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Dahle, Charlotte
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Publications (10 of 44) Show all publications
Håkansson, I., Ernerudh, J., Vrethem, M., Dahle, C. & Ekdahl, K. N. (2020). Complement activation in cerebrospinal fluid in clinically isolated syndrome and early stages of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 340, Article ID 577147.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complement activation in cerebrospinal fluid in clinically isolated syndrome and early stages of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Neuroimmunology, ISSN 0165-5728, E-ISSN 1872-8421, Vol. 340, article id 577147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To assess if markers of complement activation are associated with disease activity, C1q, C3, C3a and sC5b-9 levels in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were determined in 41 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) or remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), in a prospective longitudinal four-year cohort study. C1q in CSF (CSF-C1q) was significantly higher in patients than in controls. Baseline CSF-C1q and CSF-C3a correlated with several neuroinflammatory markers and neurofilament light chain levels. Baseline CSF-C3a correlated with the number of T2 lesions at baseline and new T2 lesions during follow-up. Baseline CSF-C3a was also significantly higher in patients with (n = 21) than in patients without (n = 20) signs of disease activity according to the NEDA-3 concept during one year of follow-up (p ≀ .01) Study results support that complement activation is involved in MS pathophysiology and that CSF-C3a carries prognostic information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Complement system, C1q, C3a, Multiple sclerosis, Clinically isolated syndrome, Disease activity
National Category
Neurology Rheumatology and Autoimmunity Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163143 (URN)10.1016/j.jneuroim.2020.577147 (DOI)000514757300005 ()
Note

Funding agencies:  Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); NEURO Sweden; Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council [K2013-61X-22310-01-4, 2016-2075-5.1]; ALF grants, Region Ostergotland; Linnaeus University

Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Frodlund, M., Wetterö, J., Dahle, C., Dahlström, Ö., Skogh, T., Ronnelid, J. & Sjöwall, C. (2020). Longitudinal anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) seroconversion in systemic lupus erythematosus: a prospective study of Swedish cases with recent-onset disease. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 199(3), 245-254
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Longitudinal anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) seroconversion in systemic lupus erythematosus: a prospective study of Swedish cases with recent-onset disease
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2020 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 199, no 3, p. 245-254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy remains a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Whether or not IF-ANA status varies over time is controversial. We therefore designed a prospective study with longitudinal follow-up of patients with recent-onset SLE. The study population consisted of 54 recently diagnosed SLE cases, all meeting the 1982 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and/or the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) criteria. Clinical follow-up data, including disease activity, organ damage and sera, were collected from clinical onset of SLE and onwards, in most cases yearly (0-96 months). IF-ANA was analysed on human epithelial cells-2 (HEp-2) cells and categorized regarding staining patterns. Using an addressable laser bead assay (FIDIS (TM) Connective profile), we measured IgG-ANA fine specificities against Ro52/SSA, Ro60/SSA, Sjogrens syndrome type B antigen (La/SSB), Smith antigen (Sm), Smith antigen/ribonucleoprotein (Sm/RNP), U1 RNP (U1RNP), dsDNA, ribosomal-P protein and histone. At baseline, all patients were judged ANA-positive at an abnormal titre corresponding to the 95th percentile of healthy blood donors, but seven of 54 patients (13%) lost ANA-positivity over time. Homogeneous (AC-1; 46%) and speckled (AC-4 or 5; 31%) were the most frequently observed patterns at inclusion, whereas 7% switched pattern at least once during follow-up. Established associations between ANA fine specificities and clinical data were confirmed. Levels of anti-Sm/RNP, but not of anti-dsDNA, correlated with clinical disease activity [modified SLE disease activity 2000 (mSLEDAI-2K)]. Our data indicate that a considerable proportion of Swedish patients with SLE lose ANA-positivity over time, whereas consistent staining patterns were frequent. The clinical and mechanistic relevance of ANA seroconversion remains uncertain. Further prospective evaluations in larger SLE populations with more diverse ethnicities are warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2020
Keywords
autoantibodies; autoimmunity; complement; human; systemic lupus erythematosus
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164196 (URN)10.1111/cei.13402 (DOI)000513952100007 ()31778219 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85076720021 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|the Swedish Society of Medicine; Swedish Society of Medicine; the County Council of Ostergotland; Swedish Rheumatism Association; the Swedish Rheumatism Association; the King Gustaf V and Queen Victorias Freemasons foundation; the King Gustaf Vs 80-year Anniversary foundation

