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Söderberg, Elsy
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Müssener, U., Ståhl, C. & Söderberg, E. (2015). Does the quality of encounters affect return to work? Lay people describe their experiences of meeting various professionals during their rehabilitation process. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 52(2), 447-455
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the quality of encounters affect return to work? Lay people describe their experiences of meeting various professionals during their rehabilitation process
2015 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 447-455Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Among the many aspects of the rehabilitation process that may be relevant for its outcome, the impact of encounters with various professionals has received little attention. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to gain a deeper understanding of how individuals with experiences of being on sick leave perceive their encounters with professionals, and how such encounters affected their ability to return to work, as well as their attitudes towards the sickness insurance system. METHODS: An inductive qualitative approach was used to analyze data from 20 interviews with men and women, aged 33-59, in Sweden who had experience of being on sick leave for at least 28 days. RESULTS: The study shows how interviewees encounters with professionals affected their self-confidence and perception of their ability to return to work. Professionals treatment of people on sick leave seems to be affected by the structural prerequisites for offering support, where sickness insurance regulations are suggested to have a large impact. CONCLUSIONS: An encouraging and supportive attitude on the part of the professionals is essential for empowering people to handle obstacles during the rehabilitation process; whereas feeling rejected and belittled in the return to work process may lead to disempowerment, and/or delays in measures and longer periods on sick leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS PRESS, 2015
Keywords
Sickness absence; rehabilitation; lay person; sick leave; professionals
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123175 (URN)10.3233/WOR-152121 (DOI)000364411700022 ()26409366 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research

Available from: 2015-12-06 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Nilsing Strid, E., Söderberg, E. & Öberg, B. (2014). Sickness certificates: what information do they provide about rehabilitation?. Disability and Rehabilitation, 36(15), 1299-1304
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness certificates: what information do they provide about rehabilitation?
2014 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 15, p. 1299-1304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate whether patients are prescribed rehabilitation early in a new sick leave period, and whether this prescription is associated with age, sex, diagnosis, description of functioning, and affiliation of certifying physician.

Methods: A cross-sectional study using data from sickness certificates issued during a total sick leave period, collected consecutively during 2 weeks in 2007 in Östergötland County, Sweden. Rehabilitation prescribed in the first certificate or within 28 days after the start of sick leave was defined as early rehabilitation.

Results: Musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) were the largest diagnostic group, followed by mental disorders (MD). The mean certified duration of sick leave was 94 days (SD 139), longest for MD patients. Early rehabilitation was prescribed in 27% of all certificates and in 45% of certificates for MSD and MD diagnoses. Logistic regression analysis indicated that prescription of early rehabilitation was associated with certificates issued for MSD and MD, youngest patients, and certificates issued by primary health care physicians. The final model explained 29% of variation in the prescription of early rehabilitation.

Conclusion: There is a modest prescription of early rehabilitation in sickness certificates, based on younger age and MSD or MD diagnosis. This indicates that patients’ rehabilitation needs may not have been identified.

