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Gong, Shaofang
Publications (10 of 81) Show all publications
Liu, Y., Hassan, K. A., Karlsson, M., Pang, Z. & Gong, S. (2019). A Data-Centric Internet of Things Framework Based on Azure Cloud. IEEE Access, 7, 53839-53858
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Data-Centric Internet of Things Framework Based on Azure Cloud
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 7, p. 53839-53858Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Internet of Things (IoT) has been found pervasive use cases and become a driving force to constitute a digital society. The ultimate goal of IoT is data and the intelligence generated from data. With the progress in public cloud computing technologies, more and more data can be stored, processed and analyzed in cloud to release the power of IoT. However, due to the heterogeneity of hardware and communication protocols in the IoT world, the interoperability and compatibility among different link layer protocols, sub-systems, and back-end services have become a significant challenge to IoT practices. This challenge cannot be addressed by public cloud suppliers since their efforts are mainly put into software and platform services but can hardly be extended to end devices. In this paper, we propose a data-centric IoT framework that incorporates three promising protocols with fundamental security schemes, i.e., WiFi, Thread, and LoRaWAN, to cater to massive IoT and broadband IoT use cases in local, personal, and wide area networks. By taking advantages of the Azure cloud infrastructure, the framework features a unified device management model and data model to conquer the interoperability challenge. We also provide implementation and a case study to validate the framework for practical applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2019
Keywords
Internet of Things, Cloud computing, Protocols, Wireless fidelity, Broadband communication, Monitoring, Interoperability, framework, cloud, azure, IoT hub, thread, WiFi, lorawan
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156704 (URN)10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2913224 (DOI)000467047300001 ()
Note

Funding agencies:  Swedish Environmental Protection Agency; Norrkoping Fund for Research and Development, Sweden

Available from: 2019-05-10 Created: 2019-05-10 Last updated: 2019-06-14
Jakobsson, A., Serban, A. & Gong, S. (2019). A Low Noise RC-based Phase Interpolator in 16-nm CMOS. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - II - Express Briefs, 66(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Low Noise RC-based Phase Interpolator in 16-nm CMOS
2019 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - II - Express Briefs, ISSN 1549-7747, E-ISSN 1558-3791, Vol. 66, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes a passive analog phase interpolator, utilizing a switched RC-network. The proposed circuit eliminates the current sources in a phase interpolator based on constant-slope charging. By eliminating the current source, the noise is significantly reduced due to the reduction in thermal and flicker noise. The phase interpolator has a resolution of 6 bits and is implemented in a 16-nm CMOS process. The maximum differential non-linearity is measured to be 0.1 LSBs at a 192 ps input time delta. The circuit draws 0.2 mW from a 0.8 V supply, and occupies 0.004 mm2.

