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Mejia Dugand, Santiago
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Mejia Dugand, S., Kanda, W. & Hjelm, O. (2016). Analyzing international city networks for sustainability: A study of five major Swedish cities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 134(part A), 61-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing international city networks for sustainability: A study of five major Swedish cities
2016 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 134, no part A, p. 61-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article studies five Swedish cities, their membership in international city networks, the different motivations for such membership, and their administrations’ expected and perceived benefits. Particular focus is put on sustainability, environmental technology, and municipal companies as potential beneficiaries of such network membership. This study is motivated by the fact that city networks can potentially contribute to global sustainability goals by accelerating the diffusion of innovations, giving members access to bidirectional information flows, improving the user-producer relationship, and providing legitimacy in the potential recipient regimes.

The study relies on a documentation review, the collection of data from the websites of the studied cities and numerous international city networks, and interviews with city officials responsible for international city networks. It was found that four of the five studied cities are active members of international networks for sustainability, but also that there are large gaps between the two largest cities and the rest when it comes to the number of memberships and the geographical outreach they have through the networks they belong to.

Some city officials claim that it is easier to be active in national networks than in international networks, due to time requirements and coordination among so many members. However, city officials see benefits for their municipal companies when they are members of international networks, and these companies are usually independent when it comes to choosing and administering their memberships. It was found that it is difficult to measure direct benefits from network membership, and link improvements in the studied cities to participation in a particular network (with the exception of groups created for a specific infrastructure project, reported as “networks” by the administrations). In addition, there is no apparent direct correlation between membership and diffusion of environmental solutions from municipal companies. However, the administrations expect indirect benefits such as gaining legitimacy and access to milieus where they can share information and best practices, which could lead to the improvement of both local and global environmental conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Legitimacy;Information Flows;Knowledge Sharing;Municipal Companies;Environmental Technology
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121814 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.09.093 (DOI)000382409700007 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA); Swedish Energy Agency; Tekniska Verken AB

Available from: 2015-10-07 Created: 2015-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Kanda, W., Hjelm, O. & Dugand, S. M. (2016). Promoting the export of environmental technologies: An analysis of governmental initiatives from eight countries. Environmental Development, 17, 73-87
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting the export of environmental technologies: An analysis of governmental initiatives from eight countries
2016 (English)In: Environmental Development, ISSN 2211-4645, E-ISSN 2211-4653, Vol. 17, p. 73-87Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Export represents a means for the diffusion of environmental technologies with potential socio-economic and environmental benefits. However, environmental technology providers experience export barriers which stifle export and thus several governments continue to formulate export promotion initiatives towards this sector. Although export promotion is identified as essential in the environmental technology policy literature, it is yet to receive attention as to which initiatives are available in different countries including their potential relevance for environmental sustainability. Such knowledge is fundamental for policy learning and transfer including identification of good practices.

