liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 146) Show all publications
Klofsten, M., Lundmark, E., Wennberg, K. & Bank, N. (2020). Incubator specialization and size: Divergent paths towards operational scale. Technological forecasting & social change, 151, 1-13, Article ID 119821.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incubator specialization and size: Divergent paths towards operational scale
2020 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 151, p. 1-13, article id 119821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on incubators show that size is important in achieving efficiency and networking benefits for clients. However, little research has focused on what factors influence incubator size. We theorize and show partial support for size benefits to incubator specialization. Analyses of the relationship between size and four distinct specialization strategies in a sample of 96 European incubators show that incubator size is positively related to a strategic focus on universities and research institutes as recruitment channels and to a focus on sustainability, but unrelated to industry focus. Incubator size was found to be negatively related to a regional focus. While sustainability focused incubators tended to not find recruitment challenging, paradoxically, among those who did, the most frequently reported challenges were related to finding tenants that focus on sustainability. Post-hoc analyses revealed that tenants with a focus other than sustainability often dominate sustainability-oriented incubators, suggesting that sustainability may be more of a legitimating strategy than an explicit selection criterion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Business incubator, Industry, Region, University, Sustainability, Specialization, Focus, Size
National Category
Business Administration Learning Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162676 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2019.119821 (DOI)000509818900006 ()2-s2.0-85076246112 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Formas (The Swedish Research Council)Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas [253-2011-2152]; German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through ECO-INNOVERAFederal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF) [033E001]; Ragnar So

Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Löfsten, H., Klofsten, M. & Cadorin, E. (2020). Science Parks and talent attraction management: university students as a strategic resource for innovation and entrepreneurship. European Planning Studies, 1-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science Parks and talent attraction management: university students as a strategic resource for innovation and entrepreneurship
2020 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to expand our understanding of talent attraction management in Science Parks with a specific interest in university students/alumni as a human and strategic resource. The underlying rationale is how the links with universities can be supported and how the Science Park management can contribute to successful relationships with universities and university students/alumni, in order to develop tenant firms and the park itself. A questionnaire was sent out in 2018–120 parks. This study includes 25 variables, and four significant regression models are presented. The main finding is that Science Park talent attraction activities act as a mediating variable, which affects the informal and formal partnerships between students and firms/universities as well as how the park management can contribute to successful relationships. By attracting students, tenant firms can have a positive impact on their performance as well as Science Park development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163511 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2020.1722986 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-02-06 Created: 2020-02-06 Last updated: 2020-03-04Bibliographically approved
Laur, I., Klofsten, M., Bienkowska, D., Wincent, J. & Håkan, Y. (2019). Development of European cluster initiatives: stakeholders’ contribution and enrolment. Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), 21(685), 685-711
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of European cluster initiatives: stakeholders’ contribution and enrolment
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), ISSN 1097-4954, E-ISSN 1745-1329, Vol. 21, no 685, p. 685-711Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated how cluster initiatives’ members contribute to cluster initiatives concerning tasks as well as what dependency patterns exist between maturation level and enrolment of members in these organisations. The content of the work is considered as crucial for organisational functioning and development. The findings are based on survey responses from 136 (53% response rate) cluster initiatives from eight European countries. The results show that, first, all members contribute to initiatives’ development by performing strategic, operational tasks, and provision of resources. Each member tends to focus more on one task than the others that are delegated. Second, two factors influence enrolment of new members in cluster initiatives: age and presence of other influential members. The more mature cluster initiatives become the more networks and established organisational attributes it will have. This reflects longevity of the initiative and good-quality, intermediary assistance, which are attractive for potential members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2019
Keywords
Cluster initiatives; intermediaries; actors’ enrolment; contributions
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161245 (URN)10.1504/GBER.2019.102526 (DOI)2-s2.0-85073381822 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Albahari, A., Klofsten, M. & Rubio-Romero, J. C. (2019). Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants. Journal of Technology Transfer, 44(4), 1256-1272
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and Technology Parks: A study of value creation for park tenants
2019 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 1256-1272Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on Science and Technology Parks (STPs) is growing rapidly and, despite the positive impact of STPs on firms found by many studies, it remains unclear how STPs create value for tenants. In this paper, we study the STP supply side through a case study in a Swedish region. We identify two components of the business support provided by parks: a configuration-oriented component, and a process-oriented component. The former refers to the static design of the business support, and the latter to the active, hands-on support provided by parks’ management. Both components must be planned carefully in order to deliver value to tenants. We also discuss some implications for policy and managers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019
Keywords
Science and technology parks; agglomerations; added-value; innovation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146080 (URN)10.1007/s10961-018-9661-9 (DOI)000474493500010 ()2-s2.0-85044380833 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Universidad de Malaga (A.1. III Plan Propio de Investigacion de la Universidad de Malaga) [C.3]

Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M., Albahari, A. & Etzkowitz, H. (2019). Science Parks and the attraction of talents: Activities and challenges. Triple Helix Journal, 1-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science Parks and the attraction of talents: Activities and challenges
2019 (English)In: Triple Helix Journal, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores activities undertaken by Science Parks to attract talent for their tenants. Despite the importance of accessing talent, there are very few studies focusing on this research area. The data in this investigation comes from seven cases studies on talent attraction activities carried out by three Science Parks in Sweden. We show that the parks conduct many different activities to attract talent including headhunting key personnel for start-ups, organising establishment platforms for foreign companies, and facilitating the exchange of knowledge and talent with higher education institu- tions. Science Parks house companies of different sizes, ages, and business orienta- tions and therefore, park managers should be sensitive to the real needs of tenant firms when performing talent attraction activities.

