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Albahari, A., Klofsten, M. & Rubio-Romero, J. C. (2019). Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants. Journal of Technology Transfer, 44(4), 1256-1272
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants
2019 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 1256-1272Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on Science and Technology Parks (STPs) is growing rapidly and, despite the positive impact of STPs on firms found by many studies, it remains unclear how STPs create value for tenants. In this paper, we study the STP supply side through a case study in a Swedish region. We identify two components of the business support provided by parks: a configuration-oriented component, and a process-oriented component. The former refers to the static design of the business support, and the latter to the active, hands-on support provided by parks’ management. Both components must be planned carefully in order to deliver value to tenants. We also discuss some implications for policy and managers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019
Keywords
Science and technology parks; agglomerations; added-value; innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146080 (URN)10.1007/s10961-018-9661-9 (DOI)000474493500010 ()2-s2.0-85044380833 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Universidad de Malaga (A.1. III Plan Propio de Investigacion de la Universidad de Malaga) [C.3]

Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M., Albahari, A. & Etzkowitz, H. (2019). Science Parks and the attraction of talents: Activities and challenges. Triple Helix Journal, 1-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science Parks and the attraction of talents: Activities and challenges
2019 (English)In: Triple Helix Journal, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores activities undertaken by Science Parks to attract talent for their tenants. Despite the importance of accessing talent, there are very few studies focusing on this research area. The data in this investigation comes from seven cases studies on talent attraction activities carried out by three Science Parks in Sweden. We show that the parks conduct many different activities to attract talent including headhunting key personnel for start-ups, organising establishment platforms for foreign companies, and facilitating the exchange of knowledge and talent with higher education institu- tions. Science Parks house companies of different sizes, ages, and business orienta- tions and therefore, park managers should be sensitive to the real needs of tenant firms when performing talent attraction activities.

Keywords
Science Park – talent attraction – Triple Helix – incubators – stakeholder – networking arenas
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160771 (URN)10.1163/21971927-00601002 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-07
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Science Parks, talent attraction and stakeholder involvement: an international study. Journal of Technology Transfer, 1-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science Parks, talent attraction and stakeholder involvement: an international study
2019 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One aspect of Science Parks development that has come into focus is the attraction of talent, which could include attracting specific expertise, making it easier for firms to be established and reach skilled workers. In order to encompass different contexts, both economic and cultural, a questionnaire was sent to 120 Science Parks, of which 59 (49%) replied. The study included 22 variables, including eleven independent variables according to Science Park stakeholders and characteristics when selecting talent for tenant firms, five control variables, and six variables of Science Park success dimensions. The results show that the characteristics of talent contribute to the park’s success. Universities are the primary source of talent, and the government has a critical role in promoting collaboration between firms and universities. Therefore, park managers should promote links with local universities and the student community as well as strengthen their relationship with government representatives at all levels to receive the necessary support for park development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019
National Category
Business Administration Didactics Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160902 (URN)10.1007/s10961-019-09753-w (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Norrman, C. (2019). Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner. In: Karl Wennberg (Ed.), Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland (pp. 261-277). Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner
2019 (Swedish)In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 261-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När man ska stödja företagande på landsbygden är det viktigt att skapa en kritisk massa av entreprenörer, företag och stödaktörer i den aktuella regionen. Mångfalden är viktig och samordning mellan aktörerna är A och O för att önskade åtgärder ska kunna genomföras effektivt. Det är viktigt att ha realistiska förväntningar avseende företagens tillväxtmöjligheter och inriktning. Att stödja brett är många gånger viktigare än att satsa på spets. Ett prestigelöst och gränsöverskridande arbetssätt är att föredra i alla företagsstödjande sammanhang och man bör undvika både tanke- och verksamhetsmässiga silos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse, 2019
Keywords
Entreprenörskap, glesbygd, företagande
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158211 (URN)9789151919775 (ISBN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Norrman, C., Cadorin, E. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas. In: : . Paper presented at IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on small business entrepreneurialism in rural areas and its special conditions and needs. Our aim is to present examples of and suggestions for how to encourage firm start-ups and the continuation possibly also the development and growth of existing firms. The paper is based on three cases that illustrate (1) challenges in the support system in rural areas, (2) various forms of support that could be used in rural areas, and (3) expectations that are eligible to put upon support activities designed for rural areas. The following main conclusions were drawn: Firstly, we found that successful support of rural businesses requires a critical mass of regional entrepreneurs, firms, and support actors. Diversity is critical, and the various actors must be coordinated to carry out the desired measures effectively. We also found that expectations for growth and orientation of the firms must be realistic. Many times, broad support is more important than targeted support. Finally, we were able to show that a cross-boundary collaborative work culture that avoids both thought silos and business silos and places no value on prestige should pervade all areas of business support.

