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Johansson, Gun
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Stoetzer, U., Aborg, C., Johansson, G. & Svartengren, M. (2014). Organization, relational justice and absenteeism. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 47(4), 521-529
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organization, relational justice and absenteeism
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 521-529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: There is a need for more knowledge on how to manage companies towards healthier and more prosperous organizations with low levels of absenteeism. Relational Justice can be a useful concept when managing such organizations. OBJECTIVE: Organizational factors can help to explain why some companies have relatively low absenteeism rates, even though they are equal to other companies in many other aspects. Previous studies suggest that management may be one important factor. Efficient management may depend on good relations between the leaders and the employees. The concept of Relational Justice is designed to capture these relations. Consequently, a Relational Justice framework may be used to understand why some companies have a low incidence of absenteeism. PARTICIPANTS: Managers from a representative body of Swedish companies. METHODS: Interviews were analyzed to explore whether the items representing the concept of Relational Justice can be used to further understand the strategies, procedures and structures that characterize organizations and management in companies with a low incidence of absenteeism. RESULTS: Strategies, procedures or principles related to Relational Justice were common and highlighted in companies with an incidence of absenteeism. The most frequently occurring factors were; to be treated with kindness and consideration, personal viewpoint considered and to be treated impartially. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that a Relational Justice framework could be used to increase understanding of the organizational and managerial factors typical for companies with a low incidence of absenteeism. A Relational Justice approach to organizational management may be used to successfully lower absenteeism, change organizations and promote healthy and prosperous companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2014
Keywords
Management; health; prevention; health promotion; organizational justice
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106994 (URN)10.3233/WOR-131624 (DOI)000335015600012 ()
Available from: 2014-06-03 Created: 2014-06-02 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Stoetzer, U., Bergman, P., Aborg, C., Johansson, G., Ahlberg, G., Parmsund, M. & Svartengren, M. (2014). Organizational factors related to low levels of sickness absence in a representative set of Swedish companies. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 47(2), 193-205
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizational factors related to low levels of sickness absence in a representative set of Swedish companies
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2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 193-205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to identify manageable organizational factors that could explain why some companies have low levels of sickness absence. There may be factors at company level that can be managed to influence levels of sickness absence, and promote health and a prosperous organization. PARTICIPANTS: 38 representative Swedish companies. METHODS: The study included a total of 204 semi-structured interviews at 38 representative Swedish companies. Qualitative thematic analysis was applied to the interviews, primarily with managers, to indicate the organizational factors that characterize companies with low levels of sickness absence. RESULTS: The factors that were found to characterize companies with low levels of sickness absence concerned strategies and procedures for managing leadership, employee development, communication, employee participation and involvement, corporate values and visions, and employee health. CONCLUSIONS: The results may be useful in finding strategies and procedures to reduce levels of sickness absence and promote health. There is research at individual level on the reasons for sickness absence. This study tries to elevate the issue to an organizational level. The findings suggest that explicit strategies for managing certain organizational factors can reduce sickness absence and help companies to develop more health-promoting strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2014
Keywords
Occupational health; health promotion; organizational factors; sickness absence
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105769 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-1472 (DOI)000332479000006 ()
Available from: 2014-04-04 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Nordström, K., Ekberg, K., Hemmingsson, T. & Johansson, G. (2014). Sick leave and the impact of job-to-job mobility on the future vocational situation. PLoS ONE, 14(305)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sick leave and the impact of job-to-job mobility on the future vocational situation
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Change of job could be a strategy in vocational rehabilitation when return to the original job is not possible, but research is very limited concerning the effects of job mobility on the future vocational situation. The aim of the study was to investigate whether job-to-job mobility affects the likelihood of remaining on the labour market over time among persons who are employed and have experienced long-term sick leave.

