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Klofsten, M., Alain, F., Guerrero, M., Mian, S., Urbano, D. & Wright, M. (2019). The entrepreneurial university as driver for economic growth and social change - Key strategic challenges. Technological forecasting & social change, 141, 149-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The entrepreneurial university as driver for economic growth and social change - Key strategic challenges
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 141, p. 149-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Limitations of the research on the various leadership and strategic issues facing universities seeking to become more entrepreneurial has led this special issue to focus on the management, development, and implementation of this vision. We have solicited original research on the strategic challenges that these universities currently encounter. Researchers in management and related disciplines have contributed to this field of inquiry, which is having growing implications for our universities and stakeholders in the social and economic spheres. We begin by tracing an overarching framework, to which we add brief descriptions of the contributing papers in this special issue. To conclude, we outline future research goals and discuss how, around the world, academic actors involved in university development - such as university managers and policy makers - could view the ideas presented here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Internal & external factors, Entrepreneurial learning, Pathways for entrepreneurship, Impact measures
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153572 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.12.004 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058955634 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved
Albahari, A., Klofsten, M. & Rubio-Romero, J. C. (2018). Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants. Journal of Technology Transfer, 1-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants
2018 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The literature on Science and Technology Parks (STPs) is growing rapidly and, despite the positive impact of STPs on firms found by many studies, it remains unclear how STPs create value for tenants. In this paper, we study the STP supply side through a case study in a Swedish region. We identify two components of the business support provided by parks: a configuration-oriented component, and a process-oriented component. The former refers to the static design of the business support, and the latter to the active, hands-on support provided by parks’ management. Both components must be planned carefully in order to deliver value to tenants. We also discuss some implications for policy and managers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2018
Keywords
Science and technology parks; agglomerations; added-value; innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146080 (URN)10.1007/s10961-018-9661-9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044380833 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Lamine, W., Mian, S., Fayolle, A., Wright, M., Klofsten, M. & Etzkowitz, H. (2018). Technology business incubation mechanisms and sustainable regional development. Journal of Technology Transfer, 43(5), 1121--1141
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology business incubation mechanisms and sustainable regional development
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1121--1141Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces various aspects of technology business incubators (TBIs), emphasizing their increasing role in the spatial context where they are used as platforms and drivers of regional entrepreneurial ecosystems. It outlines the key themes of the emerging role of TBIs in sustainable regional development: TBI biodiversity of ecosystems; accelerating startups in the entrepreneurial university; TBI mechanisms challenged by green technology to sustain regional development; and TBIs’ connecting role between entrepreneurship education, experiential knowledge, and regional development. It proposes an agenda for future research on the role of TBIs as bridging mechanisms and drivers of entrepreneurship and regional development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Technology business incubators/incubation (TBIs/TBI), Biodiversity of ecosystems, Sustainable regional development, Academic entrepreneurship
National Category
Human Geography Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133221 (URN)10.1007/s10961-016-9537-9 (DOI)000443720500001 ()2-s2.0-85006455507 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Bienkowska, D. (2017). Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators. In: : . Paper presented at The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of business incubators in providing support for sustainable entrepreneurship and in promoting sustainable business models among entrepreneurs and their ventures. Through a survey of 96 European incubators we have focused on the present situation concerning incubators’ profiling and accommodation of firms with sustainable orientation, how incubators apply sustainability aspects when recruiting tenants as well as how this could benefit development of sustainable business models. It is shown that many incubators perceive themselves to be profiled as environmental or sustainable, but there are notable differences between countries. Regional development is the most important target for incubators. Traditional selection criteria such as entrepreneur’s capabilities and business idea’s commercial potential is seen as most important while incubators do generally not prioritise criteria relating to sustainability. It is suggested that incubators should strive to adapt their recruitment strategies to the local and regional conditions, that a structured and time-limited pre-incubation program could be offered to potential tenants, and that incubators integrate competence on sustainable business development into their daily operations.

