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Toom, V., Wienroth, M., Mcharek, A., Prainsack, B., Williams, R., Duster, T., . . . Murphy, E. (2016). Letter: Approaching ethical, legal and social issues of emerging forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) technologies comprehensively: Reply to Forensic DNA phenotyping: Predicting human appearance from crime scene material for investigative purposes by Manfred Kayser in FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL-GENETICS, vol 22, issue , pp E1-E4 [Letter to the editor]. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 22, E1-E4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Letter: Approaching ethical, legal and social issues of emerging forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) technologies comprehensively: Reply to Forensic DNA phenotyping: Predicting human appearance from crime scene material for investigative purposes by Manfred Kayser in FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL-GENETICS, vol 22, issue , pp E1-E4
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2016 (English)In: Forensic Science International: Genetics, ISSN 1872-4973, E-ISSN 1878-0326, Vol. 22, p. E1-E4Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

n/a

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, 2016
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127406 (URN)10.1016/j.fsigen.2016.01.010 (DOI)000372718600001 ()26832996 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Kruse, C. (2016). The social life of forensic evidence. Oakland: University of California Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The social life of forensic evidence
2016 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In The Social Life of Forensic Evidence, Corinna Kruse provides a major contribution to understanding forensic evidence and its role in the criminal justice system. Arguing that forensic evidence can be understood as a form of knowledge, she reveals that each piece of evidence has a social life and biography. Kruse shows how the crime scene examination is as crucial to the creation of forensic evidence as laboratory analyses, the plaintiff, witness, and suspect statements elicited by police investigators, and the interpretations that prosecutors and defense lawyers bring to the evidence. Drawing on ethnographic data from Sweden and on theory from both anthropology and science and technology studies, she examines how forensic evidence is produced and how it creates social relationships as cases move from crime scene to courtroom. She demonstrates that forensic evidence is neither a fixed entity nor solely material, but is inseparably part of and made through particular legal, social, and technological practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oakland: University of California Press, 2016. p. 196
Keywords
Criminology, Forensic evidence, Forensic science, Criminal investigation, Krimonologi, Teknisk bevisning, Kriminalteknik
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124311 (URN)9780520288386 (ISBN)9780520288393 (ISBN)9780520963337 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-11-16Bibliographically approved
Kruse, C. (2015). Being a crime scene technician in Sweden. In: Ilana Gershon (Ed.), A World of Work: Imagined Manuals for Real Jobs (pp. 86-101). Cornell University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being a crime scene technician in Sweden
2015 (English)In: A World of Work: Imagined Manuals for Real Jobs / [ed] Ilana Gershon, Cornell University Press, 2015, p. 86-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Ever wondered what it would be like to be a street magician in Paris? A fish farmer in Norway? A costume designer in Bollywood? This playful and accessible look at different types of work around the world delivers a wealth of information and advice about a wide array of jobs and professions. The value of this book is twofold: For young people or middle-aged people who are undecided about their career paths and feel constrained in their choices, A World of Work offers an expansive vision. For ethnographers, this book offers an excellent example of using the practical details of everyday life to shed light on larger structural issues. Each chapter in this collection of ethnographic fiction could be considered a job manual. Yet not any typical job manual-to do justice to the ways details about jobs are conveyed in culturally specific ways, the authors adopt a range of voices and perspectives. One chapter is written as though it was a letter from an older sister counseling her brother on how to be a doctor in Malawi. Another is framed as a eulogy for a well-loved village magistrate in Papua New Guinea who may have been killed by sorcery. Beneath the novelty of the examples are some serious messages that Ilana Gershon highlights in her introduction. These ethnographies reveal the connection between work and culture, the impact of societal values on the conditions of employment. Readers will be surprised at how much they can learn about an entire culture by being given the chance to understand just one occupation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cornell University Press, 2015
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124309 (URN)9780801456855 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-11-16Bibliographically approved
Kruse, C. (2013). Forensic Evidence: Materializing Bodies, Materializing Crimes. In: Boel Berner and Corinna Kruse (Ed.), Knowledge and evidence: investigating technologies in practice (pp. 9-26). Linköping: Department of Thematic Studies, Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forensic Evidence: Materializing Bodies, Materializing Crimes
2013 (English)In: Knowledge and evidence: investigating technologies in practice / [ed] Boel Berner and Corinna Kruse, Linköping: Department of Thematic Studies, Linköping University , 2013, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Based on an ethnographic study of fingerprint and DNA evidence practices in the Swedish judicial system, this article analyses the materialization of forensic evidence. It argues that forensic evidence, while popularly understood as firmly rooted in materiality, is inseparably technoscientific and cultural. Its roots in the material world are entangled threads of matter, technoscience and culture that produce particular bodily constellations within and together with a particular sociocultural context. Forensic evidence, it argues further, is co-materialized with crimes as well as with particular bodily and social constellations. Consequently, the article suggests that an analysis of how forensic evidence is produced can contribute to feminist understandings of the inseparability of sex and gender: understanding bodies as ongoing technoscientific-material-cultural practices of materialization may be a fruitful approach to analysing their complexity, and the relationships in which they are placed, without surrendering to either cultural or biological determinism. Taking a theoretical point of departure not only in an STS-informed approach, but also in material feminist theorizations, the article also underlines that the suggested theoretical conversations across borders of feminist theory and STS should be understood as a two-way-communication where the two fields contribute mutually to each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Department of Thematic Studies, Linköping University, 2013
Series
Linköping studies in technology and social change ; 1
Keywords
Kriminalteknik
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106618 (URN)978-91-7519-619-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
Berner, B. & Kruse, C. (Eds.). (2013). Knowledge and evidence: investigating technologies in practice. Linköping: The Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change, Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge and evidence: investigating technologies in practice
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This collection of articles by scholars linked to the Department of Tech­nology and Social Change at Linköping University gives new insights into the constructed and contested nature of technoscientific knowledge.

