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Vener, Alexander
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Yin, L., Vener Dödsbo, A. & Spetea, C. (2015). The membrane proteome of stroma thylakoids from Arabidopsis thaliana studied by successive in-solution and in-gel digestion. Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, 154(3), 433-446
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The membrane proteome of stroma thylakoids from Arabidopsis thaliana studied by successive in-solution and in-gel digestion
2015 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 154, no 3, p. 433-446Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

From individual localization and large-scale proteomic studies, we know that stroma-exposed thylakoid membranes harbor part of the machinery performing the light-dependent photosynthetic reactions. The minor components of the stroma thylakoid proteome, regulating and maintaining the photosynthetic machinery, are in the process of being unraveled. In this study, we developed in-solution and in-gel proteolytic digestion methods, and used them to identify minor membrane proteins, e.g. transporters, in stroma thylakoids prepared from Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh Columbia-0 leaves. In-solution digestion with chymotrypsin yielded the largest number of peptides, but in combination with methanol extraction resulted in identification of the largest number of membrane proteins. Although less efficient in extracting peptides, in-gel digestion with trypsin and chymotrypsin led to identification of additional proteins. We identified a total of 58 proteins including 44 membrane proteins. Almost half are known thylakoid proteins with roles in photosynthetic light reactions, proteolysis and import. The other half, including many transporters, are not known as chloroplast proteins, because they have been either curated (manually assigned) to other cellular compartments or not curated at all at the plastid protein databases. Transporters include ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins, transporters for K+ and other cations. Other proteins either have a role in processes probably linked to photosynthesis, namely translation, metabolism, stress and signaling or are contaminants. Our results indicate that all these proteins are present in stroma thylakoids; however, individual studies are required to validate their location and putative roles. This study also provides strategies complementary to traditional methods for identification of membrane proteins from other cellular compartments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2015
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120162 (URN)10.1111/ppl.12308 (DOI)000356613100009 ()25402197 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council

Available from: 2015-07-13 Created: 2015-07-13 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Jufvas, Å., Sjödin, S., Lundqvist, K., Amin, R., Vener, A. V. & Strålfors, P. (2013). Global differences in specific histone H3 methylation are associated with overweight and type 2 diabetes.. Clinical Epigenetics, 5(1), Article ID 15.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global differences in specific histone H3 methylation are associated with overweight and type 2 diabetes.
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2013 (English)In: Clinical Epigenetics, E-ISSN 1868-7083, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence indicates yet unknown epigenetic mechanisms underlying a propensity for overweight and type 2 diabetes. We analyzed the extent of methylation at lysine 4 and lysine 9 of histone H3 in primary human adipocytes from 43 subjects using modification-specific antibodies.

RESULTS: The level of lysine 9 dimethylation was stable, while adipocytes from type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic overweight subjects exhibited about 40% lower levels of lysine 4 dimethylation compared with cells from normal-weight subjects. In contrast, trimethylation at lysine 4 was 40% higher in adipocytes from overweight diabetic subjects compared with normal-weight and overweight non-diabetic subjects. There was no association between level of modification and age of subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings define genome-wide molecular modifications of histones in adipocytes that are directly associated with overweight and diabetes, and thus suggest a molecular basis for existing epidemiological evidence of epigenetic inheritance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2013
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99450 (URN)10.1186/1868-7083-5-15 (DOI)000329455000001 ()24004477 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-10-18 Created: 2013-10-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Fristedt, R., Wasilewska, W., Romanowska, E. & Vener, A. (2012). Differential phosphorylation of thylakoid proteins in mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts from maize plants grown under low or high light. Proteomics, 12(18), 2852-2861
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differential phosphorylation of thylakoid proteins in mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts from maize plants grown under low or high light
2012 (English)In: Proteomics, ISSN 1615-9853, E-ISSN 1615-9861, Vol. 12, no 18, p. 2852-2861Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In C4 plants, such as maize, the photosynthetic apparatus is partitioned over two cell types called mesophyll (M) and bundle sheath (BS), which have different structure and specialization of the photosynthetic thylakoid membranes. We characterized protein phosphorylation in thylakoids of the two cell types from maize grown under either low or high light. Western blotting with phosphothreonine antibodies and ProQ phosphostaining detected light-dependent changes in the protein phosphorylation patterns. LC-MS/MS with alternating CID and electron transfer dissociation sequencing of peptide ions mapped 15 protein phosphorylation sites. Phosphorylated D2, CP29, CP26, Lhcb2 proteins, and ATPsynthase were found only in M membranes. A previously unknown phosphorylation site was mapped in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase from the BS cells. Phosphorylation stoichiometry was calculated from the ratios of normalized ion currents for phosphorylated to nonphosphorylated peptide pairs from the D1, D2, CP43, and PbsH proteins of photosystem II (PSII). Every PSII in M thylakoids contained on average 1.5 +/- 0.1 or 2.3 +/- 0.2 phosphoryl groups in plants grown under either low or high light, while in BS membranes the corresponding numbers were 0.25 +/- 0.1 or 0.7 +/- 0.2, respectively. It is suggested that the phosphorylation level, as well as turnover of PSII depend on the structure of thylakoids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlag Berlin, 2012
Keywords
Maize, Mass spectrometry, Phosphoproteomics, Phosphorylation stoichiometry, Plant proteomics, Thylakoid membranes
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84746 (URN)10.1002/pmic.201200196 (DOI)000308644300011 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council|2008-5490|Ministry of Science and High Education of Poland|NN 303 393636|

