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Gopinath, V. & Johansen, K. (2019). Understanding situational and mode awareness for safe human‑robot collaboration: case studies on assembly applications. Production Engineering, 13(1), 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding situational and mode awareness for safe human‑robot collaboration: case studies on assembly applications
2019 (English)In: Production Engineering, ISSN 0944-6524, E-ISSN 1863-7353, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order for humans and robots to collaborate on an assembly line, safety of operations is a prerequisite. In this article, two assembly stations where a large industrial robots collaborate with humans will be analysed with the aim to 1. determine the characteristics of hazards associated with human-robot interaction and 2. design solutions that can mitigate risks associated with these hazards. To support the aim of this article, a literature review will attempt to characterize automation and detail the problems associated with human-automation interaction. The analysis points at situational awareness and mode-awareness as contributing factors to operator and process safety. These underlying mechanisms, if recognised by the risk assessment team as hazards, can mitigate risks of operator injury or production delays. This article details the function of visual and physical interfaces that allow operators to comprehend system-state in order to avoid undesirable situations

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019
Keywords
Situational awareness, Mode awareness, Human-robot collaboration (HRC), Industrial safety
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160304 (URN)10.1007/s11740-018-0868-2 (DOI)000457944600001 ()2-s2.0-85058656783 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova, 2015-03722
Available from: 2019-09-17 Created: 2019-09-17 Last updated: 2020-03-24Bibliographically approved
Björnsson, A., Jonsson, M. & Johansen, K. (2018). Automated material handling in compostie manufacturing using pick-and-place systems - a review. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 51, 222-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automated material handling in compostie manufacturing using pick-and-place systems - a review
2018 (English)In: Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, ISSN 0736-5845, E-ISSN 1879-2537, Vol. 51, p. 222-229Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With increasing use of fiber reinforced polymer composites follows a natural pursuit for more rational and effective manufacturing. Robotic pick-and-place systems can be used to automate handling of a multitude of materials used in the manufacturing of composite parts. There are systems developed for automated layup of prepreg, dry fibers and thermoplastic blanks as well as to handle auxiliary materials used in manufacturing. The aim of this paper is to highlight the challenges associated with automated handling of these materials and to analyze the main design principles that have been employed for pick-and-place systems in terms of handling strategy, reconfigurability, gripping technology and distribution of gripping points etc. The review shows that it is hard to find generic solutions for automated material handling due to the great variety in material properties. Few cases of industrial applications in full-scale manufacturing could be identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145502 (URN)10.1016/j.rcim.2017.12.003 (DOI)000427208500021 ()
Note

Funding agencies: NFFP-program; Swedish Armed Forces; Swedish Defense Material Administration; Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems

Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-04-12
Gopinath, V., Johansen, K. & Derelöv, M. (2018). Demonstrators to support research in Industrial safety - A Methodology. Paper presented at 28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM2018), June 11-14, 2018, Columbus, OH, USAGlobal Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity, Edited by Dušan Šormaz, Gürsel Süer, F. Frank Chen. Procedia Manufacturing, 17, 246-253
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demonstrators to support research in Industrial safety - A Methodology
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 17, p. 246-253Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activities to support manufacturing research are carried out with the intention to gain knowledge of industrial problems and provide solutions that addresses these issues. In order for solution to be viable to the industry, research activities are carried out in close collaboration with participants from the industry, academia and research institutions. Interactive research approach motivates participants with multi-disciplinary perspective to collaborate and emphasizes joint learning in the change process. This article, presents a methodology, where participants with different expertise can collaborate to develop safety solutions. The concept of a demonstrator, which represents cumulative result of a series of research activities, is presented as a tool to showcase functioning and design intent in a collaborative research environment. The results of a pilot study, where manufacturing professionals evaluated design decisions that resulted in a demonstrator, will be presented. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2018
Keywords
Collaborative robots; Industrial Safety; University-Industry Collaboration; Risk Assessment
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158894 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.10.043 (DOI)000471035200031 ()
Conference
28th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM2018), June 11-14, 2018, Columbus, OH, USAGlobal Integration of Intelligent Manufacturing and Smart Industry for Good of Humanity, Edited by Dušan Šormaz, Gürsel Süer, F. Frank Chen
Note

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/)Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the 28th Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing(FAIM2018) Conference.

