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Gullberg, Mats
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Salomonsson, B., Gullberg, M. T., Alehagen, S. & Wijma, K. (2013). Self-efficacy beliefs and fear of childbirth in nulliparous women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 34(3), 116-121
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-efficacy beliefs and fear of childbirth in nulliparous women
2013 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 116-121Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To explore how childbirth self-efficacy, i.e. outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy, was associated with fear of childbirth (FOC) and how efficacy expectancy and FOC, respectively were related to socio-demographic characteristics, mental problems and preference for a caesarean section.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a consecutive sample of 1000 pregnant nulliparous women was sent the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire and Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory. Statistical analyses were performed on data from 423 women.

Results: Outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy correlated significantly and positively, FOC correlated significantly and negatively with both outcome expectancy and efficacy expectancy. Women with severe FOC (20.8%) had a significantly lower level of education (p = 0.001), and had more often sought help because of mental problems (p = 0.004). They were more likely to have low-efficacy expectancy (p < 0.001) and to prefer a caesarean section instead of a vaginal birth (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Lower efficacy expectancy was associated with higher FOC while preference for a caesarean section was not. Improvement of self-efficacy could be a part of care for women with FOC during pregnancy; however, it would not be enough for fearful women who wish to have a caesarean section.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2013
Keywords
Caesarean section, CBSEI, Fear of childbirth, Self-Efficacy, W-DEQ
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85647 (URN)10.3109/0167482X.2013.824418 (DOI)000323332400004 ()
Available from: 2012-11-27 Created: 2012-11-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Gullberg, M. T., Hollman-Frisman, G. & Ek, A.-C. (2010). Reference values for the Quality of Life Index in the general  Swedish population 18-80 years of age. Quality of Life Research, 19(5), 751-760
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reference values for the Quality of Life Index in the general  Swedish population 18-80 years of age
2010 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 751-760Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The aim in the present study was to establish underlying dimensions of quality of life in Sweden, measured by QLI, and to obtain reference values among a representative sample between 18 and 80 years of age from the general Swedish population. METHOD: A total of 1,680 randomly selected persons completed the questionnaire (57% response rate). All data were coded and entered into the statistical software. Factor analysis, maximum-likelihood method with oblique rotation, was employed to explore and reveal underlying dimensions of the QLI. To describe QLI total and subscale reference values for different age groups and men and women, respectively, means and 95% CI as well as medians and quartiles were used. For comparisons related to demographic and background variables, parametric and non-parametric analyses were used (alpha=0.01). All data were analysed using SPSS 14.0 statistical software. RESULTS: Four underlying dimensions emerged: Family and friends, Health and functioning, Social and economic and Psychological/spiritual. Mean values for the total QLI and the four subscales ranged between 17.2 and 23.7 (possible range=0.0-30.0). CONCLUSIONS: The overall QLI and subscale scores correspond with those presented by other researchers. Population-based measures of generic quality of life and underlying dimensions are important considering the gain when results from specific patient groups are viewed.

Keywords
Reference values - Generic quality of life - Instrument - Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-57139 (URN)10.1007/s11136-010-9627-3 (DOI)20217245 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-06-10 Created: 2010-06-10 Last updated: 2017-12-12
Sandqvist, J., Björk, M., Gullberg, M., Henriksson, C. & Gerdle, B. (2009). Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP). Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 32(2), 211-218
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Construct validity of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
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2009 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 211-218Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP 1.1) can be used to assess an individuals skills during work performance-how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work task. The instrument is currently used by over 300 assessors working in a variety of work rehabilitation settings in Sweden, and it has been used with over 10,000 clients. In this study, the construct validity of the AWP 1.1 was tested with 364 assessments of clients with a variety of various work-related problems assessed by six occupational therapists in a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. Principal Component Analysis shows construct validity of the AWP 1.1. Further, the findings indicate that the instrument is sensitive and discriminates between clients, and no gender related patterns were identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2009
Keywords
Instrument development, Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), occupational therapy, vocational rehabilitation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17879 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2009-0807 (DOI)000264925800012 ()
Available from: 2009-04-25 Created: 2009-04-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Sandqvist, J., Henriksson, C., Gullberg, M. & Gerdle, B. (2008). Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP). Work, 30(4), 441-450
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Content Validity and Utility of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
2008 (English)In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 441-450Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the area of work rehabilitation, many decisions about future interventions for the client are based on the results of various kinds of assessments. Therefore, it is important that the assessment instruments used are adequate, useful, and reliable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the content validity and utility of the instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) which is used to assess an individual's observable (working) skills during work performance, i.e. how efficient and appropriate a client performs a work activity. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various work rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicates content validity and utility for the AWP that supports further testing of the instrument.

