liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Lindqvist, Kent
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Olofsson, N., Lindqvist, K. & Danielsson, I. (2015). Higher Risk of Violence Exposure in Men and Women With Physical or Sensory Disabilities: Results From a Public Health Survey. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), 1671-1686
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Higher Risk of Violence Exposure in Men and Women With Physical or Sensory Disabilities: Results From a Public Health Survey
2015 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 30, no 10, p. 1671-1686Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The World Health Organization has declared that violence is a global public health problem. The prevalence of violence exposure among adults with intellectual and unspecific disabilities has been demonstrated in several studies, whereas only a few articles on people with sensory disabilities have been published. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk for exposure to physical violence, psychological offence, or threats of violence in people with physical and/or sensory disabilities, compared with people with no such disabilities, controlling for socioeconomic data. Data from a public health survey were analyzed. A nationally representative sample of women and men aged 16 to 84 years had answered a questionnaire. In the present study, the whole sample, comprised of 25,461 women and 21,545 men, was used. Women with auditory disabilities were generally more often violence exposed than non-disabled women, whereas men with physical disabilities were more often violence exposed than non-impaired men. Some age groups among both women and men with visual disabilities had higher prevalence rates than women and men without disabilities. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were significantly higher among the auditory impairment group for exposure to physical (OR = 1.4, confidence interval [CI] = [1.1, 1.9]) and psychological (OR = 1.4, CI = [1.1, 1.8]) violence among women. Men with physical disabilities had raised odds ratios for physical violence (OR = 1.7, CI = [1.2, 2.4]) and psychological violence (OR = 1.4, CI = [1.0, 2.0]) compared with the non-disabled group. Both men and women with a physical or sensory disability showed higher odds of being exposed to violence than men and women without a disability. The results indicated that socioeconomic situation, smoking, and hazardous drinking strengthened the association between impairment and violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2015
Keywords
disability; sensory impairments; violence; men; women
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118847 (URN)10.1177/0886260514548585 (DOI)000354130300004 ()25186966 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Kullberg, A., Nordqvist, C., Lindqvist, K. & Timpka, T. (2014). Examining quality function deployment in safety promotion in Sweden.. Health Promotion International, 29(3), 414-426
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining quality function deployment in safety promotion in Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 414-426Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The first-hand needs and demands of laypersons are not always considered when safety promotion programmes are being developed. We compared focal areas for interventions identified from residents' statements of safety needs with focal areas for interventions identified by local government professionals in a Swedish urban community certified by the international Safe Community movement supported by the World Health Organization. Quantitative and qualitative data on self-expressed safety needs from 787 housing residents were transformed into an intervention design, using the quality function deployment (QFD) technique and compared with the safety intervention programme developed by professionals at the municipality administrative office. The outcome of the comparison was investigated with regard to implications for the Safe Community movement. The QFD analysis identified the initiation and maintenance of social integrative processes in housing areas as the most highly prioritized interventions among the residents, but failed to highlight the safety needs of several vulnerable groups (the elderly, infants and persons with disabilities). The intervention programme designed by the public health professionals did not address the social integrative processes, but it did highlight the vulnerable groups. This study indicates that the QFD technique is suitable for providing residential safety promotion efforts with a quality orientation from the layperson's perspective. Views of public health professionals have to be included to ascertain that the needs of socially deprived residents are adequately taken into account. QFD can augment the methodological toolbox for safety promotion programmes, including interventions in residential areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2014
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100229 (URN)10.1093/heapro/das079 (DOI)000345959200004 ()23322486 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-31 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Addelyan Rasi, H., Timpka, T., Lindqvist, K. & Moula, A. (2013). Can a psychosocial intervention programme teaching coping strategies improve the quality of life of Iranian women? A non-randomised quasi-experimental study. BMJ Open, 3(3), 2407
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can a psychosocial intervention programme teaching coping strategies improve the quality of life of Iranian women? A non-randomised quasi-experimental study
2013 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 2407-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To assess whether a psychosocial intervention teaching coping strategies to women can improve quality of life (QOL) in groups of Iranian women exposed to social pressures.

