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Sundin, Erik, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2552-3636
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Publications (10 of 169) Show all publications
Vogt Duberg, J., Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J. & Sundin, E. (2023). 5‐step approach for initiating remanufacturing (5AFIR). Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(7), 4360-4370
Open this publication in new window or tab >>5‐step approach for initiating remanufacturing (5AFIR)
2023 (English)In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 4360-4370Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite remanufacturing being a value-retention process capable of bringing both economic and environmental benefits to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), the remanufacturing market is small, and the OEM share on the market is even smaller. There are trends in OEMs hesitating to initiate remanufacturing due to the lack of knowledge or often unjustified assumptions about how remanufacturing affects their business-as-usual. To further motivate OEMs to initiate remanufacturing, there is a need to extend the remanufacturing initiation theory to showcase how remanufacturing could be initiated in practice. Therefore, this paper aims to describe a remanufacturing initiation and demonstrate the initiation steps for OEMs by developing a remanufacturing initiation framework. The framework is developed based on a remanufacturing initiation led by an OEM of robotic lawn mowers. Based on the case study, a 5-step approach for initiating remanufacturing (5AFIR) framework—the remanufacturing sapphire—was developed to interpret and visualise the remanufacturing approach taken at the studied OEM. The framework steps consist of the following: (1) Select a product family, (2) involve actors prone to be impacted by remanufacturing, (3) iteratively identify prerequisites and assess the system performance, (4) develop a plan and industrialise remanufacturing, and (5) refine and validate the assessment in Step 3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2023
Keywords
Circular economy, Framework, Industrialisation, Original equipment manufacturer, Remanufacturing, Shift, Transition, Value-retention
National Category
Economics and Business Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-191023 (URN)10.1002/bse.3369 (DOI)2-s2.0-85146352230 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2019‐021532Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Available from: 2023-01-16 Created: 2023-01-16 Last updated: 2024-04-29Bibliographically approved
Vogt Duberg, J., Sundin, E. & Tang, O. (2023). A review of models for assessing the initiation of remanufacturing profitability: from a practical application perspective. In: Yan Wang, Winifred Ijomah, James Windmill, Wei Zhang, Zhigang Jiang (Ed.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Remanufacturing: . Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Remanufacturing, Amsterdam, June 27-29, 2023 (pp. 261-277).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of models for assessing the initiation of remanufacturing profitability: from a practical application perspective
2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Remanufacturing / [ed] Yan Wang, Winifred Ijomah, James Windmill, Wei Zhang, Zhigang Jiang, 2023, p. 261-277Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Remanufacturing has been studied extensively from an economic modelling perspective. However, the number of studies focusing on models that consider the implementation difficulties in industry, such as data availability and model transparency, is low in comparison. This paper aims to identify how an initiation of remanufacturing can be economically assessed with models particularly suitable for implementation in industry. These models should contribute to spreading the know-how about initiating remanufacturing to transit industries towards more circular resource flows. To target the aim, a systematic literature review was conducted. The search resulted in a total of 964 papers published through August 2021. The relevant papers were categorised into a two-dimensional framework indicating the level of computer support needed to handle the model and the level of requirements to use the model in terms of data requirements, both of which are considered essential in the industrial implementation of the models. The review revealed a further need for research on assessing remanufacturing initiation profitability, especially on economic assessment models designed to assist industries without previous remanufacturing knowledge in such an initiation.

Keywords
Circular economy, Closed-loop supply chain, Financial, Transition, Remanufacturing, Value retention
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-196413 (URN)
Conference
11th International Conference on Remanufacturing, Amsterdam, June 27-29, 2023
Projects
RemometerMistra REES
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, dnr 2019-021532Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, No. 2014/16
Available from: 2023-08-01 Created: 2023-08-01 Last updated: 2023-08-01
Golinska-Dawson, P., Sakao, T., Sundin, E. & Werner-Lewandowska, K. (2023). Challenges and research issues for remanufacturing in PaaS from theory to industry perspective. In: : . Paper presented at The 27th International Conference on Production Research, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 23-28 July, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges and research issues for remanufacturing in PaaS from theory to industry perspective
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199224 (URN)
Conference
The 27th International Conference on Production Research, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 23-28 July, 2023
Projects
Scandere
Funder
Vinnova, 2022-00070
Available from: 2023-11-21 Created: 2023-11-21 Last updated: 2023-11-29Bibliographically approved
Sakao, T., Golinska-Dawson, P., Vogt Duberg, J., Sundin, E., Hidalgo Crespo, J., Riel, A., . . . Mathieux, F. (2023). Product-as-a-service for critical raw materials: challenges, enablers, and needed research. In: Going Green: CARE INNOVATION. Paper presented at Going Green - CARE INNOVATION, Vienna, Austria, May 9-11, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product-as-a-service for critical raw materials: challenges, enablers, and needed research
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Going Green: CARE INNOVATION, 2023Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The efficiency of using critical raw materials (CRMs) needs to be increased urgently in light of a circular economy (CE). This conference paper describes the benefits, current challenges, enablers, and needed research regarding product-as-a-service (PaaS) for CRMs in the context of a CE. In particular, it will analyse PaaS with electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) in the home appliance sector from five relevant perspectives: design, remanufacturing, recycling, costing, and regulations. Based on a literature review and analysis, important topics are documented, for instance, user-centred design, user behaviour, reverse logistics, cost assessment and allocation, use of Industry 4.0 technologies, and governmental regulations. Also, the importance of systemic innovation is pointed out. 