Keywords
Firm support, rural areas, entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157673 (URN)
Conference
IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Volkmann, C., Fichter, K., Klofsten, M. & Audretsch, D. B. (2019). Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research. Small Business Economics, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research
2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems is now a prominent topic and an important stream in entrepreneurship research, the question of how ecosystems can specifically promote sustainable entrepreneurship and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations is a neglected issue. With the papers in this special issue, we address this research gap, serving as a catalyst sparking more research at the nexus of contextualization of entrepreneurship and sustainability. This research has, since the 1990s, developed in three waves; the explicit linkage to SDGs and the investigation of impacts of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems in achieving societal and environmental goals might be considered as the “fourth wave.” We first introduce relevant research streams and concepts for investigating sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems. Then, we explain why this special issue and its articles represent a fourth wave in entrepreneurial research (“sustainability”). Thereafter, we provide an overview of the papers of this special issue and then end with a brief consideration of future research demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurial ecosystems, Sustainable entrepreneurship, Sustainability, Co-creation, Co-evolution, Collective sustainable innovation
National Category
Environmental Management Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160109 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00253-7 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Alain, F., Guerrero, M., Mian, S., Urbano, D. & Wright, M. (2019). The entrepreneurial university as driver for economic growth and social change - Key strategic challenges. Technological forecasting & social change, 141, 149-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The entrepreneurial university as driver for economic growth and social change - Key strategic challenges
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 141, p. 149-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Limitations of the research on the various leadership and strategic issues facing universities seeking to become more entrepreneurial has led this special issue to focus on the management, development, and implementation of this vision. We have solicited original research on the strategic challenges that these universities currently encounter. Researchers in management and related disciplines have contributed to this field of inquiry, which is having growing implications for our universities and stakeholders in the social and economic spheres. We begin by tracing an overarching framework, to which we add brief descriptions of the contributing papers in this special issue. To conclude, we outline future research goals and discuss how, around the world, academic actors involved in university development - such as university managers and policy makers - could view the ideas presented here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Internal & external factors, Entrepreneurial learning, Pathways for entrepreneurship, Impact measures
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153572 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.12.004 (DOI)000460990700015 ()2-s2.0-85058955634 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Germain-Alamartine, E., Bienkowska, D. & Klofsten, M. (2019). Universities and Science Parks: Engagements and Interactions in Developing and Attracting Talent. In: Thorsten Kliewe, Tobias Kesting, Carolin Plewa, Thomas Baaken (Ed.), Developing Engaged and Entrepreneurial Universities: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Findings (pp. 151-169). Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universities and Science Parks: Engagements and Interactions in Developing and Attracting Talent
2019 (English)In: Developing Engaged and Entrepreneurial Universities: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Findings / [ed] Thorsten Kliewe, Tobias Kesting, Carolin Plewa, Thomas Baaken, Singapore: Springer, 2019, p. 151-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many studies have shown that they have ceased to be mere facilitators of physical spaces to become important providers of services and resources to their tenants. Universities situated in or next to them play a key role in getting engaged in the development and the attraction of talent to Science Parks, to their tenant firms as well as to the region. Considering that skilled professionals are one of the resources that companies seek the most, Science Parks have dedicated numerous activities and means to become even more attractive to talented individuals, who can especially be found in entrepreneurial universities. In this study, we review the literature regarding the interactions existing between Science Parks or their tenants and their local universities. Talent attraction and entrepreneurship issues are addressed as the building blocks of these interactions. We strive to identify types of interactions that could differ in function of the maturity levels of the firms since their aims are not the same: at an early stage, firms tend to focus more on growth, whereas at a later stage, they tend to focus more on their development. We then point out policy implications, concerning both entrepreneurial or engaged universities and Science Parks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160680 (URN)10.1007/978-981-13-8130-0_8 (DOI)9789811381294 (ISBN)9789811381300 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lamine, W., Mian, S., Fayolle, A., Wright, M., Klofsten, M. & Etzkowitz, H. (2018). Technology business incubation mechanisms and sustainable regional development. Journal of Technology Transfer, 43(5), 1121--1141
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology business incubation mechanisms and sustainable regional development
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1121--1141Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces various aspects of technology business incubators (TBIs), emphasizing their increasing role in the spatial context where they are used as platforms and drivers of regional entrepreneurial ecosystems. It outlines the key themes of the emerging role of TBIs in sustainable regional development: TBI biodiversity of ecosystems; accelerating startups in the entrepreneurial university; TBI mechanisms challenged by green technology to sustain regional development; and TBIs’ connecting role between entrepreneurship education, experiential knowledge, and regional development. It proposes an agenda for future research on the role of TBIs as bridging mechanisms and drivers of entrepreneurship and regional development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Technology business incubators/incubation (TBIs/TBI), Biodiversity of ecosystems, Sustainable regional development, Academic entrepreneurship
National Category
Human Geography Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133221 (URN)10.1007/s10961-016-9537-9 (DOI)000443720500001 ()2-s2.0-85006455507 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Bienkowska, D. (2017). Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators. In: : . Paper presented at The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of business incubators in providing support for sustainable entrepreneurship and in promoting sustainable business models among entrepreneurs and their ventures. Through a survey of 96 European incubators we have focused on the present situation concerning incubators’ profiling and accommodation of firms with sustainable orientation, how incubators apply sustainability aspects when recruiting tenants as well as how this could benefit development of sustainable business models. It is shown that many incubators perceive themselves to be profiled as environmental or sustainable, but there are notable differences between countries. Regional development is the most important target for incubators. Traditional selection criteria such as entrepreneur’s capabilities and business idea’s commercial potential is seen as most important while incubators do generally not prioritise criteria relating to sustainability. It is suggested that incubators should strive to adapt their recruitment strategies to the local and regional conditions, that a structured and time-limited pre-incubation program could be offered to potential tenants, and that incubators integrate competence on sustainable business development into their daily operations.

Keywords
Sustainability; business incubators; business model development; incubator selection; incubator support services
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142013 (URN)
Conference
The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany.
Projects
SHIFT
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5960-9270

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