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Falk, Magnus
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Publications (10 of 30) Show all publications
Widemar, K. & Falk, M. (2018). Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) and Self-Estimated Sun Sensitivity. Journal of Primary Prevention, 39(5), 437-451
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) and Self-Estimated Sun Sensitivity
2018 (English)In: Journal of Primary Prevention, ISSN 0278-095X, E-ISSN 1573-6547, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 437-451Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The incidence of skin cancer is increasing worldwide, mostly because of increasing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI) questionnaire, developed in Linkoping and validated in Sweden and Australia, is used to map sun habits, sun protection behaviour, and readiness to increase sun protection. We sought to examine differences in sun habits or sun protection behaviour and propensity to increase sun protection, based on SEPI as related to self-estimated skin UV sensitivity according to the Fitzpatrick classification. The study population comprised students at Linkoping University, who were asked to complete the SEPI questionnaire. We examined differences in sun habits and sun protection behaviour according to skin type and gender. Individuals with lower UV sensitivity had significantly riskier sun habits and sun protection behaviour and were significantly less likely to increase sun protection. Women spent significantly more time tanning than men, more time in the midday sun, used sunscreen more frequently, and were more likely to seek the shade for sun protection. Individuals with higher UV sensitivity were significantly more likely to increase sun protection; individuals with low UV sensitivity tended to have a riskier attitude to sunbathing. In conclusion, self-estimated skin type and gender are important factors influencing sun exposure habits and sun protection behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER, 2018
Keywords
Skin cancer; Sun habits; Sun protection; Ultraviolet exposure; Questionnaire
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151772 (URN)10.1007/s10935-018-0520-0 (DOI)000444845700002 ()30117029 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden

Available from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-10-08 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Anskär, E., Lindberg, M., Falk, M. & Andersson, A. (2018). Time utilization and perceived psychosocial work environment among staff in Swedish primary care settings. BMC Health Services Research, 18, Article ID 166.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time utilization and perceived psychosocial work environment among staff in Swedish primary care settings
2018 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18, article id 166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Over the past decades, reorganizations and structural changes in Swedish primary care have affected time utilization among health care professionals. Consequently, increases in administrative tasks have substantially reduced the time available for face-to-face consultations. This study examined how work-time was utilized and the association between work time utilization and the perceived psychosocial work environment in Swedish primary care settings. Methods: This descriptive, multicentre, cross-sectional study was performed in 2014-2015. Data collection began with questionnaire. In the first section, respondents were asked to estimate how their workload was distributed between patients (direct and indirect patient work) and other work tasks. The questionnaire also comprised the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, which assessed the psychosocial work environment. Next a time study was conducted where the participants reported their work-time based on three main categories: direct patient-related work, indirect patient-related work, and other work tasks. Each main category had a number of subcategories. The participants recorded the time spent (minutes) on each work task per hour, every day, for two separate weeks. Eleven primary care centres located in southeast Sweden participated. All professionals were asked to participate (n = 441), including registered nurses, primary care physicians, care administrators, nurse assistants, and allied professionals. Response rates were 75% and 79% for the questionnaires and the time study, respectively. Results: All health professionals allocated between 30.9% - 37.2% of their work-time to each main category: direct patient work, indirect patient work, and other work. All professionals estimated a higher proportion of time spent in direct patient work than they reported in the time study. Physicians scored highest on the psychosocial scales of quantitative demands, stress, and role conflicts. Among allied professionals, the proportion of work-time spent on administrative tasks was associated with more role conflicts. Younger staff perceived more adverse working conditions than older staff. Conclusions: This study indicated that Swedish primary care staff spent a limited proportion of their work time directly with patients. PCPs seemed to perceive their work environment in negative terms to a greater extent than other staff members. This study showed that work task allocations influenced the perceived psychosocial work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2018
Keywords
Work-time allocation; Primary care; Occupational health; Organization and administration; Stress
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147117 (URN)10.1186/s12913-018-2948-6 (DOI)000426855700008 ()29514637 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Sodertorn University Sweden

Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Eckhardt, M., Santillán, D., Faresjö, T., Forsberg, B. C. & Falk, M. (2018). Universal Health Coverage in Rural Ecuador: A Cross-sectional Study of Perceived Emergencies. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 19(5), 889-900
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universal Health Coverage in Rural Ecuador: A Cross-sectional Study of Perceived Emergencies
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2018 (English)In: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1936-900X, E-ISSN 1936-9018, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 889-900Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: In many low- and middle-income countries emergency care is provided anywhere in the health system; however, no studies to date have looked at which providers are chosen by patients with perceived emergencies. Ecuador has universal health coverage that includes emergency care. However, earlier research indicates that patients with emergencies tend to seek private care. Our primary research questions were these: What is the scope of perceived emergencies?; What is their nature?; and What is the related healthcare-seeking behavior? Secondary objectives were to study determinants of healthcare-seeking behavior, compare health expenditure with expenditure from the past ordinary illness, and measure the prevalence of catastrophic health expenditure related to perceived emergencies. 

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 210 households in a rural region of northwestern Ecuador. The households were sampled with two-stage cluster sampling and represent an estimated 20% of the households in the region. We used two structured, pretested questionnaires. The first questionnaire collected demographic and economic household data, expenditure data on the past ordinary illness, and presented our definition of perceived emergency. The second recorded the number of emergency events, symptoms, further case description, healthcare-seeking behavior, and health expenditure, which was defined as being catastrophic when it exceeded 40% of a household´s ability to pay.

Results: The response rate was 85% with a total of 74 reported emergency events during the past year (90/1,000 inhabitants). We further analyzed the most recent event in each household (n=54). Private, for-profit providers, including traditional healers, were chosen by 57.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] [44-71%]). Public providers treated one third of the cases. The mean health expenditure per event was $305.30 United States dollars (USD), compared to $135.80 USD for the past ordinary illnesses. Catastrophic health expenditure was found in 24.4% of households. 

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the provision of free health services may not be sufficient to reach universal health coverage for patients with perceived emergencies. Changes in the organization of public emergency departments and improved financial protection for emergency patients may improve the situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oakland, CA, United States: University of California, 2018
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151577 (URN)10.5811/westjem.2018.6.38410 (DOI)30202504 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052319397 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2018-10-03
Lyth, J., Falk, M., Maroti, M., Eriksson, H. & Ingvar, C. (2017). Prognostic risk factors of first recurrence in patients with primary stages I-II cutaneous malignant melanoma - from the population-based Swedish melanoma register. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 31(9), 1468-1474
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prognostic risk factors of first recurrence in patients with primary stages I-II cutaneous malignant melanoma - from the population-based Swedish melanoma register
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2017 (English)In: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, ISSN 0926-9959, E-ISSN 1468-3083, Vol. 31, no 9, p. 1468-1474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Prognostic factors in patients with localized primary cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) are well described. However, prognostic factors for recurrence are less documented. Objectives The aim of this study was to identify prognostic risk factors for first recurrence in patients with localized stages I-II CMM using population-based data. Methods This study included 1437 CMM patients registered in one region of Sweden during 1999-2012 follow-up through 31 December 2012. To identify first recurrence of CMM disease, data from a care data warehouse, the pathology and radiology department registries were used. Patients were also followed through a census register and the national Cause of Death Register. Results The 5- and 10-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) were 85.7% and 81.2%, respectively. The most common site of first recurrence was regional lymph node metastasis closely followed by distant metastasis. After adjusting for all prognostic factors, women had 50% lower risk of recurrence than men (HR = 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.7) and patients = 70 had higher risk compared to patients 55-69 years (HR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.5). Other significant prognostic factors for risk of recurrence were tumour thickness, presence of ulceration, Clarks level of invasion and histogenetic type. Conclusion Tumour thickness was found to be the predominant risk factor for recurrence. The prognostic factors for recurrence coincided with prognostic factors for CMM death. The most common site of first recurrence in stages I-II CMM is regional lymph node (42.8%) closely followed by distant metastases (37.6%), a fact which has to be taken into consideration when choosing follow-up strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2017
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143954 (URN)10.1111/jdv.14280 (DOI)000417421400042 ()28419674 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2018-05-03
Rådholm, K., Festin, K., Falk, M., Midlöv, P., Mölstad, S. & Östgren, C. J. (2016). Blood pressure and all-cause mortality: a prospective study of nursing home residents. Age and Ageing, 45(6), 826-832
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blood pressure and all-cause mortality: a prospective study of nursing home residents
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2016 (English)In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 826-832Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To explore the natural course of blood pressure development and its relation to mortality in a nursing home cohort.