Available from: 2020-03-11 Created: 2020-03-11 Last updated: 2020-04-09Bibliographically approved
Enocsson, H., Wirestam, L., Dahle, C., Padyukov, L., Jonsen, A., Urowitz, M. B., . . . Sjöwall, C. (2020). Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels predict damage accrual in patients with recent-onset systemic lupus erythematosus. Journal of Autoimmunity, 106, Article ID 102340.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels predict damage accrual in patients with recent-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Autoimmunity, ISSN 0896-8411, E-ISSN 1095-9157, Vol. 106, article id 102340Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has potential as a prognosis and severity biomarker in several inflammatory and infectious diseases. In a previous cross-sectional study, suPAR levels were shown to reflect damage accrual in cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we evaluated suPAR as a predictor of future organ damage in recent-onset SLE.

Methods

Included were 344 patients from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort who met the 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria with 5-years of follow-up data available. Baseline sera from patients and age- and sex-matched controls were assayed for suPAR. Organ damage was assessed annually using the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI).

Results

The levels of suPAR were higher in patients who accrued damage, particularly those with SDI≥2 at 5 years (N = 32, 46.8% increase, p = 0.004), as compared to patients without damage. Logistic regression analysis revealed a significant impact of suPAR on SDI outcome (SDI≥2; OR = 1.14; 95% CI 1.03–1.26), also after adjustment for confounding factors. In an optimized logistic regression to predict damage, suPAR persisted as a predictor, together with baseline disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), age, and non-Caucasian ethnicity (model AUC = 0.77). Dissecting SDI into organ systems revealed higher suPAR levels in patients who developed musculoskeletal damage (SDI≥1; p = 0.007).

Conclusion

Prognostic biomarkers identify patients who are at risk of acquiring early damage and therefore need careful observation and targeted treatment strategies. Overall, suPAR constitutes an interesting biomarker for patient stratification and for identifying SLE patients who are at risk of acquiring organ damage during the first 5 years of disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Biomarker; SLE; Organ damage; Prognosis; Outcome
National Category
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163458 (URN)10.1016/j.jaut.2019.102340 (DOI)000508747000012 ()31629628 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85073722485 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Rheumatism Association; Region Ostergotland (ALF Grants); King Gustaf Vs 80-year Anniversary Foundation; King Gustaf V and Queen Victorias Freemasons Foundation; Versus ArthritisVersus Arthritis; NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research CentreNational Institute for Health Research (NIHR); NIHR/Welcome Trust Manchester Clinical Research Facility; Lupus UK; Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust; National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)/Wellcome Trust Birmingham Clinical Research Facility; NIHUnited States Department of Health & Human ServicesNational Institutes of Health (NIH) - USA [8UL1TR000150]; National Research Foundation of KoreaNational Research Foundation of Korea [NRF-2017M3A9B4050335]