National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147285 (URN)10.1109/TCSII.2018.2823902 (DOI)000454341300001 ()
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2019-01-11
LiU, Y., Hassan, K. A., Karlsson, M., Weister, O. & Gong, S. (2018). Active Plant Wall for Green Indoor Climate Based on Cloud and Internet of Things. IEEE Access
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Active Plant Wall for Green Indoor Climate Based on Cloud and Internet of Things
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2018 (English)In: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An indoor climate is closely related to human health, well-being and comfort. Thus, indoor climate monitoring and management are prevalent in many places, from public offices to residential houses. Our previous research has shown that an active plant wall system can effectively reduce the concentrations of particulate matter and volatile organic compounds and stabilize the carbon dioxide concentration in an indoor environment. However, regular plant care is restricted by geography and can be costly in terms of time and money, which poses a significant challenge to the widespread deployment of plant walls. In this article, we propose a remote monitoring and control system that is specific to the plant walls. The system utilizes the Internet of Things technology and the Azure public cloud platform to automate the management procedure, improve the scalability, enhance user experiences of plant walls, and contribute to a green indoor climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2018
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148850 (URN)10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2847440 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-07-26
Wu, D., Serban, A., Karlsson, M. & Gong, S. (2018). Highly Unequal Three-Port Power Divider: Theory and Implementation. International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Article ID 9141964.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Highly Unequal Three-Port Power Divider: Theory and Implementation
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 1687-5869, E-ISSN 1687-5877, article id 9141964Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A three-port power divider consisting of a directional coupler, a Wilkinson power divider, and two transmission lines connected to them is proposed. Theoretical analysis reveals that highly unequal power division can be achieved by a feedback mechanism of two transmission lines along with the coupling coefficient of the directional coupler and the power division ratio of the Wilkinson power divider. The three-port power divider inherits the performance characteristics of high isolation, low reflection coefficients at all ports, and the minimum number of components. The proposed power divider is designed at 5.8 GHz and fabricated and evaluated through measurements. It demonstrates that electromagnetic simulation results are in good agreement with theoretical prediction and measurement results. The three-port power divider is compact in the planar form, so it can be easily integrated into radio frequency front ends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149999 (URN)10.1155/2018/9141964 (DOI)000440492900001 ()
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-08-16
Nour, E., Bondarevs, A., Huss, P., Sandberg, M., Gong, S., Willander, M. & Nour, O. (2016). Low-Frequency Self-Powered Footstep Sensor Based on ZnO Nanowires on Paper Substrate. Nanoscale Research Letters, 11(156)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Low-Frequency Self-Powered Footstep Sensor Based on ZnO Nanowires on Paper Substrate
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2016 (English)In: Nanoscale Research Letters, ISSN 1931-7573, E-ISSN 1556-276X, Vol. 11, no 156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this work, we design and fabricate a wireless system with the main operating device based on zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires. The main operating device is based on piezoelectric nanogenerator (NG) achieved using ZnO nanowires grown hydrothermally on paper substrate. The fabricated NG is capable of harvesting ambient mechanical energy from various kinds of human motion, e.g., footsteps. The harvested electric output has been used to serve as a self-powered pressure sensor. Without any storage device, the signal from a single footstep has successfully triggered a wireless sensor node circuit. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using ZnO nanowire piezoelectric NG as a low-frequency self-powered sensor, with potential applications in wireless sensor networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER, 2016
Keywords
ZnO; Hydrothermal growth; Piezoelectric nanowire; Nanogenerator; Energy harvesting; Wireless data transmission
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127433 (URN)10.1186/s11671-016-1373-1 (DOI)000373089300004 ()27000024 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|CeNano grant; Swedish Government strategic research area in material science on functional materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009-00971]

Available from: 2016-05-01 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Gong, S., Östh, J., Serban, A. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Six-port Modulators for High Speed Data. In: GigaHertz Symposium 2016: . Paper presented at Swedish Microwave Days (pp. 65). Linköping
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Six-port Modulators for High Speed Data
2016 (English)In: GigaHertz Symposium 2016, Linköping, 2016, p. 65-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Results from our recent study on six-port modulators and demodulators for high speed data transmission have shown that the six-port radio technology has the potential to catch up the speed of the Internet. This is due to the fact that the binary baseband data, either electrical or optical, can be converted directly to high order modulated RF signal without any D/A conversion. The six-port modulators and demodulators can also be designed with differential circuitry to improve the signal-to-noise ration and dynamic range. In addition, antennae and radio front-end components can be integrated on the same substrate with the six-port modulator and demodulator.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: , 2016
Keywords
six-port radio, six-port modulator, high speed data transmission
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129187 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Microwave Days
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2016-06-28
Östh, J., Karlsson, M., Serban, A. & Gong, S. (2015). A Comparative Study of Single-Ended vs. Differential Six-Port Modulators for Wireless Communications. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part 1: Regular Papers, 62(2), 564-570
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Comparative Study of Single-Ended vs. Differential Six-Port Modulators for Wireless Communications
2015 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part 1: Regular Papers, ISSN 1549-8328, E-ISSN 1558-0806, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 564-570Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

If present, nonlinear effects in a six-port modulator cause distortion and degradation of the quality of the modulated output waveform. How nonlinear effects occur and their impact on system performance were derived in a mathematical model. The model shows that non-ideal performance of the passive six-port correlator is the main contributor to nonlinear distortion. Simulations and measurements on two manufactured six-port modulators were used to validate the theory and to give deeper insight on system performance. It is shown that by using a differentially signaled six-port modulator instead of a single-ended six-port modulator, better performance is achieved over a wide bandwidth. For an error vector magnitude of less than 10%, the relative bandwidth was measured to 12% for the single-ended but 30% for the differentially signaled modulator

