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Engkvist, Inga-Lill
Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Engkvist, I.-L., Eklund, J., Krook, J., Björkman, M. & Sundin, E. (2016). Perspectives on recycling centres and future developments. Applied Ergonomics, 57, 17-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on recycling centres and future developments
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2016 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 57, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this paper is to draw combined, all-embracing conclusions based on a long-term multidisciplinary research programme on recycling centres in Sweden, focussing on working conditions, environment and system performance. A second aim is to give recommendations for their development of new and existing recycling centres and to discuss implications for the future design and organisation. Several opportunities for improvement of recycling centres were identified, such as design, layout, ease with which users could sort their waste, the work environment, conflicting needs and goals within the industry, and industrialisation. Combining all results from the research, which consisted of different disciplinary aspects, made it possible to analyse and elucidate their interrelations. Waste sorting quality was recognized as the most prominent improvement field in the recycling centre system. The research identified the importance of involving stakeholders with different perspectives when planning a recycling centre in order to get functionality and high performance. Practical proposals of how to plan and build recycling centres are given in a detailed checklist. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2016
Keywords
Environment; Sustainability; Waste
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130646 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2016.01.001 (DOI)000380082600003 ()26826952 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA) [2002-02082, 23284-1, 2003-00617, 23284-2, 2005-02881, 23284-3]; Avfall Sverige, The Swedish Association of Waste Management

Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-19 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Engkvist, I.-L., Svensson, R. & Eklund, J. (2011). Reported occupational injuries at Swedish recycling centres – based on official statistics. Ergonomics, 54(4), 357-366
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reported occupational injuries at Swedish recycling centres – based on official statistics
2011 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 357-366Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish recycling centres are manned facilities for waste collection. There is no special category in the official injury statistics for employees at recycling centres, which precludes a straightforward analysis of reported occupational injuries. This study aimed at identifying the frequency of reported accidents and diseases and the type of events that contribute to such injuries at recycling centres, based on official injury statistics. The employees were identified as being affected by more than three to five times as many accidents compared with the total workforce in Sweden. The reported accidents had occurred during a wide range of situations, but most frequently during manual handling of waste. Reported work-related diseases were mostly associated with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly due to heavy lifting. A more detailed classification of sanitation professions and workplaces in the official injury statistics would facilitate future studies of injuries in a specific professional category, e.g. employees at recycling centres. Suggestions for prevention are given.

Statement of Relevance: The present article describes all reported work accidents and diseases among employees at recycling centres from 1992 to February 2005. It also highlights the problem of identifying new working groups in the official statistics and gives advice for a detailed classification to facilitate such future studies of injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis, 2011
Keywords
accident, disease, insurance, waste, work-related
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68024 (URN)10.1080/00140139.2011.556261 (DOI)000289570900005 ()
Available from: 2011-05-06 Created: 2011-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-11
Engkvist, I.-L., Eklund, J., Krook, J., Björkman, M., Sundin, E., Svensson, R. & Eklund, M. (2010). Joint investigation of working conditions, environmental and system performance at recycling centres - development of instruments and their usage. Applied Ergonomics, 41(3), 336-346
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Joint investigation of working conditions, environmental and system performance at recycling centres - development of instruments and their usage
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2010 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 336-346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recycling is a new and developing industry, which has only been researched to a limited extent. This article describes the development and use of instruments for data collection within a multidisciplinary research programme "Recycling centres in Swede - working conditions, environmental and system performance". The overall purpose of the programme was to form a basis for improving the function of recycling centres with respect to these three perspectives and the disciplines of: ergonomics, safety, external environment, and production systems. A total of 10 instruments were developed for collecting data from employees, managers and visitors at recucling centres, including one instrument for observing visitors. Validation tests were performed in several steps. This, along with the quality of the collected data, and experience from the data collection, showed that the instruments and methodology used were valid and suitable for their purpose.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2010
Keywords
Environment, interview protocol, methods, questionnaire, waste handling, work environment
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21953 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2009.06.009 (DOI)000275340700002 ()
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Eklund, J., Kihlstedt, A. & Engkvist, I.-L. (2010). Sorting and disposing of waste at recycling centres - A users perspective. Applied Ergonomics, 41(3), 355-361
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sorting and disposing of waste at recycling centres - A users perspective
2010 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 355-361Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates Swedish recycling centres from the users perspective. The aim was to describe the characteristics and experiences of the users and their activities when sorting and disposing of waste, and to identify improvements for the users. The typical recycling centre user is a recently retired man, living in a house with a garden, having travelled 5 km alone in his own car. The users requested longer opening hours and better information available at home and at the recycling centre. The major difficulty for the users is to understand which fraction their waste belongs to, and consequently into which container they should throw it. The most important sources of sorting information, in addition to experience from earlier visits, are signs and asking the personnel. Although the service at recycling centres is perceived positively by a majority of users. substantial improvements can still be made, and a number of such suggestions are given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam., 2010
Keywords
Service; Information; Activity; Improvement; Signs
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-58436 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2009.06.011 (DOI)000275340700004 ()19674735 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-08-12 Created: 2010-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12
Engkvist, I.-L. (2010). Waste and recycling - A challenge for society. Applied Ergonomics, 41(3), 335-335
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Waste and recycling - A challenge for society
2010 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 335-335Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2010
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54621 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2009.06.007 (DOI)000275340700001 ()19959160 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-77649236424 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-03-26 Created: 2010-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Engkvist, I.-L. (2010). Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden - Physical and psychosocial work environment. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 41(3), 347-354
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden - Physical and psychosocial work environment
2010 (English)In: APPLIED ERGONOMICS, ISSN 0003-6870, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 347-354Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees at 42 recycling centres (n = 122) responded a postal questionnaire. Of these 32 employees from 16 recycling centres were interviewed, as also their employer (n = 16). The work at recycling centres was reported to be a meaningful service job comprising many social interactions with users, but also substantial physical strain. There was a high frequency of injuries and minor injuries. Several risks were identified. There is a need for several preventive actions, e.g. better planning when building recycling centres, including better machines and equipment and more training, especially in handling hazardous waste.

