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Kanda, W., del Río, P., Hjelm, O. & Bienkowska, D. (2019). A technological innovation systems approach to analyse the roles of intermediaries in eco-innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 227, 1136-1148
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A technological innovation systems approach to analyse the roles of intermediaries in eco-innovation
2019 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 227, p. 1136-1148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on intermediaries faces challenges regarding how to conceptualise and empirically demonstrate the system-level impact of intermediaries. Thus, researchers and policy analysts may experience difficulties in grasping the potential contributions of intermediaries beyond individual projects and firms to aggregate levels of an innovation system. This article combines innovation intermediary and technological innovation systems literature to develop fundamentals of an approach for analysing how organisations acting as intermediaries support firms in eco-innovation and potentially contribute to technological innovation system functions. The operationalisation of the analytical approach is illustrated using case studies on a total of eight support organisations acting as intermediaries in the region of Scania, Sweden and North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. For researchers and policy analysts, the analytical approach presented in this article offers the opportunity for a step-by-step, comprehensive and transparent analysis of different types of intermediaries, their roles, and potential contributions to innovation system functions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Impact assessment Sustainability transitions Intermediation Eco-innovation intermediaries Circular economy
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156962 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.230 (DOI)000470939600097 ()2-s2.0-85065095236 (Scopus ID)
Projects
SUPER
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Funding agencies:  Formas (The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning) through ECO-INOVERA project "SHIFT"; European Union Regional Development fund through the lnterreg project "SUPER"

Available from: 2019-05-17 Created: 2019-05-17 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved
Laur, I., Klofsten, M., Bienkowska, D., Wincent, J. & Håkan, Y. (2019). Development of European cluster initiatives: stakeholders’ contribution and enrolment. Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), 21(685), 685-711
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of European cluster initiatives: stakeholders’ contribution and enrolment
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2019 (English)In: Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), ISSN 1097-4954, E-ISSN 1745-1329, Vol. 21, no 685, p. 685-711Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated how cluster initiatives’ members contribute to cluster initiatives concerning tasks as well as what dependency patterns exist between maturation level and enrolment of members in these organisations. The content of the work is considered as crucial for organisational functioning and development. The findings are based on survey responses from 136 (53% response rate) cluster initiatives from eight European countries. The results show that, first, all members contribute to initiatives’ development by performing strategic, operational tasks, and provision of resources. Each member tends to focus more on one task than the others that are delegated. Second, two factors influence enrolment of new members in cluster initiatives: age and presence of other influential members. The more mature cluster initiatives become the more networks and established organisational attributes it will have. This reflects longevity of the initiative and good-quality, intermediary assistance, which are attractive for potential members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2019
Keywords
Cluster initiatives; intermediaries; actors’ enrolment; contributions
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161245 (URN)10.1504/GBER.2019.102526 (DOI)2-s2.0-85073381822 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Onufrey, K., Berglund, M., Bienkowska, D., Magnusson, T. & Norrman, C. (2019). Digital tools for self-study and examination. In: : . Paper presented at The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital tools for self-study and examination
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Digitalization and increased use of information and communication technology (ICT) are major change processes taking place in engineering education today. Self-study and examination are areas with high potential for beneficial use of digital ICT tools. Some advantages with such tools are that students' can continuously assess their own learning in relation to the course objectives while they also can provide an opportunity to meet the teachers' needs to control how the students absorb the course material. Moreover, automatic provision of quick or instant feedback through digital tools can stimulate students’ commitment and active learning and allow students greater flexibility in their learning process, with tests that can be conducted online regardless of time and space and can be repeated as needed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how different types of ICT-based self-study and examination practices can be implemented in courses on topics such as project management, product development, and entrepreneurship, and build a knowledge base necessary for future systematic implementation of digital examinations. Our study is based on an educational development project at Linköping University, where we tested and evaluated different models and approaches for digital knowledge testing in a number of selected courses.We discuss both positive and potentially problematic aspects of the use of digital tools and conclude that successful implementation is dependent on well-planned integration of such tools into the overall course where different types of activities enhance each other. Thus, this study connects the areas of digital self- study and examination and provides examples of first steps on the way towards implementation of ICT-based examination practices.

