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Jonsson, Linda
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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Tordön, R., Svedin, C. G., Fredlund, C., Jonsson, L., Pribe, G. & Sydsjö, G. (2019). Background, experience of abuse, and mental health among adolescents in out-of-home care: a cross-sectional study of a Swedish high school national sample. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 73(1), 16-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Background, experience of abuse, and mental health among adolescents in out-of-home care: a cross-sectional study of a Swedish high school national sample
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2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 16-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: To compare experiences for adverse events, especially sexual abuse, and mental health in a group of high school students in out-of-home care with a representative sample of peers of the same age and similar educational attainment living with their parents.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 5839 students in the third year of Swedish high school, corresponding to a response rate of 59.7%, answered a study specific questionnaire. Data from 41 students living in out-of-home care were compared with data from peers not in out-of-home care in a cross-sectional analyze.

RESULTS: Students in out-of-home care had more often an immigrant background and a non-heterosexual orientation, had more often experienced physical and penetrative sexual abuse, and more often sought healthcare for mental problems. Disclosure of sexual abuse was less common, and acts of persuasion or adults' use of their social position was more common among students in out-of-home care.

CONCLUSIONS: Even where the protective factor 'senior educational attainment' is present, risks for abuse and poor mental health are evident for adolescents in out-of-home care. Disclosure of adversity, when it has occurred, ought to be higher among these adolescents with regular contact with social services, but our findings indicate tendencies for the opposite. We therefore suggest routines to be established to screen for adverse life events and mental health actively, along with general and systematic assessments of adversity and mental health during care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Out-of-home care, child sexual abuse, foster home care, mental health, residential care
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159924 (URN)10.1080/08039488.2018.1527397 (DOI)000466445300003 ()30561234 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85058791083 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L., Fredlund, C., Priebe, G., Wadsby, M. & Svedin, C. G. (2019). Online sexual abuse of adolescents by a perpetrator met online: a cross-sectional study. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 13(1), Article ID 32.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Online sexual abuse of adolescents by a perpetrator met online: a cross-sectional study
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2019 (English)In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, ISSN 1753-2000, E-ISSN 1753-2000, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The current study aimed at exploring adolescents’ experiences of online sexual contacts leading to online sexual abuse by a perpetrator whom the victim had first met online. Associations with socio demographic background, experience of abuse, relation to parents, health and risk behaviors were studied.

Methods

The participants were a representative national sample of 5175 students in the third year of the Swedish high school Swedish (M age = 17.97). Analyses included bivariate statistics and stepwise multiple logistic regression models.

Results

In total 330 (5.8%) adolescents had gotten to know someone during the preceding 12 months for the purpose of engaging in some kind of sexual activity online. Thirty-two (9.7%) of those, the index group, had felt that they had been persuaded, pressed or coerced on at least one occasion. Sexual interaction under pressure was seen as constituting sexual abuse. These adolescent victims of online sexual abuse, the index group, did not differ with respect to socio-demographic background from the adolescents without this experience, the reference group. The index group had significantly more prior experiences of different kind of abuse, indicating that they belong to a polyvictimized group. More frequent risk behavior, poorer psychological health, poorer relationships with parents and lower self-esteem also characterized the index group. Online sexual abuse, without experiences of offline abuse, was associated with a poorer psychological health, at least at the same level as offline sexual abuse only.

Conclusions

The study made clear the importance of viewing online sexual abuse as a serious form of sexual abuse. Professionals meeting these children need to focus not only on their psychological health such as symptoms of trauma and depression but also need to screen them for online behavior, online abuse and other forms of previous abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019
Keywords
Adolescent; Sexual abuse; Online; Health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160424 (URN)10.1186/s13034-019-0292-1 (DOI)000483548000001 ()31462925 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85071631288 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs; Swedbank Scientific Research Foundation

Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L., Svedin, C. G., Pribe, G., Fredlund, C., Wadsby, M. & Zetterqvist, M. (2019). Similarities and differences in the functions of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and sex as self-injury (SASI). Journal of Suicide and Life-threatening Behaviour (1), 120-136
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Similarities and differences in the functions of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and sex as self-injury (SASI)
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Suicide and Life-threatening Behaviour, ISSN 0363-0234, E-ISSN 1943-278X, no 1, p. 120-136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Differences and similarities were studied in the functions of two different self-injurious behaviors (SIB): nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and sex as self-injury (SASI). Based on type of SIB reported, adolescents were classified in one of three groups: NSSI only (n = 910), SASI only (n = 41), and both NSSI and SASI (n = 76). There was support for functional equivalence in the two forms of SIB, with automatic functions being most commonly endorsed in all three groups. There were also functional differences, with adolescents in the SASI only group reporting more social influence functions than those with NSSI only. Adolescents reporting both NSSI and SASI endorsed the highest number of functions for both behaviors. Clinical implications are discussed, emphasizing the need for emotion regulation skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144486 (URN)10.1111/sltb.12417 (DOI)000459870900009 ()29073344 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85032291097 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Fredlund, C., Dahlström, Ö., Svedin, C. G., Wadsby, M., Jonsson, L. & Pribe, G. (2018). Adolescents motives for selling sex in a welfare state - A Swedish national study. International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 81, 286-295
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents motives for selling sex in a welfare state - A Swedish national study
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0145-2134, E-ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 81, p. 286-295Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex. Further analyses were carried out for characteristics of selling sex and risk factors. Three groups of adolescents were categorized according to their motives for selling sex: Adolescents reporting; 1) Emotional reasons, being at a greater risk of sexual abuse, using sex as a means of self-injury and having a non-heterosexual orientation. 2) Material but no Emotional reasons, who more often receive money as compensation and selling sex to a person over 25 years of age, and 3) Pleasure or no underlying motive for selling sex reported, who were mostly heterosexual males selling sex to a person under 25 years of age, the buyer was not known from the Internet, the reward was seldom money and this group was less exposed to penetrative sexual abuse or using sex as a means of self-injury. In conclusion, adolescents selling sex are a heterogeneous group in regard to underlying motives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2018
Keywords
Selling sex; Adolescent; Child sexual exploitation; Motives; Prostitution
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149697 (URN)10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.04.030 (DOI)000436375800026 ()29775872 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Ministry of Health and Social Affairs/the Childrens Welfare Foundation Sweden; County of Stockholm, Sweden

Available from: 2018-07-24 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2019-05-01
Jonsson, L. & Svedin, C. G. (2017). Barn utsatta för sexuella övergrepp på nätet. Linköping/Stockholm: Linköping University Electronic Press / Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barn utsatta för sexuella övergrepp på nätet
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna fördjupningsrapport fokuserar på barns erfarenheter av sexuella övergrepp på nätet. Rapporten baseras på den tredje epidemiologiska undersökningen om ungdomars sexuella beteenden och erfarenheter på Internet. Unga sex och Internet – i en föränderlig värld är en enkätstudie från 2014 där 5 839 elever i gymnasiets tredje år deltog. Deltagarna tillfrågades om erfarenheter av olika övergrepp av sexuell karaktär på nätet såsom nätgrooming, sexuella övergrepp och sexuella övergreppsbilder.

Resultaten i denna rapport är nya och unika. De ska tolkas med försiktighet då det behövs mer studier inom området. Dock visar resultaten tydliga mönster, som vi till viss del känner igen från både nationell och internationell forskning samt kliniska erfarenheter vi fått ta del av.

Såväl de ungdomar som blivit nätgroomade (23,2 %) som de som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp över nätet senaste året (32 ungdomar av de 330 ungdomar som hade haft sex på nätet) uppvisade en tämligen likartad bild av utsatthet för andra sexuella övergrepp, känslomässig och fysisk misshandel, känslomässig och fysisk mobbning samt olika former av självskadebeteenden. Till detta kommer att de rapporterade en sämre känslomässig relation till sina föräldrar under uppväxten även om de sociodemografiskt inte skiljde sig från andra ungdomar med få undantag.

Ett viktigt resultat från studien är att vi har kunnat konstatera att dokumentation i form av fotografering och filmning av sexuella övergrepp påverkar den psykiska hälsan negativt. Även osäkerheten om det skett eller inte är förknippad med en ytterligare försämrad psykisk ohälsa jämfört med när övergrepp inte dokumenterats. För de barn/ungdomar vars bilder spritts ökar den psykiska ohälsan ytterligare.

Bilden som målas upp är att denna grupp av ungdomar har en komplex bild av traumatiska erfarenheter och ohälsa och närmast är att betrakta som polytraumatiserade.

Forskningens uppgift är att på ett vetenskapligt sätt belysa olika fenomen i samhället och att utifrån genererade data dra slutsatser och ge rekommendationer för att som i detta fall bidra till en bättre hjälp som i detta fall till en utsatt och belastad grupp barn- och ungdomar.

Vi kan se att dessa ungdomar behöver såväl förebyggande som rehabiliterande insatser.

