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Fenton, P. & Kanda, W. (2017). Barriers to the diffusion of renewable energy: studies of biogas for transport in two European cities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 60(4), 725-742
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers to the diffusion of renewable energy: studies of biogas for transport in two European cities
2017 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 725-742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The diffusion of renewable energy – particularly in transport – in cities may facilitate the transition away from fossil fuels, improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Past studies on this topic have focused on system modelling of diffusion pathways, technology characteristics and also estimations of future availability of renewable energy, whilst neglecting the agency of producers and users. This article assesses barriers to the diffusion of biogas for transportation in cities from a system and actor perspective. Using document studies and interviews in the cities of Basel, Switzerland, and Odense, Denmark, we identify the presence of conflicting political priorities and shifting strategic objectives, resulting in mixed signals concerning the role and viability of biogas for transportation. This underlines the importance of public sector support and coherent design and implementation of strategy and policy enabling the diffusion of renewable energy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
renewable energy, diffusion, cities, biogas, transport
National Category
Energy Engineering Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129373 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2016.1176557 (DOI)000395116900009 ()2-s2.0-84976904413 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Goteborg Energi; Riksbyggens Jubileumsfond Den Goda Staden; Vinnova (Verifiering for Samverkan); Swedish Energy Agency through the INTERBIO project (Internationalization of Swedish biogas knowledge for sustainable cities)

Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. (2017). The role of port cities and transnational municipal networks in efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on land and at sea from shipping - an assessment of the World Ports Climate Initiative. Marine Policy, 75, 271-277
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of port cities and transnational municipal networks in efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on land and at sea from shipping - an assessment of the World Ports Climate Initiative
2017 (English)In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 75, p. 271-277Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2008, 55 of the world's largest ports voluntarily adopted the World Ports Climate Declaration (WPCD) and the International Association of Ports and Harbours committed to long-term work on implementation through the World Ports Climate Initiative (WPCI). This article assesses the work of WPCI since 2008 and makes five recommendations that, if implemented, could support efforts to reduce the climate and environmental impacts of port operations and international shipping. In particular, as the impetus for the WPCD came from a port city – Rotterdam – and their engagement with a transnational municipal network – the C40 Large Cities Climate Leadership Group – the paper considers the role of cities and transnational municipal networks in governance, and the potential for cities to play a more active and influential role in the maritime sector. The article presents an overview of literature on the role and function of transnational municipal networks, the background and development of the WPCD, analysis of the work of WPCI, and a discussion concerning the potential of cities and transnational municipal networks to support and add value to WPCI or similar initiatives in the maritime sector. This informs the conclusions and recommendations to marine policy-makers and port stakeholders.

Keywords
Ports; Shipping;Transnational municipal networks; Climate change; Governance
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123628 (URN)10.1016/j.marpol.2015.12.012 (DOI)000391904500032 ()
Available from: 2016-01-01 Created: 2016-01-01 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. D. (2016). Accelerating local transitions to sustainable mobility. In: : . Paper presented at Transportforum 2016, Linköping, Sweden, 12-13 January 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accelerating local transitions to sustainable mobility
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The paper addresses the challenge of developing policies and incentives to achieve sustainable mobility in urban areas. Urban transport systems must undergo a profound transition in order to contribute to sustainable urban development and improve quality of life for residents and other users of urban spaces. There is substantial knowledge about the range of policy options available to decision-makers, planners and other stakeholders, yet past research has focused less on the practical organisation and implementation of policies aiming for sustainable mobility. Although many municipalities have adopted policies that promote sustainable mobility, organisational hinders and other behavioural practices have obstructed progress towards goals. Transport planning remains highly normative, prioritising the use of cars, yet some European municipalities achieve much higher modal splits for walking, cycling and public transport than many others. Basel, Göttingen and Odense are examples of three cities with strong performance: attractive, competitive cities in which the modal split for cars is low and other forms of mobility thrive. How are these cities succeeding and what can other municipalities learn from their examples? What organisational processes, methods, activities and innovations have influenced their strong performance?

