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Kanda, W., Sakao, T. & Hjelm, O. (2016). Components of business concepts for the diffusion of large scaled environmental technology systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 128, 156-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Components of business concepts for the diffusion of large scaled environmental technology systems
2016 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 128, p. 156-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Strategies for sustainable development are arguably part of the most discussed issues among political and corporate actors. These discussions are spurred by global challenges such as climate change, urbanization, and critical natural resource depletion. Sustainable development will require deep structural and wide-reaching changes in current institutions, technologies, and businesses. Furthermore, new approaches are needed to facilitate the development, diffusion, and implementation of environmental technologies. In the academic discourse different concepts, e.g., ecodesign and Product/Service System design, have been proposed within the framework of sustainable development. To deliver even more system-wide environmental improvements, these concepts have been challenged to be expanded in focus beyond products and services to include large technical systems encompassing non-technological dimensions. Motivated by these, the goal of this article is twofold. First, to offer an expanded view on ecodesign of product/service systems using a perspective of large technical systems. Second, to propose and discuss important components to consider when developing business concepts for the diffusion of large scaled environmental technology systems such as district heating supply, waste management, and renewable energy systems. Using qualitative semi-structured interviews and company documentation analysis, this study examines five companies that develop and diffuse large scaled environmental technology systems. As a result of these case studies, we propose components of business concepts that incorporate both technological and non-technological dimensions. Our proposed business concept components are: market (including regulation), finance, resources, activities, partnership (especially public-private partnership), ownership and responsibility, and legitimacy. Regulation, public-private partnership, and legitimacy are particularly important in the diffusion of large scaled environmental technology systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Large technical systems, Business model, Technology diffusion, Product/Service System, Ecodesign
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122235 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.10.040 (DOI)000378568800013 ()
Projects
BMEX project
Note

Funding agencies: We are grateful to Tekniska Verken's Industrial Ecology Research Programme for their financial support to undertake this study as part the BMEX project (Business Models for Market Expansion of Swedish Municipal Companies). We also want to express our sincere gratitude to the interviewees for making time to participate in the interviews. Special thanks also go to Sahar Sadri of Linkoping University for taking part in conducting the interviews.

Available from: 2015-10-24 Created: 2015-10-24 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Lozano, F., Freire, P., Guillen-Gozalbez, G., Jimenez-Gonzalez, C., Sakao, T., Mac Dowell, N., . . . Viveros, T. (2016). Editorial material: New perspectives for sustainable resource and energy use, management and transformation: approaches from green and sustainable chemistry and engineering. Journal of Cleaner Production, 118, 1-3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial material: New perspectives for sustainable resource and energy use, management and transformation: approaches from green and sustainable chemistry and engineering
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 118, p. 1-3Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127137 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.041 (DOI)000372386700001 ()
Available from: 2016-04-14 Created: 2016-04-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Song, W. & Sakao, T. (2016). Service conflict identification and resolution for design of product-service offerings. Computers & industrial engineering, 98, 91-101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Service conflict identification and resolution for design of product-service offerings
2016 (English)In: Computers & industrial engineering, ISSN 0360-8352, E-ISSN 1879-0550, Vol. 98, p. 91-101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many manufacturers today are striving to provide high value-addedproduct-service offerings (PSO) to their customers. PSO has heterogonous structureand various requirements, which may lead to technical attributes' conflicts during thedesign process. The conflicts will lead to the difficulty of concept generation, increaseof service delivery failure, and eventually the decrease of customer satisfaction.However, the conflicts in PSO design areas are more intangible and harder toformulate. Moreover, those conflicts are often resolved with trial and error methods inad hoc processes, which largely depend on the designer’s intuition. Thus, in this paper,the authors propose a systematic method to identify PSO design conflicts and resolvethem. The proposed method is based on the approach of service function andattributes analysis, group decision making with unbalanced linguistic label set andTRIZ methodology. In addition, a case study of design conflict identification andresolution for elevator service reveals the feasibility and potentials of the proposedmethod.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Service Function and Attribute Analysis (SFAA), Design Conflict Identification, Design Conflict Resolution, Product/Service System (PSS)
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128270 (URN)10.1016/j.cie.2016.05.019 (DOI)000381949800009 ()
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, DIA 2014/16
Note

Funding agencies: Natural Science Foundation of China [71501006, 71420107025, 71332003]; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities; Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra in Sweden (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Envir

Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Sakao, T. (2016). Tools for Lifecycle Modeling and Engineering: Necessity from Megatrends in Industry. In: 10th MODPROD Workshop on Model-Based Product Development: . Paper presented at 10th MODPROD Workshop on Model-Based Product Development. Linköping University – February 2-3, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tools for Lifecycle Modeling and Engineering: Necessity from Megatrends in Industry
2016 (English)In: 10th MODPROD Workshop on Model-Based Product Development, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This talk aims at sharing with you the presenter’s understanding of a need of tools for lifecycle engineering including modeling, simulation, analysis and evaluation. This need is motivated by several evident megatrends observed in industry including growing service business in the product use phase and moving toward circular economy. This talk will show different industrial examples of lifecycle engineering as well as touch upon related theories for you to understand the need. The talk is based on the presenter’s rich experience of research on lifecycle engineering. During the talk, some discussion with the audience regarding the need is expected. 

Series
10th MODPROD Workshop on Model-Based Product Development
Keywords
lifecycle, Product/Service System, engineering, software
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124569 (URN)
Conference
10th MODPROD Workshop on Model-Based Product Development. Linköping University – February 2-3, 2016
Available from: 2016-02-03 Created: 2016-02-03 Last updated: 2016-02-10
Tsuritani, Y., Shimada, S., Hara, T., Sakao, T. & Ota, J. (2015). A Method to Evaluate Design Solutions towards Improving Efficiency of a Family of Product/Service Systems. In: : . Paper presented at 3rd Japanese National Conference of Society for Serviceology.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Method to Evaluate Design Solutions towards Improving Efficiency of a Family of Product/Service Systems
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2015 (Japanese)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123318 (URN)
Conference
3rd Japanese National Conference of Society for Serviceology
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2015-12-17
Sakao, T. & Lindahl, M. (2015). A method to improve integrated product service offerings based on life cycle costing. CIRP annals, 64(1), 33-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A method to improve integrated product service offerings based on life cycle costing
2015 (English)In: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 33-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although a few papers have reported on life cycle cost (LCC) analysis of integrated product service offerings (IPSOs), insight on how to improve IPSOs based on LCC analysis is missing. This paper presents a method and an Excel and MATLAB-based tool that support IPSO design by employing LCC analysis, both from the provider and customer perspectives. This method takes advantage of exchangeability between products and services, being enabled within IPSO design. The method has been applied to an existing IPSO and potential improvements have been identified, e.g. one cheap component causing high LCC that could be reduced significantly by redesign.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier: , 2015
Keywords
Lifecycle; Cost; Service
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117510 (URN)10.1016/j.cirp.2015.04.052 (DOI)000358554500009 ()
Available from: 2015-04-29 Created: 2015-04-29 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Sakao, T. (2015). Eco-Co-Design - Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation: A preliminary report. In: 9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing: . Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (Eco Design 2015), Tokyo, Japan, December 2-4 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eco-Co-Design - Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation: A preliminary report
2015 (English)In: 9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A huge amount of efforts in research on Ecodesign has been made in the last decades. Yet, industry faces problems that they need scientific and methodical support to solve. This paper first introduces three different cases from different industrial sectors to exemplify those problems. They concern communication of the lifecycle benefits, cooperation between different organizations such as designers and operators, and value co-creation by a provider and its customer. Then, brief review of literature in Ecodesign is presented to clearly show the lack of the needed insights. The research eventually aims to propose an innovative concept for Ecodesign to support industry to solve these problems. The concept is termed Eco-Co-Design meaning Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation. This paper is a preliminary report to propose the concept and shows immediate future works to complete this concept proposal.

Keywords
Sustainability, Product/Service System (PSS), product data, information
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121372 (URN)
Conference
9th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (Eco Design 2015), Tokyo, Japan, December 2-4 2015
Projects
Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, DIA 2014/16
Available from: 2015-09-15 Created: 2015-09-15 Last updated: 2015-10-02
Sakao, T. (2015). Eco-Co-design – Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation: A preliminary report. In: Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference: Accelerating the Transition to Equitable Post Fossil-Carbon Societies. Paper presented at Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, 1 - 4 November 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eco-Co-design – Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation: A preliminary report
2015 (English)In: Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference: Accelerating the Transition to Equitable Post Fossil-Carbon Societies, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A huge amount of effort in research on Ecodesign has been made in the last decades. Yet, industry faces problems that need scientific and methodological support to solve. This paper first introduces three different cases from different industrial sectors to exemplify those problems. They concern communication of the lifecycle benefits, cooperation especially between designers and operators, and value co-creation by a provider and its customer. Next, a brief review of literature in Ecodesign is presented to clearly show the lack of the needed insights. The research will eventually propose an innovative concept for Ecodesign to support industry to solve these problems. The concept is termed Eco-Co-Design, meaning Ecodesign with Communication, Cooperation, and Co-creation. This paper is a preliminary report to propose the concept, and describes immediate future research to complete this concept proposal. 

