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Nordigården, Daniel
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Publications (10 of 40) Show all publications
Rehme, J., Nordigården, D., Ellström, D. & Chicksand, D. (2016). Power in distribution channels: Supplier assortment strategy for balancing power. Industrial Marketing Management, 54, 176-187
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Power in distribution channels: Supplier assortment strategy for balancing power
2016 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 54, p. 176-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the move from buyer dominance toward interdependence between buyers and suppliers in a distribution channel. The paper introduces a case study collected through in-depth interviews and participative observations. It examines the relationships between a timber supplier and its customers in the builders’ merchants sector. We stress the relevance of considering actions intended to change the power balance, rather than focusing only on trust. The power balance in a dyadic relationship is dynamic, and power positions need to be constantly re-evaluated. An important power resource is information asymmetry, manifested in the supplier’s information about: products, regional and local demand, and the usage of the products. For practitioners, we highlight the possibility of exerting a non-coercive power resource, such as information asymmetry, in order to increase the relative power. Furthermore, being open about the power position between a buyer and a seller can foster a more efficient collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Power, Distribution channels, Information asymmetry, Resource dependence, Supplier–retailer relationships, Assortment, Power regimes
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121505 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2015.07.007 (DOI)000375165800017 ()
Available from: 2015-09-23 Created: 2015-09-23 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Rehme, J., Nordigården, D. & Chicksand, D. (2015). Complex purchasing: a case study of evaluation models for long-term network capital investments. International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, 4(1), 427-434
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complex purchasing: a case study of evaluation models for long-term network capital investments
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, ISSN 2277-9655, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 427-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses purchasing evaluation models in the European electrical grid sector, with a particular focus on complex and long-term network capital investments. The findings are based on 49 interviews with 10 organizations (power companies, engineering firms, the regulatory body, and special interest groups). This research contributes to knowledge building in the under-researched area of evaluating value in complex long-term purchasing. The study finds that the inherent long-term nature of the investments in products and systems, and the underlying financial situation are of the utmost importance in evaluations, together with strong regulator influence. In fact, the regulatory body not only defines the willingness to pay for the end-consumers through regulations with a focus of protecting consumers from monopolists unfair/high-prices, but also defines the opportunity costs by the predefined a number of costs in the grids in terms of ‘standard-costs’. Although theoretically customer value is defined as the perception of benefits minus the sacrifices for the end-user, in this setting it is the regulatory body that defines this value on behalf of the end-user/consumer. Thus, the regulatory body plays a pivotal role defining the value, value creation and value sharing, and is therefore pivotal in the way in purchasing evaluation models are structured.

Keywords
Purchasing; Supplier evaluation and performance mea surement; Supplier selection
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113299 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-15 Created: 2015-01-15 Last updated: 2015-11-04Bibliographically approved
Rehme, J. & Nordigården, D. (2015). Mer effektiva utvärderingsmodeller för investeringar, reinvesteringar och underhåll: Elnät och investeringsbeslut under osäkerhet. Stockholm: Energiforsk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mer effektiva utvärderingsmodeller för investeringar, reinvesteringar och underhåll: Elnät och investeringsbeslut under osäkerhet
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Att arbeta med affärer inom elnätsektorn är sett som förhållandevis riskfritt. Man vet vilket elnät man har idag och man kan prognosticera ganska väl hur detta ska utvecklas framöver. Till det är elnät ett naturligt monopol vilket innebär att de kunder som man har idag kommer att vara ungefär de samma i morgon. Bolagen kommer även att få ta ut rimliga tariffer av sina kunder (definierade av Energimarknadsinspektionen), så att verksamheten genererar avkastning till finansiärer och aktieägare.

Men verksamheten är också en del av Sveriges energiinfrastruktur, och frågan är hur man kan resonera vad gäller investeringar i infrastrukturen för framtiden. Varför det är av speciellt intresse är på grund av att elnätsinfrastrukturen har lång teknisk livslängd, ofta över 50 år. Det innebär att de val som elnätsbolag gör idag kommer att få påverkan på elnät under lång tid framöver. Därför blir det viktigt att de beslut som fattas är baserade på bra underlag, och att de investeringskalkyler som görs är baserade på väl grundade antaganden om framtida utveckling.