Methods: A cohort of 406 nursing home residents in south east Sweden was followed prospectively for 30 months. Participants were divided into four groups based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) at baseline. Data were analysed using a Cox regression model with all-cause mortality as the outcome measurement; paired Student t-tests were used to evaluate blood pressure development over time.

Results: During follow-up, 174 (43%) people died. Participants with SBP <120 mmHg had a hazard ratio for mortality of 1.56 (95% confidence interval, 1.08–2.27) compared with those with SBP 120–139 mmHg, adjusted for age and sex. Risk of malnutrition or present malnutrition was most common in participants with SBP <120 mmHg; risk of malnutrition or present malnutrition estimated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment was found in 78 (71%). The levels of SBP decreased over time independent of changes in anti-hypertensive medication.

Conclusions: In this cohort of nursing home residents, low SBP was associated with increased all-cause mortality. SBP decreased over time; this was not associated with altered anti-hypertensive treatment. The clinical implication from this study is that there is a need for systematic drug reviews in elderly persons in nursing homes, paying special attention to those with low SBP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016
Keywords
older people, prospective study, nursing home, hypertension, hypotension, all-cause mortality
National Category
General Practice Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121283 (URN)10.1093/ageing/afw122 (DOI)000392702200018 ()
Note

Funding agencies| Health Research Council in south east Sweden (FORSS-8888, FORSS-11636 and FORSS-31811); the County of Östergötland (LIO-11877, LIO-31321 and LIO-79951); the Family Janne Elgqvist Foundation; King Gustaf V and Queen Victoria Freemason Foundation.

At the time for thesis presentation publication was in status: Manuscript

Available from: 2015-09-11 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Moberg, A. B., Taleus, U., Garvin, P., Fransson, S. G. & Falk, M. (2016). Community-acquired pneumonia in primary care: clinical assessment and the usability of chest radiography. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 34(1), 21-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community-acquired pneumonia in primary care: clinical assessment and the usability of chest radiography
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 21-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate the diagnostic value of different clinical and laboratory findings in pneumonia and to explore the association between the doctors degree of suspicion and chest X-ray (CXR) result and to evaluate whether or not CXR should be used routinely in primary care, when available. Design: A three-year prospective study was conducted between September 2011 and December 2014. Setting: Two primary care settings in Linkoping, Sweden. Subjects: A total of 103 adult patients with suspected pneumonia in primary care. Main outcome measures: The physicians recorded results of a standardized medical physical examination, including laboratory results, and rated their suspicion into three degrees. The outcome of the diagnostic variables and the degree of suspicion was compared with the result of CXR. Results: Radiographic pneumonia was reported in 45% of patients. When the physicians were sure of the diagnosis radiographic pneumonia was found in 88% of cases (p&lt;0.001), when quite sure the frequency of positive CXR was 45%, and when not sure 28%. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP)50mg/L were associated with the presence of radiographic pneumonia when the diagnosis was suspected (p&lt;0.001). Conclusion: This study indicates that CXR can be useful if the physician is not sure of the diagnosis, but when sure one can rely on ones judgement without ordering CXR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
Keywords
Chest radiography; clinical assessment; community-acquired pneumonia; C-reactive protein; general practice; primary care; Sweden
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127062 (URN)10.3109/02813432.2015.1132889 (DOI)000372023200005 ()26849394 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|County Council of ostergotland

Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-04-13 Last updated: 2018-03-19
Rendek, Z., Falk, M., Grodzinsky, E., Wahlin, K., Kechagias, S., Svernlöv, R. & Hjortswang, H. (2016). Effect of oral diclofenac intake on faecal calprotectin. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 51(1), 28-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of oral diclofenac intake on faecal calprotectin
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, E-ISSN 1502-7708, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 28-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. NSAIDs are a known source of increased faecal calprotectin (FC) levels. Currently, there is a lack of knowledge about how long it takes for an increased FC level to return to normal after NSAID intake. Objective. The aim was to investigate how oral diclofenac intake affects FC levels and assess how long it takes for an increased FC level to return to normal after oral diclofenac intake. Material and methods. Thirty healthy volunteers received diclofenac 50 mg three times daily for 14 days. Participants provided a stool sample on Days 0, 2, 4, 7, 14 during intake and Days 17, 21, 28 after discontinuation. FC levels were then followed at 7-day intervals until normalization. Results. During diclofenac intake, eight participants (27%) had FC levels exceeding the upper limit of normal (median, 76 mu g/g; range, 60-958 mu g/g), corresponding to 8.3% of measurements. FC was not constantly increased and became normal in most participants during diclofenac intake. FC levels were on average significantly higher during intake (M = 9.5, interquartile range (IQR) = 13.4) than on baseline (M = 7.5, IQR = 0.0), p = 0.003. After discontinuation, two participants had increased FC on Days 17 and 21, respectively. No significant differences in FC levels were found between baseline and measurements after discontinuation. Two weeks after discontinuation, all participants had normal FC levels. Conclusions. Short-term oral diclofenac intake is associated with increased FC levels. However, the likelihood of an increased test result is low. Our results suggest that 2 weeks of diclofenac withdrawal is sufficient to get an uninfluenced FC test result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
Keywords
intestinal inflammation; proton pump inhibitors; NSAIDs; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents; diclofenac; calprotectin
National Category
Physiology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127586 (URN)10.3109/00365521.2015.1066421 (DOI)000373621900005 ()26200803 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden

Available from: 2016-05-03 Created: 2016-05-03 Last updated: 2018-03-22
Al-Karkhi, I., Al-Rubaiy, R., Rosenqvist, U., Falk, M. & Nyström, F. H. (2015). Comparisons of automated blood pressures in a primary health care setting with self-measurements at the office and at home using the Omron i-C10 device. Blood Pressure Monitoring, 20(2), 98-103
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparisons of automated blood pressures in a primary health care setting with self-measurements at the office and at home using the Omron i-C10 device
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2015 (English)In: Blood Pressure Monitoring, ISSN 1359-5237, E-ISSN 1473-5725, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 98-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare blood pressure (BP) levels recorded using the semiautomatic oscillometric Omron i-C10 BP device in patients with or without hypertension in three different settings: (a) when used by a doctor or a nurse at the office (OBP); (b) when used for self-measurement by the patient at the office (SMOBP); and (c) when used for 7 consecutive days at home (HBP).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 247 individuals were invited to participate, but 78 of these individuals declined and a further seven were excluded, leaving a final cohort of 162 participants.

RESULTS: The mean OBP was higher than HBP (difference 8.1±14/3.1±8.8 mmHg, P<0.0001) and so was SMOBP compared with HBP (difference 7.0±13/4.2±7.3 mmHg, P<0.0001). Sixteen participants (9.9%) had at least 10 mmHg higher systolic SMOBP than OBP and 28 (17%) participants had at least 10 mmHg lower systolic SMOBP than OBP. Participants who were current smokers had a larger mean difference between systolic OBP and SMOBP than nonsmokers (OBP-SMOBP in smokers: 6.6±9.4 mmHg, OBP-SMOBP in nonsmokers: 0.5±9.2 mmHg, P=0.011 between groups).

