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Berglund, Martina
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Onufrey, K., Berglund, M., Bienkowska, D., Magnusson, T. & Norrman, C. (2019). Digital tools for self-study and examination. In: : . Paper presented at The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital tools for self-study and examination
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Digitalization and increased use of information and communication technology (ICT) are major change processes taking place in engineering education today. Self-study and examination are areas with high potential for beneficial use of digital ICT tools. Some advantages with such tools are that students' can continuously assess their own learning in relation to the course objectives while they also can provide an opportunity to meet the teachers' needs to control how the students absorb the course material. Moreover, automatic provision of quick or instant feedback through digital tools can stimulate students’ commitment and active learning and allow students greater flexibility in their learning process, with tests that can be conducted online regardless of time and space and can be repeated as needed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how different types of ICT-based self-study and examination practices can be implemented in courses on topics such as project management, product development, and entrepreneurship, and build a knowledge base necessary for future systematic implementation of digital examinations. Our study is based on an educational development project at Linköping University, where we tested and evaluated different models and approaches for digital knowledge testing in a number of selected courses.We discuss both positive and potentially problematic aspects of the use of digital tools and conclude that successful implementation is dependent on well-planned integration of such tools into the overall course where different types of activities enhance each other. Thus, this study connects the areas of digital self- study and examination and provides examples of first steps on the way towards implementation of ICT-based examination practices.

Keywords
Digital tools, ICT-based self-study, self-assessment, CDIO Standards: 8, 11
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160681 (URN)
Conference
The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Elg, M., Berglund, M., Ellström, P.-E., Kock, H., Tillmar, M. & Wallo, A. (2018). Sustainable Working Life development through interactive research. In: : . Paper presented at The 5th Participatory Innovation Conference, Eskilstuna, Sweden, 11-13th January, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Working Life development through interactive research
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Interactive research has emerged as a new approach to collaborative research in working life research, and it is characterized by a continuous joint learning process between the researchers and the practitioners. In this paper we argue that interactive research is a way to advance scientific knowledge about the development of new types of work arrangements and development of sustainable working life. We present the basic ideas and benefits of the interactive research approach, illustrated through a practical case, the HELIX Competence Centre and discuss potential limitation and challenges associated with this form of collaborative research.

Keywords
Interactive research, HELIX
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144296 (URN)
Conference
The 5th Participatory Innovation Conference, Eskilstuna, Sweden, 11-13th January, 2018
Available from: 2018-01-14 Created: 2018-01-14 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved
Berglund, M., Andersson, T., Hedbrant, J., Pavlasevic, V. & Stålhand, J. (2015). Understanding the user beyond ‘common sense’ – teaching Product Ergonomics to design engineering students. In: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA: . Paper presented at 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, Melbourne 9-14 August 2015. International Ergonomics Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the user beyond ‘common sense’ – teaching Product Ergonomics to design engineering students
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2015 (English)In: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, International Ergonomics Association , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Multidisciplinary frameworks are needed to develop products that fit the human. Ergonomics is a multifaceted field that encompasses physical, cognitive and organizational aspects, and it is therefore a suitable subject to be taught to design engineering students.

The objective of this paper was to describe and reflect upon how a systems perspective on Ergonomics is developed and conveyed in a course in Product Ergonomics to engineering students at the Design and Product Development (DPD) programme at Linköping University, Sweden. The paper is based on the authors’ experiences from teaching the course in Product Ergonomicsas well ason 52 students’ written reflections about their view on Ergonomics before and after taking the course.

Means and ideas for teaching Ergonomics with a systems perspective included organizing a theoretical introduction into weekly themes and thereafter integrating and applying these themes in a product concept project under supervision of a multidisciplinary teacher team.

The paper also reflects on how the systems perspective of Ergonomics is planned for and realized in the intended, implemented and attained curriculum.

Abstract [en]

Practitioner Summary: Ergonomics is a multidisciplinary field which is suitable for product development but also may be difficult to grasp. This paper describes and reflects upon how Ergonomics was taught to facilitate the development of a systems view on Ergonomics for engineering students at Linköping University, Sweden.

