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Ljunggren, Stefan
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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Helmfrid, I., Ljunggren, S., Nosratabadi, A. R., Augustsson, A., Filipsson, M., Fredrikson, M., . . . Berglund, M. (2019). Exposure of metals and PAH through local foods and risk of cancer in a historically contaminated glasswork area. Environment International, 131, Article ID UNSP 104985.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exposure of metals and PAH through local foods and risk of cancer in a historically contaminated glasswork area
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2019 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 131, article id UNSP 104985Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Production of crystal glass and colored art glassware have been going on in the south-eastern part of Sweden since the 1700s, at over 100 glassworks and smaller glass blowing facilities, resulting in environmental contamination with mainly arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and polycyclic hydrocarbons (PAH). High levels of metals have been found in soil, and moderately elevated levels in vegetables, mushrooms and berries collected around the glassworks sites compared with reference areas. Food in general, is the major exposure source to metals, such as Cd and Pb, and PAHs. Exposure to these toxic metals and PAH has been associated with a variety of adverse health effects in humans including cancer.

Objective

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the occurrence of cancer in a cohort from the contaminated glasswork area in relation to long-term dietary intake of locally produced foods, while taking into account residential, occupational and life styles factors.

Methods

The study population was extracted from a population cohort of 34,266 individuals who, at some time between the years 1979–2004, lived within a 2 km radius of a glassworks or glass landfill. Register information on cancer incidence and questionnaire information on consumption of local foods (reflecting 30 years general eating habits), life-time residence in the area, life style factors and occupational exposure was collected. Furthermore, blood (n = 660) and urine (n = 400) samples were collected in a subsample of the population to explore associations between local food consumption frequencies, biomarker concentrations in blood (Cd, Pb, As) and urine (PAH metabolite 1-OHPy) as well as environmental and lifestyle factors. The concurrent exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from food was also considered. A case-control study was performed for evaluation of associations between intakes of local food and risk of cancer.

Results

Despite high environmental levels of Cd, Pb and As at glasswork sites and landfills, current metal exposure in the population living in the surrounding areas was similar or only moderately higher in our study population compared to the general population. Reported high consumption of certain local foods was associated with higher Cd and Pb, but not As, concentrations in blood, and 1-OHPy in urine. An increased risk of cancer was associated with smoking, family history of cancer, obesity, and residence in glasswork area before age 5 years. Also, a long-term high consumption of local foods (reflecting 30 years general eating habits), i.e. fish and meat (game, chicken, lamb), was associated with increased risk of various cancer forms.

Conclusions

The associations between consumption of local food and different types of cancer may reflect a higher contaminant exposure in the past, and thus, if consumption of local food contributes to the risk of acquiring cancer, that contribution is probably lower today than before. Furthermore, it cannot be ruled out that other contaminants in the food contribute to the increased cancer risks observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160953 (URN)10.1016/j.envint.2019.104985 (DOI)000493550200042 ()31319292 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85068874468 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Kamprad Family Foundation, Sweden; Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Linkoping University Hospital, Sweden

