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Yngve, M., Lidström, H., Hemmingsson, H. & Ekbladh, E. (2023). Establishment in productive occupations and perceived work ability among former students with special educational needs one year after upper secondary education. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 75(1), 85-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Establishment in productive occupations and perceived work ability among former students with special educational needs one year after upper secondary education
2023 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 85-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Establishment in productive occupations i.e. work and further studies, is challenging for students who experience special educational needs (SEN).

OBJECTIVE:

The study aim was to investigate productive occupations and perceived work ability one year after upper secondary education among former students with SEN who had received a student-centred information and communication technology (ICT) intervention.

METHODS:

Questionnaire data on productive occupations (n = 81) were complemented with the semi-structured Worker Role Interview (WRI) concerning perceived work ability (n = 20), in an embedded mixed methods design. Group comparisons between participants who were and were not established in productive occupations were performed. Written notes from the WRI were analysed with a deductive content analysis.

RESULTS:

Findings demonstrated that almost two-thirds (63% n = 51) of the former students with SEN were established in productive occupations. The established group had to a higher extent obtained pass grades and had to a lesser extent received time-assisting ICT. Managing daily routines in combination with a productive role in a satisfactory manner was perceived as most challenging for the participants in relation to their work ability.

CONCLUSION:

The results indicate that students with SEN need person-centred support to handle difficulties both in and outside upper secondary school to promote the transition from school to establishment in productive occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2023
Keywords
Job satisfaction; participation; unemployment; young adults
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190857 (URN)10.3233/wor-220057 (DOI)000989666900009 ()36591681 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Linkoping University, Sweden; Folke Bernadotte Stiftelsen

Available from: 2023-01-03 Created: 2023-01-03 Last updated: 2023-06-22Bibliographically approved
Yngve, M., Ekbladh, E., Lidström, H. & Hemmingsson, H. (2023). Information and communication technology to improve school participation among upper secondary school students with special educational needs. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 30(3), 311-321
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information and communication technology to improve school participation among upper secondary school students with special educational needs
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 311-321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Evidence-based information and communication technology (ICT) interventions to enhance school participation among students with special educational needs (SEN) are required. Aim To evaluate the impact of an ICT intervention on school participation among upper secondary school students with special educational needs. Materials and methods Data on 300 students assessments with the School Setting Interview (SSI), grades and school attendance were used in this quasi-experimental study, with a one-group pretest-posttest design. Descriptive and inferential statistics and effect size were used, as well as Rasch analysis to generate interval data on the students ordinal SSI ratings. Results In the ICT intervention (median time eight hours), 54% of the students received a tablet, and software concerned with planning and structure was received by 85%. After the ICT intervention, a significant decrease in perceived need for adjustments in school activities was found on a group level and 30% of the students improved their school attendance. Students who benefitted the most from the ICT intervention had few adjustment needs in school activities and no special educational support at baseline. Conclusion An ICT intervention is promising for improving school participation among upper secondary school students with SEN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2023
Keywords
Accommodations; adjustment; assistive technology; school activity; student-centred intervention
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-181191 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2021.1998610 (DOI)000716338300001 ()34751605 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85118643170 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Linkoping University, Sweden