To address this knowledge gap, we use market failure and comparative public policy theories to analyse export promotion initiatives from export promotion and export credit agencies across eight countries in Asia, Europe, and North America. Three major conclusions emerge: (1) governmental initiatives to promote environmental technology export can be categorised under financial aid, information provision, education and training, and trade mobility programs; (2) policy choices regarding promotion initiatives are mediated by the institutional context and interests of policy actors (3) relevant aspects of such initiatives for environmental sustainability include the incorporation of particular environmental technology characteristics in initiative formulation, and the prioritisation between different technology and markets types for implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Environmental technology; Export promotion, Market failure, Comparative public policy, Technology policy
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122234 (URN)10.1016/j.envdev.2015.09.009 (DOI)000372791500008 ()
Projects
Megatech project
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-10-24 Created: 2015-10-24 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Mejía-Dugand, S. (2016). The Evolution of Sweden's Urban Sustainability Marketing Tool: A Comparative Study of Two Major International Events. The Journal of urban technology, 23(2), 65-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Evolution of Sweden's Urban Sustainability Marketing Tool: A Comparative Study of Two Major International Events
2016 (English)In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 65-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, some of the obstacles for translating urban imaginaries and urban sustainability concepts based on technological interventions are analyzed. This analysis is built on experiences from the World Urban Forum 7 in Medellín, Colombia held in April 2014 and uses previous attempts to explore the production of imaginaries at play in the performance of SymbioCity, an urban development concept with a symbiosis tint created by the Swedish Trade Council. Through documenting the role of physical and non-physical messages from the Swedish delegation and its exhibition, along with numerous interviews with key actors at the conference and from the city's administration, an analysis of the current strategies used to promote the tool is provided. The claim that induced idealized urban futures sap energy and result in poor achievement of the goals is used to suggest that context and current conditions influence the ability to understand and adopt technological solutions. The conclusions are centered on the fact that SymbioCity, for the most part, is trying to sell products or services that are difficult to see and understand from the perspective of cities-customers, since most of these consist of invisible (i.e., energy), or hidden loops (i.e., waste and water). It is argued that there are contextual and historical conditions that are crucial for the decision to implement them that are, at least implicitly, expressed by the targeted cities-customers, and that the SymbioCity concept, or at least the way it is communicated in these fora, has undergone a change, in the sense that it has become more flexible and allowed for bottom-up considerations to enter the discourse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127483 (URN)10.1080/10630732.2015.1102422 (DOI)000382498800005 ()
Note

Funding agencies: AForsk; Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (Vinnova)

Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Mejía-Dugand, S. (2015). Environmental Technology and its Role in the Search for Urban Environmental Sustainability: The Dynamics of Adaptation. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Technology and its Role in the Search for Urban Environmental Sustainability: The Dynamics of Adaptation
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to analyze the role that environmental technology plays in the solution of environmental problems in cities, and discuss models and conditions that can facilitate the processes of selection, implementation and use of environmental technologies in and by cities.

The technological component is perhaps one of the most important characteristics of modern cities. The dependence of humans on technology is in most cases a given, something that is not ignored in the sustainability debate. The development and implementation of new, “better” technologies is however hindered by the inertia that modern societies have and the influence of the dominant systems (e.g. economic systems based on growth, extraction of natural resources and environmental disturbance). So-called environmental technologies are not always able to efficiently compete against other technologies that are embedded in societies by lock-in mechanisms, e.g. learning by doing and using, scale economies, subsidies, and network externalities.

Even with the “right” technologies, an exclusively techno-centered approach to sustainability can result in other problems, and it might reduce the sustainability debate and the cities’ role in it to discussions of an administrative nature. The actual role of local actors and their agency must be also considered in the models and frameworks directed at understanding sustainability transition processes. It is thus important to analyze the dynamics of technology selection, implementation, use and diffusion in cities from a stakeholders’ perspective as well.

Not only is the availability of technology of interest for understanding the impact it has on the environment, but also the intensity of its use. This has resulted in increased attention from politicians and scholars on the so-called global cities (e.g. London, New York, Tokyo), which are characterized by their intense use of e.g. transport, security and surveillance, and information and communication. Paradigmatic models of sustainability can however be contested when the role of local actors, power and agency are considered in detail and not isolated from the context. Some authors recognize the need to address what they call “ordinary cities”, since focusing on the cities’ comparative level of development (be it political, economic or technological) hinders the possibility of bidirectional learning. In the end, sustainability is a “collective good,” which means that it is in everyone’s interest to coordinate efforts and learn from the best practices, regardless of where they come from.

This thesis focuses on “ordinary cities,” and promises to offer conclusions that can contribute to a better understanding of how societies can learn from each other and how environmental technologies can have deeper and better results when implemented in different contexts than the ones where they were developed. Two questions related to the process of environmental-technology adaptation are addressed in this thesis: How do technology adaptation processes for the solution of urban environmental problems take place in cities? And how do cities benefit from environmental technologies?