Keywords
Sustainability; business incubators; business model development; incubator selection; incubator support services
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142013 (URN)
Conference
The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany.
Projects
SHIFT
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Bager-Sjögren, L., Klofsten, M. & Krakowski, S. (2017). Firm growth and survival, from a 14- year perspective: A cohort analysis. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 37(16), 358-363, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm growth and survival, from a 14- year perspective: A cohort analysis
2017 (English)In: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, ISSN 0740-7416, Vol. 37, no 16, p. 358-363, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines whether early growth is important for the short- and long-term survival and development of new firms. For this purpose, we use registry data for a specific cohort of Swedish firms that tracks their development until their exit, or up to 14 years, at which point only 8% of the firms remain. We find growth to be clearly associated with increased survival of the firms, that the number of employees (in the previous year) is positively correlated with survival in following years, and somewhat surprisingly, that subsidiaries face a significantly larger hazard of closure than independent firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Entrepreneurship at Babson at Digital Knowledge at Babson, 2017
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, growth, survival, longitudinal data
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154624 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-22 Created: 2019-02-22 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
Bager-Sjögren, L., Klofsten, M. & Krakowski, S. (2017). Firm growth and survival from a 14-year perspective: A cohort analysis. In: : . Paper presented at 37th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 7-10, Norman Oklahoma, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm growth and survival from a 14-year perspective: A cohort analysis
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study examines whether early growth is important for the short- and long-term survival and development of new firms. The study exploits registry data for a specific cohort of Swedish firms that tracks their development until their exit, or up to 14 years, at which point only 8% of the firms remain. We find growth to be associated with increased survival of the firms, that the number of employees (in the previous year) is positively correlated with survival in following years and somewhat surprisingly, we found subsidiaries to face a significantly larger hazard of closure than independent firms.

Keywords
Growth, early development, survival
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136824 (URN)
Conference
37th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 7-10, Norman Oklahoma, USA
Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Johansson, S. & Klofsten, M. (2017). Future developments for Science Parks: Attracting and developing talent. Industry and Higher Education, 31(3), 156-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Future developments for Science Parks: Attracting and developing talent
2017 (English)In: Industry and Higher Education, ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 156-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the years, science parks have developed and improved their processes to offer better support to their tenants and promote the growth of the region in which they are located. Since regional growth is closely associated with groups of talented people, science parks carry out various activities at the company or individual level to attract and recruit talent. In order to understand how such activities have been and are being performed at Mja¨rdevi Science Park in Sweden, the authors highlight and analyse four talent-related cases. Their aim is to identify how talent can be attracted or recruited and to consider the stakeholders, their relationships and their motivations. The results confirm the importance to a science park of being close to a student community and of being connected to an international network with a well-recognized brand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
board of students, incubators, science parks, Sweden, talent attraction, talent recruitment
National Category
Social Sciences Economic Geography Business Administration Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135507 (URN)10.1177/0950422217700995 (DOI)
Note

Over the years, science parks have developed and improved their processes to offer better support to their tenants and promote the growth of the region in which they are located. Since regional growth is closely associated with groups of talented people, science parks carry out various activities at the company or individual level to attract and recruit talent. In order to understand how such activities have been and are being performed at Mja¨rdevi Science Park in Sweden, the authors highlight and analyse four talent-related cases. Their aim is to identify how talent can be attracted or recruited and to consider the stakeholders, their relationships and their motivations. The results confirm the importance to a science park of being close to a student community and of being connected to an international network with a well-recognized brand.

Available from: 2017-03-16 Created: 2017-03-16 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Bank, N., Klaus, F. & Klofsten, M. (2017). Sustainability-profiled incubators and securing the inflow of tenants – the case of Green Garage Berlin. Journal of Cleaner Production, 157, 76-83
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability-profiled incubators and securing the inflow of tenants – the case of Green Garage Berlin
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 157, p. 76-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Currently there is an attention in research and practise on entrepreneurial ecosystems, and how these, often using incubators, could support sustainable development through new firm start-ups. Despite the popularity of incubators in the literature and practise, few studies have focused on sustainable incubators in general or, more specifically, on processes that ensure a steady flow of tenants. Thus, this paper investigates how sustainable incubators ensures their inflow of tenants, how they organize their activities and whether the incubator environment affect tenant recruitment. A case study approach analysing the sustainability oriented incubator Green Garage Berlin have been used to generate an understanding of selection and recruitment processes as well the influence of external environments. The results show that regional and inter-regional co-operation, together with a well-planned, structured pre-incubation process, are requirements for securing an inflow of tenants to sustainable incubators. Incubator reputation and sufficient long term funding is also a key to success. A good practice case as Green Garage cannot simply be replicated, but require openness to continue the learning process and adapting the knowledge to be transferred to local conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Business incubators; pre-incubation; tenant selection; incubator environment; entrepreneurship support services
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Business Administration Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136822 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.123 (DOI)000405883600008 ()
Projects
SHIFT/Formas/Econovera
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Funding agencies: Formas (The Swedish Research Council) [253-2011-2152]; German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through ECO-INNOVERA as part of SHIFT project [033E001]

Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M. & Sten Gunnar, J. (2017). The development of a modern Science Park: A Swedish good practise. Revista Militar de Ciência E Tecnologia, 34(1), 55-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The development of a modern Science Park: A Swedish good practise
2017 (English)In: Revista Militar de Ciência E Tecnologia, ISSN 2316-4522, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 55-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to get a deeper understanding of the reasons and activities related to the development of Science Parks of today, identifying actors involved and their relationships. To achieve the goal, we analysed the story of Mjärdevi Science Park (MSP), located in Linköping, Sweden, from its inception to the present. In our study, we could identify the several interactions car-ried out by the MSP with regional, national and even international actors, thus building an extensive network of relationships. Having built a solid foundation, working very close to its tenants, it was pos-sible to maintain a continuous development over the years, even in times of crises and difficulties. In the middle of the 90s, Mjärdevi Science Park was considered the 9th park fastest growing in the world [1] and today is undoubtedly a success story. It has become a ‘good practise’ in the European context regarding the innovative approach of being a park integrated in a regional framework.

Keywords
Science Parks. Regional growth. Innovation. Good practice.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140136 (URN)
Available from: 2017-08-31 Created: 2017-08-31 Last updated: 2017-09-06Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Malmström, L. & Jones-Evans, D. (2016). Att träna företagare som står inför en tillväxtfas eller viktig förändring: ett svenskt praktikfall. In: Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring (Ed.), Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: företag, akademi, politik (pp. 215-233). Stockholm: Esbri
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att träna företagare som står inför en tillväxtfas eller viktig förändring: ett svenskt praktikfall
2016 (Swedish)In: Sveriges entreprenöriella ekosystem: företag, akademi, politik / [ed] Maureen McKelvey, Olof Zaring, Stockholm: Esbri , 2016, p. 215-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I detta kapitel presenteras ett praktikfall – Utvecklingsprogrammet – som visar hur det är möjligt att, på ett relativt enkelt och kostnadseffektivt sätt, stimulera företag som står inför (eller befinner sig i) en utvecklingsfas som präglas av tillväxt och/eller förändring. Vi beskriver hur och varför Utvecklingsprogrammet kom till, och vilka specifika faktorer som ligger bakom dess stora framgångar.

I mitten av 1980-talet startade ett träningsprogram för entreprenörer i företag med rötter i Linköpings universitet. Detta program kallades helt enkelt ”Utvecklingsprogrammet” och kom att bli en formidabel succé. Sedan starten 1986 har drygt 500 personer från 200 företag deltagit i de 25 program som har genomförts hittills. Många av de företag som deltagit har vuxit kraftigt, skapat tusentals nya arbetstillfällen och är i dag etablerade på världsmarknaden. Tankarna bakom programmet har hela tiden varit att ledningen i företa-gen behöver kvalificerad sparring för att effektivare kunna handskas med knäckfrågor relaterade till tillväxt och utveckling. Men även – särskilt sett från politikerhåll – att det ur ekonomisk synvinkel kan vara mycket effektivt att stimulera växande företag även senare i deras utveckling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Esbri, 2016
Keywords
Växande företag, entreprenörer, utbildning & träning, Entreprenörskap, Företagare
National Category
Literary Composition Work Sciences Learning History of Religions Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129393 (URN)9789197772846 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-08-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5960-9270

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