Available from: 2019-07-16 Created: 2019-07-16 Last updated: 2019-11-20
Henriksson, F. (2018). Integrated Product and Production Research on Introducing Internet of Things in Swedish Wood Industry Products. Paper presented at SPS2018. Procedia Manufacturing, 25, 10-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated Product and Production Research on Introducing Internet of Things in Swedish Wood Industry Products
2018 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 10-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To enable transitioning the Swedish economy into a bioeconomy, Swedish wood industry need to increase added value and introduce new products to market by introducing new technology and improving the product and production development processes. Research in automotive industry have shown the need for integrating product and production development when introducing new technology in existing production systems, and have indicated a possibility of using specifically designed student case projects in order to generate qualitative data. In this paper, one student case project on product and production development in the Swedish wood industry, involving IoT wood products, is presented and evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Product system development, Case studies, Modularization, Smart products, Customer benefit, University as a Laboratory
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155049 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.051 (DOI)
Conference
SPS2018
Available from: 2019-03-11 Created: 2019-03-11 Last updated: 2019-07-26Bibliographically approved
Lindholm, J. & Johansen, K. (2018). Is Design Automation a Feasible Tool for Improving Efficiency in Production Planning and Manufacturing Processes?. In: Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018): . Paper presented at 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018), 16-18 May Stockholm, Sweden (pp. 194-201). Elsevier, 25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is Design Automation a Feasible Tool for Improving Efficiency in Production Planning and Manufacturing Processes?
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018), Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 25, p. 8p. 194-201Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The production planning is a repetitive process that demands engineering hours and expertise. Many parameters must be considered, and inefficiencies lead to increased lead times. The hypothesis is that valuable time within the manufacturing stages can be saved through improved engineering tools. This article will explore to possibilities to increase the utilization of digital tools to support the engineers in their production planning activities, and to improve the efficiency of manufacturing processes. Through study visits and interviews at a product owning company with manufacturing in-house, proposals for areas that could be improved with design automation will be presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. p. 8
Series
Procedia Manufacturing, ISSN 2351-9789 ; 25
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152243 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2018.06.074 (DOI)
Conference
8th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2018), 16-18 May Stockholm, Sweden
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-12-12
Gopinath, V., Johansen, K. & Andersson (Ölvander), J. (2018). Risk Assessment for Collaborative Operation: A Case Study on Hand-Guided Industrial Robots. In: Valentina Svalova (Ed.), Risk Assessment: (pp. 167-187). London/Rijeka: InTech
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Assessment for Collaborative Operation: A Case Study on Hand-Guided Industrial Robots
2018 (English)In: Risk Assessment / [ed] Valentina Svalova, London/Rijeka: InTech, 2018, p. 167-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Risk assessment is a systematic and iterative process, which involves risk analysis, where probable hazards are identified, and then corresponding risks are evaluated along with solutions to mitigate the effect of these risks. In this article, the outcome of a risk assessment process will be detailed, where a large industrial robot is used as an intelligent and flexible lifting tool that can aid operators in assembly tasks. The realization of a collaborative assembly station has several benefits, such as increased productivity and improved ergonomic work environment. The article will detail the design of the layout of a collaborative assembly workstation, which takes into account the safety and productivity concerns of automotive assembly plants. The hazards associated with hand-guided collaborative operations will also be presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London/Rijeka: InTech, 2018
Keywords
Hand-guided robots, industrial system safety, collaborative operations, human-robot collaboration, risk assessment, hazards
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145504 (URN)10.5772/intechopen.70607 (DOI)9789535137986 (ISBN)9789535140634 (ISBN)9789535137993 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Henriksson, F., Johansen, K. & Wilhelmsson, M. (2018). University as a Laboratory: Exploring how engineering education can support industrial needs. In: Ekströmer, Philip; Schütte, Simon and Ölvander, Johan (Ed.), NordDesign 2018: DESIGN IN THE ERA OF DIGITALIZATION. Paper presented at NordDesign, Linköping, Sweden, August 14-17, 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University as a Laboratory: Exploring how engineering education can support industrial needs
2018 (English)In: NordDesign 2018: DESIGN IN THE ERA OF DIGITALIZATION / [ed] Ekströmer, Philip; Schütte, Simon and Ölvander, Johan, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Universities have two major tasks; generating knowledge through research and educating students for academia, the public sector and the industry. In this paper, the authors explore how engineering education can support industrial needs on two fronts: creating a case study platform for research and preparing graduating engineering students to become more capable engineers when beginning their working life in industry, by applying the ""University as a laboratory"" concept. ""University as a laboratory"", as coined by Henriksson (2017), means that research-based case study projects are brought into educational courses where students are assigned to work as engineering designers, and researchers can observe problem solving patterns and evaluate different methodologies (also presented by Henriksson and Johansen (2016)). Though the concept have been presented earlier (Henriksson and Johansen 2016, Henriksson 2017), a more thorough evaluation is in order to further understand the effects of integrating research and education in the ""University as a laboratory"" concept. This is done through the performance and evaluation of a research-based engineering design education project in collaboration with automotive industrial partners; a project on lightweight and sustainable product and production development. The study evaluates three aspects of the project; the researchers' view, the teachers' view and the students' view. Data on all three aspects has been gathered through group interviews, observations and written assignments during the project, as well as interviews with participating students one year after the end of the project and workshops with researchers and teachers involved in the project. Analysis has been done on a qualitative basis, to investigate whether case projects are suitable for deep understanding in engineering fields and whether project courses are suitable to test different approaches of integrated product and production development.