Design: Quasi-experimental nonrandomized group design involving two categories of Iranian women, each category represented by nonequivalent intervention and comparison groups.

Setting: A large urban area in Iran.

Participants: 44 women; 25 single mothers and 19 newly married women.

Interventions: Seventh-month psychosocial intervention aimed at providing coping strategies.

Primary outcome measures: Effect sizes in four specific health-related domains and two overall perceptions of QOL and health measured by the WHOQOL-BREF instrument.

Results: Large effect sizes were observed among the women exposed to the intervention in the WHOQOL-BREF subdomains measuring physical health (r=0.68; p<0.001), psychological health (r=0.72; p<0.001), social relationships (r=0.52; p<0.01), environmental health (r=0.55; p<0.01), and in the overall perception of QOL (r=0.72; p<0.001); the effect size regarding overall perception of health was between small and medium (r=0.20; not significant). Small and not statistically significant effect sizes were observed in the women provided with traditional social welfare services.

Conclusions: Teaching coping strategies can improve the QOL of women in societies where gender discrimination is prevalent. The findings require reproduction in studies with a more rigorous design before the intervention model can be recommended for widespread distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Open, 2013
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88193 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002407 (DOI)000330560500053 ()
Available from: 2013-04-05 Created: 2013-01-31 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Dalal, K. & Lindqvist, K. (2012). A National Study of the Prevalence and Correlates of Domestic Violence Among Women in India. ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 24(2), 265-277
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A National Study of the Prevalence and Correlates of Domestic Violence Among Women in India
2012 (English)In: ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, ISSN 1010-5395, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 265-277Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article estimates the national prevalence rate of domestic violence in India and examines the demographic and socioeconomic status of the victims of domestic violence. The study used the Indian National Family Health Survey 3, a cross-sectional national survey of 124 385 ever-married women of reproductive age from all the 29 member states. chi(2) Analysis and logistic regression were used. Lifetime experiences of violence among respondents were as follows: emotional violence, 14%; less severe physical violence, 31%; severe physical violence, 10%; and sexual violence, 8%. Women of scheduled castes and Muslim religion were most often exposed to domestic violence. Womens poorer economic background, working status, and husbands controlling behavior emerged as strong predictors for domestic violence in India. Elimination of structural inequalities inherent in the indigenous oppressive institutions of religion, caste, and the traditional male hierarchy in society could prevent domestic violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2012
Keywords
controlling behavior, India, physical violence, representative sample, sexual abuse, verbal abuse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77105 (URN)10.1177/1010539510384499 (DOI)000302590100004 ()
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2014-01-09Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, N., Lindqvist, K. & Danielsson, I. (2012). Fear of crime and psychological and physical abuse associated with ill health in a Swedish population aged 65-84 years. Public Health, 126(4), 358-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fear of crime and psychological and physical abuse associated with ill health in a Swedish population aged 65-84 years