På det förebyggande planet behövs bättre kunskap om våld och andra former av övergrepp bland alla som arbetar med barn. Utan denna kunskap och professionell utveckling kommer de barn som riskerar att utsättas eller redan blivit utsatta riskera att inte upptäckas i tid, och att inte heller kunna erbjudas adekvata insatser. Detta gäller sannolikt än mer de mest utsatta, bl.a. de grupper som denna fördjupningsrapport fokuserat på.

Barn och unga måste tidigt få kunskap om vad ett sexuellt övergrepp är, vilka rättigheter man har och vad man kan göra om man blir drabbad. Skolan är en utmärkt plats att genomföra denna typ av utbildning. Vi kan se ett behov av en förändrad, moderniserad, sexualundervisning med fokus på relationer, ömsesidighet och respekt för att stärka barn och ungdomars sexuella integritet.

Kunskap om våld och andra övergrepp mot barn behöver integreras i samtliga utbildningar som riktar sig till personer som kommer att arbeta med barn och ungdomar. Detta sker lämpligast genom att ämnet införs i respektive examinationsordningar. Det är också angeläget att fortbilda redan anställd personal inom rättsväsende, socialt arbete, hälso- och sjukvård och skola om våld och sexuella övergrepp mot barn.

Utsatta barn/och ungdomar vänder sig oftast till kompisar och andra jämnåriga för att prata om övergreppen och för att få ett initialt stöd (Svedin et al., 2015; Landberg et al., 2015). Därför måste det till stora satsningar vad gäller kunskap om kompisstöd, vad man t.ex. ska göra om en kompis utsatts. Redan idag finns bra framtaget material (se www.dagsattprataom.se) som behöver spridas vidare till bland annat ungdomsmottagningar och skolan.

Erfarenheterna från intervjuer med ungdomar i EU-projektet SPIRTO (Jonsson et al, 2015c) visar att främsta anledningen till att unga undviker att prata med sina föräldrar om vad de gör på nätet är för att de upplever att föräldrarna kan för lite. Unga efterlyser kunskapsspridning till föräldrar och lärare och andra som arbetar med barn om nätet. Hur nätet fungerar som källa till information och glädje såväl som till de risker som finns på nätet.

Förövarna behöver hjälp och behandling för att minska risken att de utsätter nya barn. Därför är det ytterst viktigt med behandlingsenheter spridda i landet som alla har möjlighet att kontakta.

Resultaten gällande det markant allvarliga hälsoläget för de barn som drabbats av övergrepp på nätet av sexuell karaktär ställer krav på skola, hälso- och sjukvård samt rättsväsende. De drabbade barnen måste prioriteras genom att få snabba utredningar från både polis och socialtjänst följt av möjlighet till bra stöd och behandling. Precis som i huvudrapporten från 2015 (Svedin et al., 2015), finns det anledning att understryka att om barn och ungdomars psykosociala ohälsa är så nedsatt som här framkommer, måste samhället säkerställa att de erbjuds professionellt stöd och hjälp. Många kan behöva högspecialiserad vård. Detta gäller en stor del av de barn och unga som utsatts för våld eller andra övergrepp och är extra angeläget för en polyviktimiserad grupp som den som denna rapport fokuserar på.

I framtiden behövs fler studier med olika metodik för att få en bättre bild och en djupare förståelse för hur övergrepp på nätet av sexuell karaktär påverkar de drabbade barnen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping/Stockholm: Linköping University Electronic Press / Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset, 2017. p. 60
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142394 (URN)9789176855324 (ISBN)
Note

Rapport nummer 2017:2.

Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Åkerman, I. & Jonsson, L. (2017). Kunskapsbehov inom socialtjänsten om våld mot barn. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press / Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kunskapsbehov inom socialtjänsten om våld mot barn
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den aktuella studien var att skapa ett underlag för hur ett socialtjänstnätverk i Barnafrids regi skulle kunna utvecklas. Därför undersöktes socialsekreterares uppfattning av hur de ser på den kompetens de redan har samt vad de är i behov av för vidare kunskap gällande våld och andra övergrepp mot barn. Ytterligare frågeställningar rörde vilken typ av kunskapsstöd som behövs, vilka kommunikativa lösningar kunskapen ska paketeras i samt hur de önskar att ett nätverk för socialtjänsten ska utformas. Nedan sammanfattas några huvuddrag från rapporten:

  • Det finns ett stort behov av kunskap bland svenska socialsekreterare om våld och andra övergrepp mot barn. Behovet beskrevs som något större bland socialsekreterare från mindre kommuner (< 50 000 invånare) och från socialsekreterare anställda kortare tid inom socialtjänsten (0-2 år).
  • Det behövs både generell kunskap om våld mot barn men också fördjupad kunskap inom mer specifika områden såsom nyanlända familjer, ensamkommande barn, hedersrelaterad våldsproblematik samt arbetsverktyg för risk och skyddsbedömningar.
  • Deltagarna önskade lättillgängliga manualer och guidelines som stöd i akuta eller särskilda situationer. Att kunna ta del av information via regionala konferenser/utbildningsdagar samt via en uppdaterad hemsida var prioriterat. Även kunskapspåfyllning via nationella föreläsningar var efterfrågat.
  • Mer än hälften av de svarande upplevde behov av en konsultationstelefon dit man kan ringa och få råd och stöd i svåra och komplicerade ärenden.
  • Mindre prioriterat var kunskap genom webbutbildningar, appar, frågelåda med svar via mejl och chattforum med andra verksamma.

Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att det viktigaste är att socialsekreterare kan känna sig trygga och säkra när de utför sitt arbete. Det innebär ett arbete där barnets bästa alltid sätts i främsta rummet! Utifrån resultaten från denna studie kvarstår en hel del arbete för att uppnå det.

Denna studie liksom tidigare undersökningar (se t.ex. Barnskyddsutredningen, 2009; Socialstyrelsen, 2016) pekar på brister och behov, såväl i grundutbildning, introduktionsutbildning som på specialistutbildning för de som ansvarar för myndighetsutövning inom den svenska sociala barn- och ungdomsvården. Personal inom socialtjänsten måste få kontinuerlig tillgång till en flora av olika former av kunskap som innebär både teoretisk och praktisk kunskap om hur man arbetar med barn som utsatts för våld. Utifrån resultaten bedömer vi också att det bland annat finns ett behov av såväl ett kunskapsbaserat socialtjänstnätverk som en konsultationstelefon. Detta är något Barnafrid – Nationellt kunskapscentrum mot våld och andra övergrepp mot barn vore en naturlig värd för i en framtid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press / Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset, 2017. p. 49
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142403 (URN)9789176854921 (ISBN)
Note

Serie 2017:3.

Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Fredlund, C., Svedin, C. G., Pribe, G., Jonsson, L. & Wadsby, M. (2017). Self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury (SASI) in a national study of Swedish adolescents and association to sociodemographic factors, sexual behaviors, abuse and mental health. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 11(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury (SASI) in a national study of Swedish adolescents and association to sociodemographic factors, sexual behaviors, abuse and mental health
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2017 (English)In: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, ISSN 1753-2000, E-ISSN 1753-2000, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2017
National Category
Neurosciences Rheumatology and Autoimmunity Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134927 (URN)10.1186/s13034-017-0146-7 (DOI)000395328600001 ()
Available from: 2017-03-02 Created: 2017-03-02 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved
Cooper, K., Quayle, E., Jonsson, L. & Svedin, C. G. (2016). Adolescents and self-taken sexual images: A review of the literature. Computers in human behavior, 55(part B), 706-716
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents and self-taken sexual images: A review of the literature
2016 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 55, no part B, p. 706-716Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite increasing public interest and concern about young peoples involvement in the self-production of sexual images (or sexting), there remains a dearth of research into their reasons for making and sending images, the processes involved, and the consequences arising from their experiences. This article reviews the motivational, lifestyle and personality factors influencing adolescent sexting practices and explores the research evidence within the wider context of debates around contemporary social and visual media cultures and gender. A systematic search of databases was conducted and eighty-eight records were identified for inclusion in the review. The findings reveal that sexting is remarkably varied in terms of context, meaning and intention, with the potential for consensual and non-consensual aspects of the activity. Whilst sexting can be a means of flirting or enhancing a sexual relationship, it can highlight potential vulnerabilities to victimisation or to participation in risky sexual practices. Sexting is also inextricably linked to social expectations of gendered sexual behaviours, with females often deriving less satisfaction from their experiences and being perceived more negatively by their peers. Further research linking adolescent motivations, well-being, relationships and lifestyles with the broader socio-cultural and media landscape will ultimately help drive understanding about the subject forward. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2016
Keywords
Sexting; Adolescence; Motivations; Gender; Social and Visual Media; Cyberbullying
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124455 (URN)10.1016/j.chb.2015.10.003 (DOI)000367755500013 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|European Safer Internet Programme [SI-2012-KEP-411207]