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-195876 (URN)
Conference
Going Green - CARE INNOVATION, Vienna, Austria, May 9-11, 2023
Projects
SCANDERE (ERA-MIN3 program grant number 101003575)
Funder
Vinnova, 2022-00070
Available from: 2023-06-27 Created: 2023-06-27 Last updated: 2023-07-06Bibliographically approved
Hochwallner, M., Sundin, E. & Johansen, K. (2022). Automation in Remanufacturing: Applying Sealant on a Car Component. In: Amos H.C. Ng, Anna Syberfeldt, Dan Högberg, Magnus Holm (Ed.), Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, Volume 21: . Paper presented at SPS2022, 10th Swedish Production Symposium , Skövde, Sweden, april 26-29, 2022 (pp. 147-158). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automation in Remanufacturing: Applying Sealant on a Car Component
2022 (English)In: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, Volume 21 / [ed] Amos H.C. Ng, Anna Syberfeldt, Dan Högberg, Magnus Holm, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2022, Vol. 21, p. 147-158Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The remanufacturing industry currently relies significantly on manualwork when, for example, sorting and disassembling. Due to several issues, includingprocess time and sequence, operations number, disassembly planning andscheduling, process cost, and performance measurement, it is challenging to staycompetitive. Based on this, it is assumed that more extensive use of robots andautomation in these industries can facilitate higher efficiency and better workconditions. This research paper aims to explore how remanufacturing of carcomponents can be made automatic. The paper describes a case where a specific carcomponent was selected and a specific step in its remanufacturing process exploredfrom the perspective of automating that task. When conducting remanufacturing ofthe selected car component, some machines are used for the testing, cleaning, andgrinding of materials. However, all assembly work is done manually. Incollaboration with the case company, the process step of applying sealant for theassembling of a lid that covers electronic components was selected. Thedemonstrator shows that it is possible to apply sealant with a human-robot layoutwith a good result. One of the advantages of using a robot for this step is that a highquality result was achieved. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2022
Series
Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering ; 21
Keywords
Circular Economy, Automotive, Automation, Remanufacturing, Collaborative Robots, HRC, SME
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-184764 (URN)10.3233/ATDE220134 (DOI)978-1-64368-268-6 (ISBN)978-1-64368-269-3 (ISBN)
Conference
SPS2022, 10th Swedish Production Symposium , Skövde, Sweden, april 26-29, 2022
Projects
Automation in Repair and Remanufacturing (ARR)
Note

Funding: 

The strategic innovation program called “Produktion2030”, which is funded by the Swedish Government Innovation Agency (VINNOVA) (2018-01591), Formas, and the Swedish Energy Agency.

Available from: 2022-05-03 Created: 2022-05-03 Last updated: 2022-05-13Bibliographically approved
Sallerström, P., Sundin, J., Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J. & Sundin, E. (2022). Scaling up Repair Workshops to Remanufacturing Facilities for Household Appliances as a Service. In: Wim Dewulf, Joost Duflou (Ed.), Proceedings of 29th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering Conference, Leuven, Belgium.: . Paper presented at The 29th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, April 4 – 6, 2022, Leuven, Belgium (pp. 43-48). Elsevier, 105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scaling up Repair Workshops to Remanufacturing Facilities for Household Appliances as a Service
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of 29th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering Conference, Leuven, Belgium. / [ed] Wim Dewulf, Joost Duflou, Elsevier, 2022, Vol. 105, p. 43-48Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Original equipment manufacturers are increasingly investigating their possibilities to sell their products as a service. In order to achieve higher customer satisfaction and stronger relationship with their customers, the household appliance manufacturer Electrolux is planning to offer their products as a service. There are several ways to tackle this challenge, from having a janitor repair household appliances on-site to sending rotation units for remanufacturing. This paper aims to design a scalable concept for a repair workshop for household appliances that could, in an efficient manner, sell household appliances as a service for several residential areas.