Keywords
Digital tools, ICT-based self-study, self-assessment, CDIO Standards: 8, 11
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160681 (URN)
Conference
The 15th International CDIO Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25-27 June, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D. & Norrman, C. (2019). New approaches of innovation support to inventors and idea owners. In: : . Paper presented at R&D Management Conference 2019 - THE INNOVATION CHALLENGE: BRIDGING RESEARCH, INDUSTRY & SOCIETY.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New approaches of innovation support to inventors and idea owners
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Intermediaries play a vital role in many regional and national innovation systems when it comes to e.g. connecting different actors as well as guiding and supporting inventors, idea owners and entrepreneurs. Since innovation can arise in a wide variety of contexts and industries it is of great importance to take a broad approach when support activities are created and implemented. In this study we focus on how different types of regional intermediaries approach and work together with new, or partially new, target groups that potentially face higher barriers to developing their ideas than those traditionally viewed as being entrepreneurial or innovative. Our results address ways of attracting broader target groups to innovation support activities; as well as of designing guidance and support suitable for these target groups. This study relates to the overall theme of societal outreach within the innovation challenge, in particular through dealing with the issues of how innovation support can contribute to more inclusive innovation.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160682 (URN)
Conference
R&D Management Conference 2019 - THE INNOVATION CHALLENGE: BRIDGING RESEARCH, INDUSTRY & SOCIETY
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Cadorin, E., Germain-Alamartine, E., Bienkowska, D. & Klofsten, M. (2019). Universities and Science Parks: Engagements and Interactions in Developing and Attracting Talent. In: Thorsten Kliewe, Tobias Kesting, Carolin Plewa, Thomas Baaken (Ed.), Developing Engaged and Entrepreneurial Universities: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Findings (pp. 151-169). Singapore: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universities and Science Parks: Engagements and Interactions in Developing and Attracting Talent
2019 (English)In: Developing Engaged and Entrepreneurial Universities: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Findings / [ed] Thorsten Kliewe, Tobias Kesting, Carolin Plewa, Thomas Baaken, Singapore: Springer, 2019, p. 151-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many studies have shown that they have ceased to be mere facilitators of physical spaces to become important providers of services and resources to their tenants. Universities situated in or next to them play a key role in getting engaged in the development and the attraction of talent to Science Parks, to their tenant firms as well as to the region. Considering that skilled professionals are one of the resources that companies seek the most, Science Parks have dedicated numerous activities and means to become even more attractive to talented individuals, who can especially be found in entrepreneurial universities. In this study, we review the literature regarding the interactions existing between Science Parks or their tenants and their local universities. Talent attraction and entrepreneurship issues are addressed as the building blocks of these interactions. We strive to identify types of interactions that could differ in function of the maturity levels of the firms since their aims are not the same: at an early stage, firms tend to focus more on growth, whereas at a later stage, they tend to focus more on their development. We then point out policy implications, concerning both entrepreneurial or engaged universities and Science Parks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurial university, Engaged university, University-industrial collaboration, Science parks, Human capital
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160680 (URN)10.1007/978-981-13-8130-0_8 (DOI)9789811381294 (ISBN)9789811381300 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved
Kanda, W., Hjelm, O., Clausen, J. & Bienkowska, D. (2018). Roles of intermediaries in supporting eco-innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 205, 1006-1016
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roles of intermediaries in supporting eco-innovation
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 205, p. 1006-1016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eco-innovation is an approach to environmental sustainability. However, the process of eco-innovation can be challenging especially for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Thus, SMEs might seek external support to tackle some of their challenges in eco-innovation. In this article, we focus on one type of organization providing and also assisting SMEs to access support, intermediaries, i.e. an organization or body that acts as an agent or broker in the innovation process. Intermediaries support firms in the innovation process through various generic and customised activities. To identify such activities and describe the roles intermediaries take in eco-innovation, we conducted interviews and documentation analysis on selected intermediaries in two regions – Scania, Sweden and North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. The identified roles among our cases include: (i) forecasting and road mapping, (ii) information gathering and dissemination, (iii) fostering networking and partnerships, (iv) prototyping and piloting, (v) technical consulting, (vi) resource mobilisation, (vii) commercialisation, and (viii) branding and legitimation. In relation to the specific characteristics of eco-innovations, the intermediary roles such as prototyping and piloting, information gathering and dissemination, and branding were directly targeted at validating the environmental benefits of eco-innovations to tackle their “double externality” challenge. However, we found little intermediation activities from our cases directed explicitly at policy change for eco-innovation. For policy makers, our results suggest a complementary use of different types of intermediaries to support eco-innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Environmental innovations; Intermediation; Public support; Business Development Organisations
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152014 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.132 (DOI)000449133300081 ()2-s2.0-85054696120 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Funding agencies: Formas (The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning); European Unions Interreg programme

Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Klofsten, M. & Bienkowska, D. (2017). Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators. In: : . Paper presented at The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship support and sustainable business models – a European study of business incubators
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of business incubators in providing support for sustainable entrepreneurship and in promoting sustainable business models among entrepreneurs and their ventures. Through a survey of 96 European incubators we have focused on the present situation concerning incubators’ profiling and accommodation of firms with sustainable orientation, how incubators apply sustainability aspects when recruiting tenants as well as how this could benefit development of sustainable business models. It is shown that many incubators perceive themselves to be profiled as environmental or sustainable, but there are notable differences between countries. Regional development is the most important target for incubators. Traditional selection criteria such as entrepreneur’s capabilities and business idea’s commercial potential is seen as most important while incubators do generally not prioritise criteria relating to sustainability. It is suggested that incubators should strive to adapt their recruitment strategies to the local and regional conditions, that a structured and time-limited pre-incubation program could be offered to potential tenants, and that incubators integrate competence on sustainable business development into their daily operations.

Keywords
Sustainability; business incubators; business model development; incubator selection; incubator support services
National Category
Business Administration Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142013 (URN)
Conference
The 21th Annual Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, October 5-6, 2017, University of Wuppertal, Germany.
Projects
SHIFT
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D. & Lovén, E. (2017). Peer Feedback in CDIO Courses in Organisation and Leadership. In: The 13th International CDIO Conference Proceedings - Full Papers (Ed.), The 13th International CDIO Conference Proceedings - Full Papers: . Paper presented at The 13th International CDIO Conference (pp. 559-569). University of Calgary
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peer Feedback in CDIO Courses in Organisation and Leadership
2017 (English)In: The 13th International CDIO Conference Proceedings - Full Papers / [ed] The 13th International CDIO Conference Proceedings - Full Papers, University of Calgary , 2017, p. 559-569Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Peer feedback is increasingly being used as an important part of higher education, as it has a potential to contribute to development of professional skills such as giving and receiving feedback while having the benefit of not overstretching the teacher resources. In this paper we share our experiences of working with peer feedback in a course on organisation and leadership with approximately 170 students given during the first year of a CDIO-based engineering program. We present and discuss the course design and how peer feedback was organized as well as the experiences of both teachers and students of this course. We observe that working with peer feedback has helped our students in achieving several important outcomes, for example increased learning within the subject, documented development of own writing and assessment skills, and increased awareness of different perspectives on the same topic. However, we also identify problematic aspects of working with peer feedback, such as a large variation in the quality of provided feedback, perceived difficulties when students are asked to provide non-anonymous feedback to their peers, and students’ doubts whether peers can provide as “correct” feedback as the teacher would have been able to give. We discuss the benefits and downsides of peer feedback within the framework of CDIO-based engineering education and conclude by recommending that feedback-related skills should be trained and developed throughout educational programs in a gradual and integrated way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Calgary, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International CDIO Conference, ISSN 2002-1593 ; 2017
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139038 (URN)9780889533998 (ISBN)
Conference
The 13th International CDIO Conference
Note