Available from: 2012-10-19 Created: 2012-10-19 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Samol, I., Shapiguzov, A., Ingelsson, B., Fucile, G., Crèvecoeur, M., Vener, A. V., . . . Goldschmidt-Clermont, M. (2012). Identification of a Photosystem II Phosphatase Involved in Light Acclimation in Arabidopsis. The Plant Cell, 24(6), 2596-2609
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identification of a Photosystem II Phosphatase Involved in Light Acclimation in Arabidopsis
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2012 (English)In: The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, E-ISSN 1532-298X, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 2596-2609Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reversible protein phosphorylation plays a major role in the rapid acclimation of the photosynthetic apparatus to changes in light. Two paralogous kinases phosphorylate subsets of thylakoid membrane proteins. STN7 phosphorylates LHCII, the light harvesting antenna of photosystem II (PSII), to balance the activity of the two photosystems through state transitions. STN8 which is mainly involved in phosphorylation of PSII influences folding of the thylakoid membranes and repair of PSII after photo-damage. The rapid reversibility of these acclimatory responses requires the action of protein phosphatases.

In a reverse genetic screen we have identified the chloroplast PP2C phosphatase, PBCP (PHOTOSYSTEM II CORE PHOSPHATASE), which is required for efficient dephosphorylation of PSII. Its targets identified by immunoblotting and mass spectrometry largely coincide with those of the kinase STN8. The recombinant phosphatase is active in vitro on a synthetic substrate or on isolated thylakoids. Thylakoid folding and degradation of D1 after photo-damage are affected in the absence of PBCP, while its over-expression alters the kinetics of state transitions. PBCP and STN8 form an antagonistic kinase and phosphatase pair whose substrate specificity and physiological function are distinct from those of STN7 and the counteracting phosphatase PPH1 (TAP38), but their activities may overlap to some degree.

National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76725 (URN)10.3410/f.717847818.793153384 (DOI)000306919300027 ()
Note

On the day of the defence date the title of the article was The role of PHOTOSYSTEM II CORE PHOSPHATASE in light acclimation of photosynthesis in Arabidopsis.

