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Krantz, Helena
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Köhler, H. & Trygg, K. (2019). A time-geographical mixed-methods approach: studying the complexities of energy and water use in households. Fennia, 197(1), 108-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A time-geographical mixed-methods approach: studying the complexities of energy and water use in households
2019 (English)In: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 197, no 1, p. 108-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study is to describe and assess a methodology based on a time geographical approach for studying energy and water use in households. Energy and water resources are often used in routinized activities, and in activities considered as private, normal and ordinary, which makes them difficult to explore in research. In this article, we give an account of a mixed-methods approach using time diaries, metering data, interviews and simple observations, and analyse and discuss its methodological and empirical implications from two Swedish case studies. We conclude that the suggested combination of methods, despite some complications, provides a comprehensive account of household energy and water use to which various theoretical perspectives could apply. Energy and water using activities are defined in terms of time, place, quantity, material and social context, and are related to user perspectives on resource use and usage data. Such knowledge provides important input for information campaigns, technological retrofitting and other systemic changes in striving towards sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampere: Geographical Society of Finland, 2019
Keywords
time geography, methodology, water, energy, households, everyday life
National Category
Human Geography Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156723 (URN)10.11143/fennia.68860 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 37492-1Swedish Research Council Formas, 2008-1335
Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-13 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Krantz, H. (2018). Learning from a failed project: challenges of implementing 'green' technology in a real world setting. Scottish Geographical Journal, 134(3-4), 158-171
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning from a failed project: challenges of implementing 'green' technology in a real world setting
2018 (English)In: Scottish Geographical Journal, ISSN 1470-2541, E-ISSN 1751-665X, Vol. 134, no 3-4, p. 158-171Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development goals are defined at various institutional and organisational levels, and generate numerous ‘green’ technology projects. Most research concerns successful projects, and good examples are put forward for others to learn from. However, to pave the way for sustainability in practice, more knowledge is needed about the failed projects – what, or who, obstructs the realisation of ecologically motivated projects? This study explores, from a time-geographical perspective, a failed project concerning the introduction of individual metering and debiting of hot tap water in rented flats in Sweden. The study is based on interviews with key persons, observations and documents. The results underline the importance of acknowledging all project constraints and their interrelationship in an implementation process to explain project failure, being of an economic, political, social, cultural, technical, physical or legislative nature. Put into local contexts, similar ‘green technology’ will have different connotations and will have to deal with place-specific constraints. The project owner’s possibility to control and overcome local constraints will determine if the project will succeed or fail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Sustainable development, failed projects, Sweden, hot tap water, metering, time-geography
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153428 (URN)10.1080/14702541.2018.1471157 (DOI)000451529400005 ()2-s2.0-85047129559 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2008-1335
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Trygg, K. & Köhler, H. (2015). Exkursion - varför då?. Geografiska Notiser, 73(1), 16-22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exkursion - varför då?
2015 (Swedish)In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 16-22Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Exkursionen som undervisningsform värnas ofta av lärare och forskare i geografi. Exkursionen är ett centralt inslag för geografistudenternas lärande. Detta för utbildning med inriktning mot lärare i grundskolan och gymnasiet och för utbildning med inriktning mot forskning inom geografi. Exkursionsinslag är ofta inskrivet i kursplaner för geografi. På en exkursion har läraren möjligheten att kontextualisera och ge en djupare förståelse för innebörden av geografiska begrepp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Geografilärarnas riksförening, 2015
Keywords
Geografi, exkursioner, utbildning
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118969 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Krantz, H. (2012). Water Systems Meeting Everyday Life: A Conceptual Model of Household Use of Urban Water and Sanitation Systems. Public Works Management & Policy, 17(1), 103-119
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Water Systems Meeting Everyday Life: A Conceptual Model of Household Use of Urban Water and Sanitation Systems
2012 (English)In: Public Works Management & Policy, ISSN 1087-724X, E-ISSN 1552-7549, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 103-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The urban water and sanitation system has been questioned from various sustainability perspectives but, like other large technical systems, it is highly path dependent and resistant to change. The response to environmental demands is typically to optimize existing technology and procedures, adding new system-compatible technology, and to introduce policy instruments to improve water use by households. However, these policy instruments are general measures that touch on everyday life in various household contexts. Despite the geographical extension of water and sanitation networks, any policy instrument or systemic change will be interpreted and understood in local contexts, and users in households act locally. Nevertheless, conceptual discussion of the interconnectedness of system design, household context, and user routines is lacking. This article aims to provide a conceptual model combining systems and everyday-life views in the same framework. The model is applied to the concrete Swedish example of phosphorous recycling from wastewater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012
Keywords
conceptual model, household user routines, policy, sociotechnical systems, water and sanitation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87653 (URN)10.1177/1087724X11415285 (DOI)
Projects
Formas projekt 2008-1335: "Large technical systems in households – visualising and understanding the consumption of water and energy as socio-technical processes".
Funder
Formas, 2008-1335
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Bladh, M. & Krantz, H. (2008). Towards a bright future? Household use of electric light: A microlevel study.. Energy Policy, 36(9), 3521-3530
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a bright future? Household use of electric light: A microlevel study.
2008 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 36, no 9, p. 3521-3530Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 This paper addresses the problem of energy saving in the residential sector and its relation to behavior. However, we know little about the mechanisms explaining consumption and use. The aim is to explore the behavioral elements behind patterns of use, so that consumption can be explained and saving possibilities identified. The study is based on detailed, metered data from an ongoing monitoring study. A larger sample from that study made testing of two hypotheses possible. Yet, many factors remain hidden and must be traced among the habits of households. The major part of the article is devoted to an exploration into what other variables are at work. This was done by studying the electricity consumption of seven households closely. Here, different sources of information from each household were combined: detailed, metered data for each lamp or fixture; data from interviews regarding habits; and observations of natural light and lighting equipment at visits. This information from combined sources was used to detect meanings of use and relationships with consumption. What has been found here must be translated to measurable variables and tested on representative samples of populations. This study offers information on these variables identified and how to interpret them.

