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Taxén, Lars
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Taxén, L. & Riedl, R. (2016). Understanding Coordination in the Information Systems Domain: Conceptualization and Implications. JITTA: Journal of Information Technology Theory & Application, 17(1), 5-40, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Coordination in the Information Systems Domain: Conceptualization and Implications
2016 (English)In: JITTA: Journal of Information Technology Theory & Application, ISSN 1552-6496, E-ISSN 1532-4516, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 5-40, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to suggest a new conceptualization of coordination in the Information Systems (IS) domain. The conceptualization is based on neurobiological predispositions for coordinating actions. We assume that human evolution has led to the development of a neurobiological substrate enabling coordination of everyday actions. A discussion of six activity modalities (contextualization, objectivation, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition) constitutes the core of this article. Specifically, we discuss that collective functioning of these modalities is essential for successful coordination. This finding is illustrated based on application of our conceptualization in important IS research areas, including project management and interface design. Generally, our new conceptualization holds value for coordination research on all four levels of analysis which we identified based on a review of the IS literature (i.e., group, intra-organization, inter-organization, and IT artifact). In this way, our new approach, grounded in neurobiological findings, provides a high-level theory to explain coordination success, or coordination failure, and hence is independent from a specific level of analysis. From a practitioner’s perspective, the conceptualization provides a guideline for the design of organizational interventions and IT artifacts. Since social initiatives are essential in multiple IS domains (e.g., software development, implementation of enterprise systems), and because the design of collaborative software tools is an important IS topic, this paper contributes to a fundamental phenomenon in the IS domain, and does so from a new conceptual perspective.

National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126913 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-07 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2015). A Neurobiological Perspective on Socio-Technical Systems. In: S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, I. Bider (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15): . Paper presented at 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15) (pp. 56-68).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Neurobiological Perspective on Socio-Technical Systems
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15) / [ed] S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, I. Bider, 2015, p. 56-68Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Socio-Technical Systems approach assumes that an organizational work system can be seen as two independent but tightly correlated systems – a technical one and a social one. Together, these systems determine the performance of the work system. However, in spite of decades of research efforts, it is far from clear how to define these systems. Without a firm basis, analytical and constructive initiatives are bound to become either fragmented or ad-hoc. To this end, the purpose of this paper is to suggest a neurobiological perspective on Socio-Technical Systems. The reason for this seemingly odd point of departure is quite simple: any conceptualization of Socio-Technical Systems must ultimately take stock of the sine qua non of our existence as biological creatures. A fundamental prerequisite for survival is coordination – without coordination, acting in the world is inhibited. Based on many years of coordinating complex system development tasks in industry, I have proposed the construct of activity modalitiesobjectivation, contextualization, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition – as intrinsic neural predispositions enabling coordination. This position is elaborated into a particular kind of work system, called the activity domain. In the activity domain, individual lines of actions are fit together using means such as IT artifacts and common identifiers to achieve a common goal. Actions are manifested internally as changed brain structures in individuals, and externally as various artifacts reflecting the modalities. In conclusion, I claim that this approach indicates a paradigm shift, which may provide a solid ground for further inquiries into the analysis and construction of Socio-Technical Systems.

Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073
Keywords
Socio-Technical Systems, work systems, coordination, neurobiology, activity modalities, functional organs, equipment, joint action, common identifiers, activity domain
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120082 (URN)
Conference
1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15)
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2017-03-20
Taxén, L. (2015). An Investigation of the Nature of Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective. In: F. Davis, R Riedl, J. vom Brocke, P.-M. Léger, A. Randolph (Ed.), Information Systems and Neuroscience: . Paper presented at Academic Conference on Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015 (pp. 27-33). Dordrect: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Investigation of the Nature of Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective
2015 (English)In: Information Systems and Neuroscience / [ed] F. Davis, R Riedl, J. vom Brocke, P.-M. Léger, A. Randolph, Dordrect: Springer , 2015, p. 27-33Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how ISs may be conceptualized from an individual, neurobiological perspective. The point of departure is the fact that brains evolved to control the activities of bodies in the world. Based on a number of theoretical contributions bordering between the neural and social realms, a novel IS conceptualization emerges as a dialectical unity of functional organs in the brain and the IT artifact. As a consequence, the IS is conceptualized as intrinsically associated with the individual. I discuss implications of this position for epistemology, ontology, and representation, which are all fundamental aspects of IS research. In conclusion, I claim that a neurobiological perspective on IS has a great potential to advance the discussion of the nature of the IS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrect: Springer, 2015
Series
Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, ISSN 2195-4968 ; 10
Keywords
IS conceptualization, activity modalities, functional organs, equipment, joint action, common identifiers, integrationism, epistemology, ontology, representation
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120081 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-18702-0_4 (DOI)000380473800004 ()978-3-319-18701-3 (ISBN)978-3-319-18702-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Academic Conference on Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2016-08-19
Taxén, L. (2015). The Activity Modalities – a neurobiological perspective on coordination, action, and thinking. In: : . Paper presented at ICOT The 17th International Conference on Thinking, Bilbao, Spain, 29th June – 3rd of July 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Activity Modalities – a neurobiological perspective on coordination, action, and thinking
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is by now well established that thinking is intrinsically related to action: “I do not separate thought from behavior” (Piaget, 1962). Action in turn is not possible without coordination: “I do not see any way to avoid the problem of coordination and still understand the physical basis of life” (Pattee, 1976, p. 176). Thus, mental functions like thinking are ultimately dependent on our neurobiological faculties for coordinating actions. Hence, a central research problem is to unveil the nature of these faculties, which is in focus for this contribution.

Keywords
Neurobiology, Coordination, Functional organs, Thought and action, Activity modalities, Vygotsky, Luria, homorphism, Complex Functional Systems, Kant
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120084 (URN)
Conference
ICOT The 17th International Conference on Thinking, Bilbao, Spain, 29th June – 3rd of July 2015
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2015-09-09
Taxén, L. (2015). The Activity Modalities: A Priori Categories of Coordination. In: Hans Liljenström (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2013: . Paper presented at Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (IV) (pp. 21-29). Springer Publishing Company, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Activity Modalities: A Priori Categories of Coordination
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2013 / [ed] Hans Liljenström, Springer Publishing Company, 2015, Vol. 1, p. 21-29Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A conceptualization of a-priori forms of coordination as activity modalities is proposed. Sensations in various sensory modalities are integrated by our brain into a coherent, actionable percept, structured by the processes of objectivation, contextualization, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition. This conceptualization promises to bridge neuroscientific and applied research into the coordination problem. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2015
Series
Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics, ISSN 2213-3569
Keywords
neurobiology, coordination, activity modalities, homomorphy
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Neurosciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112852 (URN)10.1007/978-94-017-9548-7_4 (DOI)000380362800004 ()978-94-017-9547-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (IV)
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Taxén, L. (2015). Towards Theorising Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective. In: ECIS Proceedings 2015 Completed Research Papers: . Paper presented at 23rd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2015) (pp. 179). AIS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Theorising Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective
2015 (English)In: ECIS Proceedings 2015 Completed Research Papers, AIS , 2015, p. 179-Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In spite of more than 25 years of research, the nature of Information Systems (ISs) remains elusive. To this end, a new conceptualization of ISs from a neurobiological perspective is proposed. ISs are seen as instruments for action, which in turn requires coordination. We posit that the phylogenetic evolution has endowed humans with a neurobiological substrate enabling coordination. The construct of activity modalities – objectivation, contextualization, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition – is introduced as inherent factors in this substrate. These modalities provide an analytical link for integrating the neural and social realms; thus enabling IS conceptualization as a dialectical relationship between coordinative, individual brain structures and the IT artefact. Consequently, the IS is seen as intrinsically related to the individual. We exemplify implications for the IS discipline by discussing how the concept of sociomateriality can be articulated from the neurobiological perspective. As a result, the “individual” is to put on equal theoretical footing as the “social” and “material”, thus providing a way to disentangle the problematic conflation of the “social” and the “human” in sociomaterial contributions. In conclusion, we claim that the neurobiological approach opens up for hitherto untrodden paths to advance the IS discipline.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AIS, 2015
Keywords
IS conceptualization, activity modalities, neurobiology, coordination, integrative realism
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120080 (URN)10.18151/7217497 (DOI)978-3-00-050284-2 (ISBN)
Conference
23rd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2015)
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2015-09-09
Taxén, L. (2013). Integration eller konvergens – spelar det någon roll?. VerkstadsForum (6), 29
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration eller konvergens – spelar det någon roll?
2013 (Swedish)In: VerkstadsForum, no 6, p. 29-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Man kan tycka att det spelar mindre roll vad saker och ting kallas om man ändå får en känsla för vad det handlar om. Men så är det inte. Om vi väljer ”integration” som styrande princip kommer vi att försöka bygga integrerande bryggor mellan PLM, SE och CM. Om vi i stället väljer ”konvergens” kommer vi att sträva efter att PLM, SE och CM ska försvinna som egna discipliner och med tiden uppgå i något nytt. Skillnaden är helt avgörande. Den här tendensen, att oreflekterat använda i grunden ytterst problematiska begrepp i sina budskap, tycker jag man kan skönja överallt. 