Available from: 2019-10-16 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-12-04Bibliographically approved
Ljunggren, S., Bengtsson, T., Karlsson, H., Starkhammar Johansson, C., Palm, E., Nayeri, F., . . . Lönn, J. (2019). Modified lipoproteins in periodontitis: a link to cardiovascular disease?. Bioscience Reports, 39(3), Article ID BSR20181665.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modified lipoproteins in periodontitis: a link to cardiovascular disease?
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2019 (English)In: Bioscience Reports, ISSN 0144-8463, E-ISSN 1573-4935, Vol. 39, no 3, article id BSR20181665Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a strong association between periodontal disease and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disorders. A key event in the development of atherosclerosis is accumulation of modified lipoproteins within the arterial wall. We hypothesise that patients with periodontitis have an altered lipoprotein profile towards an atherogenic form. Therefore, the present study aims at identifying modifications of plasma lipoproteins in periodontitis. Lipoproteins from ten female patients with periodontitis and gender- and age-matched healthy controls were isolated by density-gradient ultracentrifugation. Proteins were separated by 2D gel-electrophoresis and identified by map-matching or by nano-LC followed by MS. Apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I (ApoA-I) methionine oxidation, Oxyblot, total antioxidant capacity and a multiplex of 71 inflammation-related plasma proteins were assessed. Reduced levels of apoJ, phospholipid transfer protein, apoF, complement C3, paraoxonase 3 and increased levels of alpha-1-antichymotrypsin, apoA-II, apoC-III were found in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) from the patients. In low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/very LDL (VLDL), the levels of apoL-1 and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) as well as apo-B fragments were increased. Methionine oxidation of apoA-I was increased in HDL and showed a relationship with periodontal parameters. alpha-1 antitrypsin and alpha-2-HS glycoprotein were oxidised in LDL/VLDL and antioxidant capacity was increased in the patient group. A total of 17 inflammation-related proteins were important for group separation with the highest discriminating proteins identified as IL-21, Fractalkine, IL-17F, IL-7, IL-1RA and IL-2. Patients with periodontitis have an altered plasma lipoprotein profile, defined by altered protein levels as well as post-translational and other structural modifications towards an atherogenic form, which supports a role of modified plasma lipoproteins as central in the link between periodontal and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Portland Press, 2019
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157252 (URN)10.1042/BSR20181665 (DOI)000465453700016 ()30842338 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85063936955 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Knowledge Foundation [Dnr20150037]; Foundation Langmanska Kulturfonden; Magnus Bergwalls Foundation

Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Kjellmo, C. A., Karlsson, H., Nestvold, T. K., Ljunggren, S., Cederbrant, K., Marcusson-Stahl, M., . . . Hovland, A. (2018). Bariatric surgery improves lipoprotein profile in morbidly obese patients by reducing LDL cholesterol, apoB, and SAA/PON1 ratio, increasing HDL cholesterol, but has no effect on cholesterol efflux capacity. Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 12(1), 193-202
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bariatric surgery improves lipoprotein profile in morbidly obese patients by reducing LDL cholesterol, apoB, and SAA/PON1 ratio, increasing HDL cholesterol, but has no effect on cholesterol efflux capacity
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Lipidology, ISSN 1933-2874, E-ISSN 1876-4789, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce cardiovascular events and cause specific mortality for coronary artery disease in obese patients. Lipoprotein biomarkers relating to low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), their subfractions, and macrophage cholesterol efflux have all been hypothesized to be of value in cardiovascular risk assessment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a lifestyle intervention followed by bariatric surgery on the lipid profile of morbidly obese patients. METHODS: Thirty-four morbidly obese patients were evaluated before and after lifestyle changes and then 1 year after bariatric surgery. They were compared with 17 lean subjects. Several lipoprotein metrics, serum amyloid A (SAA), serum paraoxonase-1 (PON1), and macrophage cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) were assessed. RESULTS: Average weight loss after the lifestyle intervention was 10.5% and 1 year after bariatric surgery was 33.9%. The lifestyle intervention significantly decreased triglycerides (TGs; 28.7 mg/dL, P amp;lt; .05), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C; 32.3 mg/dL, P amp;lt; .0001), and apolipoprotein B (apoB; 62.9 mu g/mL, P amp;lt; .001). Bariatric surgery further reduced TGs (-36.7 mg/dL, P amp;lt; .05), increased HDL cholesterol (+12 mg/dL, P amp;lt; .0001), and reductions in LDL-C and apoB were sustained. Bariatric surgery reduced large, buoyant LDL (P amp;lt; .0001), but had no effect on the small, dense LDL.The large HDL subfractions increased (P amp;lt; .0001), but there was no effect on the smaller HDL sub fractions. The ratio for SAA/PON1 was reduced after the lifestyle intervention (P amp;lt; .01) and further reduced after bariatric surgery (P amp;lt; .0001). Neither the lifestyle intervention nor bariatric surgery had any effect on CEC. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle intervention followed by bariatric surgery in 34 morbidly obese patients showed favorable effects on TGs, LDL-C, and apoB. HDL cholesterol and apoA1 was increased, apoB/apoA1 ratio as well as SAA/PON1 ratio reduced, but bariatric surgery did not influence CEC. (C) 2017 National Lipid Association. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2018
Keywords
Bariatric surgery; Obesity; Lipoprotein particle subclasses; Paraoxon ase-1 (PON1); Serum amyloid A (SAA); Cholesterol efflux capacity
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145785 (URN)10.1016/j.jacl.2017.10.007 (DOI)000426022400024 ()29146227 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Ali, N., Ljunggren, S., Karlsson, H., Wierzbicka, A., Pagels, J., Isaxon, C., . . . Karedal, M. (2018). Comprehensive proteome analysis of nasal lavage samples after controlled exposure to welding nanoparticles shows an induced acute phase and a nuclear receptor, LXR/RXR, activation that influence the status of the extracellular matrix. Clinical Proteomics, 15, Article ID 20.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comprehensive proteome analysis of nasal lavage samples after controlled exposure to welding nanoparticles shows an induced acute phase and a nuclear receptor, LXR/RXR, activation that influence the status of the extracellular matrix
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2018 (English)In: Clinical Proteomics, ISSN 1542-6416, E-ISSN 1559-0275, Vol. 15, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Epidemiological studies have shown that many welders experience respiratory symptoms. During the welding process a large number of airborne nanosized particles are generated, which might be inhaled and deposited in the respiratory tract. Knowledge of the underlying mechanisms behind observed symptoms is still partly lacking, although inflammation is suggested to play a central role. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of welding fume particle exposure on the proteome expression level in welders suffering from respiratory symptoms, and changes in protein mediators in nasal lavage samples were analyzed. Such mediators will be helpful to clarify the pathomechanisms behind welding fume particle-induced effects. Methods: In an exposure chamber, 11 welders with work-related symptoms in the lower airways during the last month were exposed to mild-steel welding fume particles (1 mg/m(3)) and to filtered air, respectively, in a double-blind manner. Nasal lavage samples were collected before, immediately after, and the day after exposure. The proteins in the nasal lavage were analyzed with two different mass spectrometry approaches, label-free discovery shotgun LC-MS/MS and a targeted selected reaction monitoring LC-MS/MS analyzing 130 proteins and four in vivo peptide degradation products. Results: The analysis revealed 30 significantly changed proteins that were associated with two main pathways; activation of acute phase response signaling and activation of LXR/RXR, which is a nuclear receptor family involved in lipid signaling. Connective tissue proteins and proteins controlling the degradation of such tissues, including two different matrix metalloprotease proteins, MMP8 and MMP9, were among the significantly changed enzymes and were identified as important key players in the pathways. Conclusion: Exposure to mild-steel welding fume particles causes measurable changes on the proteome level in nasal lavage matrix in exposed welders, although no clinical symptoms were manifested. The results suggested that the exposure causes an immediate effect on the proteome level involving acute phase proteins and mediators regulating lipid signaling Proteases involved in maintaining the balance between the formation and degradation of extracellular matrix proteins are important key proteins in the induced effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2018
Keywords
Chamber study; Welding fume particles; Nasal lavage; Effects; Proteomics; Mass spectrometry; Pathways
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148094 (URN)10.1186/s12014-018-9196-y (DOI)000432314100001 ()29760600 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare [FAS2006-0803]; Swedish Governmental Funding for Clinical Research; Skane County Councils research and development foundation (ALF); FORTE

Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Lönn, J., Ljunggren, S., Klarstrom-Engstrom, K., Demirel, I., Bengtsson, T. & Karlsson, H. (2018). Lipoprotein modifications by gingipains of Porphyromonas gingivalis. Journal of Periodontal Research, 53(3), 403-413
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lipoprotein modifications by gingipains of Porphyromonas gingivalis
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Periodontal Research, ISSN 0022-3484, E-ISSN 1600-0765, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 403-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Objective: Several studies have shown an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CVD, and a key event in the development of atherosclerosis is accumulation of lipoproteins within the arterial wall. Bacteria are the primary etiologic agents in periodontitis and Porphyromonas gingivalis is the major pathogen in the disease. Several studies support a role of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in atherogenesis; however, the pathogenic stimuli that induce the changes and the mechanisms by which this occur are unknown. This study aims to identify alterations in plasma lipoproteins induced by the periodontopathic species of bacterium, P.gingivalis, in vitro. Material and Methods: Plasma lipoproteins were isolated from whole blood treated with wild-type and gingipain-mutant (lacking either the Rgp- or Kgp gingipains) P.gingivalis by density/gradient-ultracentrifugation and were studied using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Porphyromonasgingivalis-induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant levels were measured by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and antioxidant assay kits, respectively, and lumiaggregometry was used for measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and aggregation. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis exerted substantial proteolytic effects on the lipoproteins. The Rgp gingipains were responsible for producing 2 apoE fragments, as well as 2 apoB-100 fragments, in LDL, and the Kgp gingipain produced an unidentified fragment in high-density lipoproteins. Porphyromonasgingivalis and its different gingipain variants induced ROS and consumed antioxidants. Both the Rgp and Kgp gingipains were involved in inducing lipid peroxidation. Conclusion: Porphyromonas gingivalis has the potential to change the expression of lipoproteins in blood, which may represent a crucial link between periodontitis and CVD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2018
Keywords
gingipains; lipoproteins; MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry; Porphyromonas gingivalis; two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148084 (URN)10.1111/jre.12527 (DOI)000432018000014 ()29341140 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Knowledge Foundation; Stiftelsen Langmanska Kulturfonden; Magnus Bergwalls Stiftelse

Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Ljunggren, S. ., Iggland, M., Rönn, M., Lind, L., Lind, P. M. & Karlsson, H. (2016). Altered heart proteome in fructose-fed Fisher 344 rats exposed to bisphenol A.. Toxicology, 347-349, 6-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Altered heart proteome in fructose-fed Fisher 344 rats exposed to bisphenol A.
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2016 (English)In: Toxicology, ISSN 0300-483X, E-ISSN 1879-3185, Vol. 347-349, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bisphenol A (BPA), is an artificial estrogen initially produced for medical purposes but is today widely used in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Exposure-related reproductive disorders have been found, but recently it has also been suggested that BPA may be involved in obesity, diabetes, myocardial hypertrophy and myocardial infarction in humans. To mimic a modern lifestyle, female rats were fed with fructose or fructose plus BPA (0.25mg/L drinking water). The myocardial left ventricle proteome of water controls, fructose-fed and fructose-fed plus BPA supplemented rats was explored. The proteome was investigated using nano-liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry identification. In total, 41 proteins were significantly altered by BPA exposure compared to water or fructose controls. Principal component analysis and cellular process enrichment analysis of altered proteins suggested increased fatty acid transport and oxidation, increased ROS generation and altered structural integrity of the myocardial left ventricle in the fructose-fed BPA-exposed rats, indicating unfavorable effects on the myocardium. In conclusion, BPA exposure in the rats induces major alterations in the myocardial proteome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Bisphenol A; Endocrine disrupting chemicals; Fructose; Heart tissue; Proteomics
National Category
Analytical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126117 (URN)10.1016/j.tox.2016.02.007 (DOI)000375631700002 ()26930160 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish research council Formas; County Council of Ostergotland (C-ALF); Faculty of Health Sciences in Linkoping

Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2018-03-20
Liang, W., Ward, L., Karlsson, H., Ljunggren, S., Li, W., Lindahl, M. & Yuan, X. (2016). Distinctive proteomic profiles among different regions of human carotid plaques in men and women. Scientific Reports, 6(26231)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distinctive proteomic profiles among different regions of human carotid plaques in men and women
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2016 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, no 26231Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The heterogeneity of atherosclerotic tissue has limited comprehension in proteomic and metabolomic analyses. To elucidate the functional implications, and differences between genders, of atherosclerotic lesion formation we investigated protein profiles from different regions of human carotid atherosclerotic arteries; internal control, fatty streak, plaque shoulder, plaque centre, and fibrous cap. Proteomic analysis was performed using 2-DE with MALDI-TOF, with validation using nLC-MS/MS. Protein mapping of 2-DE identified 52 unique proteins, including 15 previously unmapped proteins, of which 41 proteins were confirmed by nLC-MS/MS analysis. Expression levels of 18 proteins were significantly altered in plaque regions compared to the internal control region. Nine proteins showed site-specific alterations, irrespective of gender, with clear associations to extracellular matrix remodelling. Five proteins display gender-specific alterations with 2-DE, with two alterations validated by nLC-MS/MS. Gender differences in ferritin light chain and transthyretin were validated using both techniques. Validation of immunohistochemistry confirmed significantly higher levels of ferritin in plaques from male patients. Proteomic analysis of different plaque regions has reduced the effects of plaque heterogeneity, and significant differences in protein expression are determined in specific regions and between genders. These proteomes have functional implications in plaque progression and are of importance in understanding gender differences in atherosclerosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2016
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129495 (URN)10.1038/srep26231 (DOI)000376554600001 ()27198765 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Heart Lung Foundation; Linkoping University Hospital Research foundation; Swedish Institute; China Scholarship Council

Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2019-04-17
Ljunggren, S. A., Levels, J. H., Hovingh, K., Holleboom, A. G., Vergeer, M., Argyri, L., . . . Karlsson, H. (2015). Lipoprotein profiles in human heterozygote carriers of a functional mutation P297S in scavenger receptor class B1.. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1851(12), 1587-1595
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lipoprotein profiles in human heterozygote carriers of a functional mutation P297S in scavenger receptor class B1.
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2015 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, ISSN 1388-1981, E-ISSN 1879-2618, Vol. 1851, no 12, p. 1587-1595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1) is an important HDL receptor involved in cholesterol uptake and efflux, but its physiological role in human lipoprotein metabolism is not fully understood. Heterozygous carriers of the SR-B1P297S mutation are characterized by increased HDL cholesterol levels, impaired cholesterol efflux from macrophages and attenuated adrenal function. Here, the composition and function of lipoproteins were studied in SR-B1P297S heterozygotes.

Lipoproteins from six SR-B1P297S carriers and six family controls were investigated. HDL and LDL/VLDL were isolated by ultracentrifugation and proteins were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and identified by mass spectrometry. HDL antioxidant properties, paraoxonase 1 activities, apoA-I methionine oxidations and HDL cholesterol efflux capacity were assessed.

Multivariate modeling separated carriers from controls based on lipoprotein composition. Protein analyses showed a significant enrichment of apoE in LDL/VLDL and of apoL-1 in HDL from heterozygotes compared to controls. The relative distribution of plasma apoE was increased in LDL and in lipid-free form. There were no significant differences in paraoxonase 1 activities, HDL antioxidant properties or HDL cholesterol efflux capacity but heterozygotes showed a significant increase of oxidized methionines in apoA-I.

The SR-B1P297S mutation affects both HDL and LDL/VLDL protein compositions. The increase of apoE in carriers suggests a compensatory mechanism for attenuated SR-B1 mediated cholesterol uptake by HDL. Increased methionine oxidation may affect HDL function by reducing apoA-I binding to its targets. The results illustrate the complexity of lipoprotein metabolism that has to be taken into account in future therapeutic strategies aiming at targeting SR-B1.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
ApoE; ApoL-1; HDL; LDL/VLDL; P297S; SR-B1
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122723 (URN)10.1016/j.bbalip.2015.09.006 (DOI)000364252800008 ()26454245 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding agencies: EUs Sixth Framework Program [037631]; European Union [FP7-603091-2]; CardioVascular Research Initiative [CVON2011-16]; Research Council of South East Sweden [FORSS-3755]; County Council of Ostergotland (C-ALF); Faculty of Health Sciences in Linkoping; Ven

Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2018-05-27
Ljunggren, S., Levels, J. H., Turkina, M. V., Sundberg, S., Bochem, A. E., Hovingh, K., . . . Karlsson, H. (2014). ApoA-I mutations, L202P and K131del, in HDL from heterozygotes with low HDL-C. PROTEOMICS - Clinical Applications, 8(3-4), 241-250
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ApoA-I mutations, L202P and K131del, in HDL from heterozygotes with low HDL-C
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2014 (English)In: PROTEOMICS - Clinical Applications, ISSN 1862-8346, E-ISSN 1862-8354, Vol. 8, no 3-4, p. 241-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Mutations in apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) may affect plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and the risk for cardiovascular disease but little is known about the presence and effects of circulating apoA-I variants. This study investigates whether the apoA-I mutations, apoA-I(L202P) and apoA-I(K131del) , are present on plasma HDL particles derived from heterozygote carriers and whether this is associated to changes in HDL protein composition.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Plasma HDL of heterozygotes for either apoA-I(L202P) or apoA-I(K131del) and family controls was isolated using ultracentrifugation. HDL proteins were separated by 2DE and analyzed by MS.

RESULTS: ApoA-I peptides containing apoA-I(L202P) or apoA-I(K131del) were identified in HDL from heterozygotes. The apoA-I(L202P) mutant peptide was less abundant than wild-type peptide while the apoA-I(K131del) mutant peptide was more abundant than wild-type peptide in the heterozygotes. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analyses indicated that, compared to controls, HDL in apoA-I(L202P) carriers contained less apoE and more zinc-α-2-glycoprotein while HDL from the apoA-I(K131del) heterozygotes contained more alpha-1-antitrypsin and transthyretin.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Both apoA-I(L202P) and apoA-I(K131del) were identified in HDL. In heterozygotes, these mutations have markedly differential effects on the concentration of wild-type apoA-I in the circulation, as well as the HDL proteome, both of which might affect the clinical phenotype encountered in the heterozygous carriers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105992 (URN)10.1002/prca.201300014 (DOI)000334251600013 ()24273187 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2018-01-11
Ljunggren, S. A., Helmfrid, I., Salihovic, S., van Bavel, B., Wingren, G., Lindahl, M. & Karlsson, H. (2014). Persistent organic pollutants distribution in lipoprotein fractions in relation to cardiovascular disease and cancer.. Environment International, 65, 93-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Persistent organic pollutants distribution in lipoprotein fractions in relation to cardiovascular disease and cancer.
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2014 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 65, p. 93-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are lipophilic environmental toxins that have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the concentrations of POPs in human high and low/very low-density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL/VLDL) and the possible association with CVD and cancer occurrence in individuals living in a contaminated area. Lipoproteins from 28 individuals (7 healthy controls, 8 subjects with cancer, 13 subjects with CVD) were isolated and the fraction-specific concentration of 20 different POPs was analyzed by high resolution gas chromatography/high resolution mass spectrometry. The activity of Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), an anti-oxidant in HDL, was determined in plasma of these 28 subjects and additional 50 subjects from the same area excluding diseases other than cancer or CVD. Fourteen polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and three organochlorine pesticides were detected, and especially highly chlorinated PCBs were enriched in lipoproteins. Significantly higher concentrations of POPs were found among individuals with CVD or cancer compared to controls. Principal component analyses showed that POP concentrations in HDL were more associated with CVD, while POP concentrations in LDL/VLDL were more associated with cancer. PON1 activity was negatively correlated to sumPCB and a co-variation between decreased arylesterase-activity, increased PCB concentrations and CVD was found. This study shows that POPs are present in lipoproteins and were more abundant in individuals with CVD or cancer compared to healthy controls. The results also indicate that PCB exposure is accompanied by reduced PON1 activity that could impair the HDL function to protect against oxidation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
National Category
Clinical Medicine Other Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104755 (URN)10.1016/j.envint.2013.12.017 (DOI)000334728500010 ()24472825 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-02-25 Created: 2014-02-25 Last updated: 2018-01-11
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