Keywords
Mobility, Transport, Municipalities
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123936 (URN)
Conference
Transportforum 2016, Linköping, Sweden, 12-13 January 2016
Available from: 2016-01-14 Created: 2016-01-14 Last updated: 2016-01-20Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. & Busch, H. (2016). Identifying the "Usual Suspects" – Assessing Patterns of Representation in Local Environmental Initiatives. Challenges in Sustainability, 4(2), 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying the "Usual Suspects" – Assessing Patterns of Representation in Local Environmental Initiatives
2016 (English)In: Challenges in Sustainability, ISSN 2297-6477, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An increasing body of literature explores the role of transnational municipal networks (TMNs) in governing sustainable development. As associations, one key task of TMNs is to represent their members through production and dissemination of information and knowledge concerning municipal action for sustainable development. Case studies, often emphasising best practice, are used by many TMNs to fulfil this task. Nevertheless, despite strong scrutiny concerning the use of case studies in ᅵpolicy mobilitiesᅵ research, there have been limited attempts to quantify the ways in which TMNs present and disseminate case studies and, by doing so, generate trends of presence and absence in literature on sustainable development. Assessing patterns of representation for continents, countries, municipalities and themes across nine international case study collections published by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability since 1991, this study responds to this research gap and identifies the presence of ᅵusual suspectsᅵ in the ICLEI case study collections, along with notable absentees. By doing so, the study contributes to policy mobilities research and literature on TMNs, by encouraging reflection and further research concerning the representation patterns influencing which municipalities and what topics are presented in discourses on sustainable development.

Keywords
ICLEI; case studies; comparative urbanism; municipalities; TMNs; urban sustainability
National Category
Environmental Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129741 (URN)10.12924/cis2016.04020001 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. D., Gustafsson, S., Ivner, J. & Palm, J. (2016). Stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning – experiences from Sweden. Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 21(3), 272-289
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning – experiences from Sweden
2016 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 272-289Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the factors influencing stakeholder participation in municipal energy and climate planning, together with stakeholder experiences of participation in such processes. The article presents findings from a survey of 60 Swedish municipalities and detailed case studies of energy and climate planning in five Swedish municipalities to explore which stakeholders are involved, how and why they are involved, and the impacts of participation on both stakeholder experiences. The results of this study provide insight into the role of stakeholders in municipal energy and climate planning.The study proceeds as follows: the Introduction is followed by a discussion of theoretical perspectives on stakeholder participation and energy and climate planning. The Methods used to conduct the study are presented, followed by Results and Analysis. In the subsequent Discussion, the authors propose a conceptual approach that may assist municipalities in development of energy and climate strategies. The Analysis and Discussion inform Conclusions in which the authors advocate early and active stakeholder engagement in energy and climate strategy planning and emphasise the possible utility of their conceptual approach in supporting stakeholder participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
Energy and climate strategies; municipalities; participation; stakeholders
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104465 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2014.946400 (DOI)000378168000002 ()
Projects
HEKSA - Sustainable Energy and Climate Strategies
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

On the day of the defence date the status of this article was Manuscript.

Available from: 2014-02-17 Created: 2014-02-17 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. (2016). Sustainability · Strategy · Space – exploring influences on governing for urban sustainability in municipalities. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability · Strategy · Space – exploring influences on governing for urban sustainability in municipalities
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The pursuit of urban sustainability is considered central to sustainable development and is a key objective of the global Sustainable Development Goals (2015) and the New Urban Agenda (2016). This thesis aims to contribute to debates on urban sustainability by providing insights as to the role of actors participating in processes of governing for urban sustainability, with particular focus on the municipal organisation.

The thesis employs an interdisciplinary approach to illustrate divergent approaches to governing for urban sustainability, with reference to empirical studies of strategic planning processes in municipalities in selected North-western European countries – Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands.

These studies address themes including climate change, sustainable transport and multi-level governance. The thesis provides a broad overview of theoretical discussions related to governing, strategy and planning, the role of actors in governing for urban sustainability, and the particular importance of climate change as a challenge for urban sustainability.