In order to fulfill the aim of this paper, empirical data was collected through interviews with people from industry and academia as well as observations from workshops. The research results present two different concept proposals, where one of the concepts treats how a repair workshop layout could look for the residential area of Rissne and the other concept how a scaled-up repair business for household appliances as a service might look. When upscaling of the repair business takes place, remanufacturing may be relevant for an additional sustainable business.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Series
Procedia CIRP, E-ISSN 2212-8271 ; 105
Keywords
Product-Service Systems, PSS, PaaS, Circular Economy, Remanufacturing, Household Appliances
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187154 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2022.02.008 (DOI)
Conference
The 29th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, April 4 – 6, 2022, Leuven, Belgium
Projects
Vivarubaserade funktionstjänster för bostadsbolag
Funder
Vinnova, 2019-04470
Available from: 2022-08-08 Created: 2022-08-08 Last updated: 2022-08-29Bibliographically approved
Hallack, E., Mario Peris, N., Lindahl, M. & Sundin, E. (2022). Systematic Design for Recycling Approach – Automotive Exterior Plastics. In: Proceedings of the 29th CIRP Conference Life Cycle Engineering: . Paper presented at The 29th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, April 4 – 6, 2022 (pp. 204-209). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Systematic Design for Recycling Approach – Automotive Exterior Plastics
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 29th CIRP Conference Life Cycle Engineering, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2022, Vol. 105, p. 204-209Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Car components are getting more advanced when meeting customer requirements. At the same time, the requirements of having cars that are easily dismantled and recycled also increase. At Volvo Cars, there is a need to have car components adapted to ease disassembly, where one example is exterior plastic components. However, end-of-life processes of car dismantling are seldom thought of when designing exterior plastic components. Therefore, this paper aims to develop a systematic design approach to support the Design for Recycling of exterior plastic components from an end-of-life perspective. We investigated challenges, factors, and practices that affect the recycling of the cars’ exterior plastic components. In addition, we studied end-of-life and eco-design tools that are used in industry and meet the requirements established by Volvo Cars. This was then used to develop a systematic design approach to support Design for Recycling. It encompasses three steps: 1) checking the investigated component against the identified end-of-life practices (helps to identify problems and generates solutions for design improvements ), 2) comparing the generated design improvements in terms of the environmental aspect (contributes to environmentally-driven decisions), and 3) evaluating the economic recycling benefits of the design improvements. The approach can be used within the automotive industry to improve the Design for Recycling of exterior plastic components and contribute to achieving a more circular economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2022
Series
Procedia CIRP, E-ISSN 2212-8271
Keywords
Design for Recycling, Design for Disassembly, Eco-design, Circular Economy, cars’ exterior plastic components, systematic design approach
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187145 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2022.02.034 (DOI)2-s2.0-85127518896 (Scopus ID)
Conference
The 29th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, April 4 – 6, 2022
Projects
SE:Kond 2 Life - ekosystem för återanvändning av fordonskomponenter
Funder
Vinnova, 2019-04463
Available from: 2022-08-05 Created: 2022-08-05 Last updated: 2022-08-12
Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J. & Sundin, E. (2021). Aligning remanufacturing in comparison to recirculation processes. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference on Remanufacturing (ICoR2021), March 24-25, 2021. ICOR2021
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aligning remanufacturing in comparison to recirculation processes
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Remanufacturing is a value retention process (VRP), along with direct reuse, repair, and comprehensive refurbishment, which prepares the used product for new uses by controlling and recapturing its value through several industrial operations. Remanufacturing possesses significant financial, environmental, and societal opportunities, and some manufacturers tend to challenge their business models, production systems, products, logistics, and customer management to comply with a circular economy (CE). 

However, remanufacturing is sometimes undervalued and is ranked low, compared to other VRPs, among the recirculation processes (after-use-phase processes that bring and keep used products, their parts or material in a closed material loop through reuse, recycling, downcycling, and upcycling). The main reason for this is the greater number of resources required and fewer benefits provided compared to direct product reuse and repair. This paper studies a remanufacturer using different VRPs to satisfy customer needs and to better balance an incoming core (used product and its part) quality and the demanded product quality. 

The aim of this paper is to define remanufacturing value and better align remanufacturing in comparison to other recirculation processes. The data was collected through a literature study and interviews with an EEE remanufacturer to fulfill the aim of this paper. The literature study covered the previous knowledge on remanufacturing, VRPs and recirculation processes. The interviews with an EEE remanufacturer provided valuable input to the scope of the VRPs performed by a single remanufacturer.

