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Granerus, Göran
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Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Brolin, G., Edenbrandt, L., Granerus, G., Olsson, A., Afzelius, D., Gustafsson, A., . . . Ljungberg, M. (2016). The accuracy of quantitative parameters in Tc-99m-MAG3 dynamic renography: a national audit based on virtual image data. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 36(2), 146-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The accuracy of quantitative parameters in Tc-99m-MAG3 dynamic renography: a national audit based on virtual image data
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2016 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 146-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Assessment of image analysis methods and computer software used in Tc-99m-MAG3 dynamic renography is important to ensure reliable study results and ultimately the best possible care for patients. In this work, we present a national multicentre study of the quantification accuracy in Tc-99m-MAG3 renography, utilizing virtual dynamic scintigraphic data obtained by Monte Carlo-simulated scintillation camera imaging of digital phantoms with time-varying activity distributions. Three digital phantom studies were distributed to the participating departments, and quantitative evaluation was performed with standard clinical software according to local routines. The differential renal function (DRF) and time to maximum renal activity (T-max) were reported by 21 of the 28 Swedish departments performing Tc-99m-MAG3 studies as of 2012. The reported DRF estimates showed a significantly lower precision for the phantom with impaired renal uptake than for the phantom with normal uptake. The T-max estimates showed a similar trend, but the difference was only significant for the right kidney. There was a significant bias in the measured DRF for all phantoms caused by different positions of the left and right kidney in the anterior-posterior direction. In conclusion, this study shows that virtual scintigraphic studies are applicable for quality assurance and that there is a considerable uncertainty associated with standard quantitative parameters in dynamic Tc-99m-MAG3 renography, especially for patients with impaired renal function.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2016
Keywords
Tc-99m-MAG3; differential renal function; digital phantoms; dynamic renography; Monte Carlo imaging simulations; quality assurance
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125796 (URN)10.1111/cpf.12208 (DOI)000370199700010 ()25348641 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Equalis

Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Tsolakis, A. V., Grimelius, L., Granerus, G., Stridsberg, M., Falkmer, S. E. & Janson, E. T. (2015). Histidine decarboxylase and urinary methylimidazoleacetic acid in gastric neuroendocrine cells and tumours. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21(47), 13240-13249
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Histidine decarboxylase and urinary methylimidazoleacetic acid in gastric neuroendocrine cells and tumours
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2015 (English)In: World Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 1007-9327, E-ISSN 2219-2840, Vol. 21, no 47, p. 13240-13249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To study histidine decarboxylase (HDC) expression in normal and neoplastic gastric neuroendocrine cells in relationship to the main histamine metabolite. METHODS: Control tissues from fundus (n = 3) and corpus (n = 3) mucosa of six patients undergoing operations for gastric adenocarcinoma, biopsy and/or gastric surgical specimens from 64 patients with primary gastric neuroendocrine tumours (GNETs), as well as metastases from 22 of these patients, were investigated using conventional immunohistochemistry and double immunofluorescence with commercial antibodies vs vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT-2), HDC and ghrelin. The urinary excretion of the main histamine metabolite methylimidazoleacetic acid (U-MeImAA) was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography in 27 of the 64 patients. RESULTS: In the gastric mucosa of the control tissues, co-localization studies identified neuroendocrine cells that showed immunoreactivity only to VMAT-2 and others with reactivity only to HDC. A third cell population co-expressed both antigens. There was no co-expression of HDC and ghrelin. Similar results were obtained in the foci of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia associated with chronic atrophic gastritis type A and also in the tumours. The relative incidence of the three aforementioned markers varied in the tumours that were examined using conventional immunohistochemistry. All of these GNETs revealed both VMAT-2 and HDC immunoreactivity, and their metastases showed an immunohistochemical pattern and frequency similar to that of their primary tumours. In four patients, increased U-MeImAA excretion was detected, but only two of the patients exhibited related endocrine symptoms. CONCLUSION: Human enterochromaffin-like cells appear to partially co-express VMAT-2 and HDC. Co-expression of VMAT-2 and HDC might be required for increased histamine production in patients with GNETs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC, 2015
Keywords
Enterochromaffin-like cells; High performance liquid chromatography; Gastric neuroendocrine tumours; Histidine decarboxylase; Immunohistochemistry; Urinary excretion of the main histamine metabolite methylimidazoleacetic acid; Vesicular monoamine transporter 2
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124125 (URN)10.3748/wjg.v21.i47.13240 (DOI)000366889600004 ()26715806 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Selander Foundation; Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research in Jonkoping

Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Andersson, M., Jägervall, K., Eriksson, P., Persson, A., Granerus, G., Wang, C. & Smedby, Ö. (2015). How to measure renal artery stenosis - a retrospective comparison of morphological measurement approaches in relation to hemodynamic significance. BMC Medical Imaging, 15(42)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to measure renal artery stenosis - a retrospective comparison of morphological measurement approaches in relation to hemodynamic significance
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2015 (English)In: BMC Medical Imaging, ISSN 1471-2342, E-ISSN 1471-2342, Vol. 15, no 42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Although it is well known that renal artery stenosis may cause renovascular hypertension, it is unclear how the degree of stenosis should best be measured in morphological images. The aim of this study was to determine which morphological measures from Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) are best in predicting whether a renal artery stenosis is hemodynamically significant or not. Methods: Forty-seven patients with hypertension and a clinical suspicion of renovascular hypertension were examined with CTA, MRA, captopril-enhanced renography (CER) and captopril test (Ctest). CTA and MRA images of the renal arteries were analyzed by two readers using interactive vessel segmentation software. The measures included minimum diameter, minimum area, diameter reduction and area reduction. In addition, two radiologists visually judged the diameter reduction without automated segmentation. The results were then compared using limits of agreement and intra-class correlation, and correlated with the results from CER combined with Ctest (which were used as standard of reference) using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Results: A total of 68 kidneys had all three investigations (CTA, MRA and CER + Ctest), where 11 kidneys (16.2 %) got a positive result on the CER + Ctest. The greatest area under ROC curve (AUROC) was found for the area reduction on MRA, with a value of 0.91 (95 % confidence interval 0.82-0.99), excluding accessory renal arteries. As comparison, the AUROC for the radiologists visual assessments on CTA and MRA were 0.90 (0.82-0.98) and 0.91 (0.83-0.99) respectively. None of the differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: No significant differences were found between the morphological measures in their ability to predict hemodynamically significant stenosis, but a tendency of MRA having higher AUROC than CTA. There was no significant difference between measurements made by the radiologists and measurements made with fuzzy connectedness segmentation. Further studies are required to definitely identify the optimal measurement approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2015
Keywords
Renal artery stenosis; Computed tomography angiography; Magnetic resonance angiography; Renography; Fuzzy connectedness segmentation; Vessel diameter; Cross-sectional area
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122418 (URN)10.1186/s12880-015-0086-8 (DOI)000362535400001 ()26459634 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Research Council of South-Eastern Sweden (FORSS); Swedish Research Council (VR)

Available from: 2015-11-02 Created: 2015-11-02 Last updated: 2019-02-05
Davidsson, A., Georgiopoulos, C., Dizdar Segrell, N., Granerus, G. & Zachrisson, H. (2014). Comparison between visual assessment of dopaminergic degeneration pattern and semi-quantitative ratio calculations in patients with Parkinson's disease and Atypical Parkinsonian snydromes using DaTSCAN SPECT. In: : . Paper presented at Annaul Congress of the European Assocation of Nuclerar Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 18-22, 2014 (pp. P921). European Assocation of Nuclerar Medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison between visual assessment of dopaminergic degeneration pattern and semi-quantitative ratio calculations in patients with Parkinson's disease and Atypical Parkinsonian snydromes using DaTSCAN SPECT
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder characterized by the progressive degeneration of dopamine-containing cells in substantia nigra, and it is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder worldwide. It can be difficult to differentiate between idiopathic PD and Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes (APS). In a high percentage of APS patients, the right diagnosis is not established even during late stages of the disease. Currently there is no specific test to verify PD, especially in the early stages of the disease.

The aim was to verify if 123I-FP-CIT, DaTSCAN ® can differentiate early stages of Parkinson's disease as well as patients with Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes from manifest Parkinson's disease.

Materials and methods: 121 consecutive patients were investigated with 123I-FP-CIT SPECT, during a four year period. All patients were diagnosed according to the established consensus criteria for diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD), (n=53), Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes (APS) (n=18). Remaining patients were grouped early PD (before onset the of L-dopa medication), (n=20), and non-PD syndromes (n=30). SPECT images were analysed visually according to a predefined ranking scale of dopaminergic degeneration, distinguishing a posterior-anterior degeneration pattern (egg shape) to a more global and severe degeneration pattern (burst striatum). Striatum ratios were quantitatively analysed with the 3D software, EXINI.