Ambitionen med den här rapporten är att utveckla ett förslag till  utvärderingsmodell som hanterar den långsiktighet som finns i infrastrukturinvesteringar. Förslaget baseras på befintliga metoder och modeller för investeringar för elnät och en hantering av den osäkerhet som föreligger på grund av investeringars långa tidshorisonten. Målsättningen är att ta fram en modell som kan tillämpas inom både små och stora organisationer och för olika typer av elnätsbolag.

Ett problem vad gäller investeringar inom energisektorn är osäkerhet. All affärsverksamhet speglas av osäkerhet, exempelvis vad gäller vilken teknik som kan komma att utvecklas. Vid långsiktiga investeringar blir den osäkerheten större, och man måste hantera när i tiden som en större investering ska göras, dvs. om det i vissa fall kan vara bättre att vänta på en bättre teknik och underhålla den installerade basen, eller om denna investering ska tas idag.

Vår rekommendation är att vid beslut om investering i olika projekt utnyttja vår föreslagna regretmodell som tar hänsyn till scenarier där parametrar kan tillåtas att variera. Regret-metoden har testats på två olika situationer: Case 1) nyinvestering och reinvestering (med kombination av olika projekt); Case 2) investeringsstrategi med tre stycken alternativa handlingsvägar. Analysen visar att regret-metoden fungerar på ett bra sätt och tar hänsyn till osäkerheten i framtida utfall. Metoden är generellt sätt allmän och enkel och användarbarheten är därmed hög. En rekommendation är att underhåll, reinvesteringar och nyinvesteringar bör analyseras i samma beslutsmodell. Det är viktigt att branschen och individuella bolag arbetar vidare med en scenarioprocess för att på så sätt identifiera olika parameternivåer. Vi föreslår även en process för scenarioplanering där aktörerna i branschen är involverade. Vid scenarioplanering finns ett antal faktorer att beakta, exempelvis hur man hanterar kapitalkostnader och elpriser över långa tidshorisonter. Detta kopplat till framtida teknikutveckling skapar osäkerhet och understryker nyttan av att arbeta med den föreslagna regretmodellen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Energiforsk, 2015. p. 53
Series
Energiforsk ; 2015:127
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121948 (URN)978-91-7673-127-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2015-10-29Bibliographically approved
Nordigården, D. (2015). Outsourcing from a supplier perspective. Journal of WEI Business Economics, 4(1), 1-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outsourcing from a supplier perspective
2015 (English)In: Journal of WEI Business Economics, ISSN 2166-7918, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thispaper investigatesoutsourcing from a supplier perspective. More specifically, it focuses on strategic and also operational factors that are addressed when a supplier considerstaking over outsourcing that they have not handled previously. The supplier side has not been given the same attention as the customer side in the outsourcing literatureto date,and this paper represents a step towardscomplementingthis predominant customer focus. The paper applies acase study approach. Data collection is based on 23 in-depth interviewsin the Scandinavian wood productsindustry. The paper finds thatcost advantages in comparison with customers’large-scale capacity production are difficult to achieve in the context studied. Under the circumstances, there arelimited possibilities for economies of scale;in addition,new investmentsare neededto build manufacturing capacity.The recommendation for practitioners istoconsider what new competencies are required when entering into an outsourcing agreement. In addition, it is critical that the outsourced manufacturing is profitable byitself,and that the revenues derived from the delivered components are sufficient to cover theresultingcosts.

Keywords
Outsourcing, forward integration, supplier value, adding strategies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114782 (URN)
Available from: 2015-03-03 Created: 2015-03-03 Last updated: 2015-11-03Bibliographically approved
Rehme, J., Nordigården, D. & Chicksand, D. (2015). Public policy and electrical-grid sector innovation. International Journal of Energy Sector Management, 9(4), 565-592
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public policy and electrical-grid sector innovation
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Energy Sector Management, ISSN 1750-6220, E-ISSN 1750-6239, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 565-592Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the manner in which technological innovation in the European electrical-grid sector has developed by focusing, in particular, on the effect of public policy on innovation. To achieve this aim, this paper highlights how technological innovation and development progressed from the 1960s to the 1980s, and contrasts this period with the deregulated/privatization environment.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a series of in-depth multiple company case studies of grid companies, some of their suppliers and other actors in their broader business network. Empirical data were collected through 55 interviews.

