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Isaksson, C. & Ellegård, K. (2015). Anchoring energy efficiency information in households' everyday projects: Peoples' understanding of renewable heating systems. Energy Efficiency, 8(2), 353-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring energy efficiency information in households' everyday projects: Peoples' understanding of renewable heating systems
2015 (English)In: Energy Efficiency, ISSN 1570-646X, E-ISSN 1570-6478, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 353-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article claims that the contents of energy conservation information policy instruments must be better adapted to household members’ everyday life experiences in order to capture their interest and transform information into action. The article elaborates on how to ground energy policy information in the everyday doings and strivings of households. Using two time-geographical concepts, i.e. activity and project, we investigate how people understand and define their energy-related activities as parts of overarching everyday projects with a focus on the constraints on energy conservation. The analysis is empirically based on interview data from a case study of households’ use of renewable heating technologies. The results illustrate how peoples’ heating activities are related to everyday projects such as reducing environmental impact, comfort for a convenient daily life, the household budget balance, learning about and/or maintaining home technologies and hobbies. One conclusion is that information instruments focusing solely on one or two such projects might hamper the translation from information to action and also limit the number of people interested in or able to access the information. Another conclusion is that the growing use of energy-efficient technologies might influence new habits and perceptions of the everyday use of energy, making common economic motives for saving energy less useful. Anchoring energy-related information and support in the everyday activities and projects of households would facilitate the translation process. If this is achieved, information could prove a useful instrument in the broader reorganization of societal institutions in a sustainable direction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015
Keywords
energy use information Household context Time-geography Translation Renewable heating systems
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113950 (URN)10.1007/s12053-014-9299-x (DOI)000351309600011 ()
Projects
Sustaining Everyday Life
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 242-2009-1412
Note

This research is part of the programme Sustaining Everyday Life-Information instruments for sustainable resource use in households based on daily activity pattern analysis, funded by the Swedish Research Council Formas.

Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Andersson, P. & Ellegård, K. (2015). Everyday life of teachers in compulsory schools and folk high schools. In: : . Paper presented at 43rd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association, Gothenburg, March 4–6, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Everyday life of teachers in compulsory schools and folk high schools
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally strictly scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like formal meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in compulsory school and non-formal adult education in the folk high school. The analysis is based on two data sets with similarities and differences. 3626 compulsory-school teachers filled in a one-day time diary each, on one of the weekdays Monday–Friday. 94 folk high school teachers filled in seven time diaries each, during a week Monday-Sunday. As data on compulsory-school teachers’ weekends are lacking, the focus will be activity patterns during weekdays, Monday–Friday.

We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). We also discuss weaknesses and strengths of the whole week data collection and the one-day diaries, and the consequences of these different approaches for the analysis. E.g., the work rhythm of the week, in this paper focussing on the weekdays, can be identified on an individual level for the folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective. For the compulsory-school teachers, the data based on one-day diaries from different individuals mean that the rhythm of the week can be identified at aggregated level and day by day only, while the important day-to-day sequential flow of activities is lost.

The results will show similarities and differences between teachers work in compulsory school and folk high school when it comes to the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

Keywords
time geography, compulsory school teacher, folk high school teacher, activity, project, constraint, visualisation
National Category
Pedagogy Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114898 (URN)
Conference
43rd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association, Gothenburg, March 4–6, 2015
Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Ellegård, K. (2015). Serviceroboten är en social utmaning. Dagens arbete
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Serviceroboten är en social utmaning
2015 (Swedish)In: Dagens arbete, ISSN 1402-2974Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Många viktiga frågor söker svar. Servicerobotar ska sköta människor – men vad är värdigt och socialt önskvärt att robotisera inom servicesektorn? Vad händer med det sociala samspelet? Servicerobotar, likaväl som robotarna i karossfabriken, måste underhållas och skötas om. Att sköta robotar för att de ska fungera innebär nya och annorlunda arbeten inom servicesektorn – men vad händer med de befintliga servicejobben? Var finns de kreativa, socialt orienterade och samarbetsskickliga aktörer som svarar på dessa frågor i samhällets ”servicerobotiseringsprocess”?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2015
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113954 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2015-02-13Bibliographically approved
Anshelm, J., Ellegård, K., Palm, J. & Rohracher, H. (2015). Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems. Linköping: Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems
2015 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University, 2015. p. 337
Keywords
Energiresurser, Energiproduktion, miljöaspekter, Energi
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118933 (URN)978-91-7519-104-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson, P. & Ellegrd, K. (2015). Time squeezed teachers?: Structural patterns in the time use of teachers’ in folk high schools. In: : . Paper presented at 6th Nordic Conference on Adult Education and Learning,Tampere, Finland, March 25-28, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time squeezed teachers?: Structural patterns in the time use of teachers’ in folk high schools
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like staff meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is folk high school teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in non-formal adult education in the Swedish folk high school. The analysis is based on 658 time diaries, from 94 folk high school teachers who filled in seven time diaries each, during a full week Monday-Sunday.

We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). E.g., the work rhythm of the week, the day-to-day sequential flow of activities including the weekend, can be identified on an individual level for these folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective.