Results: In the group of APS patients the burst striatum pattern was most frequent and found in 61% (11/18 patients). In PD patients the egg shape pattern was dominating, especially in early PD where it was present in 95% (19/20 patients). The sensitivity of burst striatum degeneration pattern was 61% (95%-CI 36-83%), specificity 90% (95%-CI 81-96%). The sensitivity of egg shape pattern was 74% (95%-CI 62-84%), specificity 90% (95%-CI 47-90%). The uptake ratios were reduced in both PD and APS patients and closely related to the image pattern. The lowest putamen/caudate ratio was found in early PD.

Conclusion: In this study we found that in more than half of the patients it was possible to differentiate between PD and APS by visual interpretation only. Similar results were obtained using semi-quantitative uptake ratios, but combining visual assessment with uptake ratios did not add to the discriminating power of DATSCAN ® SPECT in this material

References: Kahraman D, Eggers C, Schicha H, Timmermann L, Schmidt M. Visual assessment of dopaminergic degeneration pattern in 123I-FP-CIT SPECT differentiates patients with atypical parkinsonian syndromes and idiopathic Parkinson's disease. J Neurol. 2012;259:251-60

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Assocation of Nuclerar Medicine, 2014
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113418 (URN)
Conference
Annaul Congress of the European Assocation of Nuclerar Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 18-22, 2014
Available from: 2015-01-19 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Davidsson, A., Georgiopoulos, C., Dizdar (Dizdar Segrell), N., Granerus, G. & Zachrisson, H. (2014). Comparison between visual assessment of dopaminergic degeneration pattern and semi-quantitative ratio calculations in patients with Parkinsons disease and Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes using DaTSCAN (R) SPECT. Paper presented at The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine 2014. Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 28(9), 851-859
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison between visual assessment of dopaminergic degeneration pattern and semi-quantitative ratio calculations in patients with Parkinsons disease and Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes using DaTSCAN (R) SPECT
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2014 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0914-7187, E-ISSN 1864-6433, Vol. 28, no 9, p. 851-859Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To verify if I-123-FP-CIT, DaTSCAN (R) can differentiate early stages of Parkinsons disease (PD) as well as patients with Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes (APS) from manifest Parkinsons disease. Methods 128 consecutive patients were investigated with I-123-FP-CIT SPECT during a 4-year period. All patients were diagnosed according to the established consensus criteria for diagnosis of PD (n = 53) and APS (n = 19). Remaining patients were grouped early PD (before onset of L-DOPA medication), (n = 20), vascular PD (n = 6), and non-PD syndromes (n = 30) and SWEDD (n = 1). SPECT images were analyzed visually according to a predefined ranking scale of dopaminergic nerve cell degeneration, distinguishing a posterior-anterior degeneration pattern (egg shape) from a more global and severe degeneration pattern (burst striatum). Striatum uptake ratios were quantitatively analyzed with the 3D software, EXINI. Results In the group of APS patients, the burst striatum pattern was most frequent and found in 61 % (11/18 patients). In PD patients, the egg shape pattern was dominating, especially in early PD where it was present in 95 % (19/20 patients). The positive predictive value for the egg shape pattern to diagnose PD was 92 % in this material (APS and all PD patients) and the specificity 90 % for the burst striatum pattern to exclude APS. The uptake ratios were reduced in both PD and APS patients and closely related to the image ranking. Conclusion In this study, we found that in more than half of the patients it was possible to differentiate between PD and APS by visual interpretation only. Similar results were obtained using semi-quantitative uptake ratios. Combining visual assessment with uptake ratios did not add to the discriminating power of DaTSCAN (R) SPECT in this material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014
Keywords
I-123-FP-CIT SPECT; Parkinsons disease (PD); Early stage of PD; Atypical Parkinsonian syndromes; Semi-quantitative evaluation; Visual pattern assessment
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113060 (URN)10.1007/s12149-014-0878-x (DOI)000345400100003 ()24997753 (PubMedID)
Conference
The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine 2014
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-12
Brolin, G., Granerus, G., Olsson, A., Edenbrandt, L. & Ljungberg, M. (2012). A new Method for Monte Carlo Simulations of Dynamic Scintillation Camera Imaging: 99mTc MAG3 Renography Studies. In: : . Paper presented at EANM'12 Annual Congress of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, October 27 - 31, 2012, Milan, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new Method for Monte Carlo Simulations of Dynamic Scintillation Camera Imaging: 99mTc MAG3 Renography Studies
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2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90883 (URN)
Conference
EANM'12 Annual Congress of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, October 27 - 31, 2012, Milan, Italy
Available from: 2013-04-08 Created: 2013-04-08 Last updated: 2014-06-17
Johansson, J., Bäckryd, E., Granerus, G. & Sjöberg, F. (2012). Urinary excretion of histamine and methylhistamine after burns. Burns, 38(7), 1005-1009
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urinary excretion of histamine and methylhistamine after burns
2012 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 38, no 7, p. 1005-1009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The increased vascular permeability seen after burn contribute to morbidity and mortality as it interferes with organ function and the healing process. Large efforts have been made to explore underlying pathophysiological mechanisms that generate increased vascular permeability after burns. Many different substances have been proposed as mediators of which histamine, serotonin and oxygen radicals are claimed most important. However, no specific blocker has convincingly been shown to be clinically effective. Early work has claimed increased histamine plasma-concentrations in humans after burn and data from animal models pointed at histamine as an important mediator. Modern human clinical studies investigating the role of histamine as a mediator of the generalized post burn increase in vascular permeability are lacking. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethod: We examined histamine turnover by measuring the urinary excretion of histamine and methyl histamine for 48 h after burns in 8 patients (mean total burn surface area 24%). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Over time, in this time frame and compared to healthy controls we found a small increase in the excretion of histamine, but no increase of its metabolite methylhistamine. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion: Our findings do not support that histamine is an important mediator of the increased systemic vascular permeability seen after burn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
Keywords
Burn, Histamine, Mediator, Oedema, Vascular permeability
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85848 (URN)10.1016/j.burns.2012.02.014 (DOI)000310410300008 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Research and Development Unit, Jamtland County Council, Sweden||

Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Georgiopoulos, C., Davidsson, A., Granerus, G., Dizdar (Dizdar Segrell), N. & Zachrisson, H. (2011). DaTSCAN SPECT EVALUATION OF PATIENTS WITH MOVEMENT DISORDERS. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY: . Paper presented at 15th Congress of the European-Federation-of-Neurological-Societies (EFNS), Budapest, Hungary, September 10-13, 2011 (pp. 567-567). Wiley-Blackwell, 18 (Suppl. 2)(SI), Article ID P2617.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DaTSCAN SPECT EVALUATION OF PATIENTS WITH MOVEMENT DISORDERS
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2011 (English)In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, Vol. 18 (Suppl. 2), no SI, p. 567-567, article id P2617Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Molecular imaging with DaTSCAN SPECTis widely used as a diagnostic tool in patients with movementdisorders in the form of Parkinson's Disease (PD),Parkinson-plus syndromes and Tremor. In the present studythe potency of DATScan SPECT to detect degeneration inthe basal ganglia in early stages of PD, before the onset ofmedication, is evaluated. In addition the efficacy ofDaTSCAN for differential diagnosis between patients withidiopathic PD and patients with Parkinson-plus syndromesis examined.

Methodology: Participants: 21 patients with PD in earlystages, before the onset of medication, 20 patients withidiopathic PD and 6 patients with Parkinson-plussyndromes. 15 participants with normal results ofDaTSCAN SPECT and a clinical diagnosis different fromPD or Parkinson-plus were used as control.

DaTSCAN SPECT: In the present study the quantificationof Striatum Occipital/Occipital and the Xeleris workstation(GE) were used.

Results: The quantification for patients with idiopathic PD(1.185±0.05687) was significantly lower (p<0.0001) fromthe control (2.369±0.1258) and significantly lower (p<0.05)from that of patients in early stages of PD, before the onsetof medication (1.359±0.05324). There was no significantdifference between the idiopathic PD and Parkinson-plussyndromes (1.103±0.2442).

Conclusion: DaTSCAN SPECT can detect efficiently earlydegeneration in the basal ganglia before the onset ofmedication is needed. Its efficacy for the differentialdiagnosis between idiopathic PD and Parkinson-plussyndromes is questioned. The combination of imaging andclinical examination is mandatory for a certain diagnosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
Series
European Journal of Neurology, ISSN 1351-5101, E-ISSN 1468-1331
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71081 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03552.x (DOI)000294806601394 ()
Conference
15th Congress of the European-Federation-of-Neurological-Societies (EFNS), Budapest, Hungary, September 10-13, 2011
Available from: 2011-09-30 Created: 2011-09-30 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, P., Mohammed, A. A., De Geer, J., Kihlberg, J., Persson, A., Granerus, G., . . . Smedby, Ö. (2010). Non-invasive investigations of potential renal artery stenosis in renal insufficiency. Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, 25(11), 3607-3614
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-invasive investigations of potential renal artery stenosis in renal insufficiency
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2010 (English)In: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 25, no 11, p. 3607-3614Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. The diagnostic value of non-invasive methods for diagnosing renal artery stenosis in patients with renal insufficiency is incompletely known.

