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Galis, Vasilis
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Galis, V. & Lee, F. (2014). A Sociology of Treason: The Construction of Weakness. Science, Technology and Human Values, 39(1), 154-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Sociology of Treason: The Construction of Weakness
2014 (English)In: Science, Technology and Human Values, ISSN 0162-2439, E-ISSN 1552-8251, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 154-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The process of translation has both an excluding and including character. The analysis of actor networks, the process of mobilizing alliances, and constructing networks is a common and worthwhile focus. However, the simultaneous betrayals, dissidences, and controversies are often only implied in network construction stories. We aim to nuance the construc- tion aspect of actor–network theory (ANT) by shining the analytical searchlight elsewhere, where the theoretical tools of ANT have not yet systematically ventured. We argue that we need to understand every process of translation in relation to its simultaneous process of treason, and to add antonyms for Callon’s problematization, intressement, enrollment, and mobilization. This enables us to describe powerlessness not as a state but as a process. Our case focuses on the network building around mea- sures for disabled people in the construction of the Athens Metro, during the period 1991-1993. The discussion highlights the efforts of disability organizations to intervene in the initial construction works of the metro project and the simultaneous actions of the Greek government to exclude disability organizations from the design process and to disrupt the accessibility-metro actor network. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
Keywords
justice, inequality, protest, politics, power, governance, space/place/scale, dynamics
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81939 (URN)10.1177/0162243913512681 (DOI)000328241400008 ()
Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2018-01-12
Galis, V. & Hansson, A. (2012). Partisan Scholarship in Technoscientific Controversies: Reflections on Research Experience. Science as Culture, 21(3), 335-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partisan Scholarship in Technoscientific Controversies: Reflections on Research Experience
2012 (English)In: Science as Culture, ISSN 0950-5431, E-ISSN 1470-1189, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 335-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several academic traditions have addressed epistemological objectivity and/or partisanship in the study of technoscientific controversies. On the one hand, positivist andrelativist scholars agree that the political commitments of the social researcher should notimpinge on scientific enquiry, while on the other hand, feminist and Marxist scholars notonly take stands in diverse technoscientific debates, but even claim their agendas to bemore credible than those of orthodox scientists. Such perspectives stress that all researchis partisan in one way or another because it involves questions of who controls,manipulates, and establishes decisions, facts, and knowledge. With this in mind, it ispossible to identify different forms of partisan research including capture byparticipants, de facto and overt partisanship, and mercenary scholarship. These differentforms of partisan scholarship are characterised by differences in the motives underlyingepistemological choices of research topic and method, personal commitments to thefields studied, use of research findings in controversies, and positioning of results inwider debates. Two examples help to illustrate partisan scholarship: first, a study of newtechnologies for managing climate change (carbon dioxide capture and storage); andsecond, the construction of the new underground metro system in Athens and itsaccommodation of accessibility standards. Both cases entail partisan positions and raisesimilar concerns about the orthodox epistemological assumptions underpinningsociotechnical systems, especially when it comes to technoscientific controversies.Supporting STS partisan scholarship, therefore, enables greater social and democraticengagement with technoscientific development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2012
Keywords
Partisan STS scholarship, situated epistemology, technoscientific controversy, Carbon Capture Storage (CCS), disability, accessibility, Athens metro
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75219 (URN)10.1080/09505431.2011.644783 (DOI)000308075400003 ()
Available from: 2012-02-21 Created: 2012-02-21 Last updated: 2017-12-07
Galis, V. & Lee, F. (2011). A Sociology of Treason: The Case of Athens Metro 1991‐1993. Paper presented at Social Studies of Science Annual Meeting. Cleveland, USA, November 2-5..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Sociology of Treason: The Case of Athens Metro 1991‐1993
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90694 (URN)
Conference
Social Studies of Science Annual Meeting. Cleveland, USA, November 2-5.
Available from: 2013-04-03 Created: 2013-04-03 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Ottosson, M., Galis, V. & Anshelm, J. (2011). Configuring the 'industrial collective':: A controversy on the use of Swedish forests, 1989–2009. In: Fabian Muniesa, Peter Karnoe, and Petter Holm (Ed.), Paper presented at the 27th EGOS Colloquium Gothenburg 2011: Sub-theme 17: Markets Inside the Ecological Revolution.. Paper presented at EGOS 2011 (pp. 1-31).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Configuring the 'industrial collective':: A controversy on the use of Swedish forests, 1989–2009
2011 (English)In: Paper presented at the 27th EGOS Colloquium Gothenburg 2011: Sub-theme 17: Markets Inside the Ecological Revolution. / [ed] Fabian Muniesa, Peter Karnoe, and Petter Holm, 2011, p. 1-31Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We introduce a theoretical vocabulary highlighting a neglected area in industrial change theory, the outsider role. Industries cannot be fully examined without considering the influence of concerned groups, i.e. actors concerned with the industrial activity. Our empirical focus is a mature, stable, and highly homogeneous industrial sector, namely, the Swedish forest industry. We identify, analyse, and discuss the development and configuration of various truth claims and standpoints regarding the characteristics and potential uses of Sweden’s forest resources, 1989–2009. We follow the translation of the forest industry from producing solely pulp and paper products to producing electricity, heat, and bio-fuels. We argue that, without the pressure of concerned groups and ‘industrialists in the wild’ on the industry, forest industrial activity would never have been reconfigured.       

