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Thollander, Patrik
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Publications (10 of 94) Show all publications
Sannö, A., Johansson, M., Thollander, P., Wollin, J. & Sjögren, B. (2019). Approaching Sustainable Energy Management Operations in a Multinational Industrial Corporation. Sustainability, 11(3), Article ID 754.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Approaching Sustainable Energy Management Operations in a Multinational Industrial Corporation
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2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 3, article id 754Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A large share of the energy efficiency improvement measures available for industrial companies remains unadopted due to the existence of various barriers to energy efficiency. One of the main means of overcoming barriers to energy efficiency is via energy management operations. The major parts of the published scientific papers have covered energy management on a company level or on a sector level. However, so far, the literature is scarce regarding empirical studies on energy management on a corporate level. With the aim of filling the research gap, the aim of this paper is to empirically assess the performance of an in-house energy management program adoption from the year of initiation and four years ahead in the multinational company Volvo CE. The paper was conducted as a case study including a participative approach, which has not previously been done in energy management research. This paper adds value, through complementing the existing literature on energy management on a factory or sector level, by highlighting the importance of leadership, speed of execution, and cultural transformation on a corporate level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
energy efficiency, key elements, corporate energy management, energy management program, industry, case study, sustainable energy management, participative approach
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154289 (URN)10.3390/su11030754 (DOI)000458929500199 ()2-s2.0-85061003116 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110262
Note

Funding agencies: Knowledge Foundation (Stiftelsen for Kunskaps-och Kompetensutveckling) within the framework of the INNOFACTURE Research School; Malardalen University

Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-03-08Bibliographically approved
Lawrence, A., Nehler, T., Andersson, E., Karlsson, M. & Thollander, P. (2019). Drivers, barriers and success factors for energy management in the Swedish pulp and paper industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 223, 67-82
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drivers, barriers and success factors for energy management in the Swedish pulp and paper industry
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 223, p. 67-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research has revealed the existence of an energy-efficiency gap – the difference between optimal and actual energy end-use, suggesting that energy efficiency can be improved. Energy management (EnM) is a means for improving industrial energy efficiency. However, due to various barriers, the full potential of EnM is not realised. Several studies have addressed drivers and barriers to energy efficiency but few to EnM. This study aims to identify EnM practices, the most important perceived drivers and barriers for EnM, and relations among them in the energy-intensive Swedish pulp and paper industry (PPI), which has the longest experience internationally of practising EnM systems, and has worked according to the standards since 2004. Our results show that, altogether, the PPI works regularly and continuously with EnM, with a clear division of responsibilities. The highest maturity for EnM practices was for energy policy, followed by organization, investments, and performance measurement. The study also shows that communication between middle management and operations personnel has potential for improvement. The most important categories of drivers were economic, whereas for barriers they were organizational. Nevertheless, knowledge-related barriers and drivers were amongst the most important, suggesting that the absorptive capacity for energy issues could be improved.

Keywords
Barriers, Drivers, Success factors, Energy management, Energy efficiency, Pulp and paper industry
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156271 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.143 (DOI)000466253100008 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Energy Agency [2015-002143]; Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Carbonstruct research project [802-0082-17]

Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2020-04-01
Lawrence, A., Karlsson, M., Nehler, T. & Thollander, P. (2019). Effects of monetary investment, payback time and firm characteristics on electricity saving in energy-intensive industry. Applied Energy, 240, 499-512
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of monetary investment, payback time and firm characteristics on electricity saving in energy-intensive industry
2019 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 240, p. 499-512Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our study looked at the extent to which firm characteristics such as total firm capital affect electricity saving in energy-intensive industry in Sweden from 2007 to 2015. Specifically, the most influential variables for systematic variation in electricity saving in the energy-intensive companies participating in Sweden’s voluntary programme for improving energy efficiency in energy-intensive industry (the PFE) were studied by analysing monetary investment, payback time and firm characteristics. Monetary investment and payback time influenced electricity savings during the PFE more than firm characteristics, with monetary investment being most influential. Nevertheless, the total systematic variation in firm characteristics may account for ∼16% of the systematic variation in electricity saving, where ∼74% (32 of 43) of the studied firm characteristics seemed to merit further investigation and where ∼49% (21 of 43) of firm characteristics appeared most influential. The most influential firm characteristics were total firm capital, stock turnover ratio, machinery, short-term liabilities per turnover ratio and goodwill. The overall results showed that firm characteristics can influence a firm’s energy-saving activities and indicated a tendency for more energy savings in companies that were financially weaker or had done less work to improve energy efficiency prior to the PFE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aldring og helse, 2019
Keywords
Energy efficiency, Energy saving, Energy intensive industry, Energy management, Firm characteristics, Voluntary agreement
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156280 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.02.060 (DOI)000468714300036 ()
Note

