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Peterson, Helen
Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Peterson, H. (2014). Absent Non-Fathers: Gendered representations of voluntary childlessness in Swedish newspapers. Feminist Media Studies, 14(1), 22-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Absent Non-Fathers: Gendered representations of voluntary childlessness in Swedish newspapers
2014 (English)In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 22-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article applies a media frame analysis in order to highlight representations of voluntary childlessness in Swedish newspapers. The analysis identifies how childfree couples are framed as carefree, fulfilled and content. Childfree women on the other hand are framed as struggling with problems, stereotypes and doubts. Childfree men are absent and implicitly framed as unconcerned and unaffected. Even in the only newspaper article that draws attention to men and voluntary childlessness the voice of the childfree man is absent. Instead of a childfree man a father of six is interviewed and presented as an exception. To explain these different frames this article argues that gender stereotypes, maternalism, pronatalism and heteronormativity influence who is constructed as newsworthy when news media report on voluntary childlessness. While the feminine identity and women's social role is conflated with motherhood, the link between fatherhood and masculinity is weaker. Because men's parenthood roles are indistinct so are men's roles as non-parents. As a result a father to a daughter in a previous relationship can be represented as part of a carefree and childfree couple. Consequently, childfree women are more newsworthy than childfree men, and a father of six is more newsworthy than a non-father.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2014
Keywords
voluntary childlessness, Swedish newspapers, media frames, pronatalism, maternalism, heteronormativity, Frivillig barnlöshet, barnfrihet, media studier, feministiska studier
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76931 (URN)10.1080/14680777.2012.680196 (DOI)2-s2.0-84897756788 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Inte (bara) mamma. Frivillig barnlöshet i Sverige.
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2007-0939
Available from: 2012-04-26 Created: 2012-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. (2014). An Academic 'Glass-Cliff'?: Exploring the Increase of Women in Swedish Higher Education management. Athens Journal of Education, 1(1), 32-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Academic 'Glass-Cliff'?: Exploring the Increase of Women in Swedish Higher Education management
2014 (English)In: Athens Journal of Education, ISSN 2241-7958, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 32-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden has the highest percentage of female university Vice Chancellors in Europe. Some of the factors that have promoted women’s representation in senior management in Swedish academia are: political pressure in the form of goals and policies, quantitative target agreements concerning women’s representation, top level commitment to gender equality goals, and a network encouraging and supporting aspiring women managers. However, although women appear to break the glass ceiling, this paper sets out to investigate whether women are genuinely empowered in Swedish academia. Drawing on qualitative semi-structured interviews with 22 senior managers in Swedish higher education, the paper reveals some of the challenges facing manager-academics: increasing workload, role conflict and decreasing status and prestige. Situating women’s increase in higher education management in a setting permeated by these challenges stimulates an analysis using theories about feminization of occupations and the metaphor ‘glass cliff’. Feminization refers to how women’s increase in an occupation often occurs simultaneously as it is transformed into a less prestigious work, with limited opportunities for advancement and weakened job security. The related concept ‘glass cliff’ describes a phenomenon when women are more likely to be appointed to precarious leadership roles in situations of turbulence and problematic organizational circumstances. The paper argues that women have been allowed to enter into management positions in higher education at the same time as these positions decline in status, merit and prestige and become more time-consuming and harder to combine with a successful scholarly career. Women are thus placed on an academic glass cliff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Education Research Unit of ATINER, 2014
Keywords
Higher Education, management, women
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104568 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1159
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2014-02-24
Peterson, H., Carvalho, T., Özkanli, Ö. & Prozesky, H. (2013). Careers of Early- and Mid-career Academics (1ed.). In: Barbara Bagilhole & Kate White (Ed.), Generation and Gender in Academia: (pp. 127-165). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Careers of Early- and Mid-career Academics
2013 (English)In: Generation and Gender in Academia / [ed] Barbara Bagilhole & Kate White, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, p. 127-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

