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Lakemond, N. & Holmberg, G. (2018). A Manifesto for Management in Future Industrial Ecosystems for Complex Intelligent Systems. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Manifesto for Management in Future Industrial Ecosystems for Complex Intelligent Systems
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

THE CHALLENGE: Extensive research efforts are ongoing to ensure long-term competitiveness for Swedish system building industry, such as WASP[1] (Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program), where technology development, including software development, for future intelligent systems is addressed. This development has potentially major consequences for organizations that develop, provide, and utilize future complex and intelligent systems. Maintaining some of these systems’ functions will be crucial to many functions in society, such as various infrastructure like transport systems, communications systems, and healthcare. The development is disruptive in character and changes the conditions for the actors in the system-building industry (see WASP’s Technology Foresight 2018). Closely related to this technology development, a number of management challenges are emerging, such as:

The emergence of ecosystems for dynamic and intelligent platform-based systems. This overthrows traditional principles of organizational design that are often based on direct mirroring of the system architecture (also referred to as "mirroring hypothesis" / Conway's law), where a typical situation is that there is a responsible organizational unit for each subsystem in the system. In the face current developments, new perspectives on the links between the system architecture and the organization need to be developed as a result of the emergence of ecosystems, new types of layered system architectures, the intelligent evolution of systems, the creation of training data, and the emergence of new types of actors such as data factories.

Complexity beyond human cognitive understanding creates a need to re-evaluate existing insights into bounded rationality (Simon, 1972) into a new understanding of rationality that recognizes that human cognition and the intelligence of systems are strongly interwoven. Such rationality may be understood as generative and open and potentially culminates in a paradigm shift in management knowledge. Based on this, new management approaches need to be developed, e.g. how emerging complexity can be embraced (Garud et al., 2013).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 5
Series
LIU-IEI-R ; 307
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152660 (URN)LIU-IEI-RR--18/00307--SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Eslami, M. H., Lakemond, N. & Brusoni, S. (2018). The dynamics of knowledge integration in collaborative product development: Evidence from the capital goods industry. Industrial Marketing Management, 75, 146-159
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The dynamics of knowledge integration in collaborative product development: Evidence from the capital goods industry
2018 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 75, p. 146-159Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on an in-depth single case study of a collaborative product development project, this paper argues that knowledge integration mechanisms change across the different phases of the product development process, reflecting changes in the content and sources of knowledge to be integrated. Our findings imply that managers need to be able to adapt and change their knowledge integration approaches throughout product development processes. We discuss implications for the use of product development models when integration of knowledge with customers is an essential part of a firm's attempt to create a competitive advantage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Knowledge integrationCollaborative product developmentDynamicProcess viewMechanisms
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148137 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2018.05.001 (DOI)000453618400013 ()
Note

Funding agencies:The authors acknowledge financial suport for this research from Vinnova, Ragnar Söderbergs and Jan Wallanders och Tom Hedelius Stiftelse samt Tore Browaldhs Stiftelse foundations. The authors thank the participating firm and anonymous reviewers for valuable feedback and comments.

Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2019-01-07
Magnusson, T. & Lakemond, N. (2017). Evolving schemes of interpretation: Investigating the dual role of architectures in new product development. R&D Management, 47(1), 36-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evolving schemes of interpretation: Investigating the dual role of architectures in new product development
2017 (English)In: R&D Management, ISSN 0033-6807, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 36-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Should product architectures be considered inputs to – or outputs from – new product development (NPD)? Whereas the mirroring hypothesis suggests the former, NPD stage-models suggests the latter. Elaborating on these conflicting propositions, this paper analyses the relationships between product architectures and development processes in NPD projects. The analysis demonstrates how project managers use product architectures to interpret their tasks and devise appropriate responses to perceived challenges. Thus, architectures provide useful linkages between knowledge development and organizational change in R&D organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
product development; product architecture, development processes; modularity; concurrent process; integrative process
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119206 (URN)10.1111/radm.12142 (DOI)000396457400003 ()2-s2.0-84930694782 (Scopus ID)
Funder
VINNOVARiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Note

