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Willner, Sam
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Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Willner , S. (2009). Public health and municipal policy making: Britain and Sweden, 1900-1940 [Review]. MEDICAL HISTORY, 53(2), 307-308
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public health and municipal policy making: Britain and Sweden, 1900-1940
2009 (English)In: MEDICAL HISTORY, ISSN 0025-7273 , Vol. 53, no 2, p. 307-308Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18144 (URN)
Available from: 2009-05-09 Created: 2009-05-08 Last updated: 2009-05-09
Willner, S. (2009). The History of Social Determinants and Health in Europe: a Swedish example (1ed.). In: The Price of Life: Welfare Systems, Social Nets and Economic Growth (pp. 78-110). Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan Private Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The History of Social Determinants and Health in Europe: a Swedish example
2009 (English)In: The Price of Life: Welfare Systems, Social Nets and Economic Growth, Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan Private Limited , 2009, 1, p. 78-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Every subject has its history, including the Social Determinants of Health. It is a subject that investigates differences in human health that occur because of social life, from income and class to family life and neighbourhood. Social determinants can have very large effects on longevity, just as do other determinants, such as the provision of medical care or clean drinking water. A Commission to study the social determinants of health and to propose ways of improving health based upon their analysis was therefore established under the auspices of the World Health Organization and chaired by Professor Sir Michael Marmot. In support of the work of the Commission, therefore, a large international meeting was organised in London in order to bring together some of the members of the Commission and several eminent historians to discuss the historical experience of people from around the globe. Because historians are among those who have tried to assess how social relationships have affected health, they can point to some determinants of health that others might miss, while historical investigations can in turn benefit from knowing what other analysts consider to be the most important social determinants of health. The result produced knowledge of importance to us all. Many of the arguments and evidence are therefore brought together here in one book, so that the work of the Commission and some of the debates it has prompted can be better known. This is the first volume of its kind to bring historical studies to the investigation of the social determinants of health from a global perspective. It brings together eminent historians of international health to explore an important and topical subject. The contributors summarise a large body of recent historical literature in order to make it useful for policy analysts. It includes a wide range of international examples. It also includes two chapters on different methods of taking oral histories, which is a central concern for anyone who is interested in examining the recent past.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan Private Limited, 2009 Edition: 1
Keyword
social determinants, health, Sweden, history
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44724 (URN)77477 (Local ID)978-81-250-3508-4 (ISBN)812-50-3508-7 (ISBN)77477 (Archive number)77477 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-05-03Bibliographically approved
Willner, S. (2008). Kontinuitet och förändring i det urbana dödlighetsmönstret ur ett genusperspektiv: Sverige 1750-2000. In: Annika Sandén, Jan Sundin (Ed.), Se människan: demografi, rätt och hälsa - en vänbok till Jan Sundin: (pp. 183-193). Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kontinuitet och förändring i det urbana dödlighetsmönstret ur ett genusperspektiv: Sverige 1750-2000
2008 (Swedish)In: Se människan: demografi, rätt och hälsa - en vänbok till Jan Sundin / [ed] Annika Sandén, Jan Sundin, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2008, p. 183-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2008
Keyword
urban dödlighet, genus, historia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44723 (URN)77476 (Local ID)978-91-7393-771-9 (ISBN)77476 (Archive number)77476 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-06-24Bibliographically approved
Willner, S. (2008). Spatial inequality in socioeconomic conditions and health: experiences from 20th century Sweden. In: Laurinda Abreu & Patrice Bourdelais, (Ed.), The Price of Life: Welfare Systems, Social Nets and Economic Growth: (pp. 109-125). Évora: CIDEHUS/UE, PhoenixTN
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial inequality in socioeconomic conditions and health: experiences from 20th century Sweden
2008 (English)In: The Price of Life: Welfare Systems, Social Nets and Economic Growth / [ed] Laurinda Abreu & Patrice Bourdelais,, Évora: CIDEHUS/UE, PhoenixTN , 2008, p. 109-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Évora: CIDEHUS/UE, PhoenixTN, 2008
Keyword
socioeconomic conditions, regional mortality, 20th century Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44732 (URN)77501 (Local ID)978-927-772-779-7 (ISBN)77501 (Archive number)77501 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-06-24Bibliographically approved
Sundin, J. & Willner, S. (2007). Social Change and Health in Sweden: 250 Years of Politics and Practice. Swedish National Institute of Public Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Change and Health in Sweden: 250 Years of Politics and Practice
2007 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The impressive improvements in health for the Swedish population during the last two and a half centuries can be ascribed to many reasons. There has been a multifold of important public health measures including the regular collection of vital statistics from 1749 on a national level through the state church, which also played an important role in the early and widespread vaccination coverage against smallpox. Preventive mother and child care, access to health care free of charge, restrictive alcohol policy, accident prevention in several sectors and anti-tobacco campaigns have also been important. However, the increased living standard due to universal welfare policy strategies including social security, high educational standard, high degree of employment for women and men, regional and housing subsidies, appears to be equally or even more important.