A number of research gaps are identified and addressed in two research questions, focusing on the organisation and practice of processes of governing for urban sustainability, and the factors influencing actors participating in such processes. The thesis responds to these research questions with reference to five appended papers, which illustrate different dimensions of governing for urban sustainability.

The first paper concerns the organisation of processes to develop energy and climate strategies in Swedish municipalities, and the second paper highlights the experiences of actors participating in such processes. The third paper presents results from a survey illustrating the expectations of stakeholders active in governing transport in the city of Norrköping, Sweden.

In the fourth paper, the development and implementation of policies aiming for sustainable transport and urban sustainability in Basel, Switzerland, are discussed. In the final paper, cooperation through transnational municipal networks is explored with reference to the World Ports Climate Declaration, an initiative of the city of Rotterdam.

The thesis confirms the presence of five factors – capacity, mandate, resources, scope and will – that shape the “strategy space” of actors and play an important role in conditioning the form and content of processes of governing for urban sustainability. The thesis suggests that the ways in which a municipal organisation perceive and mobilise the five factors will strongly determine the extent of its sustainability strategy space.

In sum, municipal organisations and other actors participating in processes of governing for urban sustainability need to mobilise the five factors and expand their strategy space, in order to achieve vertical and horizontal alignment of strategic objectives and facilitate implementation that delivers transformative change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. p. 85
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1773
Keywords
Actors; Climate Change; Governing; Municipalities; Strategy; Urban Sustainability
National Category
Environmental Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129544 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-129544 (DOI)978-91-7685-743-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-21, ACAS, A-Huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-06-21 Created: 2016-06-21 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. D. (2016). Sustainable energy and sustainable transport: what can Swedish towns learn from municipalities in Denmark, Germany and Switzerland?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable energy and sustainable transport: what can Swedish towns learn from municipalities in Denmark, Germany and Switzerland?
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report explores the varying ways in which three European cities attempt to increase levels of sustainable mobility, and the extent to which renewable fuels or alternative forms of propulsion are integrated within the cities’ strategic work for sustainable transportation. The report presents findings from document and interview studies in the three cities – Basel, Switzerland; Göttingen, Germany; and Odense, Denmark – in order to highlight approaches, experiences or lessons that may be of value to Swedish municipalities addressing these topics.

The report indicates that there is a demonstrable need for municipalities across Europe to more explicitly and deliberately integrate strategies aiming for sustainable mobility with the use of renewable fuels and alternative forms of propulsion. Such integration will enable municipalities to increase levels of walking, cycling and public transport whilst reducing use of vehicles operating on fossil fuels. Where and when journeys by motor vehicles are unavoidable, municipalities should strive to ensure that such vehicles are electric or using high blends of renewable fuels. From a Swedish perspective, there is a need to recognize the important role of sustainable mobility in urban sustainable development and develop bolder and more coherent strategies and policies to reduce levels of vehicle use.

Publisher
p. 22
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127626 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.1.1578.5849 (DOI)
Projects
Sustainable Mobility
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-05-04 Last updated: 2016-05-10Bibliographically approved
Fenton, P. (2016). Sustainable mobility as Swiss cheese?: Exploring influences on urban transport strategy in Basel. Natural resources forum (Print), 40(4), 143-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable mobility as Swiss cheese?: Exploring influences on urban transport strategy in Basel
2016 (English)In: Natural resources forum (Print), ISSN 0165-0203, E-ISSN 1477-8947, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 143-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the development and implementation of strategies for sustainable mobility in Basel, Switzerland. Basel (Bâle, Basilea, Basle) has been identified as a ‘relatively successful’ practitioner of sustainable mobility, with an urban form that is not only conducive to walking and cycling, but also has an extensive public transport system and high levels of commuting using these sustainable modes of transport. With a low share of journeys by motor vehicles compared to many other European cities – combined with a legally-binding objective to reduce vehicle traffic by a further 10% from 2010 to 2020 – Basel appears to be a forerunner with regard to sustainable mobility policy and practice. Five years after this objective was passed into law – following a public vote, as Basel is part of the Swiss confederation and practices direct democracy – this study aims to assess the extent of policy implementation and reflect on challenges and opportunities for the future. The paper presents findings from a series of interviews with stakeholders in Basel on the theme of sustainable mobility. Key questions include: is it possible to develop coherent strategies and policies to further reduce the role of motor vehicles and in doing so, achieve a modal shift? How does participation in a direct democracy influence strategy and policy development and outcomes? Do compromises and trade-offs mean strategies and policies promoting sustainable mobility are, like Swiss cheese, riddled with holes? By illustrating challenges and opportunities when advancing sustainable mobility in a participative culture, the study provides insights for policymakers and researchers in other contexts. Among the conclusions is an emphasis on the importance of committed individuals capable of expanding the ‘strategy space’ of processes. Participation provides one such opportunity, yet may also generate divergent or contradictory trends causing incrementalism. A rapid transition to sustainable mobility is thus likely to require increased politicisation of the topic by both politicians and civil servants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016
Keywords
Sustainable mobility, governance, strategy, policy, participation, direct democracy, Canton Basel-Stadt
National Category
Environmental Sciences Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129371 (URN)10.1111/1477-8947.12093 (DOI)000393051100002 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Goteborg Energi; Riksbyggens Jubileumsfond Den Goda Staden; Vinnova (Verifiering for Samverkan)

Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2017-11-28
Feiz, R., Fenton, P., Frändegård, P., Johansson, N., Kanda, W., Matschewsky, J., . . . Wallsten, B. (2015). A corridor striving for sustainability - Reflecting upon PhD education at a Swedish University. In: : . Paper presented at Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference, Accelerating the Transition to Equitable Post Fossil-Carbon Societies, 1 - 4 November 2015, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A corridor striving for sustainability - Reflecting upon PhD education at a Swedish University
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2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we present an overview of interdisciplinary research from Ph.D. students working at the Division of Environmental Technology and Management at Linköping University, Sweden. Each of the Ph.D. students addresses the overall challenge of sustainability transitions in their research, although the themes and content of research varies considerably between individuals, encompassing research on actors, networks, products, materials, services and systems from the public and private sector, operating locally, regionally, nationally and internationally. The scientific literature and methods used to frame and conduct studies varies considerably within the group, as does the individual focus on immediate issues of sustainability.

Keywords
Sustainability Transition; Interdisciplinary Research; Academic Collaboration; Reflexive Research
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122812 (URN)
Conference
Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference, Accelerating the Transition to Equitable Post Fossil-Carbon Societies, 1 - 4 November 2015, Sitges, Barcelona, Spain
Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2016-08-24
Fenton, P. D. & Gustafsson, S. (2015). Contesting sustainability in urban transport — perspectives from a Swedish town. Natural resources forum (Print), 39(1), 15-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contesting sustainability in urban transport — perspectives from a Swedish town
2015 (English)In: Natural resources forum (Print), ISSN 0165-0203, E-ISSN 1477-8947, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents findings from a document study, survey, and workshops held in a Swedish municipality. The empirical focus of the study is on the role of transport in municipal planning and transport's potential contribution to urban sustainability in the municipality. The case study highlights a problem familiar to many municipalities — a transport sector largely dependent on fossil fuel private vehicles that generates significant impacts on the climate and environment, along with other economic and social costs. However, despite awareness of these negative impacts, it is difficult to implement measures to reduce the use of private vehicles and enable a transition towards a sustainable transport sector. In Sweden, municipalities have exclusive planning monopolies and an extensive range of other powers. Despite this, many municipalities are struggling to reduce car dependency and enable sustainable mobility. This paper questions the extent to which the municipality and its governance processes are capable of contributing toward sustainable development, both locally and globally, in the absence of radical measures. In particular, the paper considers why, despite having adopted objectives to promote sustainable mobility, does the municipality struggle with the implementation of measures to enable sustainable mobility? Why is there a difference between words and actions?

Keywords
Municipalities; sustainable development; transport; mobility; decision-making; governance
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114291 (URN)10.1111/1477-8947.12061 (DOI)000351775600003 ()
Projects
Hållbara Norrköping
Available from: 2015-02-17 Created: 2015-02-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9509-8271

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