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Taxén, L. (2022). A First Principle for Renewing the Sociotechnical Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development (STPIS 2022): . Paper presented at Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development STPIS'22, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 19-20, 2022 (pp. 222-246). Aachen, Germany: Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Vol-3239
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A First Principle for Renewing the Sociotechnical Perspective
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development (STPIS 2022), Aachen, Germany: Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen , 2022, Vol. Vol-3239, p. 222-246Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to renew the sociotechnical perspective as an “axis of cohesion”for the IS field. The renewal departs from the first principle “the individual is the social being”,which means that the individual is seen as a constituent in sociotechnical theorizing; alongside with the social and technical. This principle provides a basis for rethinking these elements as dialectically related and mutually constituting each other. The individual element is conceptualized in terms of neurobiological predispositions for action grounded in Kant’s notion of a-priori categories. The social element is seen as activity systems grounded in Marx’s notion of Praxis. The technical element is theorized as materiality apperceived by individuals as relevant in the activity system. Its philosophical grounding is Ilyenkov’s notion of the Ideal,which concerns the problem of the allegedly non-material in the natural world. When such are thinking is applied to the IS field, a foremost finding is that the IS comes forth as a social phenomenon in the minds of individuals as they struggle to make the IT artifact relevant in the activity system. Consequently, the defining question of the IS discipline may be reformulated as “researching how IT artifacts are efficiently metamorphosed into information systems in IT reliant activity systems”. How these findings may turn out in practice is illustrated by the development of a node in the 3rd generation of mobile systems in the telecom industry. In conclusion, the renewed sociotechnical perspective provides a fresh view of extant IS phenomena, thus advancing the IS field both theoretically and practically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aachen, Germany: Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen, 2022
Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings (CEUR-WS.org), E-ISSN 1613-0073
Keywords
Sociotechnical perspective, individual action, Praxis, materiality, neurobiological predispositions, information, IT artifact, information system, IS discipline, axis of cohesion, philosophy, first principle, dialectics, Kant, Marx, Ilyenkov
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-189235 (URN)
Conference
Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development STPIS'22, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 19-20, 2022
Available from: 2022-10-13 Created: 2022-10-13 Last updated: 2022-11-09Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2021). Reviving the individual in information systems theorizing. In: N. R. Hassan L. P. Willcocks (Ed.), Advancing information systems theories: (pp. 397-447). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reviving the individual in information systems theorizing
2021 (English)In: Advancing information systems theories / [ed] N. R. Hassan L. P. Willcocks, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan , 2021, p. 397-447Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this contribution is to explore the IS field from a position where the individual is considered on par with the social and material in IS theorizing. The exploration is based on the foundational assumption that the individual and the social mutually constitute each other. The social realm is seen as a communal infrastructure, comprised of individual, neurobiological factors and communal, institutionalized factors. These factors enable and constrain individual actions, which in turn modify these factors; a process we refer to as communalization. In such a perspective, information is seen as constituted by the individual from integrating previous experiences and sensations emanating from the environment into an actionable percept. Communalization renders the IT artifact into a community-relevant Information System, comprised of individual factors and the artifact. Consequently, information, the IT artifact, and ISs are seen as dialectically related phenomena – the one cannot be understood without the others. The practical relevance of the approach is demonstrated by the communalization of an IT artifact in the telecom industry. We discuss how mainstream IS research areas such as communication, sociomateriality, digitalization, and the essence of the IS discipline, can be advanced towards the dialectical position. In conclusion, we claim that a dialectical perspective opens up new avenues for advancing IS theorizing. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021
Series
Technology, Work and Globalization
Keywords
information, information system, IT artifact, dialectics, individual, neurobiology, activity modalities, communal anchors, digitalization, communication, sociomateriality, materiality, integrational linguistics, telecom industry, information systems discipline
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-180488 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-64884-8_11 (DOI)9783030648831 (ISBN)9783030648848 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-25 Created: 2021-10-25 Last updated: 2022-03-29Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2020). Advancing NeuroIS from a Dialectical Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at NeuroIS Retreat 2020 (pp. 90-99). Cham, Switzerland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advancing NeuroIS from a Dialectical Perspective
2020 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In spite of decades of research, the essence of central IS phenomena such as information, the IT artifact, and the Information System, remain unsettled. This aggravates the identification and definition of their neural correlates, which in turn may stymie the future potential of NeuroIS. To this end, the purpose of this paper is to define an intellectual core for the NeuroIS field, which is based on the dialectics between the individual and her social environment. Such a core enables a reconceptualization of information, the IT artifact, and the Information System as distinct ontological phenomena, however dialectically related. Accordingly, their neural correlates can be more distinctly defined, which opens up for alternative research questions. An example of a NeuroIS study addressing such questions is provided. Thus, the paper contributes to the formulation of a foundation for the future advancement of NeuroIS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: , 2020
Series
Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, ISSN 2195-4968 ; 43
Keywords
Dialectics, Information, IT-artifact, Information system, Neural correlates, Action, Theory of functional systems, NeuroIS
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-171613 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-60073-0_11 (DOI)2-s2.0-85096520388 (Scopus ID)9783030600723 (ISBN)
Conference
NeuroIS Retreat 2020
Available from: 2020-11-26 Created: 2020-11-26 Last updated: 2021-09-30Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2020). Exploring the relation between biomechanical and macrosocial factors: integrationism meets neuroscienceand information systems. Hong Kong: International Association for the Integrational Study of Language and Communication
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the relation between biomechanical and macrosocial factors: integrationism meets neuroscienceand information systems
2020 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Biomechanical factors are evolutionary developed, neurobiological predispositions, which enables an individual to act in the world. Macrosocial factors are macrosocially relevant practices in a social setting like a community. Biomechanical and macrosocial factors are seen as dialectically constituted in action. This kind of thinking is outlined in a theoretical perspective I call the Activity Domain Theory. This volume is a collection of papers, which try to positioned the Activity Domain Theory on the boundary between information systems, neurobiology, and Integrationism – a new development in the theory of communication emerging from the work of a group of linguists at Oxford during the 1980s

