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Dahlberg, L., Andersson, L. & Lennartsson, C. (2018). Long-term predictors of loneliness in old age: results of a 20-year national study. Aging & Mental Health, 22(2), 190-196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term predictors of loneliness in old age: results of a 20-year national study
2018 (English)In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 190-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The understanding of social phenomena is enhanced if individuals can be studied over longer periods. Regarding loneliness in old age, there is a general lack of longitudinal research. The aim of this study was to examine whether there is an association between loneliness in old age and social engagement 20 years earlier, as stated by life course theory and the convoy model.

METHOD: Data from the nationally representative Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (2002 and 2011 data collection waves) and the Swedish Level of Living Survey (1981 and 1991 data collection waves) were used. The sample included 823 individuals with an average age of 62.2 years at baseline and 82.4 years at follow-up.

RESULTS: Each form of social engagement in old age was significantly associated with the same form of social engagement 20 years earlier. Close forms of social engagement were associated with loneliness in old age; as were more distant forms of social engagement, but only when they were considered solely in old age.

CONCLUSION: Patterns of social engagement in old age were established at least 20 years earlier and close forms of social engagement are long-term predictors of loneliness, although current social engagement tended to be more influential on loneliness. The study underlines the importance of interventions targeted at close relationships that can provide social support in old age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Loneliness, convoy model, life course, longitudinal, social factors
National Category
Social Work Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144488 (URN)10.1080/13607863.2016.1247425 (DOI)000419876800005 ()27802772 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994104449 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE) [2012-1704]

Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved
Öberg, P., Andersson, L. & Bildtgård, T. (2016). Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 23(1), 19-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?
2016 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Does couplehood in later life protect against loneliness?

The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base the study on a survey of Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1,225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late-life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and living apart together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more one’s ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss perspective but also from a gains perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö, Sweden: Förbundet för Forskning i Socialt Arbete, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142118 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-16Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L. (2015). International Journal of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International Journal of Ageing and Later Life
2015 (English)Other (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. p. 87
National Category
Social Sciences Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142129 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-14Bibliographically approved
Dahlberg, L., Andersson, L., McKee, K. & Lennartsson, C. (2015). Predictors of loneliness among older women and men in Sweden: A national longitudinal study. Aging & Mental Health, 19(5), 409-417
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictors of loneliness among older women and men in Sweden: A national longitudinal study
2015 (English)In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 409-417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Longitudinal research on loneliness in old age has rarely considered loneliness separately for men and women, despite gender differences in life experiences. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which older women and men (70+) report feelings of loneliness with a focus on: (a) changes in reported loneliness as people age, and (b) which factors predict loneliness.

Method: Data from the 2004 and 2011 waves of SWEOLD, a longitudinal national survey, was used (n = 587). The prediction of loneliness in 2011 by variables measured in 2004 and 2004–2011 variable change scores was examined in three logistic regression models: total sample, women and men. Variables in the models included: gender, age, education, mobility problems, depression, widowhood and social contacts.

Results: Older people moved into and out of frequent loneliness over time, although there was a general increase in loneliness with age. Loneliness at baseline, depression increment and recent widowhood were significant predictors of loneliness in all three multivariable models. Widowhood, depression, mobility problems and mobility reduction predicted loneliness uniquely in the model for women; while low level of social contacts and social contact reduction predicted loneliness uniquely in the model for men.

Conclusion: This study challenges the notion that feelings of loneliness in old age are stable. It also identifies important gender differences in prevalence and predictors of loneliness. Knowledge about such differences is crucial for the development of effective policy and interventions to combat loneliness in later life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
loneliness, gender, predictors, longitudinal, widowhood
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109493 (URN)10.1080/13607863.2014.944091 (DOI)000349032800004 ()25126996 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2007-1947
Note

This work was supported by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research [grant number 2007-1947]

Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Andersson, L. (2013). Den som lever längst vinner. Äldre i Centrum (3), 46-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den som lever längst vinner
2013 (Swedish)In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 3, p. 46-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stiftelsen Stockholms läns äldrecentrum, 2013
Keywords
åldrande, livslängd, evigt liv, blå zoner
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103733 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-24 Last updated: 2014-03-03
Andersson, L. (2013). Ensamhet. In: Andersson Lars (Ed.), Socialgerontologi: 2:a upplagan. Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ensamhet
2013 (Swedish)In: Socialgerontologi: 2:a upplagan / [ed] Andersson Lars, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013
Keywords
ensamhet, ensam, sociala relationer, sociala kontakter
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88781 (URN)978-91-44-07656-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-02-18 Created: 2013-02-18 Last updated: 2014-06-11
Andersson, L. (2013). Hundra nummer av ensamhet. Äldre i Centrum (4), 65-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hundra nummer av ensamhet
2013 (Swedish)In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, no 4, p. 65-67Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stiftelsen Stockholms läns äldrecentrum, 2013
Keywords
ensamhet, äldre, intervention, självkänsla
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103738 (URN)
Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-24 Last updated: 2014-03-03
Andersson, L. (2013). Inledning (2ed.). In: Lars Andersson (Ed.), Socialgerontologi: (pp. 15-17). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2013 (Swedish)In: Socialgerontologi / [ed] Lars Andersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 2, p. 15-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013 Edition: 2
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142120 (URN)978-91-44-07656-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-14Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L. (2013). Is it a human right to be old?. In: : . Paper presented at AIUTA (International Association of Universities of the Third Age) conference, 13 September 2013, Uppsala, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is it a human right to be old?
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Keywords
ageism, human rights, older people, ålderism, mänskliga rättigheter, äldre
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107566 (URN)
Conference
AIUTA (International Association of Universities of the Third Age) conference, 13 September 2013, Uppsala, Sweden
Available from: 2014-06-16 Created: 2014-06-16 Last updated: 2014-08-07
Nyqvist, F., Cattan, M., Andersson, L., Forsman, A. K. & Gustafson, Y. (2013). Social Capital and Loneliness Among the Very Old Living at Home and in Institutional Settings: A Comparative Study. Journal of Aging and Health, 25(6), 1013-1035
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Capital and Loneliness Among the Very Old Living at Home and in Institutional Settings: A Comparative Study
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Aging and Health, ISSN 0898-2643, E-ISSN 1552-6887, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 1013-1035Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between aspects of social capital and loneliness among the very old living at home and in institutional settings. Method: Half of those aged 85 years, and all 90- and 95-year-olds and older in urban and rural municipalities in northern Sweden and western Finland were invited to participate in a cross-sectional population-based study in 2005-2007. A sample of 483 participants who completed the study was included in the analyses. Results: Loneliness was experienced by 55% percent of those living in institutional settings often or sometimes and 45% of those living in their own homes. Loneliness was closely related to living alone, to depression, and to region (northern Sweden). Discussion: Social capital and loneliness are context dependent (i.e., geographical or living environment). Among the very old, the link between social capital resources and loneliness is also highly influenced by health status.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2013
Keywords
social capital, loneliness, very old, Finland, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98224 (URN)10.1177/0898264313497508 (DOI)000324036300007 ()
Available from: 2013-10-03 Created: 2013-10-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2191-4728

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