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Wasserbaur, R. & Sakao, T. (2018). Analysing interplays between PSS business models and governmental policies towards a circular economy. In: Procedia CIRP: . Paper presented at 10th CIRP IPS2 Conference 2018 (pp. 130-136). , 73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing interplays between PSS business models and governmental policies towards a circular economy
2018 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, 2018, Vol. 73, p. 130-136Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Insights about the interplay between business models of an enterprise and policies by governments in a circular economy (CE) context are limited. To fill the gap, this paper aims to analyse and learn from the interplays reported in the literature beyond the CE context. It focuses on product/service system (PSS) business models, and uses a systematic literature review. Six types of policies and nine components of a PSS business model are introduced in the analysis. Results show that frequently observed types of interplays are regulatory policies versus value proposition, revenue model, and cost model; economic policies versus revenue model and cost model. On the other hand, rarely reported types are the interplays with three types of polices co-regulation, information-based, and agreement-based policies. Future research includes broadening the scope in order to get a more complete picture as well as relating the proposed approach to the current EU context.

Keywords
Business model, Policy regulation, Literature review
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152492 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2018.04.004 (DOI)
Conference
10th CIRP IPS2 Conference 2018
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-09
Matschewsky, J., Lindahl, M. & Sakao, T. (2018). Capturing and enhancing provider value in product-service systems throughout the lifecycle: A systematic approach. CIRP - Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Capturing and enhancing provider value in product-service systems throughout the lifecycle: A systematic approach
2018 (English)In: CIRP - Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, ISSN 1755-5817, E-ISSN 1878-0016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the transition from product seller to product-service system (PSS) provider implies fundamental changes in both value creation for customers and value capture by the provider, prior research has largely focused on the investigation and enhancement of customer value through PSSs. In contrast, a discussion of the changes in how providers attain value and support to enhance this in industrial practice is lacking at this time. This article presents a systematic, empirically-based approach to analyze and enhance PSS providers’ value capture throughout the lifecycle. This is achieved by two methods provider value analysis (PVA) facilitates a structured assessment of the value capture during the provision of PSSs in the use phase of the lifecycle, while provider value evaluation (ProVa) operationalizes the results of this analysis in the design phase to facilitate an improved value capture in the coming iteration. As the approach was developed in close collaboration with a large-scale PSS provider, the article further reports the results of its application in a case study spanning two years. As a result of using PVA, value dimensions of broad relevance for PSS providers are presented, supported by findings of applying the method at an additional PSS provider. Through the approach presented and case study results attained, the article points out how the design and management of a PSS, focusing on the provider’s value and available benefits throughout the lifecycle, can be enhanced in industry, while extending the academic body of knowledge on the value capture of PSS providers and its implications for PSS design and provision.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Servitization; PSS design; PSS evaluation; PSS value; Provider value; PSS implementation; PSS management
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152879 (URN)10.1016/j.cirpj.2018.08.006 (DOI)2-s2.0-85053313953 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, REES
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S., Dahllöf, L., Eriksson, K. & Sakao, T. (2018). Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design. In: Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton (Ed.), Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation. Paper presented at 8th Life Cycle Management Conference 2017, Luxembourg 3-6 sep 2017 (pp. 381-389).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design
2018 (English)In: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, 2018, p. 381-389Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Due to government policies and regulations as well as customer and societal demands, organizations around the world are looking for ways to manage their economic, environmental and social sustainability. One of the most frequently used standards for organizations seeking to manage their environmental responsibilities is ISO 14001. This framework, however, is generic because it can be used by any organization irrespective of sector, activity or core values. Therefore, implementation of generic guidelines might result in the use of alternative tools that respond better to specific organizational needs and that provide outcomes that can be useful for decision-making. Through case study methodology, this paper shows how Volvo Group, a world-leading producer of transport solutions, developed an internal environmental evaluation tool called Environmental Screening (EnvS) to improve the environmental performance of its solutions.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152498 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6_42 (DOI)978-3-319-66981-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-66980-9 (ISBN)
Conference
8th Life Cycle Management Conference 2017, Luxembourg 3-6 sep 2017
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-09
Liu, Y., Sakao, T., Lindahl, M. & Dahlhammar,, C. (2018). Editorial. Procedia CIRP, 73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2018 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 73, p. 2Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. p. 2
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150821 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2018.06.003 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-09-01 Created: 2018-09-01 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved
Wasserbaur, R. & Sakao, T. (2018). Extending environmental impact assessments of consumer products with System Dynamics. In: : . Paper presented at The 36th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 7-9, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extending environmental impact assessments of consumer products with System Dynamics
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The environmental impact of a product depends on a variety of factors. In this paper, existing assessments are extended through the system dynamics methodology. A conceptual model was developed that contains several factors influencing on the use of washing machine and related CO2e-emissions. A stock and flow diagram allows for a streamlined environmental impact assessment of washing machines in households. The results show that both, wash frequency of households and the development of the energy consumption of washing machines are crucial factors for lowering future CO2e-emissions in the washing machines industry, whereas the sharing of washing machines did not show significant impact.