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hong Kong: International Association for the Integrational Study of Language and Communication, 2020. p. 379
Keywords
Domain specificity, Neuroanthropology, Integrational linguistics (Oxford school), Cognition and culture, Human information processing, Management information systems, Network analysis (Planning), Mental Processes, Kognition och kultur
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-184363 (URN)9781735487625 (ISBN)1735487627 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-04-18 Created: 2022-04-18 Last updated: 2022-05-31Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2020). Reviving the Individual in Sociotechnical Systems Thinking. Complex Systems Informatics and Modeling Quarterly, CSIMQ (128), 39-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reviving the Individual in Sociotechnical Systems Thinking
2020 (English)In: Complex Systems Informatics and Modeling Quarterly, CSIMQ, E-ISSN 2255-9922, no 128, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Socio-technical Systems theory sees an organizational work system as comprised of two distinct subsystems – a technical and a social one – that influence each other. Together, these subsystems determine the performance of the work system. Alternative socio-technical trends, such as sociomateriality, understand the social and material as non-existent before they are related. A problematic feature of both approaches is the downplaying of the individual, which is either subsumed under the social or only cursorily treated. To this end, an alternative approach for socio-technical systems thinking is proposed, based on the premise that the individual and social are distinct phenomena, however dialectically constituting each other in everyday activities. We illustrate the central idea of the approach with an example from the telecom industry. Further, we discuss theoretical and practical implications of the approach to be elaborated in future research. In conclusion, we provide a theoretical foundation for advancing socio-technical systems thinking in which the individual is on par with the social and the technical.

Keywords
Socio-technical Systems Theory, Individual, Dialectics, Neurobiological Abilities, Activity Modalities.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-165413 (URN)10.7250/csimq.2020-22.03 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-04-30 Created: 2020-04-30 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2019). Reviving the Individual in Sociotechnical Systems Thinking. In: In S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, A. Nolte, and I. Bider (Eds.) (Ed.), 5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS development (STPIS'19): . Paper presented at 5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS development (STPIS'19)Stockholm, June 11th, 2019. (pp. 1-8).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reviving the Individual in Sociotechnical Systems Thinking
2019 (English)In: 5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS development (STPIS'19) / [ed] In S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, A. Nolte, and I. Bider (Eds.), 2019, p. 1-8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sociotechnical Systems theory sees an organizational work system as comprised of two distinct subsystems – a technical and a social one – that influ-ence each other. Together, these subsystems determine the performance of the work system. However, it is far from clear how to define them. Alternative trends, such as the sociomaterial one, focus entirely on the relation between the social and the material. A problematic feature of both approaches is the conflation of the individual and the social. We propose an alternative approach for sociotech-nical systems thinking, based on the premise that the individual and social are distinct, however dialectically constituting each other in everyday activities.

Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073 ; 2398
Keywords
Sociotechnical Systems theory, dialectics, neurobiology
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158646 (URN)
Conference
5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS development (STPIS'19)Stockholm, June 11th, 2019.
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. & Riedl, R. (2016). Understanding Coordination in the Information Systems Domain: Conceptualization and Implications. Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, 17(1), 5-40, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Coordination in the Information Systems Domain: Conceptualization and Implications
2016 (English)In: Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, ISSN 1552-6496, E-ISSN 1532-4516, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 5-40, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to suggest a new conceptualization of coordination in the Information Systems (IS) domain. The conceptualization is based on neurobiological predispositions for coordinating actions. We assume that human evolution has led to the development of a neurobiological substrate enabling coordination of everyday actions. A discussion of six activity modalities (contextualization, objectivation, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition) constitutes the core of this article. Specifically, we discuss that collective functioning of these modalities is essential for successful coordination. This finding is illustrated based on application of our conceptualization in important IS research areas, including project management and interface design. Generally, our new conceptualization holds value for coordination research on all four levels of analysis which we identified based on a review of the IS literature (i.e., group, intra-organization, inter-organization, and IT artifact). In this way, our new approach, grounded in neurobiological findings, provides a high-level theory to explain coordination success, or coordination failure, and hence is independent from a specific level of analysis. From a practitioner’s perspective, the conceptualization provides a guideline for the design of organizational interventions and IT artifacts. Since social initiatives are essential in multiple IS domains (e.g., software development, implementation of enterprise systems), and because the design of collaborative software tools is an important IS topic, this paper contributes to a fundamental phenomenon in the IS domain, and does so from a new conceptual perspective.