Keywords
industrial collective, translation, concerned groups, confined industry, forest industry, industrialists in the wild, bio-energy
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70439 (URN)
Conference
EGOS 2011
Available from: 2011-09-07 Created: 2011-09-07 Last updated: 2011-09-16
Galis, V. (2011). Enacting disability: how can STS inform disability studies. Disability & Society, 26(7), 825-838
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enacting disability: how can STS inform disability studies
2011 (English)In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 825-838Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to discuss how science and technology studies (STS) can inform disability studies and challenge dominant approaches, such as the medical and the social models, in the ordering and representation of disability. Disability studies and STS have followed somewhat parallel paths in the history of ideas. From a positivist approach to their research objects to a strong social constructivism, both disciplines have moved to post-modern conceptualisations of science, technology and disability. In the same manner and challenging the extremes of modernism (either ordering disability as a bodily impairment or locating disability solely in society), this paper brings the conceptual vocabulary of actor-network theory (ANT) to the field of disability studies. ANT enables the ordering of disability as a simultaneous biological, material and semiotic phenomenon. Exchanges of performative agency between these elements determine the disability experience. The focus of the analysis shifts from merely defining disability as an impairment, handicap, or social construction (epistemology) to how disability is experienced and enacted in everyday practices, in policy-making, in socio-technical arenas, in the body, and in the built environment (ontology). This adoption of an ontological approach to disability allows the analysis to not only discuss how disability is done, but also to follow how disability groups and carriers of disability expertise and experience intervene in policy-making by developing ‘research in the wild’ and confronting scientific experts in different fora (ontological politics).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group, 2011
Keywords
actor-network theory, agency, postmodernism, experience of disability, social constructivism, medical model, social model, research in the wild, hybrid forums
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Social Work Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64194 (URN)10.1080/09687599.2011.618737 (DOI)000299631400003 ()
Available from: 2011-01-13 Created: 2011-01-13 Last updated: 2017-12-11
Galis, V. & Gyberg, P. (2011). Energy behaviour as a collectif: The case of Colonia: student dormitories at a Swedish university. Energy Efficiency, 4(2), 303-319
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy behaviour as a collectif: The case of Colonia: student dormitories at a Swedish university
2011 (English)In: Energy Efficiency, ISSN 1570-646X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 303-319Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A household’s energy behaviour consists of several processes and interactions and involves the decisions and functions of several entities. The topic of this study is to reconstruct, through narrations, the process of designing and implementing the new student dorms at Linköping University through the lens of household energy behaviour. In particular, we aim to investigate how the interactions between entities such as the builders, landlords, users, ventilators, heaters, climate and so forth co-perform energy behaviour in the setting of residential student buildings. Inspired by the actor-network theory, the study treats energy behaviour as a hybrid collectif. It is the relations and their heterogeneity that are important in this approach. The project studies how heterogeneous relations among everyday practices, human experiences and interactions with nonhumans enact energy use patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2011
Keywords
Energy behaviour; collectif; materiality; lifestyle; household
National Category
History of Technology Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58707 (URN)10.1007/s12053-010-9087-1 (DOI)000293068200013 ()
Note
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com: Vasilis Galis and Per Gyberg, Energy behaviour as a collectif: The case of Colonia: student dormitories at a Swedish university, 2010, Energy Efficiency. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12053-010-9087-1 Copyright: Springer Science Business Media http://www.springerlink.com/ Available from: 2010-08-24 Created: 2010-08-23 Last updated: 2011-08-12Bibliographically approved
Ottosson, M. & Galis, V. (2011). Multiplicity justifies corporate strategy: The case of Stora Enso, 1990-2008. Journal of Cultural Economy, 4(4), 455-475
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multiplicity justifies corporate strategy: The case of Stora Enso, 1990-2008
2011 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 455-475Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study conducts an analysis of the relationship between strategic theory, industry- or marketwide practices, valuation metrics, and justification rhetoric in performing strategic practice. Indoing this, we refer to Michel Callon on the performativity of economics and Boltanski andThe´venot on the justification of strategic action. The paper introduces an analytical framework forstudying the corporate strategy pragmatics of a forest industry company Stora Enso over the19902008 period. The authors argue that Stora Enso’s corporate strategy is justified by andrepresents the outcome of multiple performances that coexist and interact with each other. Thesemultiple performances, ranging from general strategic management conceptual theories toindustry-wide practices and valuation metrics, may lead to conflict when creating successfulbusinesses.

