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Melin, Tomas
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Munjulury, R. C., Berry, P., Melin, T., Amadori, K. & Krus, P. (2015). Knowledge-based Integrated Wing Automation and Optimization for Conceptual Design. In: 16th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference16th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference: . Paper presented at AVIATION 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge-based Integrated Wing Automation and Optimization for Conceptual Design
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2015 (English)In: 16th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference16th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary aircraft design and development incurs high costs and consumes a lot of time for research and implementation. To minimize the development cost, an improvement of the conceptual design phase is desirable. A framework to support the initial design space exploration and conceptual design phase is presently being developed at Linköping University. In the aircraft design, the geometry carries a critical, discriminating role since it stores a significant part of the information and the data needed for most investigations. Methodology for design automation of a wing with a detailed description such that the geometry is effectively propagated for further analysis is presented in this paper. Initial weight estimation of the wing is performed by combining the weight penalty method with a sophisticated CAD model. This wing model is used for airfoil shape optimization and later for structural optimization. A methodology for automatic meshing of the geometry for CFD and FEM when the surfaces increase or decrease during the design automation is proposed. The framework combining automation capability with shape and structural optimization will enhance the early design phases of aircraft conceptual design.

Keywords
Wing automation, Knowledge-based, Optimization, CFD, Conceptual design
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120407 (URN)10.2514/6.2015-3357 (DOI)978-1-62410-368-1 (ISBN)
Conference
AVIATION 2015
Projects
NFFP6
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-08-06 Created: 2015-08-06 Last updated: 2019-01-31
Staack, I., Chaitanya Munjulury, R., Melin, T., Abdalla, A. M. & Krus, P. (2014). CONCEPTUAL AIRCRAFT DESIGN MODEL MANAGEMENTDEMONSTRATED ON A 4TH GENERATION FIGHTER. In: : . Paper presented at 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. St. Petersberg, Russia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CONCEPTUAL AIRCRAFT DESIGN MODEL MANAGEMENTDEMONSTRATED ON A 4TH GENERATION FIGHTER
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Model management during conceptual aircraftdesign is an important issue. This paper showsthe basic ideas and capabilities of the conceptualaircraft design framework developed atLinköping University with focus on efficient lowfidelity geometry definition. As an example, theanalysis of an F-16 fighter is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
St. Petersberg, Russia: , 2014
Keywords
model management, conceptual aircraft design, sensitivity analysis
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114909 (URN)
Conference
29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences
Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2015-03-20
Munjulury, R. C., Staack, I., Abdalla, A. M., Melin, T., Jouannet, C. & Krus, P. (2014). Knowledge-based design for future combat aircraft concepts. In: : . Paper presented at 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia. St. Peterberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge-based design for future combat aircraft concepts
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A new fighter aircraft will most likely be acollaborative project. In this study conceptualknowledge-based design is demonstrated, usingmodels of comparable fidelity for sizing, geometrydesign, aerodynamic analysis and system simulationfor aircraft conceptual design. A newgeneration fighter is likely to involve advancedcontrol concept where an assessment of feasibilitythrough simulation is needed already atthe conceptual stage. This co-design leads to adeeper understanding of the trade-offs involved.In this paper a study for a future combat aircraftis made. Conceptual knowledge-based design isdemonstrated by optimizing for a design mission,including a super-cruise segment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
St. Peterberg: , 2014
Keywords
Conceptual design, Aircraft design, Engine design, Knowledge-based
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114902 (URN)
Conference
29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Projects
NFFP5/NFFP6
Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2017-05-30Bibliographically approved
Jouannet, C., Lundström, D., Melin, T. & Berry, P. (2013). Design and Flight Testing of a Solar Powered Aircraft, a Student Challenge. In: : . Paper presented at 51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 2013; Grapevine, TX; United States. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and Flight Testing of a Solar Powered Aircraft, a Student Challenge
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The presented work considers designing, building and flight testing a solar poweraircraft as a student project. The goal is to allow student to participate in an aircraft projectfrom design to flight test in order to acquire aircraft design knowledge from theoretical andpractical means. A first theoretical part consists of creating a sizing program for studyingdifferent concepts. Then the gathered knowledge will result in the realization of a flyingdemonstrator. This was realized during a student project over a 5 month period

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2013
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88324 (URN)10.2514/6.2013-942 (DOI)978-1-62410-181-6 (ISBN)
Conference
51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 2013; Grapevine, TX; United States
Available from: 2013-01-31 Created: 2013-01-31 Last updated: 2014-12-05
Amadori, K., Melin, T., Staack, I. & Krus, P. (2013). Multidisciplinary Optimization of Wing Structure Using Parametric Models. In: : . Paper presented at 51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 7-10 January 2013, Grapevine, Texas.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multidisciplinary Optimization of Wing Structure Using Parametric Models
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aircraft design is an inherently multidisciplinary activity that requires integrating different models and tools to reach a well-balanced and optimized product. At Linköping University a design framework is being developed to support the initial design space exploration and the conceptual design phase. Main characteristics of the framework are its flexible database in XML format, together with close integration of automated CAD and other tools, which allows the developed geometry to be directly used in the subsequent preliminary design phase. In particular, the aim of the proposed work is to test the framework by designing, optimizing and studying a transport aircraft wing with respect to aerodynamic, geometry, structural and accessability constraints. The project will provide an initial assessment of the capability of the framework, both in terms of processing speed and accuracy of the results.

National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88322 (URN)10.2514/6.2013-140 (DOI)978-1-62410-181-6 (ISBN)
Conference
51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 7-10 January 2013, Grapevine, Texas
Projects
NFFP5
Available from: 2013-01-31 Created: 2013-01-31 Last updated: 2014-12-04Bibliographically approved
Melin, T. (2013). Parametric Airfoil Catalog Part I, Archer A18 to Göttingen 655: An Aerodynamic and Geometric Comparison Between Parametrized and Point Cloud Airfoils (1ed.). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parametric Airfoil Catalog Part I, Archer A18 to Göttingen 655: An Aerodynamic and Geometric Comparison Between Parametrized and Point Cloud Airfoils
2013 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A fundamental part of aircraft design involves wing airfoiloptimization, establishing an outer shape of the wing which has good aerodynamic performance for the design mission, good internal volume distribution for fuel and systems and which also serves as an efficient structural member supporting the load of the weight of the aircraft. The underlying idea with this parametrization is to couple an appropriate number of parameters, balancing the need of geometric accuracy with the necessity of few airfoil parameters in order to facilitate en expedient optimisation, with the intrinsic value of having parameters that makes sense for a human; such as thickness, camber and trailing edge thickness. Several approaches to parametrization of wing proles can be found in the literature. Airfoils can be described by point clouds as done in most airfoil libraries. The number of parameters is twice as large as the number of points used (x and y coordinates) and in the case of aerodynamic optimization this parametrization will most certainly be not well behaved, since no smoothing function is included and must therefore be employed. Other problems may arise for the fact that the airfoils sometimes are defined with too few coordinate points and/or too few decimals, a problem occurring especially with old airfoils. On the other hand, the design space that this kind of parametrization allows representing is extremely large, as any and all shapes can be reproduced, even degenerate ones. Airfoils can also be represented by mathematical functions. Among the most common representatives of thiscategory are indeed the NACA 4-, 5- and 6-digits formulations. Compared to point clouds, they could be said to represent the opposite case: they are very well behaving parametrizations, but they cannot cover avery large design space, since they only provide four to six parameters respectively to be tuned. The NACA 4digit series is particularly interesting as the parametersare a part of the name of the airfoil. In the case of the 5- and 6 digit series, the name is instead constructed from the airfoils aerodynamic characteristic and geometry. Another known set of theoretically defined airfoils are the Joukowski profiles [4]. Using the conformal mapping method, airfoils with a round nose and sharp trailing edge can be represented. Sadly the method is not to recommend for trying to match known airfoils and the design space it describes is quite confined to airfoils with often poor performances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. p. 561 Edition: 1
Keywords
Airfoils, parametric airfoils
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102625 (URN)978-91-7519-656-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2014-11-04Bibliographically approved
Melin, T. (2013). Parametric Airfoil Catalog, Part II: Göttingen 673 to YS930: An Aerodynamic and Geometric Comparison Between Parametrized and Point Cloud Airfoils. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parametric Airfoil Catalog, Part II: Göttingen 673 to YS930: An Aerodynamic and Geometric Comparison Between Parametrized and Point Cloud Airfoils
2013 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A fundamental part of aircraft design involves wing airfoiloptimization, establishing an outer shape of the wing which has good aerodynamic performance for the design mission, good internal volume distribution for fuel and systems and which also serves as an efficient structural member supporting the load of the weight of the aircraft. The underlying idea with this parametrization is to couple an appropriate number of parameters, balancing the need of geometric accuracy with the necessity of few airfoil parameters in order to facilitate en expedient optimisation, with the intrinsic value of having parameters that makes sense for a human; such as thickness, camber and trailing edge thickness. Several approaches to parametrization of wing proles can be found in the literature. Airfoils can be described by point clouds as done in most airfoil libraries. The number of parameters is twice as large as the number of points used (x and y coordinates) and in the case of aerodynamic optimization this parametrization will most certainly be not well behaved, since no smoothing function is included and must therefore be employed. Other problems may arise for the fact that the airfoils sometimes are defined with too few coordinate points and/or too few decimals, a problem occurring especially with old airfoils. On the other hand, the design space that this kind of parametrization allows representing is extremely large, as any and all shapes can be reproduced, even degenerate ones. Airfoils can also be represented by mathematical functions. Among the most common representatives of thiscategory are indeed the NACA 4-, 5- and 6-digits formulations. Compared to point clouds, they could be said to represent the opposite case: they are very well behaving parametrizations, but they cannot cover avery large design space, since they only provide four to six parameters respectively to be tuned. The NACA 4digit series is particularly interesting as the parametersare a part of the name of the airfoil. In the case of the 5- and 6 digit series, the name is instead constructed from the airfoils aerodynamic characteristic and geometry. Another known set of theoretically defined airfoils are the Joukowski profiles [4]. Using the conformal mapping method, airfoils with a round nose and sharp trailing edge can be represented. Sadly the method is not to recommend for trying to match known airfoils and the design space it describes is quite confined to airfoils with often poor performances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. p. 559
Keywords
Parametric airfoils, Airfoils
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102627 (URN)978-91-7519-656-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2014-11-04Bibliographically approved
Melin, T., Krus, P., Vinterhav, E. & Övrebö, K. (Eds.). (2013). PROCEEDINGS of the 4:th CEAS conference in Linköping, 2013. Paper presented at 4:th CEAS conference, CEAS2013: "Innovative Europe", Air & Space Conference, 16-19 September, Linköping, Sweden. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PROCEEDINGS of the 4:th CEAS conference in Linköping, 2013
2013 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Europe has a strong and proud tradition in aerospace and astronautics, which indeed is a very important area for Europe. It represents a substantial business domain, but maybe equally important, it is also a driver for technology development and innovation that benefits the society as a whole. One of Europe’s greatest challenges is about independence, in order to keep and maintain capabilities within the complete set of technologies needed as a foundation for a sustainable aerospace industry in Europe. This is important when Europe has to look at the next generation of Air Power. It is also fundamental for Europe to be an attractive partner in international projects conducted with global collaboration.