Methods. Forty-seven consecutive patients with moderately impaired renal function and a clinical suspicion of renal artery stenosis were investigated with computed tomography angiography (CTA), gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), contrast-enhanced Doppler ultrasound and captopril renography. The primary reference standard was stenosis reducing the vessel diameter by at least 50% on CTA, and an alternative reference standard (‘morphological and functional stenosis’) was defined as at least 50% diameter reduction on CTA or MRA, combined with a positive finding from ultrasound or captopril renography.

Results. The frequency of positive findings, calculated on the basis of individual patients, was 70% for CTA, 60% for MRA, 53% for ultrasound and 30% for captopril renography. Counting kidneys rather than patients, corresponding frequencies were 53%, 41%, 29% and 15%, respectively. In relation to the CTA standard, the sensitivity (and specificity) at the patient level was 0.81 (0.79) for MRA, 0.70 (0.89) for ultrasound and 0.42 (1.00) for captopril renography, and at the kidney level 0.76 (0.82), 0.53 (0.81) and 0.30 (0.86), respectively. Relative to the alternative reference standard, corresponding values at the patient level were 1.00 (0.62) for CTA, 0.90 (0.69) for MRA, 0.91 (1.00) for ultrasound and 0.67 (1.00) for captopril renography, and at the kidney level 0.96 (0.76), 0.85 (0.79), 0.71 (0.97) and 0.50 (0.97), respectively.

Conclusions. CTA and MRA are superior to ultrasound and captopril renography at diagnosing morphological stenosis, but ultrasound may be useful as a screening method and captopril renography for verifying renin-dependent hypertension.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2010
Keywords
computed tomography angiography; magnetic resonance angiography; renal artery stenosis; renography; ultrasound
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56570 (URN)10.1093/ndt/gfq259 (DOI)000283683900025 ()20488819 (PubMedID)
Note
Original Publication: Per Eriksson, Ahmed Abdulilah Mohammed, Jakob De Geer, Johan Kihlberg, Anders Persson, Göran Granerus, Fredrik Nyström and Örjan Smedby, Non-invasive investigations of potential renal artery stenosis in renal insufficiency, 2010, Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq259 Copyright: Oxford University Press http://www.oxfordjournals.org/ Available from: 2010-05-25 Created: 2010-05-25 Last updated: 2017-12-12
Thorsson, O., Bjuvang, A. & Granerus, G. (2009). Advantages of standardized criteria for the interpretation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition renography. NUCLEAR MEDICINE COMMUNICATIONS, 30(6), 449-454
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advantages of standardized criteria for the interpretation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition renography
2009 (English)In: NUCLEAR MEDICINE COMMUNICATIONS, ISSN 0143-3636, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 449-454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of captopril renography to detect renovascular hypertension (RVH) using the standardized test criteria established at the consensus conference in Santa Fe 1995. The evaluation was made prospectively and in a clinical situation.less thanpgreater thanMethods Renal scintigraphy was performed with Tc-99m-MAG3 according to a 2-day protocol in patients receiving 25 mg captopril 1 h before the test. A baseline study was added only in patients showing abnormal findings in the captopril-stimulated study. All tests were re-evaluated according to the consensus criteria by two nuclear medicine specialists who were unaware of the original evaluation that was made by different doctors on duty at the nuclear medicine section at the time.less than/pgreater than less thanpgreater thanResults Using a 12-month clinical follow-up as a reference, 16 patients in a group of 164 hypertensive patients had RVH, that is, a prevalence of 10%. The re-evaluation and original evaluation indicated a sensitivity of 94 versus 100%, specificity of 97 versus 88%, accuracy of 97 versus 89%, positive predictive value of 83 versus 47%, and negative predictive value of 99 versus 100%. In 15 studies, results from the two evaluations were discordant and in 14 of these studies an originally false positive or intermediate study was re-evaluated as negative. The test result was highly decisive in the future management of patients, minimizing the number of renal angiograms that had to be performed and initiating a search for other causes of secondary hypertension.

Conclusion Captopril renography is a useful and reliable test in patients with suspicion of RVH. Strict adherence to the diagnostic criteria and recommendations from the 1995 consensus conference further improved the performance of the test compared with clinical follow-up.

Keywords
atherosclerotic renovascular disease, blood pressure response to acute angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, captopril renography, outcome, renal artery stenosis, renovascular hypertension
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18902 (URN)10.1097/MNM.0b013e328329fdd7 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-06-05 Created: 2009-06-05 Last updated: 2009-08-21
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