It is found that environmental technology is not only seen as a solution to environmental problems in cities, but every day more as a component of strategies to attract attention and compete for resources in national and international markets. Cities have different adaptation and learning strategies. This means that technological solutions have to be flexible and adaptive to local conditions, and allow for vernacular knowledge and past experiences to enrich their performance by facilitating their connection to existing systems. Learning between cities is important and necessary for global sustainability transitions. When it comes to environmental technology, this process is facilitated by strong proof-of-concept projects. Such projects are not only expected to be able to show their technical ability to solve a problem, but must also offer contextual connections to the problems faced by interested cities or potential implementers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. p. 75
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1659
Keywords
Technology Adaptation; Governance Mechanisms; Spread of Technology; Stakeholder Involvement; Proof-of-concept; Environmental Technology Suppliers; Urban Imaginaries
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117947 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-117947 (DOI)978-91-7519-075-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-15, ACAS, A-Huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-05-18 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Kanda, W., Mejiá-Dugand, S. & Hjelm, O. (2015). Governmental export promotion initiatives: awareness, participation, and perceived effectiveness among Swedish environmental technology firms. Journal of Cleaner Production, 98, 222-228
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governmental export promotion initiatives: awareness, participation, and perceived effectiveness among Swedish environmental technology firms
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, p. 222-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Some countries rely heavily on exports as an essential component of their economic competitiveness. With the current trends in economic globalization, promoting exports has become a common strategy to boost economic growth. Exports of environmental technologies represent a new window of opportunity for economic growth and a contribution to global sustainability. With this in mind, national governments have designed initiatives that aim to promote exports within this sector. To address their objectives, governments provide initiatives to promote foreign commerce with their environmental technology sector. This article assesses the awareness, participation, and perceived effectiveness of such governmental initiatives to promote exports among Swedish environmental technology firms. An Internet survey was sent to 693 Swedish environmental technology companies, previously identified and classified, with a 25% response rate. The responses show a relatively high export orientation although a majority of the respondents claimed they were unaware of governmental initiatives that fit their particular export needs. The companies that did find appropriate governmental initiatives showed a high level of participation in such initiatives, but only a few of these participants could relate their participation to actual exports. The findings suggest there is a need to design support instruments based on the particular characteristics of the environmental technology sector rather than to offer generic solutions for such export promotion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Environmental technology, Technology diffusion, Market failures, Perceived effectiveness, Firm-level analysis
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102196 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.013 (DOI)000356194300023 ()
Projects
Megatech
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Mejía-Dugand, S., Kanda, W. & Hjelm, O. (2014). Analyzing city networks for the diffusion of environmental innovations: A study of five major Swedish cities. In: Rebeka Kovačič Lukman, Peter Glavič, Damijan Koletnik, Peter Virtič and Boris Horvat (Ed.), Conference Proceedings, ERSCP 2014, 14-16 October 2014, Portorož, Slovenia: . Paper presented at 17th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2014), 14-16 October 2014, Portoroz, Slovenia (pp. 197-206). Maribor: Nigrad d.d.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing city networks for the diffusion of environmental innovations: A study of five major Swedish cities
2014 (English)In: Conference Proceedings, ERSCP 2014, 14-16 October 2014, Portorož, Slovenia / [ed] Rebeka Kovačič Lukman, Peter Glavič, Damijan Koletnik, Peter Virtič and Boris Horvat, Maribor: Nigrad d.d. , 2014, p. 197-206Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies five Swedish municipalities, their memberships in international city networks, the different motivations to be members of them, and the expected and perceived benefits from doing so. A particular focus is put on sustainability, environmental technology, and municipal companies as potential beneficiaries of such memberships. This study is motivated by the fact that networks have been reported by literature to accelerate the diffusion of innovation, give members access to two-way information flows, improve the user-producer relationship and provide legitimacy in the potential recipient regimes. Using a documentation review and interviews with city officials responsible for international city networks, the conclusions relate to the active participation of the studied cities in international networks, but also to the large gaps between the two largest ones and the rest when it comes to the number of memberships and the geographical reach they have through the networks they belong to. Also, cities see benefits for their municipal companies when they belong to such networks, and these companies are usually independent when it comes to choosing and administering their memberships. It was found that the benefits from belonging to international networks are difficult to monitor and measure objectively, and that there is no apparent direct correlation between membership and diffusion of environmental solutions from municipal companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Maribor: Nigrad d.d., 2014
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111817 (URN)978-961-93738-1-1 (ISBN)
Conference
17th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2014), 14-16 October 2014, Portoroz, Slovenia
Available from: 2014-11-04 Created: 2014-11-04 Last updated: 2015-05-18Bibliographically approved
Baas, L., Magnusson, D. & Mejía-Dugand, S. (2014). Emerging selective enlightened self-interest trends in society: Consequences for demand and supply of renewable energy. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emerging selective enlightened self-interest trends in society: Consequences for demand and supply of renewable energy
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Energy supply has for a long time primarily been a question of central management with littlecommunication between producer and consumer. Heating, electricity and other services havebeen produced by public corporations with little room for alternative solutions. However, thishas started to change, through grassroots movements aimed at greater degrees of self-sufficiencyin energy production. The trend is clear in both Sweden and internationally.