Funding agencies|SystemsX.ch (RTD Plant Growth in a Changing Environment)||Swiss National Foundation|3100AO-11771231003A_133089/1|FP7 Marie-Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) COSI|ITN 2008 GA 215-174|EMBO postdoctoral fellowship||Swedish Research Council|2008-5490|

Available from: 2012-04-18 Created: 2012-04-18 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Ingelsson, B. & Vener, A. (2012). Phosphoproteomics of Arabidopsis chloroplasts reveals involvement of the STN7 kinase in phosphorylation of nucleoid protein pTAC16. FEBS Letters, 586(9), 1265-1271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phosphoproteomics of Arabidopsis chloroplasts reveals involvement of the STN7 kinase in phosphorylation of nucleoid protein pTAC16
2012 (English)In: FEBS Letters, ISSN 0014-5793, E-ISSN 1873-3468, Vol. 586, no 9, p. 1265-1271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Light-regulated protein kinases STN7 and STN8 phosphorylate thylakoid membrane proteins and also affect expression of several chloroplast proteins via yet unknown mechanisms. Comparative phosphoproteomics of acetic acid protein extracts of chloroplasts from Arabidopsis thaliana wild type, stn7, stn8 and stn7stn8 mutants yielded two previously unknown findings: (i) neither STN7 nor STN8 kinase was required for phosphorylation of Ser-48 in Lhcb1.1–1.3 proteins; and (ii) phosphorylation of Thr-451 in pTAC16 protein was STN7-dependent. pTAC16 was found distributed between thylakoids and nucleoid. Its knockout did not affect the nucleoid protein composition and the Thr-451 phosphorylated protein was excluded from the nucleoid. Thr-451 of pTAC16 is conserved in all studied plants and its phosphorylation may regulate membrane-anchoring functions of the nucleoid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76726 (URN)10.1016/j.febslet.2012.03.061 (DOI)000303434200003 ()
Available from: 2012-04-18 Created: 2012-04-18 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Romanowska, E., Wasilewska, W., Fristedt, R., Vener, A. & Zienkiewicz, M. (2012). Phosphorylation of PSII proteins in maize thylakoids in the presence of Pb ions. Journal of plant physiology (Print), 169(4), 345-352
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phosphorylation of PSII proteins in maize thylakoids in the presence of Pb ions
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2012 (English)In: Journal of plant physiology (Print), ISSN 0176-1617, E-ISSN 1618-1328, Vol. 169, no 4, p. 345-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lead is potentially toxic to all organisms including plants. Many physiological studies suggest that plants have developed various mechanisms to contend with heavy metals, however the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We studied maize plants in which lead was introduced into detached leaves through the transpiration stream. The photochemical efficiency of PSII, measured as an Fv/Fm ratio, in the maize leaves treated with Pb was only 10% lower than in control leaves. The PSII activity was not affected by Pb ions in mesophyll thylakoids, whereas in bundle sheath it was reduced. Protein phosphorylation in mesophyll and bundle sheath thylakoids was analyzed using mass spectrometry and protein blotting before and after lead treatment. Both methods clearly demonstrated increase in phosphorylation of the PSII proteins upon treatment with Pb2+, however, the extent of D1, D2 and CP43 phosphorylation in the mesophyll chloroplasts was clearly higher than in bundle sheath cells. We found that in the presence of Pb ions there was no detectable dephosphorylation of the strongly phosphorylated D1 and PsbH proteins of PSII complex in darkness or under far red light. These results suggest that Pb2+ stimulates phosphorylation of PSII core proteins, which can affect stability of the PSII complexes and the rate of D1 protein degradation. Increased phosphorylation of the PSII core proteins induced by Pb ions may be a crucial protection mechanism stabilizing optimal composition of the PSII complexes under metal stress conditions. Our results show that acclimation to Pb ions was achieved in both types of maize chloroplasts in the same way. However, these processes are obviously more complex because of different metabolic status in mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
