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Klofsten, M. & Bienkowska, D. (2017). Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators. In: : . Paper presented at The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany.. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of business incubators in providing support for sustainable entrepreneurship and in promoting sustainable business models among entrepreneurs and their ventures. Through a survey of 96 European incubators we have focused on the present situation concerning incubators’ profiling and accommodation of firms with sustainable orientation, how incubators apply sustainability aspects when recruiting tenants as well as how this could benefit development of sustainable business models. It is shown that many incubators perceive themselves to be profiled as environmental or sustainable, but there are notable differences between countries. Regional development is the most important target for incubators. Traditional selection criteria such as entrepreneur’s capabilities and business idea’s commercial potential is seen as most important while incubators do generally not prioritise criteria relating to sustainability. It is suggested that incubators should strive to adapt their recruitment strategies to the local and regional conditions, that a structured and time-limited pre-incubation program could be offered to potential tenants, and that incubators integrate competence on sustainable business development into their daily operations.

Keyword
Sustainability; business incubators; business model development; incubator selection; incubator support services
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142013 (URN)
Conference
The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany.
Projects
SHIFT
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Bager-Sjögren, L., Klofsten, M. & Krakowski, S. (2017). Firm growth and survival from a 14-year perspective: A cohort analysis. In: : . Paper presented at 37th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 7-10, Norman Oklahoma, USA. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm growth and survival from a 14-year perspective: A cohort analysis
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study examines whether early growth is important for the short- and long-term survival and development of new firms. The study exploits registry data for a specific cohort of Swedish firms that tracks their development until their exit, or up to 14 years, at which point only 8% of the firms remain. We find growth to be associated with increased survival of the firms, that the number of employees (in the previous year) is positively correlated with survival in following years and somewhat surprisingly, we found subsidiaries to face a significantly larger hazard of closure than independent firms.

Keyword
Growth, early development, survival
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136824 (URN)
Conference
37th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 7-10, Norman Oklahoma, USA
Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M. & Sten Gunnar, J. (2017). The development of a modern Science Park: A Swedish good practise. Revista Militar de Ciência E Tecnologia, 34(1), 55-60.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The development of a modern Science Park: A Swedish good practise
2017 (English)In: Revista Militar de Ciência E Tecnologia, ISSN 2316-4522, Vol. 34, no 1, 55-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to get a deeper understanding of the reasons and activities related to the development of Science Parks of today, identifying actors involved and their relationships. To achieve the goal, we analysed the story of Mjärdevi Science Park (MSP), located in Linköping, Sweden, from its inception to the present. In our study, we could identify the several interactions car-ried out by the MSP with regional, national and even international actors, thus building an extensive network of relationships. Having built a solid foundation, working very close to its tenants, it was pos-sible to maintain a continuous development over the years, even in times of crises and difficulties. In the middle of the 90s, Mjärdevi Science Park was considered the 9th park fastest growing in the world [1] and today is undoubtedly a success story. It has become a ‘good practise’ in the European context regarding the innovative approach of being a park integrated in a regional framework.

Keyword
Science Parks. Regional growth. Innovation. Good practice.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140136 (URN)
Available from: 2017-08-31 Created: 2017-08-31 Last updated: 2017-09-06Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Malmström, L. & Jones-Evans, D. (2016). Att träna företagare som står inför en tillväxtfas eller viktig förändring: ett svenskt praktikfall. In: Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring (Ed.), Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: företag, akademi, politik (pp. 215-233). Stockholm: Esbri.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att träna företagare som står inför en tillväxtfas eller viktig förändring: ett svenskt praktikfall
2016 (Swedish)In: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: företag, akademi, politik / [ed] Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring, Stockholm: Esbri , 2016, 215-233 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I detta kapitel presenteras ett praktikfall – Utvecklingsprogrammet – som visar hur det är möjligt att, på ett relativt enkelt och kostnadseffektivt sätt, stimulera företag som står inför (eller befinner sig i) en utvecklingsfas som präglas av tillväxt och/eller förändring. Vi beskriver hur och varför Utvecklingsprogrammet kom till, och vilka specifika faktorer som ligger bakom dess stora framgångar.