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015
Keywords
Differential; modulation order; non-linearity; single-ended; six-port; six-port correlator; six-port modulator
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115331 (URN)10.1109/TCSI.2014.2362310 (DOI)000349399800025 ()
Available from: 2015-03-13 Created: 2015-03-13 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Bondarevs, A., Huss, P., Gong, S., Weister, O. & Liljedahl, R. (2015). Green walls utilizing Internet of Thing. Sensors & Transducers Journal, 192(9), 16-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green walls utilizing Internet of Thing
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2015 (English)In: Sensors & Transducers Journal, ISSN 2306-8515, E-ISSN 1726-5479, Vol. 192, no 9, p. 16-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A wireless sensor network was used to automatically control the life-support equipment of a green wall and to measure its influence on the air quality. Temperature, relative humidity, particulate matter, volatile organic compound and carbon dioxide were monitored during different tests. Green wall performance on improving the air quality and the influence of the air flow through the green wall on its performance were studied. The experimental results show that the green wall is effective to absorb particulate matter and volatile organic compound. The air flow through the green wall significantly increases the performance. The built-in fan increases the absorption rate of particulate matter by 8 times and that of formaldehyde by 3 times.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IFSA Publishing, 2015
Keywords
Internet of things, Wireless sensor network, Green wall, Air quality, Particulate matter, Volatile organic compound
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129129 (URN)
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2017-11-28
Jakobsson, A., Serban, A. & Gong, S. (2015). Implementation of Quantized-State System Models for a PLL Loop Filter Using Verilog-AMS. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part 1: Regular Papers, 62(3), 680-688
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of Quantized-State System Models for a PLL Loop Filter Using Verilog-AMS
2015 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part 1: Regular Papers, ISSN 1549-8328, E-ISSN 1558-0806, Vol. 62, no 3, p. 680-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A method to implement quantized-state system (QSS) models in industry standard RF-IC design tools is proposed. The method is used to model a GHz-range 0.18 um CMOS phase-locked loop (PLL), and enables a truly event-driven simulation of the entire mixed-signal PLL circuit. First- and second-order (QSS and QSS2, respectively) models of the PLL loop-filter implemented in Verilog-AMS are first described in detail. These models do not rely on analog nets, and use only the event-based solver. Then, simulation results are compared to reference SPICE simulation results to prove the validity of the QSS method. The entire PLL circuit is finally simulated using the QSS model of the loop-filter, charge-pump and VCO, in conjunction with standard high-level models of the PLL digital circuits. To verify the proposed QSS method, measured phase noise is compared with simulated phase noise. It is shown that simulated phase noise accurately predicts the measured phase noise with improved accuracy, and an increase in simulation efficiency by more than 50 times. Measured and simulated results generally demonstrate the feasibility of the QSS modeling for mixed-signal circuit simulation and design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2015
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115601 (URN)10.1109/TCSI.2014.2377411 (DOI)000350799100008 ()
Available from: 2015-03-17 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Mohsin, I., Karlsson, M. & Gong, S. (2014). Frequency diplexer network for wireless parallel data transmission and ultrawideband systems utilizing manifold technique. Microwave and optical technology letters (Print), 56(8), 1869-1871
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frequency diplexer network for wireless parallel data transmission and ultrawideband systems utilizing manifold technique
2014 (English)In: Microwave and optical technology letters (Print), ISSN 0895-2477, E-ISSN 1098-2760, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 1869-1871Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A frequency diplexer network for ultrawideband radios focused on wireless parallel data transmission is presented. It has a combination of two bandpass filters utilizing manifold multiplexing technique. In the frequency band 6-9 GHz, two flat sub-bands at center frequencies 6.7 and 8.3 GHz have been achieved with respect to forward transmission, input reflection, and group delay. A maximum group delay variation of 0.6 ns was measured in the sub-bands. For low cost and simple circuit implementation, the design is implemented using the microstrip technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014
Keywords
diplexer; frequency division multiplexing; manifold multiplexing; ultrawideband; microstrip technology
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109116 (URN)10.1002/mop.28464 (DOI)000337529700037 ()
Available from: 2014-08-13 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
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