Keywords
Lead, Maize, Mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts, Thylakoid protein phosphorylation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76964 (URN)10.1016/j.jplph.2011.10.006 (DOI)000302207400003 ()
Note
Funding Agencies|Ministry of Science and High Education of Poland|NN 303 393636|Swedish Research Council||Available from: 2012-04-27 Created: 2012-04-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Yin, L., Fristedt, R., Herdean, A., Solymosi, K., Bertrand, M., Andersson, M., . . . Spetea, C. (2012). Photosystem II Function and Dynamics in Three Widely Used Arabidopsis thaliana Accessions. PLoS ONE, 7(9)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photosystem II Function and Dynamics in Three Widely Used Arabidopsis thaliana Accessions
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2012 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Columbia-0 (Col-0), Wassilewskija-4 (Ws-4), and Landsberg erecta-0 (Ler-0) are used as background lines for many public Arabidopsis mutant collections, and for investigation in laboratory conditions of plant processes, including photosynthesis and response to high-intensity light (HL). The photosystem II (PSII) complex is sensitive to HL and requires repair to sustain its function. PSII repair is a multistep process controlled by numerous factors, including protein phosphorylation and thylakoid membrane stacking. Here we have characterized the function and dynamics of PSII complex under growth-light and HL conditions. Ws-4 displayed 30% more thylakoid lipids per chlorophyll and 40% less chlorophyll per carotenoid than Col-0 and Ler-0. There were no large differences in thylakoid stacking, photoprotection and relative levels of photosynthetic complexes among the three accessions. An increased efficiency of PSII closure was found in Ws-4 following illumination with saturation flashes or continuous light. Phosphorylation of the PSII D1/D2 proteins was reduced by 50% in Ws-4 as compared to Col-0 and Ler-0. An increase in abundance of the responsible STN8 kinase in response to HL treatment was found in all three accessions, but Ws-4 displayed 50% lower levels than Col-0 and Ler-0. Despite this, the HL treatment caused in Ws-4 the lagest extent of PSII inactivation, disassembly, D1 protein degradation, and the largest decrease in the size of stacked thylakoids. The dilution of chlorophyll-protein complexes with additional lipids and carotenoids in Ws-4 may represent a mechanism to facilitate lateral protein traffic in the membrane, thus compensating for the lack of a full complement of STN8 kinase. Nevertheless, additional PSII damage occurs in Ws-4, which exceeds the D1 protein synthesis capacity, thus leading to enhanced photoinhibition. Our findings are valuable for selection of appropriate background line for PSII characterization in Arabidopsis mutants, and also provide the first insights into natural variation of PSII protein phosphorylation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2012
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85608 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0046206 (DOI)000309973900107 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agriculture and Space Planning (Formas)||French Ministere de lEducation Nationale de lEnseignement Superieur et de la Recherche||University of Le Mans||

