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Onufrey, K., Berglund, M., Bienkowska, D., Magnusson, T. & Norrman, C. (2019). Digital tools for self-study and examination. In: : . Paper presented at The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital tools for self-study and examination
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Digitalization and increased use of information and communication technology (ICT) are major change processes taking place in engineering education today. Self-study and examination are areas with high potential for beneficial use of digital ICT tools. Some advantages with such tools are that students' can continuously assess their own learning in relation to the course objectives while they also can provide an opportunity to meet the teachers' needs to control how the students absorb the course material. Moreover, automatic provision of quick or instant feedback through digital tools can stimulate students’ commitment and active learning and allow students greater flexibility in their learning process, with tests that can be conducted online regardless of time and space and can be repeated as needed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how different types of ICT-based self-study and examination practices can be implemented in courses on topics such as project management, product development, and entrepreneurship, and build a knowledge base necessary for future systematic implementation of digital examinations. Our study is based on an educational development project at Linköping University, where we tested and evaluated different models and approaches for digital knowledge testing in a number of selected courses.We discuss both positive and potentially problematic aspects of the use of digital tools and conclude that successful implementation is dependent on well-planned integration of such tools into the overall course where different types of activities enhance each other. Thus, this study connects the areas of digital self- study and examination and provides examples of first steps on the way towards implementation of ICT-based examination practices.

Keywords
Digital tools, ICT-based self-study, self-assessment, CDIO Standards: 8, 11
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160681 (URN)
Conference
The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D. & Norrman, C. (2019). New approaches of innovation support to inventors and idea owners. In: : . Paper presented at R&D Management Conference 2019 - THE INNOVATION CHALLENGE: BRIDGING RESEARCH, INDUSTRY & SOCIETY.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New approaches of innovation support to inventors and idea owners
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Intermediaries play a vital role in many regional and national innovation systems when it comes to e.g. connecting different actors as well as guiding and supporting inventors, idea owners and entrepreneurs. Since innovation can arise in a wide variety of contexts and industries it is of great importance to take a broad approach when support activities are created and implemented. In this study we focus on how different types of regional intermediaries approach and work together with new, or partially new, target groups that potentially face higher barriers to developing their ideas than those traditionally viewed as being entrepreneurial or innovative. Our results address ways of attracting broader target groups to innovation support activities; as well as of designing guidance and support suitable for these target groups. This study relates to the overall theme of societal outreach within the innovation challenge, in particular through dealing with the issues of how innovation support can contribute to more inclusive innovation.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160682 (URN)
Conference
R&D Management Conference 2019 - THE INNOVATION CHALLENGE: BRIDGING RESEARCH, INDUSTRY & SOCIETY
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Norrman, C. (2019). Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner. In: Karl Wennberg (Ed.), Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland (pp. 261-277). Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner
2019 (Swedish)In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 261-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När man ska stödja företagande på landsbygden är det viktigt att skapa en kritisk massa av entreprenörer, företag och stödaktörer i den aktuella regionen. Mångfalden är viktig och samordning mellan aktörerna är A och O för att önskade åtgärder ska kunna genomföras effektivt. Det är viktigt att ha realistiska förväntningar avseende företagens tillväxtmöjligheter och inriktning. Att stödja brett är många gånger viktigare än att satsa på spets. Ett prestigelöst och gränsöverskridande arbetssätt är att föredra i alla företagsstödjande sammanhang och man bör undvika både tanke- och verksamhetsmässiga silos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse, 2019
Keywords
Entreprenörskap, glesbygd, företagande
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158211 (URN)9789151919775 (ISBN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Norrman, C., Cadorin, E. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas. In: : . Paper presented at IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on small business entrepreneurialism in rural areas and its special conditions and needs. Our aim is to present examples of and suggestions for how to encourage firm start-ups and the continuation possibly also the development and growth of existing firms. The paper is based on three cases that illustrate (1) challenges in the support system in rural areas, (2) various forms of support that could be used in rural areas, and (3) expectations that are eligible to put upon support activities designed for rural areas. The following main conclusions were drawn: Firstly, we found that successful support of rural businesses requires a critical mass of regional entrepreneurs, firms, and support actors. Diversity is critical, and the various actors must be coordinated to carry out the desired measures effectively. We also found that expectations for growth and orientation of the firms must be realistic. Many times, broad support is more important than targeted support. Finally, we were able to show that a cross-boundary collaborative work culture that avoids both thought silos and business silos and places no value on prestige should pervade all areas of business support.