"Generation and Gender in Academia is the first cross-cultural analysis of the differences in career trajectories and experiences between a senior and younger group of women academics. This volume uses individual autobiographies of women academics in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Sweden, Turkey and the United Kingdom, who are members of the international feminist research consortium--the Women in Higher Education Management (WHEM) Network. Four major themes in their stories are national context; organisational context; family, class and location; and agency. While the younger generation believe they are entitled to careers on the same terms as their male colleagues, major challenges remain. These include countering the argument that the battles have been won for younger academics; lack of support and mentoring at the outset of careers; the continuing difficulty of aspiring to a traditional academic career path; capacity for playing the 'game' in managerial universities; and recognising mobility as crucial to career success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013 Edition: 1
Keywords
College teachers-Social conditions, Universities and colleges-nited States- aculty, College teaching-ocational guidance, Age and employment, Women in higher education, Women college teachers, Universities and colleges Faculty
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95871 (URN)978-1-137-26916-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-08-03 Created: 2013-08-03 Last updated: 2014-11-11Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. & Engwall, K. (2013). Silent Bodies: Childfree Women's Gendered and Embodied Experiences. The European Journal of Women's Studies, 20(4), 376-389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Silent Bodies: Childfree Women's Gendered and Embodied Experiences
2013 (English)In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 376-389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports from the first studies on voluntary childlessness in Sweden and addresses a so far neglected issue - the embodied experiences of childfree women. These childfree women reject and resist pronatalist understandings that conflate being a woman with being a mother. However, instead of explaining their childlessness by external factors, mentioned in previous research, the interviewed women created a positive feminine identity separated from motherhood with reference to their silent bodies', i.e. bodies without a biological urge to reproduce. Reducing voluntary childlessness to a mere result of biological determinism, the article argues, establishes a legitimate, natural position, less provocative and stigmatized in a pronatalist society. Nevertheless, paradoxically, drawing on biological determinism both challenges and reinstates pronatalism as it builds on the simultaneous acceptance of, and detachment from, the biological reproductive urge. The study hence highlights how persistent the social and cultural link between motherhood and womanhood is, but also how this relationship can be challenged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013
Keywords
Biological determinism, childfree women, embodied knowledge, feminine identity, silent body, voluntary childlessness
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99911 (URN)10.1177/1350506812471338 (DOI)000325969900005 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2007-0939
Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. (2013). 'The Men Next in Line Arn't Interested Anymore'.: Feminization of Senior Management Positions in Swedish Higher Education.. In: Sofia Strid & Liisa Husu (Ed.), Sofia Strid & Liisa Husu (Ed.), GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume XVII: Proceedings from GEXcel Themes 11-12.: Visiting Scholars: Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s). Paper presented at Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s), 2012, Örebro University, Sweden. (pp. 83-96). Paper presented at Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s), 2012, Örebro University, Sweden.. Linköping: Tema Genus
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'The Men Next in Line Arn't Interested Anymore'.: Feminization of Senior Management Positions in Swedish Higher Education.
2013 (English)In: GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume XVII: Proceedings from GEXcel Themes 11-12.: Visiting Scholars: Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s) / [ed] Sofia Strid & Liisa Husu, Linköping: Tema Genus , 2013, p. 83-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Tema Genus, 2013
Series
Tema G rapport, ISSN 1650-9056 ; 21
Keywords
Science - Social aspects, Sex role, Gender identity, Research - Management, Vetenskapssociologi, Forskningsorganisation, Genus (socialt kön, Genusforskning 2000-talet, Forskning -organisationer - jämställdhet, Universitet -forskare-representation
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96399 (URN)978-91-7519-545-2 (ISBN)978-91-7668-947-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s), 2012, Örebro University, Sweden.
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1159
Available from: 2013-08-19 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2014-11-11Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. (2012). Women Academic Managers in Swedish Higher Education: Real Women, Gender Neutral or Quota-Bitches? (1ed.). In: Sofia Strid, Liisa Husu & Lena Gunnarsson (Ed.), Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 11-12: Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s): GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume X (pp. 57-64). Linköping: Department of Gender Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women Academic Managers in Swedish Higher Education: Real Women, Gender Neutral or Quota-Bitches?
