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Malm, Anna
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Malm, A., Fredriksson, A. & Johansen, K. (2016). Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 27(5), 640-661
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets
2016 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 640-661Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how capability gaps can be identified and how they can be dealt with in aircraft technology transfers in future offset deals.

Methodology – The study is based on lessons learned as identified from three case studies of technology transfers from Saab, a Swedish aircraft manufacturing company to South Africa, the Czech Republic, and India.

FindingsThe capability gap between sender and receiver has to be dealt with on two levels: on an organizational level; and on an individual level. It is proposed that the disseminative capacity constitutes the ability to assess the capability gap between the sender and receiver, and to convert this assessment to adaptations of the product and production process to include in an industrialization process. On the individual level, the capability-raising activities were connected to employees’ knowledge, Personal Development Plans for the transfer of explicit knowledge, as well as on-the-job training to facilitate the exchange of tacit knowledge.

Research limitations The research is based on case studies from one company.

Originality/value – The paper focuses on the context of offset and reports on actual experiences from a capability perspective of technology transfers within the aircraft manufacturing area. It proposes a structured way of identifying and bridging the capability gap within such transfers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
Keywords
Capability gap, industrialization process, capability growth, transfer process, related offset, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128130 (URN)10.1108/JMTM-11-2015-0101 (DOI)000381441400002 ()
Note

Forthcoming

Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-19 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Fredriksson, A., Malm, A. & Johansen, K. (2016). What are the differences between related offset and outsourcing?: A case study of a related offset business at Saab. International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 14(2), 132-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What are the differences between related offset and outsourcing?: A case study of a related offset business at Saab
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, ISSN 1470-6075, E-ISSN 1741-5284, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 132-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, offset contracts have become more complex. For the seller to carry through and review the effects and the demands of an offset contract, they need a framework.The paper identifies five main differences between outsourcing and related offset, which are translated into activities to be included in a suggested related offset framework. The paper is based on an in-depth case study of a related offset business at Saab, a Swedish military aircraft producer. The analysis compared the studied case with an existing outsourcing process identified in literature. The paper contributes by providing an overview of the activities taking place during a related offset process and showing the effect of the different hierarchical levels involved in the process on the efficiency of the fulfilment of the offset business. This paper is based on a single case study, and the suggested differences should be verified through further case studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2016
Keywords
offset framework, related offset, case study, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133624 (URN)10.1504/IJTTC.2016.081637 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-01-02 Created: 2017-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Malm, A. & Johansen, K. (2013). Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes. In: Daniel J. Svyantek and Kevin Mahoney (Ed.), Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies: . Information Age Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes
2013 (English)In: Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies / [ed] Daniel J. Svyantek and Kevin Mahoney, Information Age Publishing, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This volume of the Research in Organizational Sciences is entitled "Received Wisdom, Kernels of Truth, and Boundary Conditions in Organizational Studies". Received wisdom is knowledge imparted to people by others and is based on authority and tenacity as sources of human knowledge. Authority refers to the acceptance of knowledge as truth because of the position and credibility of the knowledge source. Tenacity refers to the continued presentation of a particular bit of information by a source until this bit of information is accepted as true by receivers. The problem for organizational studies, however, is that this received wisdom often becomes unquestioned assumptions which guide interpretation of the world and decisions made about the world. Received wisdom, therefore, may lead to organizational practices which provide little or no benefit to the organization and, potentially, negative organizational effects, because this received wisdom is no longer valid. The 14 papers in this volume all, in some way, strive to question received wisdom and present alternatives which expand our understanding of organizational behavior in some way. The chapters in this volume each strive to present new ways of understanding organizational constructs, and in so doing reveal how received wisdom has often led to confirmation bias in organizational science. The knowledge that some perceived truths are actually the products of received wisdom and do not stand up to close scrutiny shakes up things within research areas previously thought settled allowing new perspectives on organizational science to emerge

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Information Age Publishing, 2013
Series
Research in organizational sciences
Keywords
Organizational behavior, BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Negotiating
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93636 (URN)9781623961893 (ISBN)9781623961909 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
Malm, A. (2013). Important Factors in the Transfer of Aircraft Production: Challenges Related to Offset Business. (Licentiate dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Important Factors in the Transfer of Aircraft Production: Challenges Related to Offset Business
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today, many global industries have difficulties meeting their transfer of production cost targets; the complexity in transfer of production is often underestimated. The aircraft manufacturing industry is a relevant example of a global industry, as many aircraft manufacturers produce parts in different areas of the world. The aircraft manufacturing industry include highly complex production technologies, is regulated by strict national and international standards, and utilizes a comprehensive configuration management.

Large international agreements in defence-related industries often involve offset business. The most important parameters for the buying organisation in offset business are to create relations, import technical knowledge/production, promote domestic merchandise, and create employment for the local population.

The purpose of the research is to identify, categorise and explore challenges related to transfer of aircraft production within offset business. The research is conducted as a case study at the Swedish enterprise SAAB Aeronautics. Future export deals for SAAB Aeronautics will in all probability consist of offsetbusiness including transfer of production, involving for example parts or entire aircraft to the receiving country.