2012 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 126, no 4, p. 358-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To assess the association between fear of crime and/or psychological and/or physical abuse in relation to self-reported physical and psychological health, using a large representative sample of elderly women and men in Sweden. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanStudy design: Cross-sectional national survey. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: Data were taken from a nationwide representative public health survey (2006). Men and women between the ages of 65 and 84 years were selected for the present analyses (4386 men and 4974 women). The response rate for this age group was 59% for men and 70% for women. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Psychological and physical abuse against elderly women and men led to higher odds ratios for negative health outcomes, independently of socio-economic status. Strong correlation was found between psychological abuse and negative health outcomes in both men and women, while the correlation was less strong for physical abuse, especially among women. The men had high odds ratios for suicidal thoughts and even for attempted suicide in connection with physical and psychological abuse and fear of crime. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: The study provides representative results addressing an extensive negative health outcome panorama caused by fear of crime and exposure to abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WB Saunders, 2012
Keywords
Elderly, Abuse, Ill health, Men, Women, Population study
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76948 (URN)10.1016/j.puhe.2012.01.015 (DOI)000302121100016 ()
Available from: 2012-05-02 Created: 2012-04-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, K. & Dalal, K. (2012). Impact of social standing on traffic injury prevention in a WHO safe community. Health, 4(4), 216-221
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of social standing on traffic injury prevention in a WHO safe community
2012 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 216-221Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the current study was to evalu- ate outcomes of a program to prevent traffic injuries among the different social strata under WHO Safe Community Program. A quasi-experi- mental design was used, with pre- and post- implementation registrations in the program im- plementation area (population 41,000) and in a neighbouring control municipality (population 26,000) in Östergötland County, Sweden. The traffic injury rate in the not vocationally active households was twice than employed or self- employed households in the intervention area. In the employed and not vocationally active households, males showed higher injury rates than females in both areas. In the self-employed households females exhibited higher injury rates than males in the intervention area. Males from not vocationally active households displayed the highest post-intervention injury rate in both the intervention and control areas. After 6 years of Safe Community program activity, the injury rates for males in employed category, injury rates for females in self-employed category, and males/females in non- vocationally active cate- gory displayed a decreasing trend in the inter- vention area. However, in the control area injury rate decreased only for males of employed households. The study indicated that there was almost no change in injury rates in the control area. Reduction of traffic injuries in the inter- vention area between 1983 and 1989 was likely to be attributable to the success of safety pro- motion program. Therefore, the current study concludes that Safe Community program seems to be successful for reducing traffic injuries in different social strata.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine, USA: Scientific Research Publishing, 2012
Keywords
Traffic injury, socioeconomic
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77769 (URN)10.4236/health.2012.44033 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-05-29 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, N., Lindqvist, K., Shaw, B. A. & Danielsson, I. (2012). Long-term health consequences of violence exposure in adolescence: A 26–year prospective study. BMC Public Health, 12(411)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term health consequences of violence exposure in adolescence: A 26–year prospective study
2012 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, no 411Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Violence victimization represents a serious risk factor for health related symptoms, for both men and women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of violence exposure in late adolescence and early adulthood on adult health, physical as well as mental, using a long-term prospective population-based study, with a follow up of 9, 19, and 26 years.