I mitten av 1980-talet startade ett träningsprogram för entreprenörer i företag med rötter i Linköpings universitet. Detta program kallades helt enkelt ”Utvecklingsprogrammet” och kom att bli en formidabel succé. Sedan starten 1986 har drygt 500 personer från 200 företag deltagit i de 25 program som har genomförts hittills. Många av de företag som deltagit har vuxit kraftigt, skapat tusentals nya arbetstillfällen och är i dag etablerade på världsmarknaden. Tankarna bakom programmet har hela tiden varit att ledningen i företa-gen behöver kvalificerad sparring för att effektivare kunna handskas med knäckfrågor relaterade till tillväxt och utveckling. Men även – särskilt sett från politikerhåll – att det ur ekonomisk synvinkel kan vara mycket effektivt att stimulera växande företag även senare i deras utveckling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Esbri, 2016
Keyword
Växande företag, entreprenörer, utbildning & träning, Entreprenörskap, Företagare
National Category
Literary Composition Work Sciences Learning History of Religions Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129393 (URN)9789197772846 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-08-25Bibliographically approved
Guerrero, M., Urbano, D., Alain, F., Klofsten, M. & Mian, S. (2016). Entrepreneurial Universities: Emerging Models in the New Social and Economic Landscape. Small Business Economics, 47(3), 551-563.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial Universities: Emerging Models in the New Social and Economic Landscape
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2016 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 47, no 3, 551-563 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper and the special issue is to improve our understanding of the theoretical, empirical, managerial and political implications of emerging models of entrepreneurial universities in the new social and economic landscape. We accomplish this objective by examining the role of entrepreneurial universities as drivers of innovation and entrepreneurship activities. Our analysis starts with an overview by outlining an overarching framework. This allows us to highlight the contributions made in this special issue within the framework. We conclude by outlining an agenda for future research and discuss implications for university managers, policy makers and other academic agents involved in the development of entrepreneurial/innovation ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keyword
Entrepreneurial University, Ecosystem, Social and Economic Landscape
National Category
Business Administration Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129394 (URN)10.1007/s11187-016-9755-4 (DOI)000384440900001 ()
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D., Klofsten, M. & Rasmussen, E. (2016). PhD Students in the Entrepreneurial University - Perceived Support for Academic Entrepreneurship. European Journal of Education, 51(1), 56-72.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PhD Students in the Entrepreneurial University - Perceived Support for Academic Entrepreneurship
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Education, ISSN 0141-8211, E-ISSN 1465-3435, Vol. 51, no 1, 56-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Universities are currently in the process of change and adaptation to shifting expectations that for example include closer engagement with businesses and increased facilitation of entrepreneurship among faculty and graduates. By supporting academic entrepreneurship, universities can address these expectations whilst also becoming more entrepreneurial institutions. However, more knowledge is needed on how this support provided by different levels in the university organisation is perceived by academics. This is particularly relevant in the case of PhD students because many of them will go on to become the next generation of senior faculty and because PhD education constitutes a considerable part of most universities’ activities with PhD students performing a large share of university research. Our study is based on survey responses of 464 PhD students from all faculties at one of the biggest universities in Sweden. The results show that the perceived support of commercialisation of research results varies at different hierarchical levels within the university. The score for perceived support from the highest level (central administration) did not differ much between the faculties, while significant differences were found at lower levels. We argue that variations between faculties and departments with regard to norms and cultures should be considered when stimulating entrepreneurial engagement, for example by using multiple channels of communication, as well as tailor-made strategies and activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016
Keyword
Collaboration, Commercialisation of research, PhD education, University–industry networks, Academic entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial university
National Category
Pedagogy Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125382 (URN)10.1111/ejed.12160 (DOI)000371154100006 ()
Note

Funding agencies. Helix Centre of Excellence; Research Council of Norway

Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Laur, I., Klofsten, M., Bienkowska, D., Wincent, J. & Ylinenpää, H. (2015). Cluster Initiatives within the European Context: Intermediary Actors and Development process. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cluster Initiatives within the European Context: Intermediary Actors and Development process
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2015 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cluster initiatives can be seen as intermediaries that drive networks among triple helix actors. This paper investigates how cluster initiatives intermediate within a triple helix context in terms of actors’ involvement and dependency patterns between their maturity and member enrolment. A sample of 253 European initiatives was contacted of which 136 (53%) responded. The results show that two factors influence attraction of new target members in cluster initiatives: namely age of the initiative and the presence of key players and support groups. Our findings lead to a number of implications for policymakers, such as the importance of long-term financing of well-functioning cluster initiatives despite their age.

