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Eklöf, Motzi
Publications (10 of 42) Show all publications
Eklöf, M. (2008). De sökte vård över gränserna: Patienter från Sverige på kur i Schweiz hos läkaren Bircher-Benner 1928-1939.. Läkartidningen, 104(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De sökte vård över gränserna: Patienter från Sverige på kur i Schweiz hos läkaren Bircher-Benner 1928-1939.
2008 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 104, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

     

Keywords
Bircher-Benner, care-seeking behaviour, naturopathy, medical decision-making, patient history, private care, Sweden, Switzerland, vegetarian raw food
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-41069 (URN)55034 (Local ID)55034 (Archive number)55034 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Eklöf, M. (2007). Iscensättning av läkekonster i folkhemmet: Läkaren och kvacksalvaren i svenska folklustspel kring 1900-talets mitt.. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 16(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Iscensättning av läkekonster i folkhemmet: Läkaren och kvacksalvaren i svenska folklustspel kring 1900-talets mitt.
2007 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 16, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

    

Keywords
burlesque comedy, medical profession, popular culture, quacks, Sweden, 20th century
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-41051 (URN)55012 (Local ID)55012 (Archive number)55012 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Eklöf, M. (2007). Outdated fraudulent healing? Homeopathy on trial: The homeopathic "pill scandal" in the 1950s and modernization of health care in Sweden. Hygiea Internationalis, 6(1), 151-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outdated fraudulent healing? Homeopathy on trial: The homeopathic "pill scandal" in the 1950s and modernization of health care in Sweden
2007 (English)In: Hygiea Internationalis, ISSN 1403-8668, E-ISSN 1404-4013, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 151-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

    

Keywords
fraud, history of medicine, homeopathy, Sweden, 1950s
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-41048 (URN)55008 (Local ID)55008 (Archive number)55008 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-13
Eklöf, M. & Eklöf, M. (2007). The homeopathic hospital that never was: Attempts in the Swedish Riksdag (1853-1863) to obtain support for establishment of a homeopathic hospital, and the issue of theory versus empiricism in medicine. Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte, 26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The homeopathic hospital that never was: Attempts in the Swedish Riksdag (1853-1863) to obtain support for establishment of a homeopathic hospital, and the issue of theory versus empiricism in medicine
2007 (English)In: Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte, ISSN 0939-351X, Vol. 26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
history of medicine, homeopathy, hospital, Sweden, Swedish Riksdag, 1850s
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-41054 (URN)55016 (Local ID)55016 (Archive number)55016 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2011-01-11
Eklöf, M. (2005). Läkekonst i motvind: Reklam för homeopati under svenskt 1900-tal (1ed.). In: Roger Qvarsell & Ulrika Torell (Ed.), Reklam och hälsa: Levnadsideal skönhet och hälsa i den svenska reklamens historia (pp. 74-101). Stockholm: Carlssons
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Läkekonst i motvind: Reklam för homeopati under svenskt 1900-tal
2005 (Swedish)In: Reklam och hälsa: Levnadsideal skönhet och hälsa i den svenska reklamens historia / [ed] Roger Qvarsell & Ulrika Torell, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2005, 1, p. 74-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Reklamen och hälsa har under många år varit starkt sammanbundna. Här lägger forskare fram vad de har kunnat konstatera. Reklamen säljer helt enkelt hälsa och välbefinnande.     Redan vid förra sekelskiftet erbjöds i annonser lösningar på alla verkliga och inbillade problem. Homeopati, vaxkabinett, bantning, tandkrämsreklam, mirakelmedel som klorofyll, psykofarmaka och stressbehandling är exempel på reklam och hälsa under ett sekel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlssons, 2005 Edition: 1
Keywords
homeopati, reklam, historia, 1900-tal
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34076 (URN)20697 (Local ID)91-7203-635-4 (ISBN)978-9-17203-635-2 (ISBN)20697 (Archive number)20697 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-10-11Bibliographically approved
Eklöf, M. (2005). Outdated fraudulent healing? Homeopathy on trial: The homeopathic "pill scandal" in the 1950s and modernization of health care in Sweden. In: Cultural History of Health and Beyond. A joint conference of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health and the Society for the Social History of Medicine, 7th-10th, 2005.,2005 (pp. 51-51).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outdated fraudulent healing? Homeopathy on trial: The homeopathic "pill scandal" in the 1950s and modernization of health care in Sweden
2005 (English)In: Cultural History of Health and Beyond. A joint conference of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health and the Society for the Social History of Medicine, 7th-10th, 2005.,2005, 2005, p. 51-51Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34074 (URN)20694 (Local ID)20694 (Archive number)20694 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10
Eklöf, M. (2005). Vegetarisk (rå)kost och det reformerade livet: Maximilian Bircher - Benner och de svenska hälsokoströrelserna. In: Sven Widmalm och Roger Qvarsell (gästredaktör) (Ed.), Lychnos : årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria: Tema: Mat (pp. 245-272). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vegetarisk (rå)kost och det reformerade livet: Maximilian Bircher - Benner och de svenska hälsokoströrelserna
2005 (English)In: Lychnos : årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria: Tema: Mat / [ed] Sven Widmalm och Roger Qvarsell (gästredaktör), Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2005, p. 245-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Raw vegetarian food and life reform: Maximilian Bircher-Benner and the Swedish health foods movements. By Motzi Eklöf. Movements for life reform, natural healing, and health foods have persisted in Sweden since the last decades of the 19th century. Stressing the importance of less alcohol and other drugs, a proper diet, and the use of natural healing methods, they have displayed conflicts concerning individual rights to decide in matters concerning one’s own body and health in relation to a medicine and state demands. Swedish movements for natural healing and health foods have developed under influence from leading figures and movements in Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, North America, and England.