Methods: The primary data source is a longitudinal panel from one of the longest running social science surveys in the world, the Swedish Level-of-Living surveys (LNU). We analyzed three cohorts, individuals aged 15-19 in 1974 and 1981, and individuals aged 18-19 in 1991 which were followed up 2000. Structured interviews on childhood, family relationships, life-events, living conditions, health history and status, working conditions, behavioral, psychosocial, and demographic variables were repeatedly used in all cohorts.

Results: Multivariate models of violence exposures in adolescence in the 1974-91 cohorts as predictors of adult health in 2000 are reported for both men and women. Women exposed to violence had raised odds ratios for ill health, measured as heavy illness burden, and poor self rated health, after controlling for possible confounders. No such associations were found for men.

Conclusions: This study’s findings provide additional empirical support for the importance of policies and practices to identify and prevent violence exposure in adolescence and young adulthood and to supply treatments for adolescence exposed to violence and above all the young women.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77043 (URN)10.1186/1471-2458-12-411 (DOI)000307900500001 ()
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, K. (2012). Motala Municipality - a sustainable Safe Community in Sweden. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 19(3), 249-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motala Municipality - a sustainable Safe Community in Sweden
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 249-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An extensive research project concerning injury prevention was planned and initiated in Motala Municipality in the early 1980s. This article summarises 25 years of work for injury prevention and safety promotion in Motala. Evaluation of both process and effect were conducted based on a quasi-experimental study design, as well as cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of interventions. Initial evaluations results showed an annual incidence of injuries of 118.9/1000 citizens in 1983/1984 consisting of injuries at home (35%), sports injuries (18.9%), injuries at work (13.7%), traffic-related injuries (12.8%) and other injuries (19.5%). The annual social economic costs of injuries were estimated at 116 million Swedish crowns (SEK). By 1989, after two years of preventive work, the incidence of injuries was reduced by 13%. The greatest decrease was among the moderate severity category of injuries (41%). The social economic costs were thereby reduced by 21 million SEK per year. Since then, work with injury prevention has continued and annual evaluations have shown that the incidence of injuries, with some fluctuation, has continued to decrease up to the latest evaluation in 2008. The total decrease during the study period was 37%. This study shows that community-based injury prevention work according to the Safe Community model is a successful and cost-effective way of reducing injuries in the local community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles / Taylor and Francis, 2012
Keywords
safe community, safety promotion, evaluation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84543 (URN)10.1080/17457300.2012.692692 (DOI)000308133200011 ()
Available from: 2012-10-12 Created: 2012-10-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Timpka, T., Nordqvist, C., Festin, K. & Lindqvist, K. (2012). Quality indicators for implementation of safety promotion: Towards valid and reliable global certification of local programmes. Global Public Health, 7(6), 588-602
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality indicators for implementation of safety promotion: Towards valid and reliable global certification of local programmes
2012 (English)In: Global Public Health, ISSN 1744-1692, E-ISSN 1744-1706, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 588-602Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The theoretical underpinnings of safety promotion have not yet been integrated with implementation practice to ascertain between-community programme quality. This study sets out to develop a framework for verifying of the quality of community-based safety-promotion programmes in the global context. We analysed the certification indicators deployed in the international Safe Community movement in light of systems theory. Data were collected from focus group interviews with representatives from 10 certified Swedish communities and then analysed by qualitative methods. The community representatives were found to have used the present indicators mainly for marketing the safety-promotion concept to stakeholders rather than as benchmarks for safety practice. When appraised in regard to systems theory, it was found that the indicators did not cover important aspects of health-services implementation. Attainment of outcomes at the population level was not included. Consequently, that information about programme effects in high-risk groups and in risk environments could be neglected. We conclude that programme processes and outcomes at both organisational and population levels must be assessed when the quality of safety-promotion programmes is being certified. A revised set of indicators for certification of safety-promotion programmes fulfilling these criteria is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles / Taylor and Francis (Routledge), 2012
Keywords
public-health service quality, safety promotion, injury control, implementation, focus group interviews
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79115 (URN)10.1080/17441692.2011.641989 (DOI)000304805000003 ()
Available from: 2012-06-29 Created: 2012-06-29 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Lindqvist, K. & Dalal, K. (2012). The impact of child safety promotion on different social strata in a WHO Safe Community. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 4(1), 20-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of child safety promotion on different social strata in a WHO Safe Community
2012 (English)In: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, ISSN 2008-2053, E-ISSN 2008-4072, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 20-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to evaluate outcomes of a program to prevent severe and less severe unintentional child injuries among the different social strata under WHO Safe Community program. Specifically, the aim was to study effectiveness of Safe Community program for reducing child injury.

METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used, with pre- and post-implementation registrations covering the children (0 -15 years) in the program implementation area (population 41,000) and in a neighboring control municipality (population 26,000) in Ostergotland County, Sweden.

RESULTS: Boys from not vocationally active households displayed the highest pre-intervention injury rate in both the control and intervention areas. Also in households in which the vocationally significant member was employed, boys showed higher injury rates than girls. Households in which the vocationally significant member was self-employed, girls exhibited higher injury rates than boys in the intervention area. After 6 years of program activity, the injury rates for boys and girls in employed category and injury rates for girls in self-employed category displayed a decreasing trend in the intervention area. However, in the control area injury rate decreased only for boys of employed families.

CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that almost no changes in injury rates in the control area suggested that the reduction of child injuries in the intervention area between 1983 and 1989 was likely to be attributable to the safety promotion program. Therefore, the current study indicates that Safe Community program seems to be successful for reducing child injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, 2012
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77768 (URN)10.5249/jivr.v4i1.83 (DOI)21502791 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-05-29 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications