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Ahmed, A. M. & Lång, E. (2017). The employability of ex-offenders: a field experiment in the Swedish labor market. IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 6(1), 1-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The employability of ex-offenders: a field experiment in the Swedish labor market
2017 (English)In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, ISSN 2193-9004, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the findings of a field experiment on hiring discrimination against ex-offenders in the Swedish labor market. Matched pairs of written job applications for fictitious male and female applicants with and without a past conviction of assault were sent to employers for nine different occupations. Results show that discrimination against ex-offenders exists, but the extent of it varies across occupations. The past conviction of assault was associated with 7–18 percentage point lower probability of receiving a positive employer response. Discrimination against ex-offenders was pronounced in female-dominated and high-skilled occupations. The magnitude of discrimination against ex-offenders did not vary by applicants’ sex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Ex-offenders, Field experiments, Labor market discrimination
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-140652 (URN)10.1186/s40173-017-0084-2 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-09-06 Created: 2017-09-06 Last updated: 2017-09-06
Ahmed, A., Uddin, G. S. & Sohag, K. (2016). Biomass energy, technological progress and the environmental Kuznets curve: Evidence from selected European countries. Biomass and Bioenergy, 90, 202-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biomass energy, technological progress and the environmental Kuznets curve: Evidence from selected European countries
2016 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 90, p. 202-208Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the causal relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions in a panel of 24 European countries from 1980 to 2010. Using an analytical framework that considers pooled mean group estimations in a dynamic heterogeneous panel setting, we show that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth in the long run and that there is no such relationship in the short run. In particular, we find that biomass energy is insignificantly linked to CO2 emission. However, technological innovation significantly facilitates reduction of CO2 emissions in the investigated countries. Altogether, our study implies that economic growth and environmental quality can be achieved simultaneously, which opens up new insights for policy-makers for sustainable economic development via implementation of renewable energy consumption through technological innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2016
Keywords
Biomass;GDP;CO2 emissions;European countries;Panel ARDL
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127984 (URN)10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.04.004 (DOI)000377740200024 ()
Available from: 2016-05-14 Created: 2016-05-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Ahmed, A. (2015). Commentary: Some thoughts on field experiments on housing discrimination from a European view. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, 17(3), 149-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commentary: Some thoughts on field experiments on housing discrimination from a European view
2015 (English)In: Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, ISSN 1936-007X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 149-154Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington, DC, United States: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2015
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125920 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2016-03-18Bibliographically approved
Ahmed, A. (2015). Etnisk diskriminering - vad vet vi, vad behöver vi veta och vad kan vi göra?. Ekonomisk Debatt, 43(4), 18-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etnisk diskriminering - vad vet vi, vad behöver vi veta och vad kan vi göra?
2015 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 18-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Diskriminering är ett avsevärt hinder på arbetsmarknaden, bostadsmarknaden och andra marknader för personer med utländsk bakgrund. I Sverige finns lagstiftning som förbjuder diskriminering och en myndighet som har tillsyn över problematiken. Men vad säger forskningen om etnisk diskriminering i Sverige? Denna översikt redogör för nationalekonomiska undersökningar som entydigt har funnit belägg för etnisk diskriminering. I ljuset av denna översikt förs en diskussion kring det vi känner till och det vi behöver känna till. Slutligen framförs förslag om hur arbetet mot etnisk diskriminering kan förbättras.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118588 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Hammarstedt, M., Ahmed, A. & Aldén, L. (2015). Sexual prejudice and labor market outcomes for gays and lesbians: Evidence from Sweden. Feminist Economics, 21(1), 90-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual prejudice and labor market outcomes for gays and lesbians: Evidence from Sweden
2015 (English)In: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 90-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents results from a study of sexual prejudice and differentials in labor market outcomes due to sexual orientation. It uses data from a nationwide Swedish survey on public attitudes toward homosexuals, conducted in 1999, and combines them with register data for 2007, which include information about sexual orientation, employment status, and yearly earnings for the total population in Sweden. It finds that prejudice against homosexuals negatively affects the relative employment and relative earnings of gay men. Lesbians are affected negatively by prejudice against homosexuals in terms of employment, but the relationship is less clear in regard to earnings. Discrimination against homosexuals, as well as social norms, occupational sorting and self-selection in, geographic mobility are presented as explanations for the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115397 (URN)10.1080/13545701.2014.937727 (DOI)000348573900004 ()
Available from: 2015-03-15 Created: 2015-03-15 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Ahmed, A., Andersson, L. & Hammarstedt, M. (2013). Are gay men and lesbians discriminated against in the hiring process?. Southern Economic Journal, 79(3), 565-585
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are gay men and lesbians discriminated against in the hiring process?