Available from: 2021-11-22 Created: 2021-11-22 Last updated: 2023-11-16Bibliographically approved
Lidström, H., Hemmingsson, H. & Ekbladh, E. (2020). Individual Adjustment Needs for Students in Regular Upper Secondary School. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 64(4), 589-600
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual Adjustment Needs for Students in Regular Upper Secondary School
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 589-600Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate student-environment fit and perceived need of adjustments for students in the regular upper secondary school, with and without a diagnosis. The students (n = 419) were interviewed with the assessment School Setting Interview. The results showed that for seven of the 16 items, 60% or more of the students experienced that the demands of the school environment were not consistent with their abilities. Girls had a greater need of adjustments in eight of nine SSI school activities. The findings put an emphasis on the importance of recognizing the students individuals need of adjustments, and on offering flexible support in order to enhance the student-environment-fit and well-being of students in need of special educational support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2020
Keywords
Disability; school Setting interview; special educational needs; support
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157253 (URN)10.1080/00313831.2019.1595714 (DOI)000464593900001 ()
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2021-12-28
Yngve, M., Lidström, H., Ekbladh, E. & Hemmingsson, H. (2019). Which students need accommodations the most, and to what extent are their needs met by regular upper secondary school?: A cross-sectional study among students with special educational needs. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 34(3), 327-341
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Which students need accommodations the most, and to what extent are their needs met by regular upper secondary school?: A cross-sectional study among students with special educational needs
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 327-341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to identify factors associated with a high level of accommodation needs in school activities among students with special educational needs (SEN) in regular upper secondary education; and (2) to investigate the extent to which schools have met students’ perceived accommodation needs. Accommodation needs and their provision in school activities were assessed with the School Setting Interview for 484 students with SEN. Students’ mean age was 17.3 years and 50% did not have a diagnosis. A logistic regression analysis revealed that a high level of school absence, studying a vocational programme, and a neuropsychiatric disorder were associated with a high level of accommodation needs. In the majority of school activities, about 50% of students had not received any accommodation despite an experienced need for support. About 30% of students perceived a need for support even though they had been provided with accommodations, and around 25% stated they were satisfied with received accommodations. Regular upper secondary school students with SEN are insufficiently provided with accommodations to satisfactorily participate in education. Specific student characteristics, e.g. high level of school absence, should receive special attention when investigating and accommodating students’ needs for support in school activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Student-environment fit, arbetsterapi, delaktighet, stöd i skolan, neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning, dyslexi
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150424 (URN)10.1080/08856257.2018.1501966 (DOI)000469004000006 ()
Note

Funding agencies:  Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology (SIAT); Jerringfonden (the Jerring Foundation); Stiftelsen Kempe-Carlgrenska Fonden

Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2021-12-28Bibliographically approved
Sandqvist, J. & Ekbladh, E. (2017). Applying the Model of Human Occupation to Vocational Rehabilitation (5ed.). In: Renee Taylor (Ed.), Kielhofner's model of human occupation: theory and application (pp. 377-396). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applying the Model of Human Occupation to Vocational Rehabilitation
2017 (English)In: Kielhofner's model of human occupation: theory and application / [ed] Renee Taylor, Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, 5, p. 377-396Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer, 2017 Edition: 5
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141979 (URN)9781451190342 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2022-08-30Bibliographically approved
Hemmingsson, H., Forsyth, K., Haglund, L., Keponen, R., Ekbladh, E. & Kielhofner, G. (2017). Talking with clients: assessments that collect information through interviews (5ed.). In: Renée R Taylor (Ed.), Kielhofner´s Model of Human Occupation: Theory and application (pp. 275-290). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Talking with clients: assessments that collect information through interviews
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2017 (English)In: Kielhofner´s Model of Human Occupation: Theory and application / [ed] Renée R Taylor, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins , 2017, 5, p. 275-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2017 Edition: 5
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140181 (URN)9781451190342 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2022-04-22Bibliographically approved
Yngve, M. & Ekbladh, E. (2015). Clinical Utility of the Worker Role Interview - A Survey Study among Swedish Users. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 22(6), 417-423
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical Utility of the Worker Role Interview - A Survey Study among Swedish Users
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 417-423Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Work ability assessments are used to guide interventions designed to reduce or eliminate work disability and facilitate work participation. The clinical utility of assessments concerns the extent to which the assessment results support clinical decision-making. Aim: The aim was to investigate how users perceive the clinical utility of the Swedish version of the Worker Role Interview (WRI-S). An additional aim was to investigate differences in clinical utility related to the users’ level of WRI-S experience, attendance at courses on WRI-S application, and knowledge of the Model of Human Occupation. Material and methods: Data are based on 187 respondents’ answers to a web-based questionnaire and analysed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: In total, the respondents performed 12 000 WRI-S assessments. The respondents were mainly satisfied with the clinical utility of the WRI-S and experienced the assessment as supporting clinical practice. The main hindrance affecting clinical utility was the amount of time needed for conducting a WRI-S assessment. Experienced users and users with very good knowledge of MOHO conduct WRI-S assessments in a more time-effective manner. Conclusion: This study contributes to further development of the clinical utility of the Swedish version of the WRI-S, mainly focusing on time consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor Francis, 2015
Keywords
assessment, model of human occupation, vocational rehabilitation, work ability, WRI
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117842 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2015.1007161 (DOI)000361328200002 ()25797368 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-11 Last updated: 2021-12-28Bibliographically approved
Ekbladh, E. & Sandqvist, J. (2015). Psychosocial Factors’ Influence on Work Ability of People Experiencing Sick Leave Resulting From Common Mental Disorders. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 31(3), 283-297
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial Factors’ Influence on Work Ability of People Experiencing Sick Leave Resulting From Common Mental Disorders
2015 (English)In: Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, ISSN 0164-212X, E-ISSN 1541-3101, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 283-297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A description of how people with the experience of long-term sick leave resulting from common mental disorders perceive that psychosocial factors influence their work ability. The Worker Role Interview was conducted with 14 informants and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The informants believed in their future work ability. Most had had to adjust their habits and routines to manage their working and private lives in relation to their mental health problems. Occupational therapists need more knowledge about how to strengthen clients' beliefs in their occupational abilities and how to organize their daily activities in a balanced fashion.