This study focuses on grassroots movements, to understand the determinants for up-scalingtowards greater self-sufficiency. We are interested in understanding the driving forces behinddifferent types of communities with high ambitions on sustainability and self-sufficiency. Thestudy was conducted in two phases. In phase one, we have studied a total of five communities inDenmark, Germany and the UK that have taken extensive measures to increase energy selfsufficiency,in order to understand how and why they were created and how they work today. Inphase two, we have conducted a web-based questionnaire to residents in the Swedish ecovillages,to understand the reasons for moving there and the experience of living in the villages.The overall aim of the study is to understand citizens' involvement in sustainable communitiesand analyse what this could mean regarding current supply and demand for sustainable energy.

The results from phase one, where interviews were conducted with key stakeholders inrenewable communities, shows that these communities took their steps towards moresustainability due to either momentous events, such as the oil crises of the 1970s, or throughnational "energy competitions"; they started because of particular events. Of paramountimportance for successful projects was a close cooperation between municipalities and citizens,particularly through civic ownership. It created interest, transparency and security in the projects.The development also created new jobs, attracting new jobs to the communities because of theexpertise that were there. Although there are great advantages of the high degree civil activity ithas been proved to be more time consuming. In all cases they have managed to becomeessentially self-sufficient in renewable energy, in one case, they produce up to 500 percent oftheir electricity needs, but a further challenge has been to adapt the independent systems toexisting centralized systems, adapted to different conditions.

The questionnaire in phase two was sent out to 17 ecovillages. We received a response rate ofapproximately 30 percent and the questions concerned for example motives moving to the ecovillage,environmental interest and perceived satisfaction with the accommodation. The resultsshowed that residents are well educated with a great interest in the environment and that,although in many cases it expressed that sacrifices must be made on the basis of theaccommodation, it is worth it. The replies expressed few social conflicts but that the technicalsystems resulted in work and discussions. In some cases it seems as the technical systems wereoff-gauge from the start and something that had to be handled a long time to come. The technicalsystem performance is something that is very important for whether residents feel comfortable invillage or not. The villages started as movements willing to do something different.

The results from the two studies show, among other things, the importance of communicationand inclusion of residents. People are also willing to adapt to new situations as long as it does notaffect the comfort too much or if it is for a good cause. However, there is considerableknowledge among all these communities that should be utilised in other contexts.

Abstract [sv]

Energiförsörjning har under lång tid främst varit en fråga om central styrning med litekommunikation mellan producent och konsument. Värme, el och andra tjänster har produceratsav offentligt ägda bolag med litet utrymme för alternativa lösningar. Detta har dock börjatförändras, genom allt mer gräsrotsrörelser som siktar på större grader av självförsörjning avenergiproduktion. Trenden är tydlig i både Sverige och internationellt.