Keywords
energy use, household, lighting
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44354 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.001 (DOI)76383 (Local ID)76383 (Archive number)76383 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Krantz, H. & Drangert, J.-O. (2006). Household perspectives in managing sustainable cities. In: Per-Arne Malmqvist, Gerald Heinicke, Erik Kärrman, Thor Axel Stenström and Gilbert Svensson (Ed.), Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management: (pp. 112-122). London: IWA Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Household perspectives in managing sustainable cities
2006 (English)In: Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management / [ed] Per-Arne Malmqvist, Gerald Heinicke, Erik Kärrman, Thor Axel Stenström and Gilbert Svensson, London: IWA Publishing , 2006, p. 112-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The strategic planning of urban water systems is a complex task. The Urban Water programme covered projects from various disciplines at 9 Swedish Universities, from 1999 to 2006. The projects developed a "toolbox" for strategic planning of drinking-, waste- and stormwater management, covering aspects such as the environment, health and hygiene, financing, organisation, households, and technical function. Strategic Planning of Sustainable Urban Water Management synthesises the results and presents a comprehensive approach, which includes not only the technical, economic and environmental aspects, but also the challenges of institutional capacity and public participation in the planning process. Furthermore, the experience from a number of case studies are summarised and can offer readers inspiration for their own planning situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: IWA Publishing, 2006
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37162 (URN)33825 (Local ID)1-84339-105-8 (ISBN)978-1-8433-9105-0 (ISBN)33825 (Archive number)33825 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Krantz, H. (2006). Household routines-A time-space issue: A theoretical approach applied on the case of water and sanitation. Applied Geography, 26(3-4), 227-241
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Household routines-A time-space issue: A theoretical approach applied on the case of water and sanitation
2006 (English)In: Applied Geography, ISSN 0143-6228, E-ISSN 1873-7730, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 227-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The emerging chemical society and new political demands on improved ecological sustainability have put the urban water and sanitation system under pressure. It is recognised that the users need to partake in the problem solving, but to influence human practice we must understand it. A theoretical framework, founded on time-geography and cultural analysis, was developed and applied in a study on the interrelationship between changes in water and sanitation arrangements at the household level and residents' routines. This article describes the theory cross-fertilisation and its prospect of application in studies of human environmental action. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords
Culture; Environment; Households; Resource use; Routines; Sustainability; Theory; Time-space;
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36609 (URN)10.1016/j.apgeog.2006.09.005 (DOI)31742 (Local ID)31742 (Archive number)31742 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Hjerpe, M. & Krantz, H. (2006). Individuell mätning av vatten - om hushållens respons och praktikerns överväganden. Vatten : tidskrift för vattenvård, 62, 83-90
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individuell mätning av vatten - om hushållens respons och praktikerns överväganden
2006 (Swedish)In: Vatten : tidskrift för vattenvård, ISSN 0042-2886, Vol. 62, p. 83-90Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