Keywords
Occupational therapy, measurement, instrument development, skills, MOHO
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12894 (URN)
Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-05-14
Liedberg, G., Gullberg, M. & Wood, P. (2007). Fibromyalgia Symptom Inventory - Validation of a novel clinical instrument. In: The Seventh World Congress on Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia,2007 (pp. 61). Binghamton, NY, USA: The Haworth Medical Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fibromyalgia Symptom Inventory - Validation of a novel clinical instrument
2007 (English)In: The Seventh World Congress on Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia,2007, Binghamton, NY, USA: The Haworth Medical Press , 2007, p. 61-Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

     

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Binghamton, NY, USA: The Haworth Medical Press, 2007
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39120 (URN)46685 (Local ID)46685 (Archive number)46685 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10
Foldemo, A., Gullberg, M., Ek, A.-C. & Bogren, L. (2005). Quality of life and burden in parents of outpatients with schizophrenia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 40(2), 133-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of life and burden in parents of outpatients with schizophrenia
2005 (English)In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Since the late 1950s, several studies have reported the burden faced by families living with a mentally ill relative. These studies have pointed out the importance of a progressive mental health service, focusing not only on the treatment of the patients, but also on the needs of the relatives. The aims of the present study were to compare the quality of life of parents of outpatients with schizophrenia with a randomly selected reference group and the relation between quality of life and burden on the parents.

Subjects

The sample comprised all parents (n=38) of outpatients with schizophrenia at an outpatient clinic in 2001, where the patients had contact at least once a week with both parents and staff. The parents were compared with a reference group (n=698).

Methods

The self-rating scale Quality of Life Index (QLI) was used to assess quality of life in both groups. In the case of the parents, semistructured interviews were supplemented by the data collection to assess the degree of burden with the Burden Assessment Scale (BAS). The outpatients were also interviewed to assess their global function with the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF) and the Clinical Global Impression scale (CGI).

Results

The parents were significantly less satisfied with their overall quality of life (p<0.05). There was a correlation between lower overall quality of life and higher perceived burden r=0.58 (p<0.01). There was also a correlation between lower values on the family subscale and social subscale within the QLI and higher subjective burden r=0.54 (p<0.01) and r=0.52 (p<0.01), respectively.

Conclusion

These results indicate that caregiving has an influence on the family situation and on the quality of life of parents. These findings suggest that the professions working with the parents must have an approach focusing not only on the care given to the ill daughter or son, but also on the parents’ situation.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24418 (URN)10.1007/s00127-005-0853-x (DOI)6521 (Local ID)6521 (Archive number)6521 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Hollman, G., Gullberg, M., Ek, A.-C., Eriksson, M. & Olsson, A. G. (2002). Quality of life in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia. Journal of Internal Medicine, 251(4), 331-337
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of life in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia
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2002 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 251, no 4, p. 331-337Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives.  The primary aim of this study was to analyse quality of life in adult patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a genetic disorder with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Secondary aims were to find explanatory factors for quality of life and anxiety.

Design. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used.

Setting.  Outpatients from lipid clinics at two university hospitals in Sweden were included. Patients with heterozygous FH and a randomly selected control group participated by filling out questionnaires.

Subjects.  Two hundred and eighty patients with heterozygous FH above 18 years of age were asked, and 212 of whom 185 were free of overt CHD, participated. Of a control group of 2980 persons 1485 were included for comparison.

Methods. We used Likert-type questionnaires: the Quality of Life Index (QLI) consisting of four subscales, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), the Mastery Scale measuring coping and a questionnaire on health and lipids constructed for FH patients.

Results.  Patients with FH were significantly more satisfied with overall quality of life 21.8 ± 0.3 (SEM) vs. controls 21.1 ± 0.1 and this was also the case in three of four subscales, all differences P < 0.05. Anxiety about getting CHD was expressed amongst 86% of the patients with FH.

Conclusions. Quality of life amongst patients with FH was at least as good as in controls but they were worried about getting CHD.

Keywords
adaptation, anxiety, familial hypercholesterolemia, personal health, quality of life
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-26415 (URN)10.1046/j.1365-2796.2002.00963.x (DOI)11952884 (PubMedID)10956 (Local ID)10956 (Archive number)10956 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Wijma, B., Gullberg, M. & Kjessler, B. (1998). Attitudes towards pelvic examination in a random sample of Swedish women. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 77(4), 422-428
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes towards pelvic examination in a random sample of Swedish women
1998 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 422-428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A pelvic examination is the most common procedure in gynecological practice. A majority of women have negative experiences of such examinations. The aim of the present study was to explore attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations, as well as possible background factors to such attitudes and experiences. METHODS: A postal inquiry was sent to 788 randomly selected Swedish women, of fertile age. Sixty-seven per cent answered the questionnaire, which had 56 items and covered, inter alia, attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations, as well as possible background factors. RESULTS: The women had positive, uniform attitudes to pelvic examinations in general, but negative experiences of the specific parts of the procedure. Women's attitudes to and experiences of pelvic examinations correlated. The experience of the first pelvic examination was more negative than the experience of the last. A negative experience in general and the experience of pain during the first pelvic examination correlated. The first pelvic examination emerged as a statistically powerful background factor for subsequent attitudes to pelvic examinations. CONCLUSIONS: Swedish women have positive attitudes to pelvic examination in spite of negative previous experiences. A powerful background factor for subsequent attitudes to pelvic examination was the experience of the first one. A woman's first pelvic examination should therefore be used as an opportunity to condition positive emotions and behaviors to the examination situation, as a basis for future positive experiences.

Keywords
Reference values - Generic quality of life - Instrument - Sweden
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-60773 (URN)10.1034/j.1600-0412.1998.770411.x (DOI)9598951 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-10-26 Created: 2010-10-26 Last updated: 2018-11-15
Gullberg, M. (1996). Health care professionals' self description. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health care professionals' self description
1996 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present thesis was to survey and analyse professional self of health care professionals, focusing on perceptions of self, and on their attitudes towards aspects of sense of responsibility.

Studies were accomplished with quantitative techniques using questionnaires and/or instruments. A total of 803 respondents was included, and the first study (I) presented the development of the PSDF and comprised 30 registered nurses. The next study (II) examined results from 332 medical laboratory technologists who answered the PSDF. In the third study (III) 68 occupational therapists responded to the PSDF. The fourth study (IV) was a six-year follow-up of 43 registered nurses from the beginning of their training to three years after graduation, and they responded to the PSDF, the SRF and to the Form for ranked sources of encouragement. The fifth study (V) comprised four professional groups from a university hospital in Sweden (physicians, physiotherapists, registered nurses and enrolled nurses), and 312 responded to the set of forms (the PSDF, the SRF, and the Form for ranked sources of encouragement).

The main theoretical approach was based on symbolic interactionism, where the self is a significant notion. Concepts on attitude, sense of responsibility and encouragement were important.

The results showed that there are components of self description that is 'specific to one professional group, but also components that uncover similarities. Three important components of professional self were outlined; professional conduct, work ability and empathy. Important issues were also encouragement for work done, which influences the professional self, and that the positive attitudes to sense of responsibility showed similarities with characteristics of professional self.

In conclusion, two propositions were addressed: that professionals' self description is composed of three meaningful dimensions; professional conduct, work ability and empathy, and that the professional self can be improved throughdevelopment of intrinsic attitudes and behaviours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 1996. p. 52
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 479
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27486 (URN)12140 (Local ID)91-7871-334-X (ISBN)12140 (Archive number)12140 (OAI)
Public defence
1996-02-02, Berzeliussalen, Cellbiologen, Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Note

Papers, included in the Ph.D. thesis, are not registered and included in the posts from 1999 and backwards.

Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-10-17Bibliographically approved
Götherström, C., Hamrin, E. & Gullberg, M. (1995). Development of a tool for measuring the concept of good care among patients and staff in relation to Swedish legislation. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 32(3), 277-87
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of a tool for measuring the concept of good care among patients and staff in relation to Swedish legislation
1995 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 277-87Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An instrument for measuring the concept of good care, in relation to the Swedish Health and Medical Services Act, has been developed and tested in short-term care. The instrument comprises 14 statements on good care. The construct validity was estimated by factor analysis based on the results from 240 patients. Five factors explained 62% of the variance of the 14 variables and covered the following areas: information, security, accessibility, continuity, and influence and respect. Patients (n = 240) and registered nurses (n = 57) showed differences in estimations of the concept of good care on all factors. There were only minor differences, however, within the patient group and the nursing group, respectively, on comparing the two samples. The instrument needs further testing in different care conditions.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-60797 (URN)10.1016/0020-7489(94)00046-M (DOI)7665316 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-10-27 Created: 2010-10-27 Last updated: 2018-01-12
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