CONCLUSION: Self-measurement of BP in the office does not preclude an increase in BP when levels in the individual patients are compared with HBP using the same equipment. Thus, SMOBP with a semiautomatic device does not lead to a reduction in the white-coat effect in the same manner as fully automatic devices.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2015
Keywords
home blood pressure; hypertension; office blood pressure; oscillometric; smoking.
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112735 (URN)10.1097/MBP.0000000000000088 (DOI)000350894300008 ()25341027 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-12-10 Created: 2014-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Falk, M., Sjödahl, R., Wiréhn, A.-B., Lagerfelt, M., Woisetschläger, M., Ahlström, U. & Myrelid, P. (2015). Modifierad brittisk modell kortade ledtid till datortomografi av kolon. Läkartidningen, 112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modifierad brittisk modell kortade ledtid till datortomografi av kolon
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2015 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The British national Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has presented guidelines based on signs and symptoms which should raise a suspicion of colorectal cancer. A slightly modified version of these guidelines, adapted to Swedish conditions, named Swedish NICE (sNICE) criteria, was implemented at eight primary care centres. By following the sNICE criteria, cases with higher degree of suspicion of colorectal cancer were advised for computer tomography (CT) of the colon, whereas cases of low degree of suspicion were advised for the considerably less time and patient demanding CT of the abdomen. For patients with isolated anal symptoms without presence of sNICE criteria, active expectancy for six weeks was recommended, followed by renewed consideration. Results showed that the ratio between CT colon and CT abdomen was reduced from 2.2 to 1.1 after introduction of the sNICE criteria. Also, the proportion of patients undergoing CT colon within two weeks from admittance was increased from 3 to 25 %. We conclude that the sNICE criteria may be a useful supportive tool for the primary care physician.

Abstract [sv]

Vid misstanke om kolorektal cancer är det angeläget att patienter där misstankegraden är hög får genomgå snar utredning och diagnostik. På många håll i landet föreligger oönskat långa väntetider för sådan utredning.

Användningen av ett evidensbaserat beslutsstöd för kolonutredning, baserat på riktlinjer från brittiska NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence), implementerades på 8 vårdcentraler i Östergötland.

Efter implementeringen förkortades ledtider till datortomografi av kolon, diagnos och behandling.

Beslutsstödet bidrog till att patienter där graden av misstanke om kolorektal cancer var låg kunde styras om till att genomgå datortomografi av buken i stället för av kolon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Läkartidningen Förlag AB, 2015
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126059 (URN)26485132 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-14 Created: 2016-03-14 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Hägerlind, E., Falk, M., Löfstedt, T., Lindholm-Sethson, B. & Bodén, I. (2015). Near infrared and skin impedance spectroscopy - a possible support in the diagnostic process of skin tumours in primary health care.. Skin research and technology, 21(4), 493-499
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Near infrared and skin impedance spectroscopy - a possible support in the diagnostic process of skin tumours in primary health care.
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2015 (English)In: Skin research and technology, ISSN 0909-752X, E-ISSN 1600-0846, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 493-499Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The global incidence of skin cancer has increased drastically in recent decades, especially in Australia and Northern Europe. Early detection is crucial for good prognosis and high survival rates. In general, primary care physicians have considerably lower sensitivity and specificity rates for detection of skin cancer, compared to dermatologists. A probable main reason for this is that current diagnostic tools are subjective in nature, and therefore diagnostic skills highly depend on experience. Illustratively, in Sweden, approximately 155 500 benign skin lesions are excised unnecessarily every year. An objective instrument, added to the clinical examination, might improve the diagnostic accuracy, and thus promote earlier detection of malignant skin tumours, as well as reduce medical costs associated with unnecessary biopsies and excisions. The general aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the combination of near infrared (NIR) and skin impedance spectroscopy as a supportive tool in the diagnosis and evaluation of skin tumours in primary health care.

METHODS: Near infrared and skin impedance data were collected by performing measurements on suspect malignant, premalignant and benign tumours in the skin of patients seeking primary health care for skin tumour evaluation. The obtained data were analysed using multivariate analysis and compared with the diagnosis received by the conventional diagnostic process.

RESULTS: The observed sensitivity and specificity rates were both 100%, when discriminating malignant and premalignant skin tumours from benign skin tumours, and the observed sensitivity and specificity for separating malignant skin tumours from premalignant and benign skin tumours were also 100%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that the NIR and skin impedance spectroscopy may be a useful supportive tool for the general practitioner in the diagnosis and evaluation of skin tumours in primary health care, as a complement to the visual assessment.

National Category
General Practice Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115794 (URN)10.1111/srt.12219 (DOI)000362679600014 ()25773339 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-03-19 Created: 2015-03-19 Last updated: 2019-01-18
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