Keywords
Science Park – talent attraction – Triple Helix – incubators – stakeholder – networking arenas
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160771 (URN)10.1163/21971927-00601002 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-07
Cadorin, E., Klofsten, M. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Science Parks, talent attraction and stakeholder involvement: an international study. Journal of Technology Transfer, 1-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science Parks, talent attraction and stakeholder involvement: an international study
2019 (English)In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One aspect of Science Parks development that has come into focus is the attraction of talent, which could include attracting specific expertise, making it easier for firms to be established and reach skilled workers. In order to encompass different contexts, both economic and cultural, a questionnaire was sent to 120 Science Parks, of which 59 (49%) replied. The study included 22 variables, including eleven independent variables according to Science Park stakeholders and characteristics when selecting talent for tenant firms, five control variables, and six variables of Science Park success dimensions. The results show that the characteristics of talent contribute to the park’s success. Universities are the primary source of talent, and the government has a critical role in promoting collaboration between firms and universities. Therefore, park managers should promote links with local universities and the student community as well as strengthen their relationship with government representatives at all levels to receive the necessary support for park development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019
National Category
Business Administration Didactics Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160902 (URN)10.1007/s10961-019-09753-w (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Norrman, C. (2019). Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner. In: Karl Wennberg (Ed.), Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland (pp. 261-277). Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stöd och utveckling av små och nya företag i landsbygdsregioner
2019 (Swedish)In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 261-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När man ska stödja företagande på landsbygden är det viktigt att skapa en kritisk massa av entreprenörer, företag och stödaktörer i den aktuella regionen. Mångfalden är viktig och samordning mellan aktörerna är A och O för att önskade åtgärder ska kunna genomföras effektivt. Det är viktigt att ha realistiska förväntningar avseende företagens tillväxtmöjligheter och inriktning. Att stödja brett är många gånger viktigare än att satsa på spets. Ett prestigelöst och gränsöverskridande arbetssätt är att föredra i alla företagsstödjande sammanhang och man bör undvika både tanke- och verksamhetsmässiga silos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse, 2019
Keywords
Entreprenörskap, glesbygd, företagande, Småföretag, Företagsetablering, Landsbygd, Sverige
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158211 (URN)9789151919775 (ISBN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2020-04-08Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Norrman, C., Cadorin, E. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas. In: : . Paper presented at IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on small business entrepreneurialism in rural areas and its special conditions and needs. Our aim is to present examples of and suggestions for how to encourage firm start-ups and the continuation possibly also the development and growth of existing firms. The paper is based on three cases that illustrate (1) challenges in the support system in rural areas, (2) various forms of support that could be used in rural areas, and (3) expectations that are eligible to put upon support activities designed for rural areas. The following main conclusions were drawn: Firstly, we found that successful support of rural businesses requires a critical mass of regional entrepreneurs, firms, and support actors. Diversity is critical, and the various actors must be coordinated to carry out the desired measures effectively. We also found that expectations for growth and orientation of the firms must be realistic. Many times, broad support is more important than targeted support. Finally, we were able to show that a cross-boundary collaborative work culture that avoids both thought silos and business silos and places no value on prestige should pervade all areas of business support.

Keywords
Firm support, rural areas, entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157673 (URN)
Conference
IDEAS-Conference, Manaus, Brazil, June 17-19, 2019
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M., Norrman, C., Cadorin, E. & Löfsten, H. (2019). Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas: a case study of three regional initiatives. SN Applied Sciences, 2(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support and development of small and new firms in rural areas: a case study of three regional initiatives
2019 (English)In: SN Applied Sciences, ISSN 2523-3971, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper is based on qualitative analysis and addresses the important topic of small business entrepreneurialism in rural areas and its special conditions and needs. Our aim is to present examples of and suggestions for how to encourage firm start-ups and the continuation possibly also the development and growth of existing firms. The paper is based on three cases that illustrate (1) challenges in the support system in rural areas, (2) various forms of support that could be used in rural areas, and (3) expectations that are eligible to put upon support activities designed for rural areas. The main findings are that (1) that successful support of rural businesses requires a critical mass of regional entrepreneurs, firms, and support actors, (2) diversity is critical, and the various actors must be coordinated to carry out the desired measures effectively, (3) expectations for growth and orientation of the firms must be realistic because broad support is more important than targeted support, and (4) we were able to show that a cross-boundary collaborative work culture that avoids both thought silos and business silos and places no value on prestige should pervade all areas of business support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Firm support, Rural areas, Entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration Information Systems, Social aspects Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162833 (URN)10.1007/s42452-019-1908-z (DOI)
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved
Volkmann, C., Fichter, K., Klofsten, M. & Audretsch, D. B. (2019). Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research. Small Business Economics, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: an emerging field of research
2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems is now a prominent topic and an important stream in entrepreneurship research, the question of how ecosystems can specifically promote sustainable entrepreneurship and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations is a neglected issue. With the papers in this special issue, we address this research gap, serving as a catalyst sparking more research at the nexus of contextualization of entrepreneurship and sustainability. This research has, since the 1990s, developed in three waves; the explicit linkage to SDGs and the investigation of impacts of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems in achieving societal and environmental goals might be considered as the “fourth wave.” We first introduce relevant research streams and concepts for investigating sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems. Then, we explain why this special issue and its articles represent a fourth wave in entrepreneurial research (“sustainability”). Thereafter, we provide an overview of the papers of this special issue and then end with a brief consideration of future research demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurial ecosystems, Sustainable entrepreneurship, Sustainability, Co-creation, Co-evolution, Collective sustainable innovation
National Category
Environmental Management Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160109 (URN)10.1007/s11187-019-00253-7 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5960-9270

Search in DiVA

Show all publications