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Alm, Maria
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Palm, J. & Alm, M. (2010). Vertical and horizontal governance of crisis management – a study of two regional emergency management councils in Sweden. In: Alvintzi, Patrick & Eder, Hannes (Ed.), Crisis Management (pp. 263-288). New York: Nova Science Publisher
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vertical and horizontal governance of crisis management – a study of two regional emergency management councils in Sweden
2010 (English)In: Crisis Management / [ed] Alvintzi, Patrick & Eder, Hannes, New York: Nova Science Publisher , 2010, p. 263-288Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

In this article, we discuss Swedish crisis management from the perspective that public administration has evolved from a government steering structure to a governance structure. The power to govern crisis policy has been partly transferred from “government” to autonomous policy networks, which may include both public and private actors.

Geographic area responsibility is assigned to the Government at the national level, the county councils at the regional level and the municipalities at the local level. In addition to this distinctly hierarchical division of responsibility by coordination area and geographic area, the system strongly emphasises interaction between actors and coordination areas. Thus, the emergency management system includes elements of both government (or hierarchy) and governance (or networking).

The paper focuses on the interaction that has evolved among county administrative boards and municipalities in the networks, or regional emergency management councils, that have been established in several regions as a way for county administrative boards to fulfil their coordination responsibility. We will focus on two problem areas related to interaction in the councils: Which issues and actors are included or excluded in these networks? To what extent are councils characterised by negotiations and agreements among network actors and to what extent are council actors and issues characterised by hierarchical structures?

We have chosen to more closely examine two regional emergency management councils and have made use of printed materials and conducted in-depth interviews.

We can conclude that the relationship between the county administrative boards and the municipalities has elements of both hierarchical and network governance. Who is included in the councils seems to depend on a combination of hierarchy, by reason of an actor’s formal role or position, which more or less mandates interaction with the county administrative board, and tradition, as it becomes clear that the emergencies that have affected the county in recent years, such as the severe winter storms Gudrun and Per, have resulted in the energy system being amply represented in both councils while other system representatives have been more poorly represented. 

Small municipalities have greater need for the County Administrative Board’s support and resources than the larger ones, but are not considered able to contribute as much to the regional network and are excluded for that reason. The importance to municipalities of having their own network representatives is most clearly apparent in the statements of actors who lack representation. They lack knowledge and information about what is occurring in the councils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Nova Science Publisher, 2010
Keywords
Emergency management, risk, crisis, Sweden, municipality, region, county administrative board, governance, network
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56444 (URN)978-1-60876-570-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-05-16 Created: 2010-05-16 Last updated: 2014-10-08
Alm, M. & Palm, J. (2007). Att våga försöka är en bra början!. In: Jenny Palm, Magnus Karlsson (Ed.), Att forska på tvären- Erfarenheter från 10 år av tvärvetenskap inom forskarskolan Program Energisystem: (pp. 25-28). Linköping: Program Energisystem
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att våga försöka är en bra början!
2007 (Swedish)In: Att forska på tvären- Erfarenheter från 10 år av tvärvetenskap inom forskarskolan Program Energisystem / [ed] Jenny Palm, Magnus Karlsson, Linköping: Program Energisystem , 2007, p. 25-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Program Energisystem, 2007
Series
Arbetsnotat / Program Energisystem, ISSN 1403-8307 ; 39
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-41783 (URN)59039 (Local ID)59039 (Archive number)59039 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
Alm, M. & Palm, J. (2007). Beroende, tillit och entreprenörer i nätverksbygganden - regionala krishanteringsråd i Kalmar och Östergötlands län. In: XVI Nordiska kommunforskarkonferensen,2007.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beroende, tillit och entreprenörer i nätverksbygganden - regionala krishanteringsråd i Kalmar och Östergötlands län
2007 (Swedish)In: XVI Nordiska kommunforskarkonferensen,2007, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

  

Keywords
entreprenörer, krisberedskap, kommun, länsstyrelse, nätverk, policyentreprenörer
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39767 (URN)51139 (Local ID)51139 (Archive number)51139 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13
Alm, M., Palm, J., Ramsell, E. & Johansson, J. (2007). Länsstyrelsens samordningsansvar i krisberedskapssystemet - hur och med vem sker samverkan: En fallstudie av Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands regionala krishanteringsråd och Riskbild Östergötland. Linköping: Tema Teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Länsstyrelsens samordningsansvar i krisberedskapssystemet - hur och med vem sker samverkan: En fallstudie av Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands regionala krishanteringsråd och Riskbild Östergötland
2007 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Tema Teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet, 2007. p. 42
Series
Tema-T arbetsnotat, ISSN 1101-1289 ; 320
Keywords
Länsstyrelse, krisberedskap, samverkan, governance, IT
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-39197 (URN)LiU-TEMA-T-WP-320-SE (ISRN)47149 (Local ID)47149 (Archive number)47149 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved
Alm, M. (2006). Nationell kraft och lokal motkraft: En diskursanalys av konflikten kring SwePol Link. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nationell kraft och lokal motkraft: En diskursanalys av konflikten kring SwePol Link
2006 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
National Power and Local Counter Power : A Discourse Analysis of the Conflict concerning SwePol Link
Abstract [en]

