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Glaas, E., Hjerpe, M., Storbjörk, S., Schmid Neset, T.-S., Bohman, A., Muthumanickam, P. & Johansson, J. (2019). Developing transformative capacity through systematic assessments and visualization of urban climate transitions. Ambio, 48(5), 515-528
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing transformative capacity through systematic assessments and visualization of urban climate transitions
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2019 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 515-528Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transforming cities into low-carbon, resilient, and sustainable places will require action encompassing most segments of society. However, local governments struggle to overview and assess all ongoing climate activities in a city, constraining well-informed decision-making and transformative capacity. This paper proposes and tests an assessment framework developed to visualize the implementation of urban climate transition (UCT). Integrating key transition activities and process progression, the framework was applied to three Swedish cities. Climate coordinators and municipal councillors evaluated the visual UCT representations. Results indicate that their understanding of UCT actions and implementation bottlenecks became clearer, making transition more governable. To facilitate UCT, involving external actors and shifting priorities between areas were found to be key. The visual UCT representations improved system awareness and memory, building local transformative capacity. The study recommends systematic assessment and visualization of process progression as a promising method to facilitate UCT governance, but potentially also broader sustainability transitions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2019
Keywords
Assessment, Climate change, Governance, Transformative capacity, Urban Climate Transition, Visualization
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156632 (URN)10.1007/s13280-018-1109-9 (DOI)000464713200007 ()30392034 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053557955 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Norrkoping Research and Development Foundation; Swedish Research Council Formas [942-2015-106]

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Neset, T.-S., Wiréhn, L., Tomasz, O., Glaas, E. & Linnér, B.-O. (2019). Evaluation of indicators for agricultural vulnerability to climate change: The case of Swedish agriculture. Ecological Indicators, 105, 571-580
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of indicators for agricultural vulnerability to climate change: The case of Swedish agriculture
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2019 (English)In: Ecological Indicators, ISSN 1470-160X, E-ISSN 1872-7034, Vol. 105, p. 571-580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Agriculture is often described as one of the sectors most vulnerable to future climate change, and its vulnerability is commonly assessed through quantitative indices. However, such indices differ significantly depending on their selected indicators, weighting mechanisms, and summarizing methods, often leading to divergent assessments of vulnerability for the same geographic area. The use of generic indicators might also lead to a loss of information about contextual risks and vulnerabilities. This may reduce the perceived usefulness of indices among stakeholders.

This study analyses the role of indicators in assessing agricultural vulnerability to climate change. It analyses how indices are understood and used through three separate focus group sessions, involving agricultural experts professionally active in south-eastern Sweden. The paper presents how agricultural practitioners perceive a set of common vulnerability indicators, presented through a visualization tool, and their relevance, logic, and applicability to assess and address vulnerability to climate change. The results of this study contribute with perspectives on (i) the relevance and applicability of the commonly used generic indicators for agricultural vulnerability (ii) the assumed correlation of indicators with climate vulnerability and (iii) the identification of missing vulnerability indicators. The study finds that commonly used vulnerability indicators are perceived hard to apply in practice, as definitions and thresholds are often depending on the geographical and temporal scale, as well as the regional context. Additional exposure factors that were identified included extreme events, such as heavy precipitation and external factors such as global food demand and trade-patterns. Further, participants expressed that it is important to include indices that combine effects of multiple climatic changes and in-direct factors, such as policies, regulations and measures. Inherent complexities, context dependencies, and multiple factors should further be included, but entail difficulties in developing suitable indicators. These factors must be addressed by a broader set of qualitative and quantitative indicators, and greater flexibility in the assessment methodology. The interactive vulnerability assessments presented in this paper indicate a need for an integration of quantitative and qualitative aspects and how such indicators could be developed and applied.