Denna studie fokuserar därför på denna typ av rörelser, för att förstå avgörande faktorer för enuppskalning av högre grad av självförsörjning. Vi är intresserade att förstå drivkrafter bakomolika typer av gemenskaper med höga ambitioner gällande hållbarhet och självförsörjning.Studien genomfördes i två faser. I fas ett har vi studerat sammanlagt fem samhällen i Danmark,Tyskland och Storbritannien som vidtagit omfattande åtgärder för ökad självförsörjning avenergi för att förstå hur de skapades, varför och hur de fungerar idag. I fas två har vi genomförten web-baserad enkätundersökning till boende i svenska ekobyar, för att förstå motiven för attflytta dit och erfarenheter av boendet. Det övergripande syftet med studien är att förståmedborgares engagemang i gemenskaper för hållbarhet och analysera vad detta kan betydagällande tillgång och efterfrågan på hållbar energi.

Resultatet från fas ett, där intervjuer genomfördes med nyckelaktörer i förnybara samhällen,visar att dessa samhällen tog sina steg mot ytterligare hållbarhet på grund av antingenomvälvande händelser, såsom oljekriserna på 1970-talet, eller genom nationella”energitävlingar”; de startade på grund av särskilda händelser. Av största vikt för lyckade projektvar ett tätt samarbete mellan kommuner och medborgare, särskilt genom medborgarägande. Detskapade intresse, insyn och säkerhet i projekten. Utvecklingen skapade även nya arbeten ochattraherade nya arbetstillfällen till orterna på grund av den kompetens som fanns där. Även omdet är stora fördelar med stort medborgarinflytande har det visat sig vara mer tidskrävande. I allafallen har de lyckats bli i princip självförsörjande på förnybar energi, i ett fall producerar det.o.m. 500 procent av deras elbehov, men en ytterligare utmaning har varit att anpassa desjälvständiga systemen till existerande centraliserade system vilka är anpassade efter andraförutsättningar.

Enkäten i fas två skickades ut till 17 ekobyar. Vi fick en svarsfrekvens på cirka 30 procent ochfrågorna berörde exempelvis motiv att flytta till ekobyn, miljöintresse och upplevd belåtenhetmed boendet. Resultatet visade att de boende är välutbildade med ett stort miljöintresse och attäven om det i många fall uttrycktes att uppoffringar får göras på grund av boendet så är det värtdet. I svaren uttrycktes lite sociala konflikter men att de tekniska systemen gav upphov tillmycket arbete och diskussioner. I några fall verkar systemen varit feldimensionerade från startoch något som behövts hanteras lång tid framöver. Just de tekniska systemens prestanda är någotsom är av stor betydelse för huruvida boende trivs i by eller ej. Det går att sammanfatta det somatt byarna startade som en rörelse där det fanns en vilja att göra något annat och vara mersjälvständig.

Resultaten från de två studierna visar bland annat vikten av kommunikation med och inkluderingav boende. Människor är också villiga att anpassa sig till nya situationer så länge det intepåverkar komforten allt för mycket eller om det är för en god sak. Det finns dock stor kunskapbland alla dessa gemenskaper som borde tas tillvara på i andra sammanhang.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. p. 77
Series
LIU-IEI-R ; 204
Keywords
Energy Independence, Renewable Energy, Self-Sufficiency, Eco Villages
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106904 (URN)LIU-IEI-RR--14/00204—SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Mejía-Dugand, S. (2013). Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City. (Licentiate dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In a world recently declared urban, each day technology plays a more important role in society. A majority of people seem to believe in technology not only for solving everyday problems and for supporting the current production and economic systems, but also for the redress of environmental problems that are caused to a large extent by the same technology that has driven society to the current standards. In this direction, megacities (i.e. cities with more than ten million inhabitants) represent a valuable example of both the problems caused by high urbanization rates and the possibility of solving them using technology. However, the mere development of technology does not guarantee its immediate adoption and successful implementation by a given society.

In this thesis, one of the largest megacities in the world (i.e. in terms of population) was chosen as a case study for the analysis of the adoption and diffusion of environmental technology. Mexico City is studied through a set of interviews with local stakeholders from academia, government, industry and other external organizations such as non-profit organizations and international institutions. This approach resulted in the identification of different obstacles to the adoption and implementation of technologies, but also led to a successful case of technology adoption that allowed for the understanding of important traits that facilitated not only such adoption, but also the subsequent diffusion and spread to other cities.