Keywords
Firm support, rural areas, entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157673 (URN)
Conference
IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Frankelius, P., Norrman, C. & Johansen, K. (2017). Agricultural Innovation and the Role of Institutions: Lessons from the Game of Drones. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 1-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agricultural Innovation and the Role of Institutions: Lessons from the Game of Drones
2017 (English)In: Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, ISSN 1187-7863, E-ISSN 1573-322X, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In 2015, observers argued that the fourth agricultural revolution had been initiated. This article focuses on one part of this high-tech revolution: the origin, development, applications, and user value of unmanned aerial systems (UAS). Institutional changes connected to the UAS innovation are analyzed, based on a Swedish case study. The methods included autoethnography. The theoretical frame was composed by four perspectives: innovation, institutions, sustainability, and ethics. UAS can help farmers cut costs and produce higher quantity with better quality, and also has environmental benefits. However, this promising innovation was exposed to institutional forces and suddenly became subordinated the Act of Camera Surveillance. This study illuminates how legislative institutions can inhibit responsible innovation. The study shows that different ethical perspectives can collide with each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Responsible innovation, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, High-tech agriculture
National Category
Business Administration Public Administration Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145379 (URN)10.1007/s10806-017-9703-6 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Norrman, C. & Hjelm, O. (2017). CDIO-based entrepreneurship courses as drivers of innovation in industrial segments. In: Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner (Ed.), Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017: . Paper presented at 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 (pp. 288-297). Calgary: University of Calgary
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CDIO-based entrepreneurship courses as drivers of innovation in industrial segments
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 / [ed] Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner, Calgary: University of Calgary , 2017, p. 288-297Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we describe and discuss how in two CDIO-based entrepreneurship courses at Linköping University, Sweden, we encourage students to identify and solve challenges and problems in two adjacent industrial sectors, i.e., environmental technology and agricultural/green industries. Both courses are offered to a broad range of engineering programs. The industrial sectors chosen give the students a delimited context incorporating direction, business culture and technology, that forms a basis for the students on which to build their entrepreneurship cases. Working with real challenges gives real-life experience of how models and frameworks can be utilized and correctly executed. In addition, it increases project relevance, student motivation and learning.

One challenge to overcome is the fact that many students lack previous work-life experience and a thorough knowledge of the industrial sectors in focus. Experiences from earlier courses told us that this made it difficult for students identify and develop realistic, yet challenging and new business ideas on their own to. To remedy this, we tested facilitating interaction with industry, and through this help the students to detect real problems. Furthermore, it was anticipated that interaction with external actors, such as established businesses, organizations and potential customers, helps students to adjust and fine-tune needs and demands to create business ideas that could have real potential. As an added benefit, this approach could enable academia to act as co-creator in industrial problem solving, i.e., to put academic knowledge to practical use in society. Based on our own experiences and student feedback we discuss how this approach forced the students out of their comfort zones, challenged their creativity and enhanced their learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Calgary: University of Calgary, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International CDIO Conference, ISSN 2002-1593, E-ISSN 1796-9964
Keywords
Learning outcomes, integrated learning experiences, active learning
National Category
Learning Didactics Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145380 (URN)9780889533998 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Norrman, C., Bienkowska, D., Sundberg, A. & André, A. (2017). Simple Mockups: Tool to Enhance Visualisation and Creativity inEntrepreneurship Courses. In: Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner (Ed.), Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017: . Paper presented at 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 (pp. 481-489). Calgary: University of Calgary
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simple Mockups: Tool to Enhance Visualisation and Creativity inEntrepreneurship Courses
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 / [ed] Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner, Calgary: University of Calgary , 2017, p. 481-489Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The CDIO framework encourages us to work with prototyping during the conceive and design phases integrated into engineering education. At Linköping university, we apply prototyping and working with simple mockups in several entrepreneurship and innovation courses in order to stimulate creative thinking and experimentation. We have seen that through working with a joint prototype, the students increase their level of engagement and self-confidence while learning to know each other, both as individuals, and according to their skills and competence. Prototyping events are appreciated as learning activities, not least as they signal a culture of playfulness and unpretentiousness within a course. We have also seen that it is important to inspire the participating students to reflect on the event in order to complete the learning process. In the paper we analyse and discuss our experience regarding how and at what time in a course simple prototypes can be used, how workshops can be developed, and what we have learned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Calgary: University of Calgary, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International CDIO Conference, ISSN 2002-1593, E-ISSN 1796-9964