In 1900, the Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner (1867–1939) launched his theory of ”sunlight food”, meaning that uncooked vegetables and fruits were containing the most energy, whereas meat was radically less nourishing. His theories were contrary to contemporary medical and bourgeois culture considering meat as the optimum food, at least for real men. He became an outsider in medicine until the discovery of vitamins in the 1920s lent him some support. His clinic ”Lebendige Kraft” in Zürich received well-to-do clients from all over the world; these were treated with different physical methods, raw vegetarian food, and proper routines for day and night.

Stressing the importance of raw vegetarian food, Bircher-Benner influenced vegetarians and food reformers in Sweden during the 20th century.

In the 1930s, especially women with connections to the Swedish vegetarian association, founded in 1903, recommended his philosophy of food and natural healing. Menus copied from his books were used in health resorts, vegetarian pensions, and restaurants. But during the decades around World War  II, Are Waerland dominated the Swedish health-food scene, demanding adherence to his very restrictive health food programme. The post-war health movements drew on both Waerland and Bircher-Benner in their food recommendations.

This article proposes factors facilitating or counteracting a broader acceptance of Bircher-Benner’s ideas in Sweden. Health resorts and strong lay traditions in the health care field have maintained a tradition of non-invasive and non-pharmacological healing methods. A strained relationship between medical doctors and lay vegetarian spokesmen have made a more serious discussion of the topic difficult. Political associations tied to natural healing in Germany during the 1930s have affected the debate and have probably also restrained a broader acceptance of these ideas. Today, scientific studies have resulted in official nourishment recommendations similar to a previously launched ”health food”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2005
Series
Linköping University Interdisciplinary Studies, ISSN 1650-9625 ; 5
Series
Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648
Keywords
Vegetarism, hälsokost, råkost, Bircher-Benner, Waerland, Saxon
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-34061 (URN)20656 (Local ID)91-85286-55-9 (ISBN)20656 (Archive number)20656 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-10-11Bibliographically approved
Eklöf, M. (2004). Inledning. In: Människa och den medicinska mångfalden. 2003 års skandinaviska forskningskonferens om alternativ och komplementär medicin.,2003. Örebro: Örebro universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2004 (Swedish)In: Människa och den medicinska mångfalden. 2003 års skandinaviska forskningskonferens om alternativ och komplementär medicin.,2003, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2004
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23470 (URN)2929 (Local ID)2929 (Archive number)2929 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07
Eklöf, M. & Kullberg, A. (2004). Komplementär medicin: Forskning, utveckling, utbildning. En rapport på uppdrag av Landstingsförbundet.. Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Komplementär medicin: Forskning, utveckling, utbildning. En rapport på uppdrag av Landstingsförbundet.
2004 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2004
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23469 (URN)2928 (Local ID)2928 (Archive number)2928 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07
Eklöf, M. (2004). Kvacksalveriet - hett debattämne under hundra år.. Läkartidningen, 101(1-2), 115-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvacksalveriet - hett debattämne under hundra år.
2004 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 101, no 1-2, p. 115-122Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23035 (URN)2422 (Local ID)2422 (Archive number)2422 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13
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