Available from: 2016-02-02 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Jonsson, L., Bladh, M., Priebe, G. & Svedin, C. G. (2015). Online sexual behaviours among Swedish youth: associations to background factors, behaviours and abuse. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(10), 1245-1260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Online sexual behaviours among Swedish youth: associations to background factors, behaviours and abuse
2015 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 24, no 10, p. 1245-1260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sexual activity online may result in positive experiences for young people, or lead them to engage in risky behaviours possibly resulting in sexual assault or abuse. The aim of our study was to investigate associations between online sexual behaviours among Swedish youth and background factors as well as aspects of well-being. The behaviours investigated were: having sex online with a contact met online, having sex with an online contact offline, posting sexual pictures online, and selling sex online. We used data from a representative sample of 3,432 Swedish youth who were asked about their lifetime experiences as well as their experiences within the previous year. We hypothesized that more advanced online sexual behaviours were associated with more problematic background factors, worse psychosocial well-being and riskier behaviours in general. Bivariate relationships were evaluated followed by a multiple logistic regression model. Our data suggested that most Swedish youth do not perform any of the assessed online sexual behaviours. Young people who reported online sexual behaviour showed a more problematic background, rated their health as poorer, had a more sexualized life and had experienced more sexual or physical abuse. Professionals who work with young people need to help them better evaluate potential risks online and offer support when needed. Youths who sell sex online are especially at risk and need extra attention, as they might be in greater need of protection and therapeutic support.

Keywords
Sexual risk taking; Online sexual behaviour; Sexting; Selling sex; Youth; Adolescent; Internet
National Category
Psychiatry Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114538 (URN)10.1007/s00787-015-0673-9 (DOI)000362331400009 ()25589438 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-02-26 Created: 2015-02-26 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L. S. (2015). Online Sexual Behaviours Among Swedish Youth: Characteristics, Associations and Consequences. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Online Sexual Behaviours Among Swedish Youth: Characteristics, Associations and Consequences
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Online sexual behaviours refer to sexual activities where the Internet and/or mobile phone are used. The aims of this thesis were to investigate young people and their experiences of different online sexual behaviours with regard to characteristics, associations and consequences, by using data from a representative sample of 3,503 Swedish youth (m= 18.3 years). In addition 16 interviews were made with young women who had sold sex online before the age of 18. Focus in these interviews were in which ways contacts between buyer and seller were established and the motivational factors for selling sex online.

In study I (n= 3,288), 20.9% (19.2% boys and 22.3% girls) reported experiences of voluntary online sexual exposure: flashing in webcam/mobile; posted partially undressed pictures or films; masturbated on webcam; had sex on webcam. Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between voluntary online sexual exposure and a number of different forms of harassments online. Neither poorer psychological health nor problematic relations with parents remained significant in the final model predicting voluntary online sexual exposure. In study II (n= 3,432) four online sexual behaviours were studied: meeting a person online for sex online; meeting a person online for sex offline; posted sexual pictures online; selling sex online. These were investigated in relation to socio-demographic factors, psychosocial wellbeing and risk behaviours. Bivariate logistic regressions were followed by multiple logistic regressions. The data suggested that most Swedish youth do not perform any of the assessed online sexual behaviours, but those who did (15.2%) reported a more problematic background, rated their health as poorer, had a more sexualised life and had experienced more sexual or physical abuse. This was especially prevalent among those who had sold sex online. In study III, young women with experiences of selling sex online before the age of 18 were interviewed. The interviews focused on the role Internet and mobile phone play and the methods of contacts and characteristics of the communication between buyer and seller. Two main themes were identified: Internet use - part of daily life for good and bad, depending on mood; Patterns of contacts - innocent/curious, dating, advertising. In the fourth study the interviews with the young women who had sold sex online before the age of 18 were analysed focusing on the women’s perceptions of the reasons why they started, continued and stopped selling sex. Three themes and eight sub-themes were identified in relation to different stages in their lives in the sex trade, each with its own storyline: Entering, adverse life experiences - traumatic events, feeling different and being excluded; Immersion, using the body as a regulating tool - being seen, being touched, being in control, affect regulation and self-harming; Exiting, change or die - living close to death, the process of quitting.

In conclusion, the results from this thesis showed that most young people use Internet and mobile phones for non-sexual activities. Sexual behaviours online were associated with a more problematic background and poorer wellbeing. More research, attention and support are needed, especially related to young people selling sex online.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. p. 100
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1444
Keywords
Online, Internet, sexual behaviour, selling sex, sexting, youth, adolescents
National Category
Psychiatry Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114542 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-114542 (DOI)978-91-7519-128-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-03-27, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-02-26 Created: 2015-02-26 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved
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