National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152494 (URN)
Conference
The 36th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 7-9, 2018
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-12
Haber, N., Fargnoli, M. & Sakao, T. (2018). Integrating QFD for Product-Service Systems with the Kano model and fuzzy AHP. Total quality management and business excellence (Online)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating QFD for Product-Service Systems with the Kano model and fuzzy AHP
2018 (English)In: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The paper proposes a systematic procedure for the development of Product-ServiceSystems (PSSs) by focusing on the analysis of customer requirements, and theselection of those that can practically enhance the offerings’ value. With this goal inmind, the Quality Function Deployment for Product Service Systems (QFDforPSS)method was augmented by means of the Kano model to filter the customers’ needsand transform the attractive ones into Receiver State Parameters (RSPs), as thecornerstone of QFDforPSS. Then, to properly assess these parameters and theirinherent uncertainty, the Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) method wasalso integrated into the procedure. To validate the proposed procedure, it wasimplemented in a case study in the medical devices sector, in collaboration with ahaemodialysis equipment manufacturer, which operates in a regulated market ofproduct-oriented services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
product-service system (PSS); service design; quality function deployment (QFD); customer requirements; medical devices; regulated market
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152475 (URN)10.1080/00207543.2018.1481302 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049626169 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Available from: 2018-11-03 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
Fargnoli, M., Haber, N. & Sakao, T. (2018). PSS Modularization: A Customer Driven Integrated Approach. International Journal of Production Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PSS Modularization: A Customer Driven Integrated Approach
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The shift from product ownership to integrated solutions (Product-Service Systems (PSSs)) is expected to lead to a highercustomer satisfaction in many cases compared to providing products and services separately. PSS providers are requiredto add more value to the products they offer, as well as to augment and diversify the services related to these products.To deal with this complex task, this paper proposes a practical methodology to support manufacturers in designingservices related to the proper functioning of their products fulfilling customers’ needs and expectations. This approach isbased on the synergic use of Quality Function Deployment for PSS (QFDforPSS), Axiomatic Design (AD) and theservice blueprint tools, providing a correlation between the customers’ expectations, the PSS components and the PSSmodules. The methodology was verified by means of a service modularisation for PSS at a company operating in thebiomedical sector. While the proposed approach needs to be validated through further studies in different contexts, itspositive results in reducing both the risk of overdesigning and the possibility of creating design conflicts can contributepractically to the scientific knowledge on the development of integrated solutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
Product-Service System; customer satisfaction; Quality Function Deployment; Axiomatic Design; modularisation
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152474 (URN)10.1080/00207543.2018.1481302 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049626169 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Available from: 2018-11-03 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved
Sakao, T., Liu, Y., Gustafsson, R. & Thörnblad, G. (2017). A Method for Lifecycle Design of Product/Service Systems Using PLM Software. In: Ríos, José; Bernard, Alain; Bouras, Abdelaziz; Foufou, Sebti (Ed.), Product Lifecycle Management and the Industry of the Future: . Paper presented at International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management, Seville, Spain, July 10-12, 2017 (pp. 710-718). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Method for Lifecycle Design of Product/Service Systems Using PLM Software
2017 (English)In: Product Lifecycle Management and the Industry of the Future / [ed] Ríos, José; Bernard, Alain; Bouras, Abdelaziz; Foufou, Sebti, Springer, 2017, p. 710-718Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Environmental sustainability and resource scarcities are urgent issues, and innovative ways of providing products and services are needed. In light of a circular economy, manufacturers have yet to learn and implement innovative ways of design covering the entire product lifecycle and incorporating sustainability and resource issues based on system perspectives. This paper aims at proposing an innovative and practical method to support manufacturers in the design of a product/service system (PSS) for resource efficiency and sustainability. The intention is that the method be implemented as an add-on feature for commercial PLM (product lifecycle management) software, with a lifecycle focus, including calculation of lifecycle cost (LCC).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Commercial PLM software, LCC (lifecycle cost)
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150820 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-72905-3_63 (DOI)2-s2.0-85039437707 (Scopus ID)
Conference
International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management, Seville, Spain, July 10-12, 2017
Available from: 2018-09-01 Created: 2018-09-01 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sakao, T. (2017). Communication, Collaboration and Co-creation to Enhance Environmental Performance of PSS. In: : . Paper presented at 10th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (EcoDesign 2017).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communication, Collaboration and Co-creation to Enhance Environmental Performance of PSS
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This position paper will present a concise, high-level review of the extant literature in Ecodesign. It willthen show future research opportunities that are brought by today’s industrial megatrends.Communication, collaboration, and co-creation are introduced as a set of potential key activities thatcould exploit the emerging opportunities for our societies to move towards environmental sustainability.

Keywords
ecodesign, Product/Service System, research challenges
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152477 (URN)
Conference
10th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (EcoDesign 2017)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Available from: 2018-11-03 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-12-07
Shu, L. (2017). Design for reduced resource consumption during the use phase of products. CIRP annals, 66(2), 635-658
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design for reduced resource consumption during the use phase of products
Show others...
2017 (English)In: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 635-658Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Much work on sustainable design has focused on product manufacture/assembly and end of life. Gains inproducts’ technical efficiency address the use phase, but how these products are used clearly affectsresource consumption. This paper describes two main approaches to reduce resource consumptionduring product life. Firstly, interventions aim to change user behavior, through information and feedback,as well as physical product affordances abstracted from lead users to guide or steer users toward thedesired behavior. Secondly, automatic adjustment of product systems performance levels based onpersonal user profiles and anticipated usage is implemented using artificial intelligence techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Sustainable development; Human aspect; Pro-environmental behavior
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152476 (URN)10.1016/j.cirp.2017.06.001 (DOI)000411553700004 ()2-s2.0-85026247767 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Available from: 2018-11-03 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5991-5542

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