Available from: 2020-02-17 Created: 2020-02-17 Last updated: 2020-03-05Bibliographically approved
Theodorsson, E., Löwbeer, C., Ridefelt, P., Carlson, M., Dahle, C. & Simonsson, P. (2018). Digestionsorganens sjukdomar (10ed.). In: Laurells klinisk kemi i praktisk medicin: (pp. 465-516). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digestionsorganens sjukdomar
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2018 (Swedish)In: Laurells klinisk kemi i praktisk medicin, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 10, p. 465-516Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018 Edition: 10
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154593 (URN)9789144119748 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-02-21
Oji, S., Nicolussi, E.-M., Kaufmann, N., Zeka, B., Schanda, K., Fujihara, K., . . . Bradl, M. (2016). Experimental Neuromyelitis Optica Induces a Type I Interferon Signature in the Spinal Cord. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0151244
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental Neuromyelitis Optica Induces a Type I Interferon Signature in the Spinal Cord
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 3, p. e0151244-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an acute inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which predominantly affects spinal cord and optic nerves. Most patients harbor pathogenic autoantibodies, the so-called NMO-IgGs, which are directed against the water channel aquaporin 4 (AQP4) on astrocytes. When these antibodies gain access to the CNS, they mediate astrocyte destruction by complement-dependent and by antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In contrast to multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who benefit from therapies involving type I interferons (I-IFN), NMO patients typically do not profit from such treatments. How is I-IFN involved in NMO pathogenesis? To address this question, we made gene expression profiles of spinal cords from Lewis rat models of experimental neuromyelitis optica (ENMO) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). We found an upregulation of I-IFN signature genes in EAE spinal cords, and a further upregulation of these genes in ENMO. To learn whether the local I-IFN signature is harmful or beneficial, we induced ENMO by transfer of CNS antigen-specific T cells and NMO-IgG, and treated the animals with I-IFN at the very onset of clinical symptoms, when the blood-brain barrier was open. With this treatment regimen, we could amplify possible effects of the I-IFN induced genes on the transmigration of infiltrating cells through the blood brain barrier, and on lesion formation and expansion, but could avoid effects of I-IFN on the differentiation of pathogenic T and B cells in the lymph nodes. We observed that I-IFN treated ENMO rats had spinal cord lesions with fewer T cells, macrophages/activated microglia and activated neutrophils, and less astrocyte damage than their vehicle treated counterparts, suggesting beneficial effects of I-IFN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2016
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127436 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0151244 (DOI)000372582800051 ()26990978 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Austrian Science Fund [P25240-B24]; Austrian Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BIGWIG-MS); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; Alumni Association of Saitama Medical University

Available from: 2016-05-01 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Wågström, P., Bengnér, M., Dahle, C., Nilsdotter-Augustinsson, Å., Neumark, T., Brudin, L. & Björkander, J. (2015). Does the frequency of respiratory tract infections help to identify humoral immunodeficiencies in a primary health-care cohort?. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 47(1), 13-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the frequency of respiratory tract infections help to identify humoral immunodeficiencies in a primary health-care cohort?
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2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0036-5548, E-ISSN 1651-1980, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 13-19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Primary immune deficiency (PID) due to humoral defects is associated with recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Reliable clinical warning signs of PID would facilitate early diagnosis and thereby reduce long-term complications. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the warning sign, 'four or more antibiotic-treated RTIs annually for 3 or more consecutive years,' for detecting PID among adults in a primary health-care setting. Methods: Fifty-three cases with 'four or more antibiotic-treated RTIs annually for 3 or more consecutive years' were selected from a Swedish primary health-care registry of RTIs. In addition, 66 age- and sex-matched controls were selected having a maximum of one antibiotic-treated RTI during the period covered by the study. Levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) IgG, IgA, IgM, IgG subclasses, and IgG antibodies against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae as well as the inflammatory markers, C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were determined. Results: IgG subclass deficiencies (IgGsd) were found in 5/53 (9.4%) of the cases and in 7/66 (10.6%) controls. The most frequent deficiency was IgG3sd and this was found in three participants in the case group and seven in the control group. The mean level of IgG3 was lower in the control group (p = 0.02). The mean level of IL-8 was lower in the case group (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The results show that physicians working in primary health care cannot solely rely on the frequency of antibiotic-treated RTIs as a warning sign for the detection of common humoral immune deficiencies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2015
Keywords
Clinical warning sign; immunoglobulin deficiency; primary health care; respiratory tract infections
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112726 (URN)10.3109/00365548.2014.956330 (DOI)000350052400003 ()25378084 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-12-10 Created: 2014-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Enocsson, H., Sjöwall, C., Wirestam, L., Dahle, C., Kastbom, A., Ronnelid, J., . . . Skogh, T. (2015). Four Anti-dsDNA Antibody Assays in Relation to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Specificity and Activity. Journal of Rheumatology, 42(5), 817-825
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Four Anti-dsDNA Antibody Assays in Relation to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Specificity and Activity
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 817-825Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. Analysis of antibodies against dsDNA is an important diagnostic tool for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and changes in anti-dsDNA antibody levels are also used to assess disease activity. Herein, 4 assays were compared with regard to SLE specificity, sensitivity, and association with disease activity variables. Methods. Cross-sectional sera from 178 patients with SLE, of which 11 were followed consecutively, from a regional Swedish SLE register were analyzed for immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-dsDNA by bead-based multiplex assay (FIDIS; Theradig), fluoroenzyme-immunoassay (EliA; Phadia/Thermo Fisher Scientific), Crithidia luciliae immunofluorescence test (CLIFT; ImmunoConcepts), and line blot (EUROLINE; Euroimmun). All patients with SLE fulfilled the 1982 American College of Rheumatology and/or the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC-12) classification criteria. Healthy individuals (n = 100), patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = 95), and patients with primary Sjogren syndrome (n = 54) served as controls. Results. CLIFT had the highest SLE specificity (98%) whereas EliA had the highest sensitivity (35%). When cutoff levels for FIDIS, EliA, and EUROLINE were adjusted according to SLICC-12 (i.e., double the reference limit when using ELISA), the specificity and sensitivity of FIDIS was comparable to CLIFT. FIDIS and CLIFT also showed the highest concordance (84%). FIDIS performed best regarding association with disease activity in cross-sectional and consecutive samples. Fishers exact test revealed striking differences between methods regarding associations with certain disease phenotypes. Conclusion. CLIFT remains a good choice for diagnostic purposes, but FIDIS performs equally well when the cutoff is adjusted according to SLICC-12. Based on results from cross-sectional and consecutive analyses, FIDIS can also be recommended to monitor disease activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Journal of Rheumatology, 2015
Keywords
SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS; DOUBLE-STRANDED DNA; IMMUNOASSAY; AUTOANTIBODIES; INFLAMMATION; RHEUMATIC DISEASE
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118866 (URN)10.3899/jrheum.140677 (DOI)000353779400013 ()25684763 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [K2012-69X-14594-10-3, K2011-68X-20611-04-3]; Swedish Society for Medicine [SLS-331171]; Swedish Society Against Rheumatism [R-313701, R-307291]; Swedish Society for Medical Research; King Gustaf V 80-year Foundation [FAI2013-0066]; Professor Nanna Svartz foundation

Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2018-11-07
Kang Lim, C., Dahle, C., Elvin, K., Andersson, B. A., Ronnelid, J., Melen, E., . . . Hammarstrom, L. (2015). Reversal of Immunoglobulin A Deficiency in Children. Journal of Clinical Immunology, 35(1), 87-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reversal of Immunoglobulin A Deficiency in Children
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0271-9142, E-ISSN 1573-2592, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 87-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in the general population. It is defined as a serum IgA level below or equal to 0.07 g/l with normal IgM and IgG levels in children over the age of 4. However, a few cases of reversal of IgAD at later ages have been observed previously, especially in pediatric patients. This study aimed at investigating the frequency of reversal in a large cohort of children and young adults in order to evaluate the present definition of IgAD. Clinical laboratory records from 654 pediatric IgA deficient patients, 4-13 years of age, were retrieved from five university hospitals in Sweden. Follow up in the children where IgA serum levels had been routinely measured was subsequently performed. In addition, follow up of the IgA-levels was also performed at 4, 8 and 16 years of age in children who were IgA deficient at the age of 4 years in a Swedish population-based birth cohort study in Stockholm (BAMSE). Nine out of 39 (23.1 %) children who were identified as IgAD at 4 years of age subsequently increased their serum IgA level above 0.07 g/L. The average age of reversal was 9.53 +/- 2.91 years. In addition, 30 out of the 131 (22.9 %) children with serum IgAD when sampled between 5 and 9.99 years of age reversed their serum IgA level with time. The BAMSE follow up study showed a reversal of IgAD noted at 4 years of age in 8 out of 14 IgAD children at 16 years of age (5 at 8 years of age) where 4 were normalized their serum IgA levels while 4 still showed low serum levels of IgA, yet above the level defining IgAD. The results indicate that using 4 years of age, as a cut off for a diagnosis of IgAD may not be appropriate. Our findings suggest that a diagnosis of IgAD should not be made before the early teens using 0.07 g/L of IgA in serum as a cut off.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany), 2015
Keywords
IgA deficiency; reversal; diagnostic definition
National Category
Immunology in the medical area Pediatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115004 (URN)10.1007/s10875-014-0112-6 (DOI)000348805600013 ()25370723 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Wickström, A., Dahle, C., Vrethem, M. & Svenningsson, A. (2014). Reduced sick leave in multiple sclerosis after one year of natalizumab treatment. A prospective ad hoc analysis of the TYNERGY trial. Multiple Sclerosis, 20(8), 1095-1101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reduced sick leave in multiple sclerosis after one year of natalizumab treatment. A prospective ad hoc analysis of the TYNERGY trial
2014 (English)In: Multiple Sclerosis, ISSN 1352-4585, E-ISSN 1477-0970, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1095-1101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