Series
DS ; 91
Keywords
Engineering education, Case studies, Integrated product and production development, Automotive industry, student perspective
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155043 (URN)978-91-7685-185-2 (ISBN)
Conference
NordDesign, Linköping, Sweden, August 14-17, 2018.
Available from: 2019-03-11 Created: 2019-03-11 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Gopinath, V., Ore, F. & Johansen, K. (2017). Safe Assembly Cell Layout through Risk Assessment: An Application with Hand Guided Industrial Robot. In: Mitchell M. Tseng, Hung-Yin Tsai and Yue Wang (Ed.), Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems: . Paper presented at Manufacturing Systems 4.0 – Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems (pp. 430-435). Elsevier, 63(Supplement C)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safe Assembly Cell Layout through Risk Assessment: An Application with Hand Guided Industrial Robot
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems / [ed] Mitchell M. Tseng, Hung-Yin Tsai and Yue Wang, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 63, no Supplement C, p. 430-435Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Risk assessment is a systematic and iterative process which involves risk analysis where the probable hazards are identified and corresponding risks are evaluated along with solutions to mitigate the effect of these risks. In this article the outcome of a risk assessment process will be detailed where a large industrial robot is being used as a intelligent and flexible lifting tool that can aid operators in assembly tasks. The realization of a collaborative assembly station has several benefits such as increased productivity and improved ergonomic work environment. The article will detail the design of the layout of a collaborative assembly cell which takes into account the safety and productivity concerns of automotive assembly plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Series
Procedia CIRP
Keywords
Human Robot Collaboration, Safety Standards, Collaborative Assembly, Hand-Guided Robot
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142319 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2017.03.160 (DOI)000418465500073 ()2-s2.0-85028677171 (Scopus ID)
Conference
Manufacturing Systems 4.0 – Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems
Funder
VINNOVA
Note

Manufacturing Systems 4.0 – Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems

Available from: 2017-10-25 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Grahn, S., Johansen, K. & Eriksson, Y. (2017). Safety Assessment Strategy for Collaborative Robot Installations. In: Hüseyin Canbolat (Ed.), Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments: . InTech
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safety Assessment Strategy for Collaborative Robot Installations
2017 (English)In: Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments / [ed] Hüseyin Canbolat, InTech, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrial resource efficiency can be improved if the safety barrier between humans and robots is removed, as this enables operators and robots to work side by side or in direct collaboration to solve a task, usually referred to as a collaborative robot installation. Even though technology development makes the barrier removal ever more feasible from a safety perspective, this still produces a possible hazardous working environment, and safety assessment strategies are crucial. A wide area of knowledge is required to assess all fields that can help ensure safe human-machine interaction. Here the focus is primarily on providing a description of the key fields identified, including how operators psychologically accept working with robots, and providing a cursory description of the research front for each individual field. In addition to covering a large number of parameters, the assessment strategy also needs to be cost-effective. A significant part of all parameters that can be considered when attempting to produce optimized and cost-effective collaborative robot installations will also have a direct impact on operator safety. Hence, assessments for safety, and assessments for cost-effectiveness, cannot be separated, and are treated as two objectives that need to be viewed in sync.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InTech, 2017
Keywords
Collaborative robots, productivity, safety, strategy
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145503 (URN)10.5772/65992 (DOI)9789535136798 (ISBN)9789535136804 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved
Henriksson, F. & Johansen, K. (2016). An outlook on multi material body solutions in the automotive industry – possibilities and manufacturing challenges. In: SAE Technical Paper Series: . Paper presented at SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition. Detroit (MI), USA: Society of Automotive Engineers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An outlook on multi material body solutions in the automotive industry – possibilities and manufacturing challenges
2016 (English)In: SAE Technical Paper Series, Detroit (MI), USA: Society of Automotive Engineers, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the automotive industry, mass reduction and lightweight design is a continuing trend that does not show signs of declining. When looking at where to reduce weight in a vehicle, the body is a preferential subsystem due to its large contribution to overall mass and the stability of body composition over a specific model range. The automotive industry of today moves toward a greater differentiation in materials that compose a car, which can be seen in the several different multi material vehicle bodies that have been introduced by manufacturers in recent years. But while mixing materials may contribute to a good compromise between weight reduction and vehicle cost, it also proposes a number of challenges that need to be addressed. Among other material factors, the different coefficients of thermal expansions might introduce new stresses during painting and curing. Joining processes and possible chemical reactions between materials also needs to be taken into account, the same with the question of whether to integrate or differentiate different functions in a system. If the manufacturing plant uses mixed model assembly lines, design of end effectors for gripping multiple different materials is another challenge not previously encountered in this context. In this paper, a number of production and manufacturing related challenges are discussed, and the authors highlight different areas where the requirements of design engineering tools needs to be evaluated for these new multi material concepts and design decisions in order for automotive manufacturers to ensure future market competitiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Detroit (MI), USA: Society of Automotive Engineers, 2016
Keywords
Multi material bodies, Production development, Product development
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127319 (URN)10.4271/2016-01-1332 (DOI)
Conference
SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition
Projects
Produktion2030 - Storskalig tillverkning av produkter i flera material
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-04-20 Created: 2016-04-20 Last updated: 2017-11-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1646-5817

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