Available from: 2012-11-26 Created: 2012-11-26 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Turkina, M., Klang, H. & Vener, A. (2011). Differential Phosphorylation of Ribosomal Proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants during Day and Night. PLoS ONE, 6(12)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differential Phosphorylation of Ribosomal Proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants during Day and Night
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Protein synthesis in plants is characterized by increase in the translation rates for numerous proteins and central metabolic enzymes during the day phase of the photoperiod. The detailed molecular mechanisms of this diurnal regulation are unknown, while eukaryotic protein translation is mainly controlled at the level of ribosomal initiation complexes, which also involves multiple events of protein phosphorylation. We characterized the extent of protein phosphorylation in cytosolic ribosomes isolated from leaves of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana harvested during day or night. Proteomic analyses of preparations corresponding to both phases of the photoperiod detected phosphorylation at eight serine residues in the C-termini of six ribosomal proteins: S2-3, S6-1, S6-2, P0-2, P1 and L29-1. This included previously unknown phosphorylation of the 40S ribosomal protein S6 at Ser-231. Relative quantification of the phosphorylated peptides using stable isotope labeling and mass spectrometry revealed a 2.2 times increase in the day/night phosphorylation ratio at this site. Phosphorylation of the S6-1 and S6-2 variants of the same protein at Ser-240 increased by the factors of 4.2 and 1.8, respectively. The 1.6 increase in phosphorylation during the day was also found at Ser-58 of the 60S ribosomal protein L29-1. It is suggested that differential phosphorylation of the ribosomal proteins S6-1, S6-2 and L29-1 may contribute to modulation of the diurnal protein synthesis in plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2011
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74652 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0029307 (DOI)000298664400046 ()
Note
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agriculture and Spatial Planning||Available from: 2012-02-03 Created: 2012-02-03 Last updated: 2017-12-08
Fristedt, R. & Vener, A. V. (2011). High light induced disassembly of photosystem II supercomplexes in Arabidopsis requires STN7-dependent phosphorylation of CP29. PLoS ONE, 6(9)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High light induced disassembly of photosystem II supercomplexes in Arabidopsis requires STN7-dependent phosphorylation of CP29
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Photosynthetic oxidation of water and production of oxygen by photosystem II (PSII) in thylakoid membranes of plant chloroplasts is highly affected by changes in light intensities. To minimize damage imposed by excessive sunlight and sustain the photosynthetic activity PSII, organized in supercomplexes with its light harvesting antenna, undergoes conformational changes, disassembly and repair via not clearly understood mechanisms. We characterized the phosphoproteome of the thylakoid membranes from Arabidopsis thaliana wild type, stn7, stn8 and stn7stn8 mutant plants exposed to high light. The high light treatment of the wild type and stn8 caused specific increase in phosphorylation of Lhcb4.1 and Lhcb4.2 isoforms of the PSII linker protein CP29 at five different threonine residues. Phosphorylation of CP29 at four of these residues was not found in stn7 and stn7stn8 lacking the STN7 protein kinase. Blue native gel electrophoresis followed by immunological and mass spectrometric analyses of the protein complexes revealed that the high light treatment of the wild type caused migration of CP29 from the PSII supercomplexes to PSII dimers and monomers. A similar high-light-induced disassembly of the PSII supercomplexes occurred in stn8, but not in stn7 and stn7stn8. Transfer of the high-light-treated wild type plants to normal light relocated CP29 back to PSII supercomplexes. We postulate that disassembly of the PSII supercomplexes in plants exposed to high light operate via the STN7-kinase-dependent phosphorylation of the linker protein CP29. Disruption of this adaptive mechanism can explain dramatically retarded growth of the stn7 and stn7stn8 mutants under fluctuating normal/high light conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PloS, 2011
Keywords
Photosynthesis, chloroplast, thylakoid, protein phosphorylation, photosystem II supercomplexes, CP29
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62302 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0024565 (DOI)000294802500061 ()
Note
Funding agencies|Swedish Research Council||Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agriculture and Spatial Planning||Available from: 2010-11-26 Created: 2010-11-26 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Jufvas, Å., Strålfors, P. & Vener, A. (2011). Histone Variants and Their Post-Translational Modifications in Primary Human Fat Cells. PLOS ONE, 6(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Histone Variants and Their Post-Translational Modifications in Primary Human Fat Cells
2011 (English)In: PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epigenetic changes related to human disease cannot be fully addressed by studies of cells from cultures or from other mammals. We isolated human fat cells from subcutaneous abdominal fat tissue of female subjects and extracted histones from either purified nuclei or intact cells. Direct acid extraction of whole adipocytes was more efficient, yielding about 100 mu g of protein with histone content of 60%-70% from 10 mL of fat cells. Differential proteolysis of the protein extracts by trypsin or ArgC-protease followed by nanoLC/MS/MS with alternating CID/ETD peptide sequencing identified 19 histone variants. Four variants were found at the protein level for the first time; particularly HIST2H4B was identified besides the only H4 isoform earlier known to be expressed in humans. Three of the found H2A potentially organize small nucleosomes in transcriptionally active chromatin, while two H2AFY variants inactivate X chromosome in female cells. HIST1H2BA and three of the identified H1 variants had earlier been described only as oocyte or testis specific histones. H2AFX and H2AFY revealed differential and variable N-terminal processing. Out of 78 histone modifications by acetylation/trimethylation, methylation, dimethylation, phosphorylation and ubiquitination, identified from six subjects, 68 were found for the first time. Only 23 of these modifications were detected in two or more subjects, while all the others were individual specific. The direct acid extraction of adipocytes allows for personal epigenetic analyses of human fat tissue, for profiling of histone modifications related to obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, as well as for selection of individual medical treatments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2011
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65933 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0015960 (DOI)000286512900014 ()
Note

Original Publication: Asa Jufvas, Peter Strålfors and Alexander Vener, Histone Variants and Their Post-Translational Modifications in Primary Human Fat Cells, 2011, PLOS ONE, (6), 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015960 Licensee: Public Library of Science (PLoS) http://www.plos.org/

Available from: 2011-02-28 Created: 2011-02-28 Last updated: 2016-03-08
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