National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126913 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-07 Last updated: 2023-10-02Bibliographically approved
Taxén, L. (2015). A Neurobiological Perspective on Socio-Technical Systems. In: S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, I. Bider (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15): . Paper presented at 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15) (pp. 56-68).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Neurobiological Perspective on Socio-Technical Systems
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15) / [ed] S. Kowalski, P. Bednar, I. Bider, 2015, p. 56-68Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Socio-Technical Systems approach assumes that an organizational work system can be seen as two independent but tightly correlated systems – a technical one and a social one. Together, these systems determine the performance of the work system. However, in spite of decades of research efforts, it is far from clear how to define these systems. Without a firm basis, analytical and constructive initiatives are bound to become either fragmented or ad-hoc. To this end, the purpose of this paper is to suggest a neurobiological perspective on Socio-Technical Systems. The reason for this seemingly odd point of departure is quite simple: any conceptualization of Socio-Technical Systems must ultimately take stock of the sine qua non of our existence as biological creatures. A fundamental prerequisite for survival is coordination – without coordination, acting in the world is inhibited. Based on many years of coordinating complex system development tasks in industry, I have proposed the construct of activity modalitiesobjectivation, contextualization, spatialization, temporalization, stabilization, and transition – as intrinsic neural predispositions enabling coordination. This position is elaborated into a particular kind of work system, called the activity domain. In the activity domain, individual lines of actions are fit together using means such as IT artifacts and common identifiers to achieve a common goal. Actions are manifested internally as changed brain structures in individuals, and externally as various artifacts reflecting the modalities. In conclusion, I claim that this approach indicates a paradigm shift, which may provide a solid ground for further inquiries into the analysis and construction of Socio-Technical Systems.

Series
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073
Keywords
Socio-Technical Systems, work systems, coordination, neurobiology, activity modalities, functional organs, equipment, joint action, common identifiers, activity domain
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120082 (URN)
Conference
1st International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development (STPIS'15)
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2017-03-20
Taxén, L. (2015). An Investigation of the Nature of Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective. In: F. Davis, R Riedl, J. vom Brocke, P.-M. Léger, A. Randolph (Ed.), Information Systems and Neuroscience: . Paper presented at Academic Conference on Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015 (pp. 27-33). Dordrect: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Investigation of the Nature of Information Systems from a Neurobiological Perspective
2015 (English)In: Information Systems and Neuroscience / [ed] F. Davis, R Riedl, J. vom Brocke, P.-M. Léger, A. Randolph, Dordrect: Springer , 2015, p. 27-33Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how ISs may be conceptualized from an individual, neurobiological perspective. The point of departure is the fact that brains evolved to control the activities of bodies in the world. Based on a number of theoretical contributions bordering between the neural and social realms, a novel IS conceptualization emerges as a dialectical unity of functional organs in the brain and the IT artifact. As a consequence, the IS is conceptualized as intrinsically associated with the individual. I discuss implications of this position for epistemology, ontology, and representation, which are all fundamental aspects of IS research. In conclusion, I claim that a neurobiological perspective on IS has a great potential to advance the discussion of the nature of the IS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrect: Springer, 2015
Series
Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, ISSN 2195-4968 ; 10
Keywords
IS conceptualization, activity modalities, functional organs, equipment, joint action, common identifiers, integrationism, epistemology, ontology, representation
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120081 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-18702-0_4 (DOI)000380473800004 ()978-3-319-18701-3 (ISBN)978-3-319-18702-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Academic Conference on Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2016-08-19
Taxén, L. (2015). The Activity Modalities – a neurobiological perspective on coordination, action, and thinking. In: : . Paper presented at ICOT The 17th International Conference on Thinking, Bilbao, Spain, 29th June – 3rd of July 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Activity Modalities – a neurobiological perspective on coordination, action, and thinking
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is by now well established that thinking is intrinsically related to action: “I do not separate thought from behavior” (Piaget, 1962). Action in turn is not possible without coordination: “I do not see any way to avoid the problem of coordination and still understand the physical basis of life” (Pattee, 1976, p. 176). Thus, mental functions like thinking are ultimately dependent on our neurobiological faculties for coordinating actions. Hence, a central research problem is to unveil the nature of these faculties, which is in focus for this contribution.

Keywords
Neurobiology, Coordination, Functional organs, Thought and action, Activity modalities, Vygotsky, Luria, homorphism, Complex Functional Systems, Kant
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120084 (URN)
Conference
ICOT The 17th International Conference on Thinking, Bilbao, Spain, 29th June – 3rd of July 2015
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2015-09-09
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9317-9120

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