-5D in a general population survey - A description of the most commonly reported EQ-5D health states using the SF-36. Quality of Life Research, 14(4), 1099-1109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EQ-5D in a general population survey - A description of the most commonly reported EQ-5D health states using the SF-36
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2005 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 1099-1109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of studying health-related quality of life in the general population has increasingly been emphasized. From a public health perspective, this benefits the identification of population inequalities in health status. One of the currently most popular instruments is the EQ-5D. Evaluations of the EQ-5D generally focus on the overall preference-based index. As this index has a built-in value, exploration of the information from the underlying health states is also important. In this study, the ten most commonly reported EQ-5D health states are described using the SF-36. Data collected in 1999 by questionnaires mailed to a random sample aged 20-74 in south-eastern Sweden were used (n = 9489). Almost 43% reported the best possible EQ-5D health state and 78% were accounted for by three EQ-5D health states. The EQ-5D health state classification was largely reflected by the SF-36, with the EQ-5D items mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression tapping most clearly on the SF-36 scales physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, bodily pain, and mental health, respectively. However, within the same level of EQ-5D (i.e., moderate problems) there was a rather large variation of SF-36 scale scores, particularly regarding the EQ-5D item pain/discomfort and the SF-36 scale BP. © Springer 2005.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33318 (URN)10.1007/s11136-004-3062-2 (DOI)19327 (Local ID)19327 (Archive number)19327 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13
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