Methods: In a longitudinal register study, cohorts from three base years (1994, 1999 and 2004) were created, based on the Swedish population who were 20–60 years old, had sickness allowance insurance, and were employed in the base year and the following year (n > 3,000,000). The likelihood that individuals on long-term sick leave were employed later depending on whether or not they changed workplace during the present or next year of long-term sick leave was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Age, sector, industry, children, marital status, education, income, rate of sick leave and earlier sick leave and earlier mobility were taken into consideration.

Results: Women with more than 180 days’ sick leave who changed workplaces were more likely to have a job later compared with those who did not change jobs. For men, the association was statistically significant with 1994 and 2004 as base years, but not in the cohort from 1999.

Conclusions: The present study indicates that for those on long-term sick leave that changed workplaces, the opportunities to stay on the labour market might increase. However, the study has methodological limitations and the results for men are ambiguous. We do not therefore have enough evidence for recommending job change as a strategy for vocational rehabilitation.

Keywords
Job-to-job mobility, Sick leave, Vocational situation
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78287 (URN)10.1186/1471-2458-14-305 (DOI)000335496000001 ()
Available from: 2012-06-08 Created: 2012-06-08 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Peolsson, A., Landén Ludvigsson, M., Overmeer, T., Dedering, A., Bernfort, L., Johansson, G., . . . Peterson, G. (2013). Effects of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach in addition to prescribed physical activity for individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: a prospective randomised study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 14(311)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach in addition to prescribed physical activity for individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: a prospective randomised study
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2013 (English)In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 14, no 311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Up to 50% of chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) patients experience considerable pain and disability and remain on sick-leave. No evidence supports the use of physiotherapy treatment of chronic WAD, although exercise is recommended. Previous randomised controlled studies did not evaluate the value of adding a behavioural therapy intervention to neck-specific exercises, nor did they compare these treatments to prescription of general physical activity. Few exercise studies focus on patients with chronic WAD, and few have looked at patients ability to return to work and the cost-effectiveness of treatments. Thus, there is a great need to develop successful evidence-based rehabilitation models. The study aim is to investigate whether neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach (facilitated by a single caregiver per patient) improves functioning compared to prescription of general physical activity for individuals with chronic WAD. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods/Design: The study is a prospective, randomised, controlled, multi-centre study with a 2-year follow-up that includes 216 patients with chronic WAD (andgt;6 months and andlt;3 years). The patients (aged 18 to 63) must be classified as WAD grade 2 or 3. Eligibility will be determined with a questionnaire, telephone interview and clinical examination. The participants will be randomised into one of three treatments: (A) neck-specific exercise followed by prescription of physical activity; (B) neck-specific exercise with a behavioural approach followed by prescription of physical activity; or (C) prescription of physical activity alone without neck-specific exercises. Treatments will be performed for 3 months. We will examine physical and psychological function, pain intensity, health care consumption, the ability to resume work and economic health benefits. An independent, blinded investigator will perform the measurements at baseline and 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after inclusion. The main study outcome will be improvement in neck-specific disability as measured with the Neck Disability Index. All treatments will be recorded in treatment diaries and medical records. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanDiscussion: The study findings will help improve the treatment of patients with chronic WAD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2013
Keywords
Whiplash injuries, Neck pain, Spine, Rehabilitation, Physical therapy, Exercise
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102784 (URN)10.1186/1471-2474-14-311 (DOI)000328052200002 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish government||Swedish Social Insurance Agency through the REHSAM foundation||Research Council of Southeast Sweden||Uppsala-Orebro Regional Research Council, Sweden||Centre for Clinical Research Sormland: Uppsala University, Sweden||County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden||

Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-12-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Fagerlind, A.-C., Gustavsson, M., Johansson, G. & Ekberg, K. (2013). Experience of work-related flow: Does high decision latitude enhance benefits gained from job resources?. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83(2), 161-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience of work-related flow: Does high decision latitude enhance benefits gained from job resources?
2013 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, E-ISSN 1095-9084, Vol. 83, no 2, p. 161-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flow is an experience of enjoyment, intrinsic motivation and absorption, which may occur in situations involving high challenges and high skill utilization. This study investigated the likelihood of experiencing work-related flow in relation to the job strain categories of the demand–control model, and to job resources such as social capital and an innovative learning climate. A questionnaire was sent out to employees in nine Swedish organizations (n = 3667, 57% response rate). Binary logistic regression analysis was performed. The results show that active jobs, low-strain jobs, a high degree of social capital and innovative learning climate increased the likelihood of experiencing work-related flow. In jobs with high decision latitude, regardless of demands, there was an increased likelihood to benefit from social capital and an innovative learning climate. The results emphasize the importance of autonomy and skill utilization, to enable the use of additional job resources in order to promote work-related flow and well-being at work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Work-related flow, Job resources, Demand-control model, Employee health, Health promoting organizations, Innovative learning climate
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95813 (URN)10.1016/j.jvb.2013.03.010 (DOI)000320484100005 ()
Available from: 2013-07-26 Created: 2013-07-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Hultin, H., Hallqvist, J., Alexanderson, K., Johansson, G., Lindholm, C., Lundberg, I. & Moller, J. (2013). Lack of Adjustment Latitude at Work as a Trigger of Taking Sick Leave: A Swedish Case-Crossover Study. PLoS ONE, 8(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lack of Adjustment Latitude at Work as a Trigger of Taking Sick Leave: A Swedish Case-Crossover Study
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

Research has shown that individuals reporting a low level of adjustment latitude, defined as having few possibilities to temporarily adjust work demands to illness, have a higher risk of sick leave. To what extent lack of adjustment latitude influences the individual when making the decision to take sick leave is unknown. We hypothesize that ill individuals are more likely to take sick leave on days when they experience a lack of adjustment latitude at work than on days with access to adjustment latitude.

Methods

A case-crossover design was applied to 546 sick-leave spells, extracted from a cohort of 1 430 employees at six Swedish workplaces, with a 3–12 month follow-up of all new sick-leave spells. Exposure to lack of adjustment latitude on the first sick-leave day was compared with exposure during several types of control periods sampled from the previous two months for the same individual.

Results

Only 35% of the respondents reported variations in access to adjustment latitude, and 19% reported a constant lack of adjustment latitude during the two weeks prior to the sick-leave spell. Among those that did report variation, the risk of sick leave was lower on days with lack of adjustment latitude, than on days with access (Odds Ratio 0.36, 95% Confidence Interval 0.25–0.52).

Conclusions

This is the first study to show the influence of adjustment latitude on the decision to take sick leave. Among those with variations in exposure, lack of adjustment latitude was a deterrent of sick leave, which is contrary to the à priori hypothesis. These results indicate that adjustment latitude may not only capture long-lasting effects of a flexible working environment, but also temporary possibilities to adjust work to being absent. Further studies are needed to disentangle the causal mechanisms of adjustment latitude on sick-leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2013
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93395 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0061830 (DOI)000317909500072 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Karolinska Institutet||Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research||Swedish Research Council||Stockholm County Council||National Swedish Social Insurance Board||Swedish National Institute of Public Health||