Lean approaches the remanufacturing value from a customer perspective shifting the paradigm of VRP, where remanufacturing is ranked low. Remanufacturing tends to demand greater resources to save the product value and implies greater product intervention. However, the output quality assured with a longer warranty, new product identity and prolonged (doubled or tripled) product use phase overcomes the benefits associated with the other VRPs, when customer value is in focus. The analysis of the remanufacturing value in comparison to other recirculation processes elevates remanufacturing in a recirculation taxonomy for technical products. The assessment of social, environmental, and economic benefits with remanufacturing compliments the findings. The result of the study lays the foundation for the development of the “9R taxonomy” – a framework on recirculation processes for technical products, where six VRPs can be handled by a remanufacturer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ICOR2021, 2021. p. 10
Keywords
Circular economy, lean improvement strategy, recirculation process, value-retention process, 9R taxonomy, customer value
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-175351 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Remanufacturing (ICoR2021), March 24-25, 2021
Available from: 2021-04-28 Created: 2021-04-28 Last updated: 2021-06-23Bibliographically approved
Vogt Duberg, J., Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J. & Sundin, E. (2021). Assessing an EEE manufacturer's economic benefit with remanufacturing. Paper presented at 28th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Jaipur, India, March 10-12, 2021. Procedia CIRP, 103-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing an EEE manufacturer's economic benefit with remanufacturing
2021 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, p. 103-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An integration of remanufacturing into an original equipment manufacturer’s (OEM) value chain can enhance circularity. In order to realize a transition towards circularity, it must be economically beneficial. This paper aims to compare and economically evaluate several remanufacturing scenarios with varied retailer involvement, to identify how an electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) manufacturer can perform remanufacturing profitably. To meet the aim of this paper, data was gathered through more than 50 semi-structured and unstructured interviews, including workshops with a robotic lawn mower manufacturer and eight of its retailers in Sweden, and through a literature review in the fields of remanufacturing, acquisition of cores (used products), and sales of remanufactured products. The scenarios consist of a decentralized, with minor or no involvement of an OEM, and six centralized, where an OEM manages remanufacturing. Here, looking at a case of the centralized scenario, the remanufacturing process is performed at the OEM manufacturing plant in a European low-wage country, while cores are acquired in Sweden. This research concludes that the OEM’s economic benefits are greater in remanufacturing scenarios with low involvement of retailers. However, succeeding with acquisition and sales without retailers requires establishing new retail channels, which also leads to uncertainties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Remanufacturing, Economic benefit, Circular economy, Product life-cycle, Product-service system, Value-retention process
National Category
Mechanical Engineering Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-174334 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2021.01.013 (DOI)2-s2.0-85102646308 (Scopus ID)
Conference
28th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Jaipur, India, March 10-12, 2021
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2019-021532
Available from: 2021-03-19 Created: 2021-03-19 Last updated: 2024-04-29Bibliographically approved
Sundin, E., Kurilova-Palisaitiene, J. & Casper, R. (2021). Assessing Automotive Parts for Remanufacturing. In: Paper 11 at the International Conference of Remanufacturing (ICoR-21): . Paper presented at International Conference of Remanufacturing (ICoR-21), March, 24-25, 2021(digital). , Article ID 11.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing Automotive Parts for Remanufacturing
2021 (English)In: Paper 11 at the International Conference of Remanufacturing (ICoR-21), 2021, article id 11Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a continuous flow of new products put on the market by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). In order to retain value that is put into them during manufacturing these products can be remanufactured for economic, environmental and social reasons. This has beenthe case for many decades in industrial sectors, for example, the automotive industry. However, the automotive industry is currently changing much in recent years due to trends ofelectrification and servitization.Stable technology, high after-use value and replaceable parts are typical attributes of aproduct suitable for remanufacturing. In addition, if products are servitized e.g. through leasingor sharing there are additional economic reasons to remanufacture. However, all products andparts are not suitable for remanufacturing while other products and parts are more suitable forremanufacturing. In a remanufacturing of electric vehicles, the need to define a set of partssuitable for remanufacturing becomes crucial.The aim of this paper is to explore new ways of understanding which parts that should beselected for remanufacturing in the future automotive aftermarket. The research methodologyused to meet the aim of this paper is literature search and case studies at electric vehiclemanufacturers and remanufacturers based in Europe. During the case study data was collectedthrough observations, semi-structured interviews and disassembly activities along the productvalue chain of electric vehicles including manufacturers, dismantlers and remanufacturers.To define a set of parts for remanufacturing an assessment of the price and quantity of soldparts in an aftermarket, costs for remanufacturing process as well as the interdependency of theparts based on a product structure was accomplished. The results show that there are attributesderiving from the categories of economics, technology, and environment. This means in generalterms that the remanufacturing is profitable, technologically possible and sound from anenvironmental perspective. For the different product parts these attributes were differentlystrong and motivating the initiation to remanufacture.

Keywords
Remanufacturing, Electric vehicles, Product attributes, Design for Remanufacturing, Circular Economy
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-187140 (URN)
Conference
International Conference of Remanufacturing (ICoR-21), March, 24-25, 2021(digital)
Projects
SE:Kond 2 Life
Funder
Vinnova, 2019-04463
Available from: 2022-08-05 Created: 2022-08-05 Last updated: 2022-08-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2552-3636

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