Series: Research Reports FromUniversity of CalgaryCalgary, ISSN (electronic) 1796-9964, 2017

Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2018-11-27Bibliographically approved
Norrman, C., Bienkowska, D., Sundberg, A. & André, A. (2017). Simple Mockups: Tool to Enhance Visualisation and Creativity inEntrepreneurship Courses. In: Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner (Ed.), Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017: . Paper presented at 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 (pp. 481-489). Calgary: University of Calgary
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simple Mockups: Tool to Enhance Visualisation and Creativity inEntrepreneurship Courses
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017 / [ed] Robert Brennan, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Roslöf, Robert Songer and Daniel Spooner, Calgary: University of Calgary , 2017, p. 481-489Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The CDIO framework encourages us to work with prototyping during the conceive and design phases integrated into engineering education. At Linköping university, we apply prototyping and working with simple mockups in several entrepreneurship and innovation courses in order to stimulate creative thinking and experimentation. We have seen that through working with a joint prototype, the students increase their level of engagement and self-confidence while learning to know each other, both as individuals, and according to their skills and competence. Prototyping events are appreciated as learning activities, not least as they signal a culture of playfulness and unpretentiousness within a course. We have also seen that it is important to inspire the participating students to reflect on the event in order to complete the learning process. In the paper we analyse and discuss our experience regarding how and at what time in a course simple prototypes can be used, how workshops can be developed, and what we have learned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Calgary: University of Calgary, 2017
Series
Proceedings of the International CDIO Conference, ISSN 2002-1593, E-ISSN 1796-9964
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, project course, prototype, mockup, shitty prototyping
National Category
Learning Didactics Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145381 (URN)9780889533998 (ISBN)
Conference
13th International CDIO Conference, University of Calgary,Calgary, Canada, June 18-22, 2017
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Bienkowska, D., Klofsten, M. & Rasmussen, E. (2016). PhD Students in the Entrepreneurial University - Perceived Support for Academic Entrepreneurship. European Journal of Education, 51(1), 56-72
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PhD Students in the Entrepreneurial University - Perceived Support for Academic Entrepreneurship
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Education, ISSN 0141-8211, E-ISSN 1465-3435, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 56-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Universities are currently in the process of change and adaptation to shifting expectations that for example include closer engagement with businesses and increased facilitation of entrepreneurship among faculty and graduates. By supporting academic entrepreneurship, universities can address these expectations whilst also becoming more entrepreneurial institutions. However, more knowledge is needed on how this support provided by different levels in the university organisation is perceived by academics. This is particularly relevant in the case of PhD students because many of them will go on to become the next generation of senior faculty and because PhD education constitutes a considerable part of most universities’ activities with PhD students performing a large share of university research. Our study is based on survey responses of 464 PhD students from all faculties at one of the biggest universities in Sweden. The results show that the perceived support of commercialisation of research results varies at different hierarchical levels within the university. The score for perceived support from the highest level (central administration) did not differ much between the faculties, while significant differences were found at lower levels. We argue that variations between faculties and departments with regard to norms and cultures should be considered when stimulating entrepreneurial engagement, for example by using multiple channels of communication, as well as tailor-made strategies and activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016
Keywords
Collaboration, Commercialisation of research, PhD education, University–industry networks, Academic entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial university
National Category
Pedagogy Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125382 (URN)10.1111/ejed.12160 (DOI)000371154100006 ()
Note

Funding agencies. Helix Centre of Excellence; Research Council of Norway

Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9938-8839

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