Funding agencies: Vinnova; Riksbankens Jubileumsfond

Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L., Lakemond, N. & Tell, F. (2016). Hur arbetar svenska företag med öppen innovation?. In: Nicolette Lakemond, Fredrik Tell (Ed.), Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik (pp. 39-53). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur arbetar svenska företag med öppen innovation?
2016 (Swedish)In: Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik / [ed] Nicolette Lakemond, Fredrik Tell, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 39-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016
Keywords
Innovationsledning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127482 (URN)978-91-4411-242-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Mohammad, E. & Lakemond, N. (2016). Internal integration in complex collaborative product development projects. International Journal of Innovation Management, 20(1), 1-28, Article ID 1650008.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal integration in complex collaborative product development projects
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 1-28, article id 1650008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the importance of internal integration for effective inter-firm collaboration with suppliers is widely acknowledged, it is presently unclear how it is achieved in complex collaborative product development projects. This paper aims to address this gap in extant knowledge by investigating the internal integration approaches and exploring related project management challenges. Specifically, three internal integration approaches are found, namely integration based on multidirectional, frequent interaction; integration based on delimited, problem-solving; and based on unidirectional, information-oriented interaction. The study findings suggest that internal integration approaches are related to the degree of uncertainty in the subsystems of the suppliers, rather than the overall product system. Consequently, in complex product development projects involving many internal functions and several different suppliers, the specific supplier tasks, rather than the overall project structure and aims, determine the mode of internal integration required. This complexity creates important challenges for organisation, and requires flexibility in internal integration approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Imperial College Press, 2016
Keywords
Internal integration, supplier involvement, task uncertainty, collaborative projects, subsystem, case study
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114889 (URN)10.1142/S1363919616500080 (DOI)000387132300008 ()2-s2.0-84959565960 (Scopus ID)
Note

The previous status of this article was Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Eslami, M. H. & Lakemond, N. (2016). Knowledge integration with customers in collaborative product development projects. The journal of business & industrial marketing, 31(7), 889-900
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge integration with customers in collaborative product development projects
2016 (English)In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 889-900Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose This paper addresses the need for managerial and organizational approaches to knowledge integration with customer in collaborative product development projects. The purpose is to identify the roles of customers in terms of the customerᅵs knowledge contribution and timing of customer collaboration in the product development process. Design/methodology/approach This study is based on a multi-case study approach, comprising four product development projects from two large international suppliers. The cases were selected following the theoretical replication logic. Data consist of interviews, workshops, and secondary information. For each of the cases, a within case analysis was performed followed by a cross-case analysis. Findings The study shows that the customerᅵs knowledge contribution is aligned with the specific requirements of each phase of the product development. Three specific customer roles are identified and connected to the customerᅵs knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration. The technical capability of the customer and the locus of initiative of the product development project are affecting the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers. Research limitations/implications The study is performed from the perspective of supplier firms. We have not been able to capture the perspective of the customer in detail. As it is expected that both customers and suppliers benefit from a systematic knowledge exchange, future studies could examine knowledge contributions in both directions. Practical implications The findings can be used to devise effective approaches for collaborative product development with customers related to the customerᅵs knowledge contribution and the timing of customer collaboration and provide guidance to firms seeking to benefit from knowledge residing at customers. Originality/value This is one of the first studies to focus on the integration of customersᅵ knowledge in product development processes. This paper contributes to the customerᅵsupplier collaboration literature by presenting further insight into customersᅵ knowledge contributions, the timing of customer collaboration in product development processes and the prerequisites for knowledge integration with customers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, 2016
National Category
Economics Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130858 (URN)10.1108/JBIM-05-2014-0099 (DOI)000393884400006 ()
Note

Funding agencies: European Community [644938]

Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-29 Last updated: 2017-12-18Bibliographically approved
Lakemond, N., Bengtsson, L., Laursen, K. & Tell, F. (2016). Match & Manage: The use of knowledge matching and project management to integrate knowledge in collaborative inbound open innovation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 25(2), 333-352
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Match & Manage: The use of knowledge matching and project management to integrate knowledge in collaborative inbound open innovation
2016 (English)In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 333-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite mounting evidence on the potential benefits of inbound open innovation, little is known about how firms purposefully manage inflows of knowledge. We investigate the use of two knowledge governance procedures—project management and knowledge matching—in collaborative inbound open innovation. Our findings suggest that, in addition to “knowledge-precursors,” which the literature on open innovation and absorptive capacity has shown to be important for the integration of external knowledge, the firm’s choice of knowledge governance matters for innovation performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016
Keywords
open innovation; knowledge matching; project management; knowledge governance
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127003 (URN)10.1093/icc/dtw004 (DOI)000374233900008 ()
Projects
Knowledge Integration in Open Innovation
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Dabhilkar, M., Bengtsson, L. & Lakemond, N. (2016). Sustainable supply management as a purchasing capability: A power and dependence perspective. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 36(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable supply management as a purchasing capability: A power and dependence perspective
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 36, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to use the relative power and total interdependence concepts as an intervening theoretical lens to explain why and how sustainable supply management (SSM) initiatives by manufacturing firms differ across the Kraljic matrix according to purchasing capability. Design/methodology/approach - Tested hypotheses by subjecting survey data from 338 manufacturers on buyer-supplier relationships in Europe and North America to regression analysis. Findings - Shows three situations where relative power and total interdependence determine the effectiveness of purchasing capabilities. First, sustainability programs impact supplier compliance in all Kraljic categories but bottleneck items. Second, there are significant trade-offs between lower cost and higher social and environmental supplier compliance for noncritical components. Third, strategic alignment of sustainability objectives between corporate and supply function levels only leads to improved financial performance for strategic components. Research limitations/implications - Further research could take power and dependence into account to explain when and how purchasing capabilities focussed on sustainability can be achieved. Practical implications - Shows how supply strategists could devise-tailored approaches for different purchasing categories with respect to power and dependence when pursuing economic, social and environmental objectives in combination - the triple bottom line - along their supply chains. Originality/value - Illustrates and provides a theoretical explanation for why SSM is a purchasing capability that must vary across purchasing categories defined by different situations of power and dependence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD, 2016
Keywords
Sustainability; Regression analysis; International Purchasing Survey (IPS); Procurement/purchasing/supply management processes; Supply strategy; Survey methods
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125827 (URN)10.1108/IJOPM-12-2014-0609 (DOI)000369997000001 ()
Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Lakemond, N. & Tell, F. (Eds.). (2016). Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik. Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vad betyder öppen innovation egentligen? Vilka utmaningar och möjligheter finns och vilka konsekvenser kan öppen innovation få för olika verksamheter? Öppen innovation har blivit ett omskrivet begrepp inom akademisk forskning det senaste decenniet. Även företagsledare och chefer på olika nivåer har börjat använda begreppet, som handlar om hur organisationer kan dra nytta av resurser och kunskap som härstammar från externa källor – och samtidigt låta den egna interna kunskapen gå utanför företagets gränser så att andra kan använda den. Den här boken samlar en betydande del av den svenska forskningen kring öppen innovation och belyser olika perspektiv. Hur öppen vågar man vara?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2016. p. 303
Keywords
Innovationsledning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127474 (URN)978-91-4411-242-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-27 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Lakemond, N. & Tell, F. (2016). Öppen innovation i teori och praktik: en kort introduktion. In: Nicolette Lakemond, Fredrik Tell (Ed.), Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik (pp. 21-36). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Öppen innovation i teori och praktik: en kort introduktion
2016 (Swedish)In: Öppen innovation: i teori och praktik / [ed] Nicolette Lakemond, Fredrik Tell, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 21-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016
Keywords
Innovationsledning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127481 (URN)978-91-4411-242-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5427-3560

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