In a retrospective study, we have previously shown that work ability was improved after the initiation of natalizumab treatment in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In another prospective trial (TYNERGY) the effect on MS-related fatigue was evaluated after 12 months of treatment with natalizumab. A comprehensive Capacity for Work Questionnaire (CWQ) was used to collect data regarding number of working hours and sickness absence. The predefined intention-to-treat analysis regarding work ability did not, however, show significant results.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this paper is to assess the amount of sick leave in RRMS before and after one year of natalizumab treatment and correlate it to fatigue and walking ability.

METHODS:

This is a post-hoc analysis of the complete data from the CWQ used in the TYNERGY trial.

RESULTS:

MS patients receiving sickness benefit before start of treatment reduced their sickness benefit by an absolute change of 33% after one year of natalizumab treatment. Younger age and improvement of walking ability correlated significantly with reduction of sick leave.

CONCLUSIONS:

This ad-hoc analysis of prospectively collected data supported our previous retrospective study and thus indicates a positive relationship between natalizumab treatment and improvement in work ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
Keywords
Multiple sclerosis; work ability; fatigue; motor fatigue; walking distance; biological drugs; natalizumab
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109239 (URN)10.1177/1352458513517590 (DOI)000338819400012 ()24378984 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Edström, M., Dahle, C., Vrethem, M., Gustafsson, M., Benson, M., Jenmalm, M. & Ernerudh, J. (2014). Regulatory T cells in Multiple Sclerosis – Indications of impaired function of suppressive capacity and a role for chemokines.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regulatory T cells in Multiple Sclerosis – Indications of impaired function of suppressive capacity and a role for chemokines
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2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND Regulatory T cells (Treg) are critical for immune regulation and homeostasis. In multiple sclerosis (MS), the function of these cells has been shown to be impaired, although the underlying mechanism has yet to be shown. In the current study, we aimed to characterize and assess the phenotypical, functional and transcriptional characteristics of memory and naïve Treg in MS patients and controls.

MATERIAL AND METHODS 27 patients with relapsing-remitting disease were included, along with 29 healthy controls. Flow cytometry was used for detailed phenotyping of Treg subpopulations CD4+CD45RA+/- and CD4dimCD25++ and their expression of FOXP3, CD39 and HELIOS. CFSE (proliferation marker) and CD69 (activation marker) were used to investigate the functional capacity of Treg. A microarray was employed for genome-wide transcriptional characterization of isolated Treg.

RESULTS CD4+CD45RA–CD25++ activated Treg displayed a higher expression of FOXP3 and CD39 than resting CD4+CD45RA+CD25+ Treg, while no significant phenotypical differences were observed in Treg subpopulations between patients and controls. However, a lower anti-proliferative capacity was observed in activated Treg of MS patients compared with those of controls (p<0.05), while suppression of activation was similar to controls. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of microarray data revealed enrichment for the GO gene set ‘chemokine receptor binding’ in MS Treg.

CONCLUSION Although numerical phenotypical assessment of resting and activated Tregs did not reveal any significant difference between patients and controls, functional co-culturing experiments showed an impaired function in activated Treg of MS patients. Furthermore, GSEA revealed immune-related gene sets overexpressed in Treg of MS patients, possibly containing clues to the functional impairment. In particular over-activity in chemokine signalling in Treg would be of interest for further investigation.

Keywords
EBI3, FOXP3, multiple sclerosis, RORC, T cells, transcription factors
National Category
Clinical Medicine Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108908 (URN)
Available from: 2014-07-11 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
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