Available from: 2013-05-31 Created: 2013-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Bergman, P. N., Ahlberg, G., Johansson, G., Stoetzer, U., Aborg, C., Hallsten, L. & Lundberg, I. (2012). Do job demands and job control affect problem-solving?. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 42(2), 195-203
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do job demands and job control affect problem-solving?
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2012 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 195-203Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The Job Demand Control model presents combinations of working conditions that may facilitate learning, the active learning hypothesis, or have detrimental effects on health, the strain hypothesis. To test the active learning hypothesis, this study analysed the effects of job demands and job control on general problem-solving strategies. Participants: A population-based sample of 4,636 individuals (55% women, 45% men) with the same job characteristics measured at two times with a three year time lag was used. Methods: Main effects of demands, skill discretion, task authority and control, and the combined effects of demands and control were analysed in logistic regressions, on four outcomes representing general problem-solving strategies. Results: Those reporting high on skill discretion, task authority and control, as well as those reporting high demand/high control and low demand/high control job characteristics were more likely to state using problem solving strategies. Conclusions: Results suggest that working conditions including high levels of control may affect how individuals cope with problems and that workplace characteristics may affect behaviour in the non-work domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2012
Keywords
Work characteristics; longitudinal; spill-over; learning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79839 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-1340 (DOI)000305393600005 ()
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-08-14 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Hultin, H., Moller, J., Alexanderson, K., Johansson, G., Lindholm, C., Lundberg, I. & Hallqvist, J. (2012). Low Workload as a Trigger of Sick Leave Results From a Swedish Case-Crossover Study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54(2), 202-209
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Low Workload as a Trigger of Sick Leave Results From a Swedish Case-Crossover Study
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 202-209Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate if exposure to an unusually low workload when ill can trigger taking sick leave. Methods: A case-crossover design was applied to 546 sick-leave spells obtained from a cohort of 1430 employees within six Swedish workplaces. New sick-leave spells were reported from the workplaces during 3 to 12 months follow-up. Exposure was assessed in structured participant interviews at sick leave. Case and control periods from the same individual were sampled according to the matched-pair and usual-frequency approaches. Results are presented as odds ratios with surrounding 95% confidence intervals. Results: The odds ratio of sick leave on a day with an unusually low workload was 2.57 (confidence interval, 1.07-6.16). Conclusions: Becoming ill on a day with a lower workload than usual can trigger the decision to take sick leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2012
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75725 (URN)10.1097/JOM.0b013e31823fdf68 (DOI)000300197000013 ()
Note
Funding Agencies|Karolinska Institutet||Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research||Swedish Research Council||Stockholm County Council||National Swedish Social Insurance Board||Swedish National Institute of Public Health||Available from: 2012-03-09 Created: 2012-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Nordström, K., Ekberg, K., Hemmingsson, T. & Johansson, G. (2012). Sick leave and the impact of job-to-job mobility on future vocational situation.. Paper presented at Oral presentation at 10th Conference European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 11-13 April 2012, Zurich, Switzerland..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sick leave and the impact of job-to-job mobility on future vocational situation.
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77915 (URN)
Conference
Oral presentation at 10th Conference European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 11-13 April 2012, Zurich, Switzerland.
Available from: 2012-05-31 Created: 2012-05-31 Last updated: 2013-09-03
Johansson, G., Hultin, H., Möller, J., Hallqvist, J. & Kjellberg, K. (2012). The impact of adjustment latitude on self-assessed work ability in regard to gender and occupational type. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(4), 350-359
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of adjustment latitude on self-assessed work ability in regard to gender and occupational type
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2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 350-359Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Adjustment latitude describes opportunities to change demands at work when ill and may affect work ability. The aim here is to study the association between adjustment latitude and self-assessed work ability among men and women and employees from different occupational sectors.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from a questionnaire sent to 3020 employees in three occupational sectors in Sweden; 1430 responded. Subjects were divided into: full, moderately reduced, and greatly reduced work ability. Presence of nine adjustment opportunities was requested and subjects were divided into three groups. Each specific opportunity was also analyzed in relation to work ability. Multinomial logistic regression was used for analyses.

Results: Number of opportunities to adjust was associated with work ability among men and employees in health care. "Shortening the working day" was associated with work ability in most groups. For men and industrial employees, "postponing work", "going home and working later", and "working without disturbance" were associated with work ability. "To work from home" was associated with work ability among women and employees in insurance.

Conclusions: The assumption that adjustment latitude affects work ability is supported. Associations differ with regard to gender and occupational sectors. Further studies with longitudinal design and alternative samples are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2012
Keywords
adjustment latitude, cross-sectional, gender, work ability, work conditions
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71440 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2011.603354 (DOI)000305704400006 ()21854104 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-10-18 Created: 2011-10-18 Last updated: 2017-12-08
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