Keywords
performativity; Stora Enso; strategic management; valuation metrics; industrywide practices; justifications
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71458 (URN)10.1080/17530350.2011.609712 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-10-19 Created: 2011-10-19 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
Anshelm, J. & Galis, V. (2011). (Re-)constructing Nuclear Waste Management in Sweden: The Involvement of ConcernedGroups, 1970–2010 (1ed.). In: Sunil Kumar (Ed.), Integrated Waste Management - Volume II: (pp. 401-430). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Re-)constructing Nuclear Waste Management in Sweden: The Involvement of ConcernedGroups, 1970–2010
2011 (English)In: Integrated Waste Management - Volume II / [ed] Sunil Kumar, Rijeka, Croatia: InTech , 2011, 1, p. 401-430Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sweden constitutes a leading nation concerning developing technological solutions for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The KBS-3 solution that is now to be implemented in Östhammar, northeast of Stockholm, has become a reference concept for the program for sustainable nuclear power within the EU. A common understanding is that the Swedish solution is the outcome of a political culture characterized by consensus making and cooperation. In this paper, we argue that such an understanding is misleading. On the contrary, we show that the Swedish solution is a product of severe conflicts between concerned groups (the antinuclear movement, environmental organizations, local resistance groups, oppositional scientists, journalists, and intellectuals) and the nuclear energy industry. In this paper, we investigate the efforts performed by concerned groups in Sweden and their effects on the KBS-3. The concept of concerned groups describes a dynamic process by which different types of groups transform depending on their negotiability and their participation (or not) in the configuration of technoscientific phenomena. Thus, we also analyze how the critique, actions and research of concerned groups underwent a qualitative transition related to the degree to which they participated in the scientific, technological and political configuration of the final depository for spent nuclear fuel: from radical deconstruction of technoscientific initiatives coming from the nuclear energy industry, to co-construction of the technical solution KBS-3, to a reconstructivist agenda, that is, the production of knowledge and technical solutions potentially usable by nuclear engineers and politicians beyond the research efforts of the nuclear energy industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rijeka, Croatia: InTech, 2011 Edition: 1
Keywords
nuclear waste management, re-construction, co-construction, concerned groups, research in the wild, technopolitics
National Category
History of Technology History of Technology History of Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70267 (URN)10.5772/935 (DOI)978-953-307-447-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-08-30 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved
Galis, V. & Lee, F. (2010). Destabilizing disability: the case of Athens Metro 1991-1993. Paper presented at STS in Global Contexts. 35th 4S Annual Meeting. Tokyo, Japan, August 25 – 29.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Destabilizing disability: the case of Athens Metro 1991-1993
2010 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64192 (URN)
Conference
STS in Global Contexts. 35th 4S Annual Meeting. Tokyo, Japan, August 25 – 29
Available from: 2011-01-13 Created: 2011-01-13 Last updated: 2014-10-08
Anshelm, J. & Galis, V. (2009). The Politics of High-Level Nuclear Waste Management in Sweden: on Confined Research versus Research in the Wild.. Environmental Policy and Governance, 19, 269-280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of High-Level Nuclear Waste Management in Sweden: on Confined Research versus Research in the Wild.
2009 (English)In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, Vol. 19, p. 269-280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2010, the Swedish nuclear energy industry is expected to announce a proposal for the final storage of high-level nuclear waste in bedrock. The underground storage concept is attracting increasing interest from other countries in Europe. Because of the nature of Swedish political culture, the development of the actual method for final disposal is commonly perceived as resting on consensus and democratic cooperation. However, this paper argues that the aforementioned disposal method instead represents the outcome of intense conflict between the nuclear energy industry and the anti-nuclear movement. Accordingly, any investigation of the technical and political solutions to controversial environmental problems should involve the study of lay people and social movements. The present study does so, employing theoretical notions from science and technology studies that allow the analysis to conceptualize actions and strategies (enactments) of the nuclear energy industry (confined research) and the anti-nuclear movement (research in the wild).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley press, John Wiley & sons, 2009
Keywords
nuclear waste management KBS controversy enatment research research in the wild
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21457 (URN)10.1002/eet.512 (DOI)
Note
This is the pre-published version of the article: Jonas Anshelm and Vasilis Galis, The Politics of High-Level Nuclear Waste Management in Sweden: on Confined Research versus Research in the Wild, 2009, Environmental Policy and Governance, (19), 269-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eet.512 Copyright: Wiley http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Brand/id-35.html Available from: 2009-10-02 Created: 2009-10-02 Last updated: 2010-04-16
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