Keywords
Accident, Injury, Psychosocial conditions, Work environment, Waste management
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-54622 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2009.06.008 (DOI)000275340700003 ()
Available from: 2010-03-26 Created: 2010-03-26 Last updated: 2010-03-26
Engkvist, I.-L. (2009). Planera, utforma och driva en återvinningscentral.. Linköping: UniTryck, Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planera, utforma och driva en återvinningscentral.
2009 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: UniTryck, Linköpings universitet, 2009. p. 136
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64555 (URN)978-91-7393-595-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-01-27 Created: 2011-01-27 Last updated: 2011-02-01
Engkvist, I.-L., Eklund, J., Sundin, E., Björkman, M., Krook, J., Eklund, M. & Kihlstedt, A. (2009). Planera, utforma och driva en återvinningscentral. Linköping: UniTryck, Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planera, utforma och driva en återvinningscentral
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2009 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Denna bok baserar sig på de forskningsresultat och erfarenheter som kommit fram inom forskningsprogrammet ”Framtidens återvinningscentral” som är ett multidiciplinärt forskningsprogram som drivits vid Linköpings universitet under åren 2002-2007.Boken vänder sig till alla som är involverade vid planering, byggnation, ombyggnation och drift av återvinningscentraler. Dessa kan vara ansvariga inom kommuner, arkitekter, konsulter, arbetsledare på återvinningscentral, skyddsombud, fackliga förtroendemän med flera.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: UniTryck, Linköpings universitet, 2009. p. 136
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21354 (URN)978-91-7393-595-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-01 Created: 2009-10-01 Last updated: 2019-06-13
Lindbeck, L. & Engkvist, I.-L. (2008). Arbetsmiljö och ergonomi vid styckningsarbete. En litteraturöversikt med fokus på fysiska belastningar och olyckor. Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbetsmiljö och ergonomi vid styckningsarbete. En litteraturöversikt med fokus på fysiska belastningar och olyckor
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2008
Series
IHS rapport ; 2
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-44770 (URN)77559 (Local ID)77559 (Archive number)77559 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10
Engkvist, I.-L. (2008). Back injuries among nurses - A comparison of the accident processes after a 10-year follow-up. Safety Science, 46(2), 291-301
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Back injuries among nurses - A comparison of the accident processes after a 10-year follow-up
2008 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 291-301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A prospective dynamic-population-based study was conducted to investigate whether factors involved in the accident process preceding over-exertion back injuries among nursing personnel had changed compared with 10 years earlier. The study covers all reported occupational over-exertion back injuries due to accident among nurses in the hospitals of Stockholm County during the years 1992-1993 and 2002-2003. The assumption was that several factors and events interact in the accident process causing a back injury. Detailed information about the accident process was obtained for each injury by interviews with the injured person. During the two study periods, interviews were conducted with 130 and 132 nurses, respectively. In both studies, most accidents occurred during ordinary planned patient transfers, and the distributions of the type of patient transfer were very similar. Mostly, draw sheets and walking belts were used as transfer equipment, although in about half of the cases, the patients had both physical and psychological limitations, which restricted their cooperation in the transfer. In 2002-2003, the nurses were older and had longer experience of the specific task they were doing, fewer had been given instructions on how to perform the specific task, they were more stressed and rated their RPE higher compared with nurses in 1992-1993. In 2002-2003, the injury more often led to sick leave and to longer sick leave, furthermore, the nurses more often sought medical care and more often took analgesics compared with 10 years earlier. There were no relation between age and if the injury led to a sick-leave or not or the length of sick-leave. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords
Accident, Back, Lifting, Nurse, Occupational injury, Patient transfer, Stress
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47055 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2007.06.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13
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