Findings – The authors find that a phase of mutual collaboration was encouraged in the first period, which led to strong technological innovation with a focus on product quality and the development of functionality. Buyers played a pivotal role in the development of products and posed technical requirements. In contrast, the current role of the buyer has transformed principally into one of evaluating competing bids for specific projects. Today, buyers face increasing pressure to substantially lower CO2 emissions and transform the energy grid system. These goals are difficult to achieve without a new way of thinking about innovation.

Research limitations/implications – Models to achieve innovation must not only focus on individual research projects; instead, the innovation should be factored into normal business dealings in the supply chain.

Practical implications – We propose that policymakers and regulators need to: accommodate for innovation and address the collaborative elements of innovation when developing policies and regulations. Furthermore, regulators have the option of either developing a strategic vision for the electrical-grid network or incorporating sustainability into the evaluation of electrical grids and, thus, consumers’ willingness to pay.

Originality/value – This paper makes a distinctive contribution in the area of innovation for electrical grids. Our paper shows how innovation and the development of new technology for electrical grids changed over time. Furthermore, this paper describes the energy sector in terms of a business network comprising the different actors involved in innovation and development and, thus, their role in the energy supply chain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
Keywords
Regulation, Innovation, Energy sector, Energy transformation, Interviews, Business relationships, Electrical energy grid
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116684 (URN)10.1108/IJESM-01-2015-0002 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-03-31 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Nordigården, D., Rehme, J. & Chicksand, D. (2015). Sourcing Uncertainties: The case of Outsourcing and Global Sourcing. Modern Management Science & Engineering, 3(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sourcing Uncertainties: The case of Outsourcing and Global Sourcing
2015 (English)In: Modern Management Science & Engineering, E-ISSN 2052-2576, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scholink, 2015
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112154 (URN)
Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-11-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Nordigården, D. & Rehme, J. (2015). Sustainability and financial goals – the case of evaluating value in complex long-term infrastructure purchasing. In: : . Paper presented at 2dn annual Nordic Sustainable Logistics Winter (SLOW) Symposium.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability and financial goals – the case of evaluating value in complex long-term infrastructure purchasing
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115782 (URN)
Conference
2dn annual Nordic Sustainable Logistics Winter (SLOW) Symposium
Available from: 2015-03-19 Created: 2015-03-19 Last updated: 2015-04-02
Göbel, H., Nordigården, D., Rehme, J., Chicksand, D. & Cronholm, S. (2015). Towards Innovation & Relationship Enabling Processes - an IT Outsourcing Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at IPSERA 2015 - AMSTERDAM.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Innovation & Relationship Enabling Processes - an IT Outsourcing Perspective
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116686 (URN)
Conference
IPSERA 2015 - AMSTERDAM
Available from: 2015-03-31 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2015-04-15
Chicksand, D., Yang, T., Rehme, J. & Nordigården, D. (2014). A Power Leverage perspective on Business Relationship Managment in China. In: : . Paper presented at 23rd Annual Ipsera Conference, 13-16 April 2014, South Africa.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Power Leverage perspective on Business Relationship Managment in China
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112155 (URN)
Conference
23rd Annual Ipsera Conference, 13-16 April 2014, South Africa
Note

Competitive Paper for the 23rd Annual IPSERA Conference in South Africa.

Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-11-17 Last updated: 2014-11-20
Nordigården, D. & Rehme, J. (2014). Examensarbeten som utbildningsresurs och pedagogiskt verktyg?. In: LTHs 8:e Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens: . Paper presented at LTHs 8:e Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examensarbeten som utbildningsresurs och pedagogiskt verktyg?
2014 (Swedish)In: LTHs 8:e Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

LTHs Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens är en regelbunden konferens för att öka möjligheterna till samverkan och till utbyte av pedagogiska erfarenheter lärare emellan. Konferensen har funnits sedan 2003 och arrangeras av Genombrottet, LTHs pedagogiska stöd- och utvecklingsenhet.

Med utgångspunkt i det stora intresset för LTHs Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens arrangerar Lunds Universitet sedan 2007 en universitetsgemensam utvecklingskonferens vartannat år och LTHs egen Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens kommer då bara att arrangeras de åren den universitetsgemensamma konferensen inte går.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112853 (URN)
Conference
LTHs 8:e Pedagogiska Inspirationskonferens
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2015-01-14
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