CEAS – Council of European Aerospace Societies – is an organisation bringing European national aerospace organisations together for increased international strength. Today, CEAS comprises sixteen member organisations with roughly 35,000 individual members. CEAS hosts biennial conferences on aeronautics in Europe where CEAS 2013 in Linköping is the fourth after Venice 2011, Manchester 2009 and Berlin 2007.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. p. 991 (proceeding), /216 (abstracts)
Keywords
ESA, Workshop on Space Engineering Competences and academic Education, EWADE, Clean Sky, Garteur, E-Caero, EREA, R3ASC, Clean Space
National Category
Engineering and Technology Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99581 (URN)9789175195193 (ISBN)9789175195209 (ISBN)
Conference
4:th CEAS conference, CEAS2013: "Innovative Europe", Air & Space Conference, 16-19 September, Linköping, Sweden
Available from: 2013-10-18 Created: 2013-10-18 Last updated: 2017-12-15Bibliographically approved
Melin, T. (2013). Validation of a numerical simulation tool for aircraft formation flight. In: Tomas Melin, Petter Krus, Emil Vinterhav, Knut Övrebö (Ed.), Proceedings of the 4:th CEAS Conference in Linköping 2013: . Paper presented at CEAS 2013 Air and Space Conference, 16-19 September 2013, Linköping, Sweden (pp. 623-629).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of a numerical simulation tool for aircraft formation flight
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4:th CEAS Conference in Linköping 2013 / [ed] Tomas Melin, Petter Krus, Emil Vinterhav, Knut Övrebö, 2013, p. 623-629Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of formation flight for increased fuel efficiency has received a lot of attention in the last couple of years.This paper covers a numerical simulation of a NASA test flight utilizing a formation of two F18A Hornet aircraft. The numerical simulation was made using an adapted version of the vortex lattice method TORNADO, allowing for several aircraft to be simulated in a trimmed condition. The numerical results showed good agreement with the flight test data. Some discrepancies due to the numerical model not covering viscous diffusion was found as expected but not quantified or analyzed.

Keywords
Formation flight, drag reduction, panel methods
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106570 (URN)978-91-7519-519-3 (ISBN)
Conference
CEAS 2013 Air and Space Conference, 16-19 September 2013, Linköping, Sweden
Available from: 2014-05-12 Created: 2014-05-12 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved
Melin, T. & Jouannet, C. (2013). Wing profile performance variations influenced by manufacturing tolerances. In: : . Paper presented at 51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 2013; Grapevine, TX; United States.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wing profile performance variations influenced by manufacturing tolerances
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The sensitivity of wing profile performance metrics as a function of manufacturing tolerances and operational environment influence was studied using a numerical simulation. By employing a Monte-Carlo approach of varying the geometrical properties of a set of wing profiles, the sensitivity and statistical response was found, which in turn gives an indication towards both the most critical geometrical features and to which airfoil is the most robust with respect to constructions errors and operational fouling.

National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88323 (URN)10.2514/6.2013-633 (DOI)978-1-62410-181-6 (ISBN)
Conference
51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 2013; Grapevine, TX; United States
Projects
NFFP5
Available from: 2013-01-31 Created: 2013-01-31 Last updated: 2014-12-04
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