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, project course, prototype, mockup, shitty prototyping
National Category
Learning Didactics Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145381 (URN)9780889533998 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Bergek, A. & Norrman, C. (2015). Integrating the supply and demand sides of public support to new technology-based firms. Science and Public Policy, 42(4), 514-529
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating the supply and demand sides of public support to new technology-based firms
2015 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 514-529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses public support and argues that supply does not match demand in terms of the support needs of different types of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). The demand side of public support to NTBFs is analysed by developing a typology of NTBFs, based on venture origin and degree of innovativeness. Each types characteristics, challenges and support needs are identified. The supply side is analysed in terms of the goals, instruments and level of aggregation of the two main policy areas that provide support for NTBFs: small and medium-sized enterprise policy and science, technology and innovation policy. Finally, the demand and supply sides are compared and three main shortcomings of existing public support to NTBFs are identified. This paper makes a twofold contribution: first, the typology gives guidelines for policy-makers with respect to the support needs of the NTBFs. Second, it identifies shortcomings in existing public support and recommends improvements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2015
Keywords
technology-based firms; science and technology policy; innovation policy; small and medium-sized enterprise policy; entrepreneurship policy
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121765 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scu072 (DOI)000361041500007 ()
Available from: 2015-10-06 Created: 2015-10-05 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Frankelius, P., Norrman, C. & Parment, A. (2015). Marknadsföring: vetenskap och praktik (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marknadsföring: vetenskap och praktik
2015 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Marknadsföring har alltid spelat en stor roll i samhället. Men spelplanen har förändrats och i dag har marknadsföring fått en delvis ny innebörd. Det har tillkommit nya dimensioner, såsom ekologisk och social hållbarhet, som företag måste förhålla sig till. Den här boken innehåller inte bara grund­stenarna i ämnet, utan även nya teorier och handfasta verktyg. Resonemangen förklaras och fördjupas genomgående med exempel och praktikfall. Boken genomsyras av kritisk analys. Författarna poängterar att marknadsföring framför allt handlar om att fördjupa förståelsen för kunder, användare och annat som påverkar marknaden. Vilket problem har kunden egentligen, det vill säga vilken nytta borde företaget skapa? Hur ser konkurrenternas lösningar ut? Vilka faktorer påverkar kundens preferenser och köpkraft? Genom att svara på sådana frågor kan man framgångsrikt välja väg för hur produktkonceptet bör designas och hur företaget ska kommunicera och interagera med sin omvärld.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015. p. 619 Edition: 1
Keywords
marknadsföring, omvärldsanalys, reklam, affärsmodell, affärsutveckling, marknadskommunikation, distribution, försäljning, marknadsanalys, marknadsundersökning, teori, filosofi
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123023 (URN)978-91-4410-527-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-12-02 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Norrman, C., Bienkowska, D., Moberg, M. & Frankelius, P. (2014). Innovative methods for entrepreneurship and leadership teaching in CDIO-based engineering education. In: Proceedings of the 10th International CDIO Conference: . Paper presented at 10th International CDIO Conference, 15-19 June 2014, Barcelona, Spain. Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovative methods for entrepreneurship and leadership teaching in CDIO-based engineering education
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International CDIO Conference, Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on mixed methods for teaching and learning; with special emphasis on individualized learning and engagement of students for reaching better results and relevance in CDIO (Conceiving, Designing, Implementing and Operating)-based engineering education. Four types of learning activities are discussed in the paper; “flipped classroom”, “experiential learning exercises”, “sharp live cases” and “theory-based practical exercises”. The empirical material consists of the authors’ own teaching experience. Based on a literature review and our own experience, we propose a model of components crucial to take into account when learning activities are designed and practiced. These components are stakeholders, pedagogics, technology and context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 2014
Keywords
Education, Flipped classroom, Experiential learning exercises, Sharp live cases, Theory-based practical exercises
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106404 (URN)978-84-697-2147-6 (ISBN)
Conference
10th International CDIO Conference, 15-19 June 2014, Barcelona, Spain
Available from: 2014-05-06 Created: 2014-05-06 Last updated: 2017-10-23
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3913-9977

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