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Gjerde, Marcus
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
De Geer, J., Gjerde, M., Brudin, L., Olsson, E., Persson, A. & Engvall, J. (2015). Large variation in blood flow between left ventricular segments, as detected by adenosine stress dynamic CT perfusion.. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 35(4), 291-300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Large variation in blood flow between left ventricular segments, as detected by adenosine stress dynamic CT perfusion.
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2015 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 291-300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Dynamic cardiac CT perfusion (CTP) is based on repeated imaging during the first-pass contrast agent inflow. It is a relatively new method that still needs validation.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the variation in adenosine stress dynamic CTP blood flow as compared to (99m) Tc SPECT. Secondarily, to compare manual and automatic segmentation.

METHODS: Seventeen patients with manifest coronary artery disease were included. Nine were excluded from evaluation for various reasons. All patients were examined with dynamic stress CTP and stress/rest SPECT. CTP blood flow was compared with SPECT on a per segment basis. Results for manual and automated AHA segmentation were compared.

RESULTS: CTP showed a positive correlation with SPECT, with correlation coefficients of 0·38 and 0·41 for manual and automatic segmentation, respectively (P<0·0001). There was no significant difference between the correlation coefficients of the manual and automated segmentation procedures (P = 0·75). The average per individual global CTP blood flow value for normal segments varied by a factor of 1·9 (manual and automatic segmentation). For the whole patient group, the CTP blood flow value in normal segments varied by a factor of 2·9/2·7 (manual/automatic segmentation). Within each patient, the average per segment blood flow in normal segments varied by a factor of 1·3-2·0/1·2-2·1 (manual/automatic segmentation).

CONCLUSION: A positive but rather weak correlation was found between CTP and (99m) Tc SPECT. Large variations in CTP blood flow suggest that a cut-off value for stress myocardial blood flow is inadequate to detect ischaemic segments. Dynamic CTP is hampered by a limited coverage.

National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113400 (URN)10.1111/cpf.12163 (DOI)000356312800007 ()24842265 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-01-17 Created: 2015-01-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Nilsson, L., Wieringa, W. G., Pundziute, G., Gjerde, M., Engvall, J., Swahn, E. & Jonasson, L. (2014). Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio Is Associated with Non-Calcified Plaque Burden in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. PLoS ONE, 9(9), e108183
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio Is Associated with Non-Calcified Plaque Burden in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
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2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 9, p. e108183-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Elevations in soluble markers of inflammation and changes in leukocyte subset distribution are frequently reported in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Lately, the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio has emerged as a potenti al marker of both CAD severity and cardiovascular prognosis. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate whether neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and other immune-inflammatory markers were related to plaque burden, as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), in patients with CAD. Methods: Twenty patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and 30 patients with stable angina (SA) underwent CCTA at two occasions, immediately prior to coronary angiography and after three months. Atherosclerotic plaques were classified as calcified, mixed and non-calcified. Blood samples were drawn at both occasions. Leukocyte subsets were analyzed by white blood cell differential counts and flow cytometry. Levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin(IL)-6 were measured in plasma. Blood analyses were also performed in 37 healthy controls. Results: Plaque variables did not change over 3 months, total plaque burden being similar in NSTE-ACS and SA. However, non-calcified/total plaque ratio was higher in NSTE-ACS, 0.25(0.09-0.44) vs 0.11(0.00-0.25), pless than0.05. At admission, levels of monocytes, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios, CD4+ T cells, CRP and IL-6 were significantly elevated, while levels of NK cells were reduced, in both patient groups as compared to controls. After 3 months, levels of monocytes, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios and CD4+ T cells remained elevated in patients. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios and neutrophil counts correlated significantly with numbers of non-calcified plaques and also with non-calcified/total plaque ratio (r = 0.403, p = 0.010 and r = 0.382, p = 0.024, respectively), but not with total plaque burden. Conclusions: Among immune-inflammatory markers in NSTE-ACS and SA patients, neutrophil counts and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios were significantly correlated with non-calcified plaques. Data suggest that these easily measured biomarkers reflect the burden of vulnerable plaques in CAD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2014
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112487 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0108183 (DOI)000343671700072 ()25268632 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Engvall, J., Gjerde, M., de Geer, J., Olsson, E., Quick, P. & Persson, A. (2011). Adenosine stress myocardial perfusion detected with CT compared with attenuation-corrected SPECT. In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL SUPPLEMENTS: . Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging (pp. A31-A31). Oxford University Press, 13(A)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adenosine stress myocardial perfusion detected with CT compared with attenuation-corrected SPECT
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2011 (English)In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL SUPPLEMENTS, Oxford University Press , 2011, Vol. 13, no A, p. A31-A31Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To asses adenosine stress myocardial perfusion by cardiac CT and compare with simultaneously performed attenuation corrected SPECT.

Methods: 11 patients, 9 men and 2 women >2months post primary PCI, with manifest myocardial damage and remaining stenoses in the coronary circulation, were studied with myocardial perfusion CT under vasodilatory stress. The investigation started with a topogram followed by a testbolus of iodine whereafter the coronary artery study was performed in sequence mode. Adenosine was then infused for at least five minutes at the standard rate of 140ug/kg/min. After three minutes, 6 MBq/kg of 99mTc-tetrofosmin was injected immediately followed by 80ml iodine contrast. The wash-in of iodine was monitored by CT scanning of a 7cm long cardiac volume segment every other second for 22s. One hour after the CT scan, myocardial SPECT was performed. Scanning required the patients to tolerate breath holding for 22s, have a heart rate <80/min and body weight <85kg, and their kidney function should allow 140ml 370mg iodine contrast to be given.

Results: All 11 patients tolerated the full adenosine infusion and scanning was successful. One patient could not be analyzed due to noisy images. In two patients, the limited scanning volume did not cover the entire base of the heart. Three patients had no defect on SPECT. Patients with a defect had on average myocardial blood flow 80ml/100ml tissue/min in the defect area and 142ml in the segments with the highest perfusion, while patients without defect had 98 and 141ml, respectively.

Conclusion: Peak myocardial perfusion may be determined with CT under adenosine stress and compared with attenuation corrected SPECT. Initial experience shows that the method is sensitive to timing of bolus, to noisy images and results may diverge from those obtained with SPECT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2011
Series
EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL SUPPLEMENTS, ISSN 1520-765X ; A
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69922 (URN)000291748800089 ()
Conference
10th International Conference of Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-08 Last updated: 2014-05-08
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