2013 (English)In: Southern Economic Journal, ISSN 0038-4038, E-ISSN 2325-8012, Vol. 79, no 3, p. 565-585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents the first field experiment on sexual orientation discrimination in the hiring process in the Swedish labor market. Job applications were sent to about 4000 employers in 10 different occupations in Sweden. Gender and sexual orientation were randomly assigned to applications. The results show that sexual orientation discrimination exists in the Swedish labor market. The discrimination against the gay male applicant and the lesbian applicant varied across different occupations and appears to be concentrated in the private sector. The results also show that the gay male applicant was discriminated against in typical male-dominated occupations, whereas the lesbian applicant was discriminated against in typical female-dominated occupations. Theoretical implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Southern Economic Association, 2013
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88046 (URN)10.4284/0038-4038-2011.317 (DOI)000313938800007 ()
Available from: 2013-01-29 Created: 2013-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Ahmed, A. (2013). Co-ethnic preferences in a cooking game: a study based on Come Dine With Me in Sweden. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36(12), 2220-2236
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-ethnic preferences in a cooking game: a study based on Come Dine With Me in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 2220-2236Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines ethnic preferences using data from the television cooking show Come Dine With Me in Sweden. Amateur chefs compete by hosting dinner parties. Contestants rate each others performance and the host with the highest ratings wins a cash prize. The show gives an unorthodox opportunity to study ethnic preferences in a high-stakes game environment. The analysis of the collected data shows that native Swedish contestants rate co-ethnic hosts significantly more favourably than they rate other hosts, demonstrating the existence of co-ethnic preferences. This observation seems to be an outcome of own-group favouritism rather than dislike against other groups. Also, the observed co-ethnic preference is assumed to be subtle or non-conscious based on the nature of the analysed data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis (Routledge): SSH Titles, 2013
Keywords
co-ethnic preferences, own-group favouritism, high-stakes game, television show, prejudice, discrimination
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102776 (URN)10.1080/01419870.2012.729671 (DOI)000327469100017 ()
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-12-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Ahmed, A., Aldén, L. & Hammarstedt, M. (2013). Perceptions of gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence among undergraduates in Sweden. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 7(2), 249-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence among undergraduates in Sweden
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Conflict and Violence, ISSN 1864-1385, E-ISSN 1864-1385, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 249-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An experimental study of perceptions about gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence in Sweden. Undergraduate students (N = 1009) read one of eight fictitious scenarios of domestic violence in married couple relationships, where sexual orientation, sex of victim and batterer, and severity of violence were varied. Perceptions of seriousness of the described incident and attitudes toward women, gays and lesbians were measured. Domestic violence was perceived as more serious in cases where: the respondent was a woman, the batterer was a man, the victim was a woman, or the battering was severe. Wife-battering in a heterosexual relationship was considered the most serious case in both the less and more severe battering scenario. Where battering was less severe, domestic violence in gay and lesbian relationships was perceived as more serious than heterosexual husband-battering; this difference disappeared in the severe battering scenario. Negative attitudes toward gays, lesbians, and women were associated with less concern about domestic violence in all types of relationships. The findings suggest that stereotypes about gays, lesbians, and women affect perceptions of domestic violence, but mainly when violence is less severe.

National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103703 (URN)000330043300006 ()
Available from: 2014-01-23 Created: 2014-01-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Ahmed, A. & Salas, O. (2013). Religious context and prosociality: an experimental study from Valparaíso, Chile. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 52(3), 627-637
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious context and prosociality: an experimental study from Valparaíso, Chile
2013 (English)In: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 627-637Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Are people more prosocial in a religious context? We addressed this question through an experiment. We randomly placed participants in the control group in a neutral location (a lecture hall), and we placed participants in the experimental group in a religious location (a chapel). The participants then took part in a one-shot three-person public goods game, which measured participants' degree of cooperativeness. The results showed that participants in the experimental group cooperated significantly more than did participants in the control group. Furthermore, participants' beliefs about other participants' cooperativeness were more positive in the experimental group than they were in the control group. Improved expectations of others partially explained the enhanced cooperation in the religious context. We found no main or interaction effect of self-reported religiosity in the experiment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Keywords
religious context; religious environment; prosociality; experimental study
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98191 (URN)10.1111/jssr.12045 (DOI)000323890900011 ()
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Ahmed, A., Andersson, L. & Hammarstedt, M. (2013). Sexual orientation and full-time monthly earnings, by public and private sector: evidence from Swedish register data. Review of Economics of the Household, 11(1), 83-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual orientation and full-time monthly earnings, by public and private sector: evidence from Swedish register data
2013 (English)In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 83-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we explore annual earnings as well as full-time monthly earnings differentials resulting from sexual orientation. We observe that gay males are at an earnings disadvantage compared to male heterosexuals regardless of which earnings measure we use. This earnings disadvantage is found to be larger when we compare gay and heterosexual males who are working full-time. In addition, the disadvantage is larger in the private than in the public sector. Lesbians, however, earn more than heterosexual females. This earnings advantage is considerably smaller when we study full-time monthly rather than annual earnings but an earnings advantage for lesbians at the top of the earnings distribution is documented regardless of which earnings measure we use. In addition, lesbians are doing better than female heterosexuals in the public sector. To sum up, the results indicate that gay males face obstacles on the labor market that hinder them from reaching top-level positions and high earnings. The earnings advantage observed for lesbians is likely to stem from the fact that lesbians devote more time to market work than heterosexual females do.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88773 (URN)10.1007/s11150-012-9158-5 (DOI)000315036300004 ()
Available from: 2013-02-18 Created: 2013-02-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1798-8284

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