Keywords
Agriculture, Climate vulnerability, Geographic visualization, AgroExplore
National Category
Human Geography Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149310 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.042 (DOI)000490574200052 ()
Funder
NordForskSwedish Research Council Formas, 2013-1557
Note

Funding agencies: Norden Top-Level Research Initiative sub-programme Effect studies and adaptation to climate change; Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning - FORMASSwedish Research Council Formas [2013-1557]

Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2019-10-31
Storbjörk, S., Hjerpe, M. & Glaas, E. (2019). Using public-private interplay to climate-proof urban planning?: Critical lessons from developing a new housing district in Karlstad, Sweden. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 62(4), 568-585
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using public-private interplay to climate-proof urban planning?: Critical lessons from developing a new housing district in Karlstad, Sweden
2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 568-585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While strengthening public–private interplay is expected to improve the climate profile of urban planning in terms of mitigation and adaptation, less is known about the practice of such new interactive modes of governing. The paper critically examines the role, benefits and limitations of extended public–private interplay in developing a new housing district in Sweden. The developer dialogue between municipal officials and property developers confirms mutual interests, shared understandings and the added value of interacting. However, the closer the dialogue comes to settling agreements, the more difficult it gets for municipal officials to steer the process and its outcomes in favor of climate proofing. Complications with adapting to the new interactive setting means that municipal officials balance between acting as facilitators and/or regulators and property developers between acting as partners, competitors and/or defenders. Refining steering-strategies for sustaining commitments and securing formal agreements are pertinent for using public–private interplay to climate-proof urban planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158266 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2018.1434490 (DOI)000471052700002 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 242-2011-1599
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council Formas under Climate Change Policy Integration in Local Policy and Planning (CLIPP) [242-2011-1599]; Swedish Research Council Formas under Exploring Urban Climate Transitions in the Making (ExTra) [942-2015-106]

Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2020-02-24
Glaas, E., Hjerpe, M. & Jonsson, R. (2018). Conditions Influencing Municipal Strategy-Making for Sustainable Urban Water Management: Assessment of Three Swedish Municipalities. Water, 10(8), 1-22, Article ID 1102.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditions Influencing Municipal Strategy-Making for Sustainable Urban Water Management: Assessment of Three Swedish Municipalities
2018 (English)In: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1-22, article id 1102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Strategy-making is key for realizing sustainable urban water management. Though general barriers and factors for change have been identified, fewer studies have assessed how different conditions influence municipalities’ strategy-making ability and, thus, how to plan strategically given these conditions. Healey’s strategy-making notion was applied to delimit a study of how size, finances, development path, and water organization influence Swedish municipalities’ strategy-making ability for urban water. Three municipalities, Laxå, Norrköping, and Skellefteå, with different, yet overlapping, institutional and socio-economic conditions were analyzed using semi-structured interviews, a stakeholder workshop, and document analyses. The study finds that even though key events have filtered urban water issues into the political agenda, this has not induced systemic change, except where the role of water management in urban development has been specified, i.e., has aligned dispersed planning processes. Organizational setup influences the strategy-making ability by prescribing not only when water issues are raised, but also what system perspective should be applied and what actors that should be enrolled. Judging from the three cases, size, finances, and development path do matter for strategy-making ability, but they appear to be less important than the organizational setup. Departures for improving strategy-making under different conditions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
municipal; planning; strategy-making; urban; water
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150533 (URN)10.3390/w10081102 (DOI)000448462700136 ()2-s2.0-85052090171 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 442-2016-90
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council Formas [442-2016-90]; Swedish Water SVU [15-119, 16: 24-16]; Norrkoping Research and Development Foundation

Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ballantyne, A. G., Glaas, E., Schmid Neset, T.-S. & Wibeck, V. (2018). Localizing Climate Change: Nordic Homeowners' Interpretations of Visual Representations for Climate Adaptation. Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture (5), 638-652
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Localizing Climate Change: Nordic Homeowners' Interpretations of Visual Representations for Climate Adaptation
2018 (English)In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, no 5, p. 638-652Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, effort has been put into developing various forms of climate visualization to create opportunities for people to explore and learn about local climate change risks and adaptation options. However, how target audiences make sense of such climate visualization has rarely been studied from a communication perspective. This paper analyses how Nordic homeowners made sense of a specific climate visualization tool, the VisAdapt™ tool. Involving 35 homeowners from three cities in 15 group test sessions, this study analyses the interpretive strategies participants applied to make sense of and assess the relevance of the visualized data. The study demonstrates that participants employed a set of interpretive strategies relating to personal experience and well-known places to make sense of the information presented, and that critical negotiation of content played an important role in how participants interpreted the content.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Climate visualization, climate adaptation, lay audiences, visual communication, meaning
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144236 (URN)10.1080/17524032.2017.1412997 (DOI)000434664100005 ()2-s2.0-85038636143 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Nordic Centre of Excellence for Strategic Adaptation Research (NORD-STAR); Nordic Top-level Research Initiative sub-program "Effect studies and adaptation to climate change"

Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Hjerpe, M., Glaas, E. & Storbjörk, S. (2018). Scrutinizing virtual citizen involvement in planning: Ten applications of an online participatory tool. Politics and Governance, 6(3), 159-169
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scrutinizing virtual citizen involvement in planning: Ten applications of an online participatory tool
2018 (English)In: Politics and Governance, ISSN 1801-3422, E-ISSN 2183-2463, ISSN 2183-2463, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 159-169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How to organize citizen participation in planning is continuously debated. The amount of Online Participatory Tools (OPTs) to facilitate inclusive and efficient participation has increased. While studies have assessed their functionality, usability and effectiveness in planning, they have rarely analyzed OPTs beyond single-cases, targeted tools that are widely used or assessed how OPTs affect broader values of participation. Targeting this absence, this study analyzes how ten applications of a widely used OPT, CityPlanner™, affect the normative, substantive and instrumental values of citizen participatory planning in Swedish cities. By analyzing 1,354 citizen proposals and interviewing urban planners, we find that citizens more extensively submit proposals and initiate debates on planning when using the OPT. Results suggest a more even age and gender distribution among proposal users than with conventional methods, facilitating normative values of participation. The OPT was generally applied early in planning and generated high-quality inputs. Our results, however, nuance previous analyses by also emphasizing the importance of place-specificity of OPT applications and of joint participation strategies among departments. Key for OPT development includes the need to improve their ability to analyze overarching trends among inputs.

Keywords
citizen participation, governance, online partcicipatory tools, planning, visualization
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-151983 (URN)10.17645/pag.v6i3.1481 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942-2015-106
Note

Funding agencies: Norrkoping Research and Development Foundation; Swedish Research Council Formas [942-2015-106]

Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2018-12-13
Juhola, S., Glaas, E., Linnér, B.-O. & Neset, T. S. (2016). Redefining maladaptation. Environmental Science and Policy, 55(1), 135-140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Redefining maladaptation
2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 135-140Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As experiences of implementation of climate change adaptation are accumulating, there is a need toincrease the understanding of the potential negative consequences of adaptation actions that mightoccur, and the capacity of research to assess them. Maladaptation used in this context has remainedelusively defined and sparingly used, and therefore difficult to apply. Based on a literature review, wediscuss the conceptual boundaries of maladaptation and how it can be used to analyse negativeoutcomes of adaptation and propose a refined definition. We present a typology of maladaptation thatdistinguishes between three types of maladaptive outcomes – rebounding vulnerability, shiftingvulnerability and eroding sustainable development, and argue that maladaptation can be defined as a resultof an intentional adaptation policy or measure directly increasing vulnerability for the targeted and/orexternal actor(s), and/or eroding preconditions for sustainable development by indirectly increasing society’svulnerability. We note that the recognition of adaptation as an intentional action and the importance ofsetting clear spatial and temporal boundaries, as well as thresholds, are key to analysing negativeoutcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Climate change Adaptation, Maladaptation, Vulnerability, Feedbacks
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124351 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2015.09.014 (DOI)000366775200014 ()
Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2019-01-14
Glaas, E., Gammelgaard Ballantyne, A., Neset, T.-S., Linnér, B.-O., Navarra, C., Johansson, J., . . . Goodsite, M. E. (2015). Facilitating climate change adaptation through communication: Insights from the development of a visualization tool. Energy Research and Social Science, 10, 57-61
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facilitating climate change adaptation through communication: Insights from the development of a visualization tool
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2015 (English)In: Energy Research and Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, Vol. 10, p. 57-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change communication on anticipated impacts and adaptive responses is frequently presentedas an effective means to facilitate implementation of adaptation to mitigate risks to residential buildings.However, it requires that communication is developed in a way that resonates with the context of thetarget audience, provides intelligible information and addresses perceived barriers to adaptation. In thispaper we reflect upon criteria for useful climate change communication gained over a three year developmentprocess of a web-based tool – VisAdaptTM – aimed at increasing the adaptive capacity amongNordic homeowners. Based on the results from continuous user-testing and focus group interviews weoutline lessons learned and key aspects to consider in the design of tools for communicating complexissues such as climate change effects and adaptive response measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Adaptive management; Communication barriers; Climate change vulnerability; Homeowners
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120386 (URN)10.1016/j.erss.2015.06.012 (DOI)000218708600007 ()
Projects
NORD-STAR
Funder
Nordic Council of Ministers
Available from: 2015-08-03 Created: 2015-08-03 Last updated: 2018-03-09
Glaas, E., Neset, T. S., Kjellström, E. & Almås, A.-J. (2015). Increasing house owners adaptive capacity: Compliancebetween climate change risks and adaptation guidelines in Scandinavia. Urban Climate, 14(1), 41-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing house owners adaptive capacity: Compliancebetween climate change risks and adaptation guidelines in Scandinavia
2015 (English)In: Urban Climate, ISSN 2212-0955, E-ISSN 2212-0955, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 41-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change is expected to intensify weather related risks affecting the existing buildingstock. To increase the understanding of how the capacity among individual house ownersto mitigate such risks can be improved, this study analyses the compliance between anticipatedclimate risks and existing adaptation guidelines to house owners in Denmark,Norway and Sweden. The assessment of climate risks is based on a review of climatechange and building research literature. The compilation of available guidelines is basedon an assessment of information from government authorities, municipalities as well asinsurance companies and organizations. Results reveal a high compliance between availableguidelines and risks for already experienced weather risks, while somewhat new risksfrom anticipated climate change impacts are less covered. To better facilitate adaptiveresponses, further adaptation guidelines would earn from explicitly targeting house owners,as well as highlighting relationships between anticipated climate impacts, existingweather risks and individual management practices. Public–private cooperation is identifiedas an important means for making information more accessible and easily available.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Adaptation guidelines, Adaptive capacity, Climate risks. House owners, Residential buildings
National Category
Climate Research Physical Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124350 (URN)10.1016/j.uclim.2015.07.003 (DOI)
Projects
Nord-Star
Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Glaas, E. (2014). A mapping of climate change risks and adaptation guidelines to house owners in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A mapping of climate change risks and adaptation guidelines to house owners in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This briefing informs on ongoing research within the project “Increasing Nordic homeowners adaptive capacity to climate change: research of opinions and development of a web-based tool” (In hac Vita) financed by Nordforsk. The project is subordinated the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Strategic Adaptation Research (NORD-STAR) which aims at bridging the gaps between adaptation science, practice and policy, and at helping public and private stakeholders at all levels to improve strategy development and decision-making. Since this is ongoing research, results and discussions presented in this text should be seen as preliminary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. p. 29
Series
CSPR Briefing ; 11
Keywords
Climatic changes, environmental policy, Klimatförändringar, miljöpolitik
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104913 (URN)
Projects
Increasing Nordic homeowners adaptive capacity to climate change: research of opinions and development of a web-based tool
Note

This briefing informs on ongoing research within the project “Increasing Nordic homeowners adaptive capacity to climate change: research of opinions and development of a web-based tool” (In hac Vita) financed by Nordforsk. The project is subordinated the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Strategic Adaptation Research (NORD-STAR) which aims at bridging the gaps between adaptation science, practice and policy, and at helping public and private stakeholders at all levels to improve strategy development and decision-making. Since this is ongoing research, results and discussions presented in this text should be seen as preliminary.

Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2015-09-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5126-3973

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