Funding agencies:  Swedish Energy Agency

Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2020-04-01
Thollander, P., Karlsson, M., Rohdin, P. & Rosenqvist, J. (2019). Energieffektivisering: Energikartläggning, energiledning och styrmedel (1:1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energieffektivisering: Energikartläggning, energiledning och styrmedel
2019 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Effektiv energianvändning i svensk tillverkningsindustri är en nyckelfaktor för att svenska företag, branscher och industrin som helhet även fortsättningsvis ska vara konkurrenskraftiga på en global marknad med knappare resurser. Denna bok är ett led i den riktningen.



Boken är uppdelad i tre delar: Del I har sin utgångspunkt i energi­effektiviseringsgapet och fokuserar på energikartläggning och energieffektivisering av företag, framför allt ur ett tekniskt perspektiv. Del II har sin utgångspunkt i energiledningsgapet och fokuserar på energiledning samt hinder och incitament för energieffektivisering i svensk tillverkningsindustri. Del III har sin utgångspunkt i styrmedelsgapet och inriktas mot styrmedel för energieffektivisering och hur dessa kan designas, implementeras och utvärderas. 


De två första delarna riktar sig framför allt till studenter vid svenska läro­­säten samt till energi- och miljöansvariga, teknikkonsulter, kommunala tillsynstjänstemän och andra offentliga aktörer vid exempelvis regionala energikontor. Del III riktar sig i första hand till aktörer som administrerar och ansvarar för styrmedel på nationell, regional och lokal nivå. Denna del kan även vara till nytta för koncerner som vill ta ett helhetsgrepp på energifrågan samt till företag som vill minska energianvändningens negativa miljöpåverkan i hela värdekedjan, inklusive underleverantörer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019. p. 248 Edition: 1:1
Keywords
Energikartläggning, energiledning, styrmedel, industri, energianvändning, hinder och drivkrafter, energiprogram, enhetsprocess, energilära
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156662 (URN)9789144092478 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-05-06Bibliographically approved
Thollander, P., Palm, J. & Hedbrant, J. (2019). Energy Efficiency as a Wicked Problem. Sustainability, 11(6), Article ID 1569.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy Efficiency as a Wicked Problem
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 6, article id 1569Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Together with increased shares of renewable energy supply, improved energy efficiency is the foremost means of mitigating climate change. However, the energy efficiency potential is far from being realized, which is commonly explained by the existence of various barriers to energy efficiency. Initially mentioned by Churchman, the term “wicked problems” became established in the 1970s, meaning a kind of problem that has a resistance to resolution because of incomplete, contradictory, or changing requirements. In the academic literature, wicked problems have later served as a critical model in the understanding of various challenges related to society, such as for example climate change mitigation. This aim of this paper is to analyze how the perspective of wicked problems can contribute to an enhanced understanding of improved energy efficiency. The paper draws examples from the manufacturing sector. Results indicate that standalone technology improvements as well as energy management and energy policy programs giving emphasis to standalone technology improvements may not represent a stronger form of a wicked problem as such. Rather, it seems to be the actual decision-making process involving values among the decision makers as well as the level of needed knowledge involved in decision-making that give rise to the “wickedness”. The analysis shows that wicked problems arise in socio-technical settings involving several components such as technology, systems, institutions, and people, which make post-normal science a needed approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
Energy policy; energy management; wicked problem; energy management system; industry; energy efficiency
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156486 (URN)10.3390/su11061569 (DOI)000465613000064 ()2-s2.0-85063477107 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved
Johnsson, S., Andersson, E., Thollander, P. & Karlsson, M. (2019). Energy savings and greenhouse gas mitigation potential in the Swedish wood industry. Energy, 187, Article ID 115919.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy savings and greenhouse gas mitigation potential in the Swedish wood industry
2019 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 187, article id 115919Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Improving energy efficiency in industry is recognized as one of the most crucial actions for mitigating climate change. The lack of knowledge regarding energy end-use makes it difficult for companies to know in which processes the highest energy efficiency potential is located. Using a case study design, the paper provides a taxonomy for energy end-use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on a process and energy carrier level. It can be seen that drying of wood is the largest energy using and GHG emitting process in the studied companies. The paper also investigates applied and potentially viable energy key performance indicators (KPIs). Suggestions for improving energy KPIs within the wood industry include separating figures for different wood varieties and different end-products and distinguishing between different drying kiln technologies. Finally, the paper presents the major energy saving and carbon mitigating measures by constructing conservation supply curves and marginal