Keywords
sustainability; Product/Service System (PSS); product data; information society; knowledge economy
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121525 (URN)
Conference
Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain, 1 - 4 November 2015
Projects
Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, DIA 2014/16
Available from: 2015-09-23 Created: 2015-09-23 Last updated: 2015-10-05
Sakao, T. & Sundin, E. (2015). Essence of remanufacturing derived from analysis of practices and theories. In: : . Paper presented at The 23rd International Conference on Production Research (ICPR23), Manila, Philippines, August 2-5, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essence of remanufacturing derived from analysis of practices and theories
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Remanufacturing has gained attention from the manufacturing industry, but still lacks scientific insights in the literature for remanufacturers’ success. The paper proposes a set of key factors that are important for successful remanufacturing. To do so, it first analyses remanufacturing practices in industry through the authors’ own interviews with practitioners, and derives key factors for successful remanufacturing. They are: 1) product and component value; 2) customer-oriented operation; 3) collection of cores; 4) correct information; and 5) personnel competence. The first two factors show Product/Service System theory is highly relevant to remanufacturing. Then, having those factors in mind, it analyses remanufacturing processes theoretically. The distinctive nature of remanufacturing underlying in the processes is found to have high variability, high uncertainty and, thus, high complexity. The obtained insights are eventually represented with a Fishbone diagram. The value of the paper lies in its insights, grounded in both practice and scientific theory.

Keywords
complexity; Ishikawa diagram; process analysis; Product/Service System (PSS); uncertainty; value; variability
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121072 (URN)
Conference
The 23rd International Conference on Production Research (ICPR23), Manila, Philippines, August 2-5, 2015
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-09-04 Created: 2015-09-04 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved
Matschewsky, J., Lindahl, M. & Sakao, T. (2015). Facilitating Industrial Adoption of Design Methods for Product-Service Systems. In: Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Gaetano Cascini, Marco Cantamessa, Dorian Marjanovic, Frederico Rotini (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of Engineering Design (ICED15): . Paper presented at DS 80-7 Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 15) Vol 7: Product Modularisation, Product Architecture, systems Engineering,Product Service Systems, Milan, Italy, 27-30.07.15 (pp. 301-310). DESIGN SOC, 7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facilitating Industrial Adoption of Design Methods for Product-Service Systems
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of Engineering Design (ICED15) / [ed] Christian Weber, Stephan Husung, Gaetano Cascini, Marco Cantamessa, Dorian Marjanovic, Frederico Rotini, DESIGN SOC , 2015, Vol. 7, p. 301-310Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In contrast to increasing evidence detailing both economic and environmental advantages of Product-Service Systems (PSS), the number of PSS provided in the market is still limited. Limited adoption in general can in part be linked to a limited implementability of PSS-focused design methods.

This paper aims to provide a first account of characteristics intended to support developers of PSS design methods in providing high levels of implementability and usability. Since fields adjacent to PSS design, such as engineering design or eco-design, have experienced similar challenges in method adoption, literature focusing on this was reviewed. The applicability of the challenges found for PSS design methods was subsequently evaluated with a questionnaire among practitioners involved with the trial of a PSS design method over an extended timeframe. In order to tackle the challenges identified, beneficial properties found in the literature on PSS design methods were utilized in order to derive six characteristics. These are intended as a first orientation for developers aiming to facilitate a broad adoption and use of PSS design methods, and as a discussion basis in the research community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
DESIGN SOC, 2015
Series
International Conference on Engineering Design, ISSN 2220-4334
Keywords
Design Methods; Method Implementation; PSS Design
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122813 (URN)000366305800030 ()978-1-904670-70-4 (ISBN)
Conference
DS 80-7 Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 15) Vol 7: Product Modularisation, Product Architecture, systems Engineering,Product Service Systems, Milan, Italy, 27-30.07.15
Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5991-5542

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