The Swedish National Institute of Public Health, SNIPH, has been responsible for supporting the implementation of the Swedish public health policy adopted by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, in 2003, and for reporting on the implementation process as well as the results. The policy has been made available in English in a supplement to the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health (volume 32, supplement 64; eds. Hogstedt C, Lundgren B, Moberg H, Pettersson B and Ågren G) as well as in a summary of the first Public Health Policy Report published in 2005. SNIPH has also contributed to the evaluation of Swedish public health research in another supplement (no. 65) to the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2005.

Today’s public health policies and results can to a large extent be explained by history and experiences from earlier decades and even centuries. Therefore, we were very pleased to publish a book in 2005 on the health of the Swedish people in a historical perspective (eds. Sundin J, Hogstedt C, Lindberg J and Moberg H) in Swedish in cooperation with Professor Jan Sundin and Associate Professor Sam Willner from Linköping University and others. We are now equally pleased to be able to publish a summarised and modified version in English by Professor Jan Sundin and Associate Professor Sam Willner focusing on the health development in relation to social changes over the last 250 years. Bernt Lundgren, Christer Hogstedt and Henrik Moberg from SNIPH were responsible for the discussions with the authors and the processing of the book.

The new Swedish public health policy from 2003 has attracted much attention internationally due to its focus on structural determinants as well as lifestyle factors. The policy has been mentioned in the WHO Bangkok Charter on Health Promotion in a Globalized World and the WHO strategy for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in the European Region, as well as by the Independent WHO Commission on Social Determinants. It is our hope that this publication shall contribute to the understanding of the background and context for this policy.

Historical lessons from one country can not be transferred uncritically to another country or be used as a basis for future decisions. However, the likelihood of the effects of different policies could be indicated by comparing differences and similarities in the contexts. We hope that this book will prove useful for policy comparisons and in the training of public health policy-makers, researchers, administrators and field workers.

Östersund, December 2007

Gunnar Ågren

Director General

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swedish National Institute of Public Health, 2007. p. 252
Series
Swedish National Institute of Public Health, ISSN 1651-8624 ; R 2007:21
Keyword
Life expectancy, disease, medicine, public health, health policy, Scandinavia, Swedish National Institute of Public Health
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11323 (URN)978-91-7257-534-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-03-18 Created: 2008-03-18 Last updated: 2013-08-30
Willner, S. (2006). Kortare liv i skogslänen. Välfärd, 1, 16-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kortare liv i skogslänen
2006 (Swedish)In: Välfärd, ISSN 1651-6710, Vol. 1, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36580 (URN)31667 (Local ID)31667 (Archive number)31667 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Willner, S. (2005). Alkoholpolitik och hälsa hos kvinnor och män. In: Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt, Jakob Lindberg och Henrik Moberg (Ed.), Svenska folkets historia i ett historiskt perspektiv: (pp. 177-221). Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alkoholpolitik och hälsa hos kvinnor och män
2005 (Swedish)In: Svenska folkets historia i ett historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt, Jakob Lindberg och Henrik Moberg, Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2005, p. 177-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige har i ett internationellt perspektiv en lång tradition av att bedriva det som nu kallas folkhälsopolitik. Den mångfald av insatser som genomförts har påverkat både hälsan och medellivslängden, vilken fördubblats sedan mitten av 1700-talet. Denna utveckling går dock inte enbart, eller ens främst, att tillskriva folkhälsopolitiska insatser. Förändringar i befolkningens hälsa, sjuklighet och dödlighet måste ses i relation till samhällets struktur i olika skeden och samhällsutvecklingen i bred mening.