Facility siting conflicts are increasing in our society. This is a study of a HVDC-link between Blekinge, Sweden and Slupsk, Poland called The SwePol Link. This link has transferred electricity between the two electricity systems since the year 2000 and the decision making process can be described as a struggle between conflicting interests. The aim of this study is to investigate where in the decision making process conflicting interests become visible, and how the actors involved have acted and argued in order to try to influence the process to benefit their respective causes. This aim is further developed through a discourse analysis of the variety of arguments, ideas and conceptions that in different situations of the process construct patterns and statements. The purpose of the discourse analysis is to identify and categorize patterns and statements that are expressed in three chosen practices; the concession practice, the court practice and the practice concerning the debate articles and editorials published in Blekinge Läns Tidning during the period 1996-2000. This practice is referred to as the mass media practice in the study. It is clear that the conflict deepens and that the system-builders and critical actors (including Blekinge Läns Tidning) started to distrust each other and their respective ways of acting during the process. Both supporters and critics used scientific and juridical enrolments in order to try to strengthen their positions in the conflict. Both scientifically and juridically formulated arguments were central patterns in the discourse. This was also the case with technically formulated arguments. These patterns of arguments were mainly expressed through academics, or experts, for or against the system and might thereby be looked upon as rather exclusive ways of arguing in the practices. One exception from this was, for example, when fishers argued against different scientific results on the basis of their experiences. This was, however, not a very successful way of criticizing scientific results. The study shows that there, for example, were conflicts around the meaning of a sustainable energy system, where a central system-builder pattern meets a peripheral systemcritical pattern and both sides held themselves as arguing for a sustainable energy system. Another result of the study is that the discourse varied depending on which practice it was expressed in. It became clear that holistic perspectives regarding a sustainable energy system or the landscape as such became peripheral in all of the “formal” practices, where the decisions regarding the system took place. These types of holistic patterns were mainly articulated in other practices like the mass media.

Abstract [sv]

Lokaliseringskonflikter vid planering och genomförande av stora tekniska system blir allt vanligare inslag i vårt samhälle. SwePol Link är en likströmslänk som transporterar el mellan Sverige och Polen sedan år 2000. I avhandlingen studeras SwePol Links konfliktfyllda beslutsprocess (1996-2000) och studiens syfte är att tydliggöra de sammanhang där olika aktörers synsätt stått i konflikt med varandra genom att visa hur aktörer agerat och argumenterat för att påverka processen till sin egen fördel. Sedan utvecklas studien genom ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv till analyser av den mångfald av argument, idéer och föreställningar som i olika sammanhang av processen bildar mönster och utsagor. Målsättningen är här att identifiera och kategorisera de mönster och utsagor som uppdagas i koncessionspraktiken, domstolspraktiken och i den debatt som förekommer i Blekinge Läns Tidning. Dessutom jämförs diskursens olika uttryck i ovan nämnda sammanhang både vad det gäller de mönster av argument som uttrycks, vilka mönster som är centrala respektive perifera samt vilka former som olika aktörer använder sig av för att uttrycka sina argument. Studien visar hur aktörer agerat för att påverka processen till sin egen fördel genom enrolleringar av resurser av olika slag. Det visar sig exempelvis att vetenskapliga och juridiska enrolleringar är viktiga för både förespråkare och kritiker under processens gång. Dessutom visar studien hur konflikten efter hand fördjupas då aktörernas misstro mot varandra eskalerar, detta tar sig bland annat uttryck i misstänkliggöranden och ifrågasättanden mellan förespråkare och kritiker. Blekinge Läns Tidning var en viktig aktör i processen och studien visar hur tidningen verkade förstärkande i den konflikt som utvecklades mellan lokala önskemål och nationella krav. Studien visar även att det förekommer ett antal stridigheter kring betydelser under processens gång. En sådan tvist utspelade sig kring vad ett hållbart energisystem innebar, där ett centralt systembyggarmönster mötte ett perifert systemkritikermönster och båda utsagorna var uppbyggda med miljöargument. Ett resultat av jämförelsen mellan de olika praktikerna är att diskursens uttryck varierar och att exempelvis mönster som lyfter fram platsen som helhet blev perifera i de mera formella beslutspraktikerna (såsom koncessionspraktiken och domstolspraktiken) medan detta mönster fick ta plats i bland annat tidningspraktiken.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2006. p. 270
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 354
Keywords
siting conflicts, sociotechnical systems, discourse analysis, space, place, practices, inclusion, exclusion, patterns of arguments, lokaliseringskonflikter, sociotekniska system, diskursanalys, plats, rum, praktiker, inneslutningar och utestängningar, mönster och utsagor
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-6452 (URN)91-85523-80-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-06-02, Elysion, Hus Tema, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-05-12 Created: 2006-05-12 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
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