Keywords
Sick leave, musculoskeletal diseases, mental disorders, physicians, physiotherapy, vocational rehabilitation, Sweden
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89837 (URN)10.3109/09638288.2013.836252 (DOI)000340450300010 ()24063292 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-03-08 Created: 2013-03-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Nilsing, E., Söderberg, E., Berterö, C. & Öberg, B. (2013). Primary Healthcare Professionals' Experiences of the Sick Leave Process: A Focus Group Study in Sweden. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 23(3), 450-461
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Primary Healthcare Professionals' Experiences of the Sick Leave Process: A Focus Group Study in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 450-461Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The aim of this study was to explore primary healthcare (PHC) professionals' experiences of the sick leave process. Methods This is an explorative study using data from four semi-structured focus group discussions with a purposeful sample of PHC professionals in A-stergotland County, Sweden. Content analysis with an inductive approach was used in the analysis. Results Four key themes emerged from the analysis; priority to the sick leave process, handling sickness certifications, collaboration within PHC and with other stakeholders, and work ability assessments. Patients' need for sick leave was handled from each professional group's perspective. Collaboration was considered important, but difficult to achieve and all the competencies available at the PHC centre were not used for work ability assessments. There was insufficient knowledge of patients' work demands and contact with an employer was rare, and the strained relationship with the social insurance officers affected the collaboration. Conclusions This study highlights the challenges physicians and other PHC professionals face when handling the need for sick leave, especially when encountering patients with symptom-based diagnoses, and the influence of non-medical factors. Hindrances to good practice were increased demands, collaboration, and role responsibility. The challenges in the sick leave process concerned both content and consequences related to poor collaboration within PHC and with representatives from various organizations, primarily employers and social insurance officers. Further research on how to develop a professional approach for handling the sick leave process is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS, 2013
Keywords
Sick leave, Work ability, Rehabilitation, Return to work, Physicians, Healthcare professionals, Sickness certificates, Primary healthcare, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89836 (URN)10.1007/s10926-013-9418-0 (DOI)000322880900015 ()23345119 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-03-08 Created: 2013-03-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Nilsing, E., Söderberg, E. & Öberg, B. (2012). Sickness certificates in Sweden: did the new guidelines improve their quality?. BMC Public Health, 12(907)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness certificates in Sweden: did the new guidelines improve their quality?
2012 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, no 907Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Long-term sickness absence is high in many Western countries. In Sweden and many other countries, decisions on entitlement to sickness benefits and return to work measures are based on information provided by physicians in sickness certificates. The quality demands, as stressed by the Swedish sick leave guidelines from 2008, included accurate sickness certificates with assessment of functioning clearly documented. This study aims to compare quality of sickness certificates between 2007 and 2009 in Ostergotland County, Sweden. Quality is defined in terms of descriptions of functioning with the use of activity and participation according to WHOs International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and in prescriptions of early rehabilitation. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: During two weeks in 2007 and four weeks in 2009, all certificates had been collected upon arrival to the social insurance office in Ostergotland County, Sweden. Four hundred seventy-five new certificates were included in 2007 and 501 in 2009. Prolongations of sick leave were included until the last date of sick listing. Free text on functioning was analysed deductively using the ICF framework, and placed into categories (body functions/structures, activity, participation, no description) for statistical analysis. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: The majority of the certificates were issued for musculoskeletal diseases or mental disorders. Text on functioning could be classified into the components of ICF in 65% and 78% of sickness certificates issued in 2007 and 2009, respectively. Descriptions according to body components such as "sensations of pain" or "emotional functions" were given in 58% of the certificates from 2007 and in 65% from 2009. The activity component, for example "walking" or "handling stress", was more frequent in certificates issued in 2009 compared with 2007 (33% versus 26%). Prescriptions of early rehabilitation increased from 27% in 2007 to 35% in 2009, primarily due to more counseling. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: An improvement of the quality between certificates collected in 2007 and 2009 was demonstrated in Ostergotland County, Sweden. The certificates from 2009 provided more information linkable to ICF and incorporated an increased use of activity limitations when describing patients functioning. Still, activity limitations and prescriptions of early rehabilitation were only present in one-third of the sickness certificates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2012
Keywords
Sickness certificates, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Rehabilitation, Sick leave, Physicians, Functioning, Work ability, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86657 (URN)10.1186/1471-2458-12-907 (DOI)000311617300001 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|National Social Insurance Administration||County Council in Ostergotland, Sweden|IHS 7/0728|

Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Nilsing, E., Söderberg, E., Normelli, H. & Öberg, B. (2011). Description of functioning in sickness certificates. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 39(5), 508-516
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Description of functioning in sickness certificates
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 508-516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: Sickness certificates are to provide information on a disease and its consequences on the patients functioning. This information has implications for the patients rights to sickness benefits and return-to-work measures. The objective of this study was to investigate the description of functioning in sickness certificates according to WHOs International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), and to describe the influence of patients age, gender, diagnostic group, and affiliation of certifying physician. Method: A content analysis of written statements regarding how the disease limits the patients functioning with ICF as a framework was performed in 475 sickness certificates, consecutively collected in Ostergotland County, Sweden. Results: Musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) were the largest diagnostic group, followed by mental disorders (MD). Certificates were mainly issued from physicians at hospitals and in primary health care (PHC). ICF was applicable for classifying statements regarding functioning in 311 certificates (65%). The distribution of components was 58% body functions, 26% activity, and 7% participation. The descriptions were primarily restricted to the use of at least one component; namely, body functions. Subgroup analysis showed that descriptions of activity and participation were more common in certificates for MD and MSD, or those issued by PHC physicians. A multiple regression analysis with the activity component as dependent variable confirmed the results by showing that activity was related to both diagnosis and affiliation. Conclusions: In a consecutive sample of sickness certificates, it was shown that information on functioning is scarce. When functioning was described, it was mainly body oriented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage, 2011
Keywords
International Classification of Functioning; Disability; and Health; mental disorders; musculoskeletal diseases; physicians assessment of work capacity; sick leave
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69815 (URN)10.1177/1403494811399954 (DOI)000292539900009 ()
Note
The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, (39), 5, 508-516, 2011. Emma Nilsing, Elsy Söderberg, Helena Normelli and Birgitta Öberg, Description of functioning in sickness certificates http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494811399954 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. http://www.uk.sagepub.com/ Available from: 2011-08-10 Created: 2011-08-08 Last updated: 2017-12-08
Söderberg, E., Vimarlund, V. & Alexanderson, K. (2010). Experiences of professionals participating in inter-organisational cooperation aimed at promoting clients return to work. WORK-A JOURNAL OF PREVENTION ASSESSMENT and REHABILITATION, 35(2), 143-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of professionals participating in inter-organisational cooperation aimed at promoting clients return to work
2010 (English)In: WORK-A JOURNAL OF PREVENTION ASSESSMENT and REHABILITATION, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, the activities initiated to promote return to work (RTW) are performed in parallel by four different public organisations: the health services, the social services, the employment and the social insurance authorities. The aim was to gain deeper understanding on the experiences of professionals involved in cooperative projects aimed at promoting RTW among unemployed sickness benefit recipients. Qualitative analyses were performed of transcribed data from interviews of professionals participating in cooperative projects. First, the analysis identified that the daily collaboration on the same cases enabled development of good relationships and cooperative competence, which improved the contact with clients. Second, the cooperative projects made it possible to include only clients perceived motivated for RTW measures. Third, the closer and more frequent interaction with clients proved to be constructive in that it facilitated recognition and mobilisation of strengths and abilities. Fourth, the differences in rules and regulations between the social insurance and the unemployment insurance standards were often perceived to induce problems, for example, on how to assess the work capacity of clients. The assessments of work capacity represent important and complex tasks that professionals must perform without having access to either scientific knowledge or consensus agreement on which to base their decisions.

Keywords
Sickness absence, unemployed, return to work, cooperative projects, cooperative competence, work capacity
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54492 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2010-0966 (DOI)000275284100005 ()
Available from: 2010-03-19 Created: 2010-03-19 Last updated: 2010-03-19
Goine, H., Söderberg, E., Engstrom, P. & Palmer, E. (2010). Improving the quality of information on GPs certificates for sickness insurance-results of an experiment in Sweden in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol 20, issue , pp 282-282. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH (pp. 282-282). Oxford University Press, 20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving the quality of information on GPs certificates for sickness insurance-results of an experiment in Sweden in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol 20, issue , pp 282-282
2010 (English)In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, Oxford University Press , 2010, Vol. 20, p. 282-282Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