De första tecknen på en mer medveten folkhälsopolitik i Sverige kan urskiljas under 1700-talet. Merkantilismen, som lade stor vikt vid ett lands folkökning, kom att bli en viktig drivkraft för mer systematiska insatser för att förbättra det som i dag betecknas som folkhälsa. Omhändertagandet av sjuka före 1700-talet var huvudsakligen en fråga om att isolera dem som redan var sjuka av spetälska, pest och andra epidemiska sjukdomar. Det handlade i bästa fall om social omsorg, ofta utstötning, sällan bot. Under 1700-talet försköts emellertid intresset i riktning mot försök dels att förebygga sjukdomar, dels att göra sjuka personer till produktiva arbetare igen. Ett framträdande drag i denna förskjutning var att hela befolkningens hälsa och välbefinnande blev till ett av den politiska maktens viktigaste mål. De samhälleliga insatser som genomfördes på den här tiden, exempelvis inrättandet av Tabellverket (en föregångare till nuvarande Statistiska centralbyrån) samt krav på utbildade barnmorskor i varje socken, låg i linje med en optimism om att man med kunskap och rationellt handlande skulle kunna förbättra livet i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut, 2005
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30177 (URN)15665 (Local ID)91-7257-335-x (ISBN)15665 (Archive number)15665 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-10-02Bibliographically approved
Willner, S. (2005). Hälso- och samhällsutvecklingen i Sverige 1750-2000. In: Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt, Jakob Lindberg och Henrik Moberg (Ed.), Svenska folkets historia i ett historiskt perspektiv: (pp. 35-79). Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hälso- och samhällsutvecklingen i Sverige 1750-2000
2005 (Swedish)In: Svenska folkets historia i ett historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt, Jakob Lindberg och Henrik Moberg, Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2005, p. 35-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige har i ett internationellt perspektiv en lång tradition av att bedriva det som nu kallas folkhälsopolitik. Den mångfald av insatser som genomförts har påverkat både hälsan och medellivslängden, vilken fördubblats sedan mitten av 1700-talet. Denna utveckling går dock inte enbart, eller ens främst, att tillskriva folkhälsopolitiska insatser. Förändringar i befolkningens hälsa, sjuklighet och dödlighet måste ses i relation till samhällets struktur i olika skeden och samhällsutvecklingen i bred mening.

De första tecknen på en mer medveten folkhälsopolitik i Sverige kan urskiljas under 1700-talet. Merkantilismen, som lade stor vikt vid ett lands folkökning, kom att bli en viktig drivkraft för mer systematiska insatser för att förbättra det som i dag betecknas som folkhälsa. Omhändertagandet av sjuka före 1700-talet var huvudsakligen en fråga om att isolera dem som redan var sjuka av spetälska, pest och andra epidemiska sjukdomar. Det handlade i bästa fall om social omsorg, ofta utstötning, sällan bot. Under 1700-talet försköts emellertid intresset i riktning mot försök dels att förebygga sjukdomar, dels att göra sjuka personer till produktiva arbetare igen. Ett framträdande drag i denna förskjutning var att hela befolkningens hälsa och välbefinnande blev till ett av den politiska maktens viktigaste mål. De samhälleliga insatser som genomfördes på den här tiden, exempelvis inrättandet av Tabellverket (en föregångare till nuvarande Statistiska centralbyrån) samt krav på utbildade barnmorskor i varje socken, låg i linje med en optimism om att man med kunskap och rationellt handlande skulle kunna förbättra livet i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut, 2005
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30176 (URN)15664 (Local ID)91-7257-335-x (ISBN)15664 (Archive number)15664 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-10-02Bibliographically approved
Willner, S. (2004). A persistent regional mortality pattern in Sweden during the industrial age. In: Laurinda Abreu (Ed.), European health and social welfare policies: (pp. 216-251). Brno: Compostela group of universities & Phoenix TN
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A persistent regional mortality pattern in Sweden during the industrial age
2004 (English)In: European health and social welfare policies / [ed] Laurinda Abreu, Brno: Compostela group of universities & Phoenix TN , 2004, p. 216-251Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brno: Compostela group of universities & Phoenix TN, 2004
Series
European issues ; 4
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-31878 (URN)17706 (Local ID)84-607-3621-0 (ISBN)17706 (Archive number)17706 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-10-30Bibliographically approved
Willner, S. (2004). Det regionala dödlighetsmönstret i Sverige från jordbrukssamhälle till det post-industriella samhället.. In: Ingemar Nordin (Ed.), Rapporter från hälsans provinser - en jubileumsantologi: (pp. 279-296). Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det regionala dödlighetsmönstret i Sverige från jordbrukssamhälle till det post-industriella samhället.
2004 (Swedish)In: Rapporter från hälsans provinser - en jubileumsantologi / [ed] Ingemar Nordin, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2004, p. 279-296Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2004
Series
SHS, ISSN 0281-4919 ; 32
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23547 (URN)3025 (Local ID)91-7373-919-7 (ISBN)978-9-1737-3919-1 (ISBN)3025 (Archive number)3025 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-31Bibliographically approved
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