 Vi analyserade vattenförbrukning och utgifter för vatten i hushåll boende i ett flerbostadsområde med och utan individuell mätning och debitering efter förbrukning med såväl statistiska som kvalitativa metoder. Våra resultat visar att individuell mätning och debitering efter förbrukning ledde till minskad förbrukning av varm- och kallvatten,fastän rutinförändringarna generellt var förhållandevis små. Hushåll med relativt hög förbrukning sparade på vattnet medan de med relativt låg förbrukning, i genomsnitt, inte förändrade förbrukningen. I de flesta hushåll minskade utgifterna för vatten med mätning och debitering. Den fjärdedel av hushållen med högst förbrukning betalade omkring 500 kr per månad för varm- och kallvatten, vilket motsvarade nästan 5% av hushållets totala inkomst. För bostadsbolagets del var värdet av den minskade vattenförbrukningen och eventuellt ökade intäkter från hushållen samt bättre förmåga att upptäcka läckor de viktigaste nyttorna. Individuell mätning kräver, förutom tekniska komponenter, relativt mycket personal och tilltro till den som inför mätningen. Vi menar att det går att förutsäga effekten av individuell mätning utifrån demografiska och inkomststatistiska data, uppgifter om vattenförbrukning utan individuell mätning och genom val av en andel fast avgift. 

Keywords
households, individual metering and volumetric billing, costs, practical recommendations, water use
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-37059 (URN)33558 (Local ID)33558 (Archive number)33558 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Krantz, H. (2005). Matter that matters: A study of household routines in a process of changing water and sanitation arrangements. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Matter that matters: A study of household routines in a process of changing water and sanitation arrangements
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our society changed, but the urban water and sanitation system of today is roughly the same as it was 100 years ago. The system is designed for, developed from and sustained by human activities, and has since its introduction affected household patterns of routine activities. The urban water and sanitation system is now being criticised for not being sustainable due to excessive material, energy and chemical use, and failure to recycle and reuse resources. Altering household practices is perceived as one important step towards improved sustainability.

In this study, two changes in water and sanitation arrangements at the household level are analysed: individual meters for volumetric billing of hot and cold water, and dry toilets with separate collection of urine and faeces. These arrangements increase system transparency, and their proponents believe that the arrangements enhance resource recycling and/or rsource savings. However, success in this regard can only be achieved if accompanied by appropriate household routines. The extent to which such appropriate routines come about and why (not) is the focus of attention in this study; the aim is to describe and analyse the interaction between householder routines and changes in water and sanitation arrangements.

This study takes as its starting point household everyday life. A methodological combination of time-diaries, interviews, physical measurements and simple observations is developed and implemented in two cases; the housing area Ringdansen with flats (volumetric billing) and the collective Gebers based on an ecological way of life (dry toilets). The theoretical approach is developed from time-geography and culture analysis. The methodological and theoretical approaches have proven useful and can be developed further.

Household responded differently to the volumetric billing in Ringdansen, but in general, no sweeping routine changes took place in the households. A comparison of average total water usage per household (at an aggregated level) between the two cases, showed no significant difference. Water-use routines are also similar in the two areas, even though variations appear between households. There seems to be a socio-culturally defined lower limit for water use, regarded as necessary for maintaining sufficient standards of cleanliness and comfort, irrespective of the influence of ecological or economic incentives. Differences in household composition, built-in technical arrangements and existence of a garden (Gebers) explain the differences in hot and cold water usage between the two areas. The dry toilet was shown to have a decisive impact on toilet disposal routines; only biodegradable waste products are thrown into it and the cleaning agents are environmentally friendly toilet disposal routines that reach beyond the 'good' routines evolving from environmental concern. The relationship between changes in water and sanitation arrangements and householder routines may be expressed as follows: an extensive change in arrangements, either technical/physical, organisational and/or economical, results in more radical routine changes, and more so if combined. However, the improvement as regard ecological sustainability is conditional on what is socio-culturally accepted - social sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2005. p. 267
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 316
Keywords
Urban water and sanitation arrangements, change, routines, everyday life, household management, water use, pocket of local order, matter out of place, comfort, cleanliness, convenience, sustainability, households, Miljöteknik, teknisk hygien, vatten och avlopp
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4887 (URN)91-85297-65-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-04-01, Key 1, Key, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-04-11 Created: 2005-04-11 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
Jönsson, H., Ashbolt, N., Baky, A., Drangert, J.-O., Krantz, H., Kärrman, E., . . . Vinnerås, B. (2005). Slutrapport för modellstaden Urbana Enklaven.. Göteborg: Urban Water, Chalmers tekniska högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Slutrapport för modellstaden Urbana Enklaven.
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2005 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Urban Water, Chalmers tekniska högskola, 2005. p. 71
Series
Urban Water Rapport, ISSN 1650-3791 ; 2005:8
Keywords
VA-system, systemanalys, källsortering, miljö, hygien, kemiska risker, resursanvändning, social acceptans
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21884 (URN)
Available from: 2009-10-06 Created: 2009-10-06 Last updated: 2009-10-06
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