Several factors connected to transfer of aircraft production were identified. The factors were categorised and three of the categories were selected for in-depth studies:

Category 1: Cultural challenges and communication

Category 2: Configuration management

Category 3: Transfer of knowledge and technology

The results from the in-depth studies can help Aeronautics in planning and conducting transfer of aircraft production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. p. 73
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1598
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93638 (URN)978-91-7519-595-7 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-06-11, Sal A39, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2016-09-26Bibliographically approved
Malm, A. (2012). Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production. In: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS. 28TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES 23 - 28 September, 2012, Brisbane, Australia: . Paper presented at 28th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23–28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia (pp. 1-9).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production
2012 (English)In: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS. 28TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES 23 - 28 September, 2012, Brisbane, Australia, 2012, p. 1-9Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the paper is to discuss how relocation of production can be affected when MBD is applied. The research is performed from a view point of production relocation; the focus is not on MBD as a method. The paper is based on a literature review combined with empirical data from an industrial study at the Swedish enterprise Saab Aeronautics. It was hard to find gaps in the literature since no literature covering the aim of the research was found. Important subject of discussion was that update or creation of MBD production documentation can decrease the amount of tacit knowledge at the sender and help the possibility to differentiate off-line learning from on-line learning, which can save both time and cost.

Keywords
MBD, Production Relocation, Aircraft Production, Production Transfer
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89576 (URN)978-0-9565333-1-9 (ISBN)
Conference
28th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23–28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-27 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
Malm, A., Björkman, M., Johansen, K., Fredriksson, A. & Rudlund, M. (2012). Production Start-up Phase: A Comparison between New Product Development and Production Relocation. In: : . Paper presented at 5th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2012), 6-8 November 2012, Linköping, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Production Start-up Phase: A Comparison between New Product Development and Production Relocation
Show others...
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A challenging situation due to a more global market is the increasing need for production relocation. New product development with constant increasing competition challenges the ways to perform production start-up and production relocation. Product development processes focus in general on function of the product and to avoid product quality problems. Production relocation processes also focus on avoiding product quality problems, but problems that occur within production relocation are mostly related to forgotten or misunderstood information. In this paper, a literature review is performed investigating these three areas and relate them to industrial experience. Existing relocation processes are often based on processes for product development. There are several similarities between the production start-up in product development and product relocation since the same result is requested. However, the way to achieve the results can differ within the literature, within the paper are the differences and similarities discussed.

Keywords
Production relocation, production transfer, product development, production start-up
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89577 (URN)978-917519-752-4 (ISBN)
Conference
5th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2012), 6-8 November 2012, Linköping, Sweden
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-27 Last updated: 2016-09-26
Malm, A., Björkman, M. & Johansen, K. (2011). Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production. In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), 2011. Paper presented at 15th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD 2011), 8-9 June 2011, Lausanne, Switzerland (pp. 835-841). IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production
2011 (English)In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), 2011, IEEE , 2011, p. 835-841Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The research within this paper identifies three main categories of cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production. The first category is organizational structure, hierarchy and delegation of responsibility the second category is consensus behavior and avoidance of conflicts and the third category is individual motivation factors. Furthermore, the paper discusses the need for specific types of cross-cultural training that can be one solution for reducing the problems and difficulties that cultural challenges may induce. The case study indicates that it is important for Aeronautics, a Swedish enterprise, to apply organized cross-cultural training in combination with technical training. To secure the presence of cross-cultural training, suitable types of cultural training could be included in the working process/routine for how to conduct a production transfer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2011
Keywords
aircraft production, cross-cultural communication, cross-cultural training, cultural challenges, offset, outsourcing, transfer
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89309 (URN)10.1109/CSCWD.2011.5960215 (DOI)978-1-4577-0386-7 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD 2011), 8-9 June 2011, Lausanne, Switzerland
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-25 Last updated: 2016-11-09
Malm, A., Björkman, M. & Johansen, K. (2011). International transfer of aircraft production: Problems and effects due to cultural differences. In: : . Paper presented at 4th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS11), 3-5 May 2011, Lund, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International transfer of aircraft production: Problems and effects due to cultural differences
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In transfer of advanced industrial production in connection with offset business may not the selling organization be free to choose the most suitable subcontractor with respect to culture, organization, technical level etc. This paper discusses in specific Aeronautics (one of five business areas at Saab Group) and identifies different complications that can occur when different cultures meet during the transfer of production processes. The research is based on a case study utilizing interviews, observations and literature studies. Compilation and analysis of gathered empirical data indicates that many of the differences that emerge during transfer of production technology from Aeronautics to subcontractors in other countries can be exemplified by: -differences in hierarchal organization between different cultures, Swedes’ consensus behaviour and avoidance of conflicts and differences in individual motivation factors between cultures. All of these are considered from the perspective of different categories of employees such as; operators, engineers and management. For a successful transfer of production, the case study implies that important factors are; harmonization of production documentation between receiver and sender, and education of project team on receiving company’s culture before the production transfer is started.

Keywords
Transfer, Culture, Production, Manufacturing, Offset
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89310 (URN)
Conference
4th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS11), 3-5 May 2011, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-25 Last updated: 2016-09-26
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