abatement cost curves. The energy saving potential found in the studied companies indicates that significant improvements might be achieved throughout the Swedish wood industry. Even though the scope of this paper is the Swedish wood industry, several of the findings are likely to be relevant in other countries with a prominent wood industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160259 (URN)10.1016/j.energy.2019.115919 (DOI)000496334500068 ()2-s2.0-85071357226 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management [802-0082-17]; Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Andrei, M. & Thollander, P. (2019). Reducing the Energy Efficiency Gap by Means of Energy Management Practices. In: 2019 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, Portland, August 12-14, 2019: Inspiring Action for a Sustainable Future. Panel 2: People. Paper presented at ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing the Energy Efficiency Gap by Means of Energy Management Practices
2019 (English)In: 2019 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, Portland, August 12-14, 2019: Inspiring Action for a Sustainable Future. Panel 2: People, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Energy efficiency remains a cornerstone in climate change mitigation. Research onimproved energy efficiency has shown the existence of a gap between the optimal and currentimplementation of energy efficient technologies, which is referred to as the energy efficiencygap. Studies have identified that energy efficiency could be further improved by includingenergy management practices alongside energy-efficient technologies. The inefficiencies ofenergy efficiency are commonly explained by the existence of various barriers to energyefficiency. Energy management is stated to be one of the foremost means of overcoming thesebarriers, and two important factors that can help are energy services and energy data monitoring.The aim of this paper is to address how energy services and energy data monitoring can helpeliminate the energy efficiency gap. The study has been carried out as a multiple case studyusing semi-structured interviews.Two aspects of energy management are included: Energy Performance Contract (EPC)and the concept of “Smart” processes and subprocesses. EPC is a commercial model that ispreferably to be designed in a way that it can remove barriers and allow driving forces to beeffective within the contract, and the concept of smart processes and subprocesses, that implies abetter use of big data from measurements and intra-machine connectivity by using the Internet ofThings. Major barriers to energy efficiency are high transaction costs, problems with financingand competition with in-house expertise. Thus, by introducing the EPC and “Smart” concept, areduction of the energy efficiency gap could be achieved.

Series
ACEEE Summer Study in Industry Proceedings
Keywords
energy efficiency, energy management, energy efficiency gap, energy services
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161906 (URN)
Conference
ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 302881
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2020-02-07
Andersson, E., Karlsson, M., Thollander, P. & Paramonova, S. (2018). Energy end-use and efficiency potentials among Swedish industrial small and medium-sized enterprises - A dataset analysis from the national energy audit program. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 93, 165-177
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy end-use and efficiency potentials among Swedish industrial small and medium-sized enterprises - A dataset analysis from the national energy audit program
2018 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 93, p. 165-177Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Improving energy efficiency in industry is recognized as one of the most vital activities for the mitigation of climate change. Consequently, policy initiatives from governments addressing both energy-intensive and small and medium-sized industry have been enacted. In this paper, the energy end-use and the energy efficiency potential among industrial small and medium-sized companies participating in the Swedish Energy Audit Program are reviewed. The three manufacturing industries of wood and cork, food products and metal products (excluding machinery and equipment) are studied. A unique categorization of their production processes energy end-use is presented, the results of which show that the amount of energy used in various categories of production processes differ between these industries. This applies to support processes as well, highlighting the problem of generalizing results without available bottom-up energy end-use data. In addition, a calculation of conservation supply curves for measures related to production processes is presented, showing that there still remains energy saving potential among companies participating in the Swedish Energy Audit Program. However, relevant data in the database used from the Swedish Energy Audit Program is lacking which limits the conclusions that can be drawn from the conservation supply curves. This study highlights the need to develop energy policy programs delivering high-quality data. This paper contributes to a further understanding of the intricate matters of industrial energy end-use and energy efficiency measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2018
Keywords
Energy end-use; Conservation supply curves; Energy efficiency; Industrial energy efficiency; Energy efficiency measures
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151181 (URN)10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.037 (DOI)000440966900013 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Environmental Protection Agency [802-0082-17]; Swedish Energy Agency [40537-1]