n/a

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2010
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67373 (URN)000283675900814 ()
Available from: 2011-04-11 Created: 2011-04-11 Last updated: 2011-04-11
Söderberg, E. & Thomsson, H. (2009). Att ta tillvara förmåga trots begränsning: - intervention med case management metodik (86ed.). In: Bo J A Haglund och Elsy Söderberg (temaredaktör) (Ed.), Försäkringsmedicin: i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring (pp. 548-555). Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att ta tillvara förmåga trots begränsning: - intervention med case management metodik
2009 (Swedish)In: Försäkringsmedicin: i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring / [ed] Bo J A Haglund och Elsy Söderberg (temaredaktör), Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift , 2009, 86, p. 548-555Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Detta temanummer syftar till att förmedla olika perspektiv på området försäkringsmedicin, visavi de förändringar som skett under de senaste åren i den svenska sjukförsäkringen och i administrationen av densamma. De förändringar som genomförts, såväl i lagstiftning som i praxis, engagerar många. Temanumret innehåller artiklar som är skriva av praktiker i myndigheter och forskare inom området.Försäkringsmedicinsk forskning omfattar studier av aspekter på olika strukturell nivå i samhället, som påverkar hur försäkringarna utnyttjas, konsekvenser av att de utnyttjas eller inte utnyttjas samt hur båda dessa faktorer och konsekvenserna kan påverkas. Förhoppningen är att temanumret kan inspirera till fortsatt dialog, till utveckling av vetenskaplig kunskap i försäkringsmedicin liksom av beprövad erfarenhet inom området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2009 Edition: 86
Series
Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X ; 6
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54187 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-01 Created: 2010-03-01 Last updated: 2017-04-05Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, E. (2009). Den försäkringsmedicinska bedömningen i gränssnittet mellan medicin, försäkring och arbetsliv (86ed.). In: Bo J A Haglund / Elsy Söderberg (temaredaktör) (Ed.), Försäkringsmedicin: i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring (pp. 497-502). Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den försäkringsmedicinska bedömningen i gränssnittet mellan medicin, försäkring och arbetsliv
2009 (Swedish)In: Försäkringsmedicin: i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring / [ed] Bo J A Haglund / Elsy Söderberg (temaredaktör), Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift , 2009, 86, p. 497-502Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Under de senaste åren har ett antal interventioner genomförts för att förbättra handläggningen av sjukskrivningsärenden inom hälso- och sjukvården och inom Försäkringskassan. I samband med en sjukskrivning ska läkaren som medicinskt sakkunnig i relation till Försäkringskassan och andra aktörer avge en objektiv bedömning rörande patienten. Den försäkringsmedicinska utredningen liksom aktivitetsförmågan ska översättas till arbetsförmåga i ett specifikt arbete eller till den reguljära arbetsmarknaden. Det finns implikationer till förbättringar i sjukskrivningspraxis samt behov av mera teoretisk forskning inom området.

During the last years several interventions have been applied to enhance improvement in practice. An important task of physicians are to establish a diagnosis, assess the reduction in functional capacity associated with the disease and relate this information to the patient’s work tasks or to any job available at the labour market. The concept and framework especially in relation to a work life perspective need to be developed to facilitate practice. More theoretical research is warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2009 Edition: 86
Series
Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X ; 6
Keywords
Försäkringsmedicin
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54182 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-01 Created: 2010-03-01 Last updated: 2017-02-10Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, E. (Ed.). (2009). Försäkringsmedicin: - i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring (86(6)ed.). Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Försäkringsmedicin: - i gränssnittet mellan medicin och försäkring
2009 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Detta temanummer syftar till att förmedla olika perspektiv på området försäkringsmedicin, visavi de förändringar som skett under de senaste åren i den svenska sjukförsäkringen och i administrationen av densamma. De förändringar som genomförts, såväl i lagstiftning som i praxis, engagerar många. Temanumret innehåller artiklar som är skriva av praktiker i myndigheter och forskare inom området.

Försäkringsmedicinsk forskning omfattar studier av aspekter på olika strukturell nivå i samhället, som påverkar hur försäkringarna utnyttjas, konsekvenser av att de utnyttjas eller inte utnyttjas samt hur båda dessa faktorer och konsekvenserna kan påverkas. Förhoppningen är att temanumret kan inspirera till fortsatt dialog, till utveckling av vetenskaplig kunskap i försäkringsmedicin liksom av beprövad erfarenhet inom området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2009. p. 91 Edition: 86(6)
Series
Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X
Keywords
Försäkringsmedicin
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54180 (URN)
Note

Temaredaktör: Elsy Söderberg Ordinarie redaktör och ansvarig utgivare: Bo J A Haglund

Available from: 2010-03-01 Created: 2010-03-01 Last updated: 2017-04-10Bibliographically approved
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