Keywords
integration, konvergens, PLM, begrepp, System Engineering, Configuration Management
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111428 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2014-11-07
Taxén, L. & Olow, P. (2013). On the Integration of Project Planning, System Anatomy, and System Architecture. In: : . Paper presented at IRNOP XI Conference (IRNOP 2013), June 16-18, 2013, Oslo, Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Integration of Project Planning, System Anatomy, and System Architecture
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose to conceptualize projects as an integration of three views: the planning, the system anatomy, and the architectural ones. The system anatomy is the core in the Integration Driven Development approach, which has been successfully employed in a number of complex projects in the telecom industry. An illustration showing the integrated view is proposed as an instrument for managing the project. We discuss what effects on planning and risk management can be expected from applying this method, and analyze our results from a theoretical perspective called the Activity Domain Theory. Our findings are two: an amelioration of the Integration Driven Development approach with architectural aspects, and a positioning of the Activity Domain Theory with respect to the relevance versus rigor discourse in the project management discipline

Keywords
project management, system anatomy, activity domain theory, integration driven development
National Category
Embedded Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111337 (URN)
Conference
IRNOP XI Conference (IRNOP 2013), June 16-18, 2013, Oslo, Norway
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2014-10-28
Taxén, L. (2013). Reconceptualizing Information Systems from the Activity Modality Perspective. In: Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2013: . Paper presented at Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2013, Gmunden, Austria, June 1-4, 2013 (pp. 23).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reconceptualizing Information Systems from the Activity Modality Perspective
2013 (English)In: Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2013, 2013, p. 23-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The information system (IS) community has long debated the nature of ISs without reaching closure (e.g. Baskerville, 2012). This uncertainty may have contributed to spectacular IT project failures (e.g. Dalcher, 2003). Thus, there is a need to reconceptualize ISs from new and innovative positions. At previous NeuroIS retreats (2011, 2012), I have discussed the construct of activity modalities as a conceptual link between the brain and human action (Taxén, 2009). In this contribution I will pursue this line of inquiry into the IS area. 

Keywords
information system, activity modalities, neuroIS, coordination
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111338 (URN)
Conference
Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2013, Gmunden, Austria, June 1-4, 2013
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2014-10-30
Taxén, L. (2012). Adaptive Case Management from the Activity Modality Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at First International Workshop on Adaptive Case Management (ACM 2012), September 3, 2012, Tallinn, Estonia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adaptive Case Management from the Activity Modality Perspective
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adaptive Case Management (ACM) implies a shift from the process centric view in Business Process Management (BPM) to an information centric view. The shift is motivated by the need for organizations to become more responsive to changes. Such a shift should be guided by some kind of framework in order to be manageable. To this end, the construct of the activity modalities is proposed. These modalities – objectivation, contextualization, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition – stand for innate predispositions that humans employ to coordinate and carry out actions. A central tenet of this position is that all modalities need to be employed in activity. This is used to analyse the Business Process Modeling Notation, the shift from BPM to ACM, and to propose a research road map. Some alternative modelling approaches from the Ericsson telecom company are suggested as forerunners to an integrated modelling suite that supports all activity modalities.

Keywords
Adaptive Case Management, Business Process Management, activity modalities, activity domain, business processes, Ericsson Company, BPMN
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111658 (URN)
Conference
First International Workshop on Adaptive Case Management (ACM 2012), September 3, 2012, Tallinn, Estonia
Available from: 2014-10-28 Created: 2014-10-28 Last updated: 2014-11-13Bibliographically approved
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