Available from: 2018-09-17 Created: 2018-09-17 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved
Schulze, M., Nehler, H., Ottosson, M. & Thollander, P. (2016). Energy management in industry: a systematic review of previous findings and an integrative conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112(5), 3692-3708
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy management in industry: a systematic review of previous findings and an integrative conceptual framework
2016 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 112, no 5, p. 3692-3708Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Current research points to a large energy efficiency potential in industry which is still left unexploited. One of the most promising means of reducing energy consumption and related energy costs is implementing an energy management. This paper provides a systematic review of existing academic journal publications on energy management in industry. Five essential key elements of an energy management based on overarching themes are identified within the body of literature (strategy/planning, implementation/operation, controlling, organization and culture) and the specific findings relating to each key element are synthesized. Subsequently a conceptual framework of an energy management is developed which illustrates that a comprehensive approach is necessary in order to effectively exploit the existing energy efficiency potential. Finally implications for further research are described.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Energy management; Energy management system; Conceptual framework; Energy efficiency; Industry; Systematic literature review
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123416 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.060 (DOI)000368207500010 ()
Projects
Energy Management in the Swedish Pulp and Paper Industry
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, P40491-1
Available from: 2015-12-16 Created: 2015-12-16 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Thollander, P., Kimura, O., Wakabayashi, M. & Rohdin, P. (2015). A review of industrial energy and climate policies in Japan and Sweden with emphasis towards SMEs. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 50, 504-512
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of industrial energy and climate policies in Japan and Sweden with emphasis towards SMEs
2015 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 50, p. 504-512Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The threat of increased global warming resulting from the use of fossil fuels stresses decision-makers to formulate and adopt policies towards different sectors of the economy. In light of the great earthquake in Japan 2011, energy efficiency also plays an important role in meeting the challenge of power supply shortage. Energy policies towards industry are of particular importance as a major part of the energy in the economy is used in industrial production. The number of papers investigating and presenting experience from energy end-use policies are scarce. Furthermore, for those present, they often only include a very brief analysis. From a public point of view, evaluations of energy programs are of major importance to measure the performance of the programs. From an energy policy designer point of view, it is of major importance to not only see the cost-effectiveness of the policy but also to understand the fundamental mechanisms for the success or failure of an industrial energy program, in order to learn how to improve future programs. The aim of this paper is to present a review of energy end-use policy instrument in Japan and Sweden towards the industrial sector from 1990 to 2014, with special emphasis on industrial SMEs. From the results presented some general-conclusions can be made, (1) results show that the cost-effectiveness differs substantially between the evaluated programs, and (2) that from a governmental point of view, subsidies towards energy audit programs seem like the most cost-effective policy. In addition to this (3) the results from the review also stress the importance of a clear strategy for every energy program on how the program is going to be evaluated, ex-ante or ex-post, and how the performance of the program is to be measured. This structure should be included from the start of the program. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Energy end-use; Policy instrument; Industry; SME; Energy efficiency
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121094 (URN)10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.102 (DOI)000358968000036 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Scholarship Foundation for Studies of Japanese Society; Environmental Policy Office; Industrial Science and Technology Policy and Environment Bureau of METI; Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan; Swedish Energy Agency [35488-1]

Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-04
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