Means for achieving this were to: organize the course in weekly themes in which different knowledge areas within Ergonomics were elaborated, integrate these knowledge areas in a product concept project, and have a multidisciplinary teacher team.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Ergonomics Association, 2015
Keywords
systems perspective, university education, product design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123858 (URN)
Conference
19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, Melbourne 9-14 August 2015
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved
Wangwacharakul, P., Berglund, M., Harlin, U. & Gullander, P. (2014). Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development: Experiences from a Swedish Perspective. Quality Innovation Prosperity, 18(1), 125-140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development: Experiences from a Swedish Perspective
2014 (English)In: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984X, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 125-140Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Lean principles and methods, originating in a Japanese cultural context, have spread to a large number of companies throughout the world. The aim of this case study research is to identify and compare national cultural aspects that influence Lean Production and Lean Product Development implementation in Swedish companies. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and an industrial workshop with Swedish Lean practitioners. The study shows that some sub-areas in Lean, such as value definition, control systems, leadership, team development, knowledge management, and strategies, are highly dependent on contextual factors related to human, cultural and organizational aspects. These are related to the national culture and should be considered to a higher extent for successful sustainable implementation of Lean in different cultural contexts. As for implementing Lean in Sweden, national cultural characteristics, such as individualism, autonomy and supportive management style fit well with Lean thinking.

Keywords
National cultural characteristics; organizational development; case study
National Category
Economics and Business Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122733 (URN)10.12776/qip.v18i1.321 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Wangwacharakul, P., Berglund, M. & Harlin, U. (2014). Quality management – a means to bridge cultural differences?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality management – a means to bridge cultural differences?
2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to explore how quality management (QM) principles can be used to mitigate cross-cultural challenges in new product introduction across national borders.

Design/Methodology/Approach – Data for this longitudinal case study were collected through semi-structured interviews in the planning phase, during and after a product introduction involving one Swedish and one Chinese company. In total, 35 interviews were conducted with employees and managers from several organizational functions in Sweden and China.

Findings – Several challenges in the collaboration project were revealed that affected the product realization process. The study showed that QM dimensions may be used to handle the cross-cultural challenges. Strategy and leadership are essential in terms of top management support to set a high priority for the cross-cultural collaboration projects. The study demonstrated that lack of understanding of cultural differences negatively affected the product realization process and product quality, and that these outcomes could be mitigated by a QM approach. The means that may be used include continuous improvements, the development of measurement systems and the use of checklists. Employee development and involvement, finally, is an important QM dimension for cross-cultural management in order to set the same understanding and standards throughout the whole project.

Practical implications – The results demonstrate the strong need to take a systematic approach to work on quality issues in cross-cultural collaboration contexts. Furthermore the study shows that specific attention needs to be paid to understanding cultural differences, as these may have significant impact on quality outcome. Knowledge about cultural characteristics should be integrated in the QM model and tools to mitigate cross-cultural challenges.

Originality/Value of paper – This paper proposes the possibility of using quality management as a means to mitigate cultural challenges in cross-cultural product introduction.

Keywords
Cross-cultural, new product introduction, Sweden-China, QM
National Category
Economics and Business Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122734 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Berglund, M., Pavlasevic, V., Andersson, T., Hedbrant, J. & Stålhand, J. (2014). Theme-based assessment of education in design and product development. In: Proceedings of the 10th International CDIO Conference: . Paper presented at 10th International CDIO Conference, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain, June 16-19, 2014. Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theme-based assessment of education in design and product development
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2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International CDIO Conference, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One fundamental challenge in choosing an examination form to assess student achievements is to find an examination which, both encourages students to continuously elaborate the course content and constitutes a learning process itself. The objective of this paper is to share and reflect on the development and implementation of a new theme-based examination in a six credit course in Product Ergonomics given in the engineering programme Design and Product Development at Linköping University, Sweden. The course runs during four months and has two parts: one theoretical and one applied. The former focuses on theoretical ergonomic topics, models and methods while the latter is a project aiming at consolidating the students’ understanding of the theory by implementing the knowledge in a product development case. To encourage the students to adapt a deep learning approach, the traditional written mid-term exam for the theoretical part was abandoned and another concept developed. In the new concept, the theoretical part was split onto six weekly themes. Each theme was introduced at the beginning of the week by high-lighting main theories and models followed by a group-work assignment to be elaborated on by the students during the week. The theme was examined at the end of the week through a short written exam and a seminar to discuss and reflect upon the theme. From a student perspective, the positive outcome of the theme-based examination was peer learning and a more active learning style. The students appreciated the theme-based structure of the course. Occasionally, some students commented that weekly examinations could be perceived as stressful. The teachers perceived the students to be more acquainted with ergonomics theory and methods which increased the quality of the course project. The reported theme-based assessment is one example of implementing among others the CDIO syllabus parts 2.2 and 3.1and CDIO standards 8 and 11.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 2014
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123857 (URN)
Conference
10th International CDIO Conference, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain, June 16-19, 2014
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved
Berglund, M., Harlin, U., Gustavsson, M. & Safsten, K. (2012). New ways of organizing product introductions. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 41, 4856-4861
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New ways of organizing product introductions
2012 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, p. 4856-4861Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to describe and reflect on an interactive research approach used to address the challenges on how to improve product introductions, the part of the product realization process associated with the transfer of a product from product development to serial production. In the interactive research approach, research results as well as improvement of practice are given equal importance. The collaboration between researchers and practitioners therefore addresses both the focus and the process of the change. The approach includes four main iterative steps: 1) mapping/diagnosis, 2) feedback of results, 3) participation in development activities, and 4) follow-up/evaluation. The paper reports findings from interactive research in one company within office product industry and one company group, consisting of three company units within the engine industry. Preliminary findings indicate that the participating companies afterwards work in a more structured way with product introductions and that the employees have gained deeper knowledge about product introductions as well as experienced the advantages of working across functional boundaries. Furthermore, the interactive research approach is suitable to run projects from an ergonomics perspective as it focuses on developing both practice and theory, it is human-centered, and it emphasizes broad participation from practitioners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2012
Keywords
Interactive research, learning, research and practice, product and production integration, industry
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81842 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-0777-4856 (DOI)000306361805001 ()
Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-24 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Berglund, M., Harlin, U., Gustavsson, M. & Säfsten, K. (2011). Development activities in product introductions – a cross functional approach. Paper presented at 10th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management, 4-6 April 2011, Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development activities in product introductions – a cross functional approach
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77762 (URN)
Conference
10th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management, 4-6 April 2011, Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Available from: 2012-05-28 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2012-06-05
Karltun, J. & Berglund, M. (2010). Contextual conditions influencing the schedulers work at a sawmill. Production planning & control (Print), 21(4), 359-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contextual conditions influencing the schedulers work at a sawmill
2010 (English)In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 359-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This case study addresses the issue of how contextual conditions influence scheduling work in practice at a sawmill in Sweden. Based on observations and interviews, activity analysis was used to study the work activities of the main scheduler. It is shown how the contextual conditions related to constraints, either in the technical system and the technical scheduling tools used by the scheduler or in the social system, delimit the possible ways for the scheduler to perform his work. It is furthermore illustrated how the scheduler sometimes used the contextual conditions as a means to control the sawmill production. Moreover, the presence of the numerous uncertainties in the production process is shown. Finally, the study demonstrates that the schedulers thorough knowledge, experience, and skills of both the technical and the social systems had immense influence in his ability to perform during daily scheduling work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2010
Keywords
planning and scheduling, activity analysis, socio-technical systems, uncertainty, woodworking industry
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56680 (URN)10.1080/09537280903453885 (DOI)000277651300003 ()
Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Berglund, M., Guinery, J. & Karltun, J. (2010). The Unsung Contribution of Production Planners and Schedulers at Production and Sales Interfaces. In: Jan C. Fransoo, Toni Wäfler and John Wilson (Ed.), Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling (pp. 47-81). Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Unsung Contribution of Production Planners and Schedulers at Production and Sales Interfaces
2010 (English)In: Behavioral Operations in Planning and Scheduling / [ed] Jan C. Fransoo, Toni Wäfler and John Wilson, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2010, p. 47-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Human and organizational factors have a substantial impact on the performance of planning and scheduling processes. Despite widespread and advanced decision support systems, human decision makers are still crucial to improve the operational performance in manufacturing industries. In this text, the state of the art in this area is discussed by experts from a wide variety of engineering and social science disciplines. Moreover, recent results from collaborative studies and a number of field cases are presented. The text is targeted at researchers and graduate students, but is also particularly useful for managers, consultants, and system developers to better understand how human performance can be advanced.Show more Show less

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2010
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74393 (URN)978-3-642-13381-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-01-25 Created: 2012-01-25 Last updated: 2013-04-08Bibliographically approved
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