Keywords
daily life pattern, model of human occupation (MOHO), sick leave, vocational rehabilitation, Worker Role Interview
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125451 (URN)10.1080/0164212X.2015.1055530 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2021-12-28
Ekbladh, E., Fan, C.-W., Sandqvist, J., Hemmingsson, H. & Taylor, R. (2014). Work environment impact scale: Testing the psychometric properties of the Swedish version. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 47(2), 213-219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work environment impact scale: Testing the psychometric properties of the Swedish version
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2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 213-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS) is an assessment that focuses on the fit between a person and his or her work environment. It is based on Kielhofner’s Model of Human Occupation and designed to gather information on how clients experience their work environment.

The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the WEIS assessment instrument.

In total, 95 ratings on the 17-item WEIS were obtained from a sample of clients with experience of sick leave due to different medical conditions. Rasch analysis was used to analyze the data. 

Overall, the WEIS items together cohered to form a single construct of increasingly challenging work environmental factors. The hierarchical ordering of the items along the continuum followed a logical and expected pattern, and the participants were validly measured by the scale. The three occupational therapists serving as raters validly used the scale, but demonstrated a relatively high rater separation index, indicating differences in rater severity.  

The findings provide evidence that the Swedish version of the WEIS is a psychometrically sound assessment across diagnoses and occupations, which can provide valuable information about experiences of work environment challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2014
Keywords
vocational rehabilitation, assessment, Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), occupational therapy
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105301 (URN)10.3233/WOR-121574 (DOI)000332479000008 ()
Available from: 2014-03-17 Created: 2014-03-17 Last updated: 2021-12-28
Fan, C.-W., Taylor, R. R., Ekbladh, E., Hemmingsson, H. & Sandqvist, J. (2013). Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of a Clinical Vocational Rehabilitation Outcome Measurement: The Assessment of Work Performance (AWP). OTJR (Thorofare, N.J.), 33(3), 125-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the Psychometric Properties of a Clinical Vocational Rehabilitation Outcome Measurement: The Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
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2013 (English)In: OTJR (Thorofare, N.J.), ISSN 1539-4492, E-ISSN 1938-2383, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 125-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the validity and reliability of the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) using Rasch analysis. The AWP was administered to 365 clients with a variety of work-related problems. Rasch analysis and principal component analysis were used to examine the appropriateness of the rating scales and unidimensionality of AWP items. The person-response validity, internal consistency, targeting appropriateness, and differential item function were also analyzed. The Rasch analysis confirmed the 4-point rating scale, and the item set met the criteria of unidimensionality. The AWP exhibited satisfactory person-response validity and internal consistency. Among the three subdomains, the targeting of item-difficulty was sufficient in the motor skills and process skills subdomains. Differential item functioning was found across gender and diagnoses. This study presented evidence to support that the AWP functioned as a reliable and valid assessment in assessing work performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Slack, 2013
Keywords
Model of Human Occupation, work, construct validity
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96715 (URN)10.3928/15394492-20130614-01 (DOI)000322081100002 ()
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-23 Last updated: 2021-12-28
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9365-7033

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