Keyword
Cluster initiatives, intermediaries, triple helix actors, development process
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121713 (URN)
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. (2015). Entrepreneurship. In: Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Quality and the Service Economy: (pp. 204-210). Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship
2015 (English)In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Quality and the Service Economy / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications, 2015, 204-210 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

From the early1800s to over 30 years following World War II, a classical industrial economy dominated Europe and the US. In the 1980s, this classical form began to disintegrate, and new opportunities for the development of novel business forms began to appear. Classical thinking persisted in the aftermath of the Second World War in response to the need to rebuild economies ravaged during the struggle. The focus was on industrial and corporate management theories underlying the central role of large, multinational corporations, and it was some 30 years before the academic community began to show renewed interest in entrepreneurship theory. Numerous textbooks discuss the dominant lines of entrepreneurship theory, and many scholars have remarked on the need for a comprehensive theoretical framework of entrepreneurship that includes theoretical variables and the relationship between those variables. Entrepreneurship research has clearly had entrepreneurial processes, issues related to business opportunity concepts and firm creation as its main focus. Researchers appear to have not yet reached a consensus on a definition of entrepreneurship. Two approaches can be used to explore this issue. The first approach considers the historical progression of entrepreneurship theory while the second attempts to categorize the theories into groups based on specific lines of thinking. This entry shortly reviews these key theories and approaches in entrepreneurship with a main focus on the process approach. It also discusses, in line with the on-going debate, sustainability issues related to entrepreneurship. The chapter winds up with a discussion of the Klofsten’s “Business Platform Model” an example of a practical model for investigating and understanding early entrepreneurial development processes in firms and organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications, 2015
Keyword
Entrepreneurship, different perspectives
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121483 (URN)10.4135/9781483346366.n64 (DOI)9781452256726 (ISBN)9781483346366 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-09-22 Created: 2015-09-22 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D. & Klofsten, M. (2015). Entrepreneurship support and sustainability focus within business incubators: a European study. In: : . Paper presented at Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption Conference 2015. .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship support and sustainability focus within business incubators: a European study
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As societies strive to address current environmental challenges new markets and opportunities are opening up for both businesses and entrepreneurs implement sustainability within their operations. In a recent report by OECD (2013) it is noted that green entrepreneurs in general have to overcome higher barriers than other entrepreneurs, e.g. concerning regulations, immature markets and shortages of skills. Thus, one key question is how identification, evaluation and exploitation of business opportunities related to sustainable innovation and green business can be effectively supported by organizations such as business incubators. The aim of this study is to investigate business incubators in three European countries with the highest positions on European Union’s Eco-Innovation Scoreboard from 2014 (Finland, Germany, Sweden) with respect to how they manage sustainability aspects. More specifically, we are studying how sustainability in social and environmental terms is integrated into incubators’ processes for selection and support of their tenants. The data was collected through a survey where we reached the management of 360 business incubators in the three countries and received 96 responses. We show that there is substantial interest among incubators to gain an image of being sustainability-profiled. However, this image does not seem to be supported with practical organizational routines when selecting and supporting tenants. While the majority of incubators in Finland, Germany and Sweden consider sustainability an important issue for incubation, few incubators actually offer sustainability specific services or advice (e.g. related to ecodesign or marketing of green products). This is a clear gap in the existing entrepreneurship support system that should be addressed by policymakers, stakeholders and managers of incubators.

Keyword
business incubators; entrepreneurship support; sustainable business models
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122689 (URN)
Conference
Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption Conference 2015
Available from: 2015-11-16 Created: 2015-11-16 Last updated: 2016-05-04
de Cleyn, S., Braet, J. & Klofsten, M. (2015). How human capital interacts with the early development of academic spin-offs. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(3), 599-621.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How human capital interacts with the early development of academic spin-offs
2015 (English)In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 11, no 3, 599-621 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on venture team characteristics with respect to human capital dimensions in early stage ventures emerging from academic research (institutions). Three major groups have been investigated: founders, top managers and directors. Data was obtained using personal interviews with 185 product-oriented academic spin-offs in nine European countries, including those of 17 failures. The results show a significant positive—but diminishing—impact of team heterogeneity on venture success, as well as a positive impact from legal expertise within the board of directors. At management level, the results further indicate that larger management team are better equipped to face the challenges in academic spin-offs. Furthermore, the added value of serial entrepreneurs is questioned, since they seem to negatively impact a spin-off’s survival chances. Several implications are addressed, dealing with an appropriate team composition (on the levels of both top management and the board of directors) as well as the importance of paying attention to team development

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keyword
Academic spin-offs, human capital team characteristics, early development, failure, survival
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103488 (URN)10.1007/s11365-013-0294-z (DOI)000358334900008 ()
Note

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support received from the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO Vlaanderen) on behalf of Sven H. De Cleyn, as PhD fellow, during the data collection and analysis period. Furthermore, the authors would like to express their gratitude towards all entrepreneurs that contributed to this research project. The first version of this paper was presented at the 2011 Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference and published in the 2011 edition of Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research.

Available from: 2014-01-20 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5960-9270

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