The articles give detailed analyses of a broad range of social practices within science, medicine, education, and work. In focus are investigations of how knowledge and evidence are created, contested, and understood. Technologies covered include, among others, CNC-machines, brain scans, Viagra pills, carbon storage techniques, and educational packages.

The collection will be of interest to sociologists, anthropologists and researchers with science-and-technology studies. It presents new perspec-tives on the co-construction of social relations, knowledge, and evidence, and on the political nature – in a broad sense – of how technoscience is developed and put into use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: The Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change, Linköping University, 2013. p. 262
Series
Linköping Studies in Technology and Social Change ; 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104097 (URN)978-91-7519-619-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-02-06 Created: 2014-02-06 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
Kruse, C. (2013). The Bayesian approach to forensic evidence: Evaluating, communicating, and distributing responsibility. Social Studies of Science, 43(5), 657-680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Bayesian approach to forensic evidence: Evaluating, communicating, and distributing responsibility
2013 (English)In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 657-680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article draws attention to communication across professions as an important aspect of forensic evidence. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in the Swedish legal system, it shows how forensic scientists use a particular quantitative approach to evaluating forensic laboratory results, the Bayesian approach, as a means of quantifying uncertainty and communicating it accurately to judges, prosecutors, and defense lawyers, as well as a means of distributing responsibility between the laboratory and the court. This article argues that using the Bayesian approach also brings about a particular type of intersubjectivity; in order to make different types of forensic evidence commensurable and combinable, quantifications must be consistent across forensic specializations, which brings about a transparency based on shared understandings and practices. Forensic scientists strive to keep the black box of forensic evidence - at least partly - open in order to achieve this transparency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2013
Keywords
black box, forensic evidence, mechanical objectivity, uncertainty
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100484 (URN)10.1177/0306312712472572 (DOI)000324590200002 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||

Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-11-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Kruse, C. (2013). The Evidence That Doesn't Lie: CSI and Real-Life Forensic Evidence. Anthropology Now, 5(3), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Evidence That Doesn't Lie: CSI and Real-Life Forensic Evidence
2013 (English)In: Anthropology Now, ISSN 1942-8200, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paradigm Publishers, 2013
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114711 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-03-03 Created: 2015-03-03 Last updated: 2016-05-04
Kruse, C. (2012). Legal storytelling in pre-trial investigations: arguing for a wider perspective on forensic evidence. New genetics and society (Print), 31(3), 299-309
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legal storytelling in pre-trial investigations: arguing for a wider perspective on forensic evidence
2012 (English)In: New genetics and society (Print), ISSN 1463-6778, E-ISSN 1469-9915, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 299-309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Forensic evidence, and most prominently DNA evidence, is often understood as particularly reliable and "objective." However, just as other evidence, forensic evidence must be interpreted and thus made meaningful in order to "say" something about a defendants culpability. This paper discusses how meaning is created from and around forensic evidence: in criminal trials, evidence is placed in legally meaningful narratives that draw upon well-known cultural scripts and categories and that associate (or disassociate) a defendant with legal categories and consequences. The paper will demonstrate that these stories are not only told in court as a means of arguing a case, but are also continuously told and re-shaped during pre-trial investigations, as evidence in a case is assembled and assessed. Consequently, I argue that, in order to understand forensic evidence, it is just as important to pay attention to pre-trial investigations as it is to study forensic laboratories and courtroom interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis (Routledge), 2012
Keywords
forensic evidence, legal storytelling, pre-trial investigation, interpretation through narrative
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84910 (URN)10.1080/14636778.2012.687084 (DOI)000306738800005 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||

Available from: 2012-10-26 Created: 2012-10-26 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Kruse, C. (2012). Teknisk bevisning - hur går det till?: en kriminalteknisk resa genom rättsväsendet. Linköping: Tema Teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teknisk bevisning - hur går det till?: en kriminalteknisk resa genom rättsväsendet
2012 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Tema Teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet, 2012. p. 99
Series
Perspektiv på tekniken / Tema teknik och social förändring, ISSN 1653-9826 ; 5
Keywords
Kriminalteknik, Bevis
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88471 (URN)978-91-7519-817-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2013-02-07 Created: 2013-02-07 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Kruse, C. (2010). CSI och den absoluta sannningen. Kriminalteknik (2), 10-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CSI och den absoluta sannningen
2010 (Swedish)In: Kriminalteknik, ISSN 1653-6169, no 2, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58838 (URN)
Available from: 2010-08-27 Created: 2010-08-27 Last updated: 2016-05-04
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2280-6825

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