2012 (English)In: Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 11-12: Gender Paradoxes in Changing Academic and Scientific Organisation(s): GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume X / [ed] Sofia Strid, Liisa Husu & Lena Gunnarsson, Linköping: Department of Gender Studies , 2012, 1, p. 57-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Department of Gender Studies, 2012 Edition: 1
Series
Tema G rapport, ISSN 1650-9056 ; 14
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88626 (URN)978-91-7393-061-1 (ISBN)978-91-7668-808-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-02-13 Created: 2013-02-13 Last updated: 2014-01-15
Peterson, H. (2011). Childfree: a stigmatized position. Sociologisk forskning, 48(3), 5-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childfree: a stigmatized position
2011 (English)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Childfree: a stigmatized position less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanInternational research has addressed the subject but in Sweden voluntary childlessness has until now been overlooked. This article draws on qualitative, semi-structured interviews with 21 Swedish childfree women. The interviews focused their decision not to have children and attitudes they faced due to their rejection of motherhood. They all had encountered pressure to conform to a pronatalistic norm, proclaiming parenthood to be self-evident in an adult normal life. The results highlight different strategies used by the women to avoid instigating the dislike of those around them. The article argues that understanding childfree as a stigmatized position helps providing new insights to what conditions the social relations between the childfree and the normals, i.e. persons who advocate having children. Further, viewing the childfree as a stigmatized group has theoretical implications that contribute to developing Goffmans classical theory of social stigma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Goeteborgs Universitet, 2011
Keywords
childfree women, pronatalistic norms, stigmatization, stigma management
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72042 (URN)000296069400002 ()
Available from: 2011-11-11 Created: 2011-11-11 Last updated: 2017-12-08
Roman, C. & Peterson, H. (2011). Familjer i tiden: Förhandling, kön och gränslöst arbete (1ed.). Umeå: Boréa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Familjer i tiden: Förhandling, kön och gränslöst arbete
2011 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kärnfamiljen är – fortfarande – ett ideal i 2000-­talets ­Sverige. För många är kärn­familjen också den ram som ­bestämmer ­vardagens organisering. Samtidigt är kärn­familjen längre varken självklar eller given.

Den här boken handlar om påfrestningar i en tid som är karak­teriserad av avtraditionalisering, ­ambi­valens, risk­tänkande och flytande gränser mellan privatliv och arbetsliv. Vilka utmaningar för detta med sig för kärnfamiljen? Och vad händer med ­familjen när normers och könsrollers tvingande makt minskar?

Boken visar hur yrkesorienterade samboende par ­ständigt förhandlar om barn, yrkeskarriär och hemarbete. Den visar hur jämställdhet och egen tid utgör valuta, men också på betydelsen av traditioner och ömsesidig omsorg.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Boréa, 2011. p. 283 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67534 (URN)978-91-89140-73-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-04-16 Created: 2011-04-16 Last updated: 2013-03-22Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. (2011). Gendered Work-Life Balance Strategies in the Swedish IT Business (1ed.). In: André Béraud and Yvonne Pourrat (Ed.), The Scientific and Technological Careers of Women and Men: Private Temporalities, Professional Temporalities; Public and Corporate Policies (pp. 225-237). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered Work-Life Balance Strategies in the Swedish IT Business
2011 (English)In: The Scientific and Technological Careers of Women and Men: Private Temporalities, Professional Temporalities; Public and Corporate Policies / [ed] André Béraud and Yvonne Pourrat, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2011, 1, p. 225-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2011 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88091 (URN)978-94-6091-763-9 (ISBN)978-94-6091-764-6 (ISBN)978-94-6091-765-3 (e-book) (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-29 Created: 2013-01-29 Last updated: 2013-04-29Bibliographically approved
Peterson, H. (2011). Le magnifiche svedesi: Lezioni universitarie. inGenere
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Le magnifiche svedesi: Lezioni universitarie
2011 (Italian)In: inGenereArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67650 (URN)
Available from: 2011-04-22 Created: 2011-04-22 Last updated: 2011-05-06
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