The results show structural patterns in the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

Keywords
Time geography, folk high school teacher, activity, project, constraint, visualisation
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116356 (URN)
Conference
6th Nordic Conference on Adult Education and Learning,Tampere, Finland, March 25-28, 2015
Available from: 2015-03-26 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2015-04-13
Palm, J. & Ellegård, K. (2015). Visualizing energy consumption activities as a tool för developing affective policy. In: Jonas Anshelm, Kajsa Ellegård, Jenny Palm, Harald Rohracher (Ed.), Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems: (pp. 75-95). Linköping: Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visualizing energy consumption activities as a tool för developing affective policy
2015 (English)In: Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Kajsa Ellegård, Jenny Palm, Harald Rohracher, Linköping: Linköping University , 2015, p. 75-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University, 2015
Keywords
Energiförbrukning-- miljöaspekter
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118909 (URN)978-91-751-9104-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved
Ellegård, K., Vrotsou, K. & Widén, J. (2015). VISUAL-TimePAcTS / energy use: a software application for visualizing energy use from activities performed. In: Jonas Anshelm, Kajsa Ellegård, Jenny Palm, Harald Rohracher (Ed.), Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems: (pp. 127-145). Linköping: Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>VISUAL-TimePAcTS / energy use: a software application for visualizing energy use from activities performed
2015 (English)In: Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Kajsa Ellegård, Jenny Palm, Harald Rohracher, Linköping: Linköping University , 2015, p. 127-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University, 2015
Series
Linköping studies in technology and social change ; 2
Keywords
Energiförbrukning, Programvara
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118914 (URN)978-91-7519-104-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-06-05 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved
Ellegård, K. & Palm, J. (2015). Who Is Behaving? Consequences for Energy Policy of Concept Confusion. Energies, 8(8), 7618-7637
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who Is Behaving? Consequences for Energy Policy of Concept Confusion
2015 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 8, no 8, p. 7618-7637Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Policies to reduce household energy use usually target the individual customer. This is probably one explanation to the limited effect of many information policies, because two concepts with different meanings are confused: individual and household. In most contexts, an individual stands for what s/he does, but in the policy context, an individual is taken to represent the entire household. This is not problematic for a single-person household, but, in a multi-person household, activities performed by different household members influence the whole households energy use. This paper illuminates problems arising from confusing the concepts of household and individual when developing policies to reduce household energy use. Examples relate to indoor space heating and energy-intensive home-based activities. The results indicate that it is analytically simple to consider individuals at home, as well as their activities using electrical appliances contributing to heating, but much more complicated to take the whole household into consideration. Our model provides a basis for better-targeted information actions to reduce energy use. Also, empirically based models capturing variations between households with different activity patterns are important for developing policies resulting in reduced energy use for space heating in multi-person households.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2015
Keywords
energy use; household; individual; consumer; indoor space heating; policy; energy conservation; time diaries; activities; information
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121759 (URN)10.3390/en8087618 (DOI)000360586600006 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|FORMAS-IQS; AB Stangastaden

Available from: 2015-10-07 Created: 2015-10-05 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Ellegård, K. (2014). Chef i en högpresterande kultur. Implementering av ett globalt managementkoncept i lokala organisationskulturella kontexter. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 20(4), 87-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chef i en högpresterande kultur. Implementering av ett globalt managementkoncept i lokala organisationskulturella kontexter
2014 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 87-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The subject matter of this thesis is governance principles in global management concepts and the application of such principles by managers at a local level. The thesis includes a case study on a foreign-owned Swedish group of companies that has introduced the management concept of High Performance Culture in all of its consolidated group countries. Global management concepts usually originate from the United States and make use of neorational governance principles. High Performance Culture is a management concept that puts increased performance and individualisation in the foreground. In addition, the concept advocates co-determination and self-development. The governance principles further promote employee autonomy orientation and self-development in addition to a leader-centric approach. The case study results indicate a discrepancy in the requirements of the governance principles of the management concept, highlighting the various dimensions of cultural layers and values to which managers in the same organisation are subject. The same values had an effect in different ways on the managers’ interpretation and handling of the management concept. This interpretation and handling of the management concept tools led to an implementation that partially opposed what the French management team and management concept advocated. The managers choosing to oppose the governance principles of the management concept can be seen as an example of modern individualism, according to which people are increasingly questioning rigid and hierarchic authority while showing initiative and assessing one’s own personal work. Hence, the values of modern individualism can act as a counterforce to neorational governance principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Arbetsvetenskap vid Handelshögskolan, Karlstad universitet coh Sociologi och arbetsvetenskap vid Göteborgs universitet, 2014
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113235 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Ellegård, K. (2014). Fullt upp från morgon till kväll. Venue
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fullt upp från morgon till kväll
2014 (Swedish)In: Venue, ISSN 2001-788XArticle in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Grundskollärare har långa arbetsdagar, i genomsnitt cirka 9,5 timmar. Men genomsnittstiden säger inte mycket om hur dagarna ser ut, när olika arbetsaktiviteter genomförs under dagen, hur länge de varar, om de splittras upp av annat, om några aktiviteter är mer vanliga hos vissa lärare än andra eller hur fördelningen mellan arbetet på skolan eller i hemmet ser ut. En ökad kunskap om lärares tidsanvändning visar den komplexitet som följer med skolans vardag och möjliggör nya vägar att hantera den.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2014
Keywords
Grundskollärares arbetsdagar, Tidsgeografi Visualisering
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113951 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2015-02-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4133-1204

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