Although the thesis has a strong focus on the demand side (in this case Mexico City), the supply side (in this case the Swedish environmental technology sector) is also considered and analyzed. By using statistical data of common enterprise and economic nature, the composition of the sector was described and analyzed with the intention to identify important areas and behavioral traits that could give insight into the hindrances that the sector faces when exporting its offerings. Given the interest that the Swedish government has put in the sector for contributing to the country’s economic growth, the different studies commissioned for the assessment of the sector are also discussed in this thesis. The different conclusions and suggestions made by the different agencies entrusted with this task are shown and analyzed.

Conclusions are drawn regarding the need for designing strategies that consider local conditions, that are flexible and adaptive to a highly dynamic environment and that pay particular attention to the development of strong demonstration projects that facilitate overcoming the distrust normally created when new technologies are introduced in a society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. p. 73
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1574
Keywords
Technology Diffusion, Environmental Technology, Megacities, Mexico City
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88401 (URN)978-91-7519-697-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-02-01, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Megatech
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-04 Last updated: 2013-02-15Bibliographically approved
Mejía-Dugand, S., Hjelm, O., Baas, L. & Ríos, R. A. (2013). Lessons from the spread of Bus Rapid Transit in Latin America. Journal of Cleaner Production, 50, 82-90
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lessons from the spread of Bus Rapid Transit in Latin America
2013 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 50, p. 82-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Technological transitions and governance theories are employed for the analysis of the dissemination behavior of Bus Rapid Transit systems in Latin America. This process presents interesting characteristics and traits that seem to facilitate the overcoming of barriers and act as catalysts for the adoption of innovation. The present study uses a systems perspective to explore the dynamics of Bus Rapid Transit's adoption by different cities in the region and to follow its geographical dissemination, relying on historical data collected on numerous implemented projects.

The resulting analysis provides an insight on the determinants and key points for the concept's expansion, which may be useful for the study of the dissemination of environmental technologies in cities. Contextualized, solid demonstration projects and incremental innovations, it is here argued, facilitated the adoption of new ways and promoted the dissemination of this urban mobility solution within a homogenous group of cities. A description of the Bus Rapid Transit system's approach to barriers that are also found to hinder the dissemination of environmental technologies provides a learning basis for future dissemination strategies.

Keywords
Transitions; Innovative urban solutions; Technology spreading; Urban transformation; BRT Systems
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85513 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.028 (DOI)000320490600008 ()
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2012-11-23 Created: 2012-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Kanda, W., Hjelm, O. & Mejiá-Dugand, S. (2013). Promoting the export of environmental technologies: governmental initiatives in selected countries.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting the export of environmental technologies: governmental initiatives in selected countries
2013 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Rapid international and widespread diffusion of environmental technologies remains an essential requirement within the framework of sustainable development. Export offers a desired means for technology diffusion due to its strategic flexibility compared to other means such as foreign direct investment and aid. However, the export of environmental technologies is stifled by market failures. Among other reasons and as a response to such market failures, several governments are formulating initiatives to promote the export of environmental technologies. Although diffusion promotion is highlighted as an important research focus, a systematic overview of governmental initiatives that aim to promote environmental technology export is not available in the literature. This gap in the literature makes it difficult to analyse program effectiveness, and identify best practices. Using documentation from export promotion and export credit agencies in eight selected countries across Asia, Europe, and North America, we discuss governmental initiatives that aim to promote the export of environmental technologies. Our synthesis reveals that governmental promotion can be categorised according to alternative promotional services and is applied across target country(ies), environmental technology type(s), firm size(s),  and firm involvement in export. In addition, using theories from market failure and diffusion studies, we discuss similarities and differences between country initiatives. Trends indicate a focus on support for small and medium sized environmental technology exporters but interesting differences emerge with the choice of target markets, technologies, and the specific export promotion services.

Keywords
Environmental technology; Export promotion; Market failure; Governmental initiatives
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108728 (URN)
Projects
Megatech
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2014-07-02 Created: 2014-07-02 Last updated: 2014-11-07Bibliographically approved
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