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Vernqvist, Johanna
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Vernqvist, J. (2018). Gaspara Stampa: Rethinking the Phoenix. In: Stefano Santosuosso (Ed.), Genealogías. Re-Writing the Canon: Women Writing in XVI-XVII Century Italy (pp. 87-106). ArCiBel Editores
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gaspara Stampa: Rethinking the Phoenix
2018 (English)In: Genealogías. Re-Writing the Canon: Women Writing in XVI-XVII Century Italy / [ed] Stefano Santosuosso, ArCiBel Editores, 2018, p. 87-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The phoenix is a frequently applied metaphor within poetry of the Cinquecento used with the most various definitions, not the least as a symbol for resurrection and love. In this chapter I discuss how Gaspara Stampa strategically employs the phoenix in order to negotiate both Petrarchan and Neoplatonic ideals of love.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ArCiBel Editores, 2018
Keywords
Gaspara Stampa, Renaissance poetry, love, neoplatonism, phoenix, early modern
National Category
Specific Literatures
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153239 (URN)9788415335801 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Vernqvist, J. (2018). The Androgyne and the Phoenix: Marguerite de Navarre and Gaspara Stampa: Gendering Early Modern Debates on Love. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Androgyne and the Phoenix: Marguerite de Navarre and Gaspara Stampa: Gendering Early Modern Debates on Love
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study explores Marguerite de Navarre’s and Gaspara Stampa’s literary strategies through a close examination of their appropriation of Neoplatonic ideals of love and gender. Against a backdrop of the cultural and literary canon of the sixteenth century, and through a theoretical framework building on Judith Butler and Michel Foucault, it demonstrates how Marguerite de Navarre and Gaspara Stampa destabilize power relations within the discourses of love and gender, thus gendering early modern debates on love.

The debates on love concern various ways of understanding classical and early modern treatises on love and are often presented in the genre of the dialogue, such as in the works of Plato, Marsilio Ficino, Leone Ebreo and Tullia d’Aragona. The philosophical ideas presented within these works were vividly discussed in early modern cultural circles and gatherings, such as the Venetian salons and at the French and Italian courts, which strengthens the dialogical character of the debates.

More precisely, this study examines how these ideas were interpreted and redefined in Marguerite de Navarre’s collection of novellas, the Heptaméron (1559), and Gaspara Stampa’s poems, Rime (1554), – especially when it comes to their use of the mythical figures of the androgyne and the phoenix. Although we are dealing with two rather different writers, one being a queen and the other a virtuosa, a singer and performer of lyrical poetry, the main argument is that their literary works correspond in terms of the literary strategies they employ in order to give women a voice within a male-dominated culture. Thus, through these strategies, Marguerite de Navarre and Gaspara Stampa subvert norms within prevailing discourses of gender and love.

Abstract [sv]

Den här studien undersöker Margareta av Navarras och Gaspara Stampas appropriering av nyplatonska kärleks- och genusideal. Mot en bakgrund av en tidigmodern litterär kanon och genom teoretiska perspektiv från Judith Butler och Michel Foucault, visar studien hur Margareta av Navarra och Gaspara Stampa genom olika litterära strategier destabiliserar ideal såväl som maktrelationer i tidens dominerande diskussioner om kärlek.

Diskussionerna kretsar till stor del kring klassiska och tidigmoderna traktat om kärlek och är ofta presenterade i dialogform, som hos Platon, Marsilio Ficino, Leone Ebreo och Tullia d’Aragona. De filosofiska idéer om kärlek som gestaltas i dessa verk diskuteras också under den här perioden vid kulturella sammankomster, i exempelvis Venedigs salonger och vid de franska och italienska hoven, vilket ytterligare förstärker deras dialogiska karaktär.

Genom närläsningar och kontextualiseringar visar studien mer precist hur dessa filosofiska idéer tolkas och omdefinieras i Margareta av Navarras novellsamling Heptaméron (1559) och Gaspara Stampas diktsamling Rime (1554), och då särskilt hur de använder de mytiska figurerna androgynen och fenixen. Även om vi har att göra med två relativt olika författare, den ena är drottning och den andra en virtuosa, det vill säga en skicklig musiker och sångerska som framför lyrisk poesi, så är huvudargumentet i den här studien att deras litterära verk korresponderar ifråga om de litterära strategier de använder i syfte att ge plats för en kvinnlig röst inom en mansdominerad kultur. Därmed förhandlar och destabiliserar Margareta av Navarra och Gaspara Stampa rådande normer inom de tidigmoderna diskurserna om genus och kärlek.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 290
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Sciences, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 758Studies in Language and Culture, ISSN 1403-2570 ; 32
Keywords
Marguerite de Navarre, Gaspara Stampa, Early modern Literature, Love, Women writers, Neoplatonism, Androgyne, Phoenix, Love, Gender, Dialogues, Margareta av Navarra, Gaspara Stampa, tidigmodern litteratur, kärlek, kvinnliga författarskap, nyplatonism, androgynen, fenix, genus, dialog
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153107 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-153107 (DOI)9789176851708 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-12-13, Key 1, Key-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Vernqvist, J. (2013). A Female Voice in Early Modern Love Poetry – Gaspara Stampa. Trans: Revue de Littérature Générale et Comparée, 15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Female Voice in Early Modern Love Poetry – Gaspara Stampa
2013 (English)In: Trans: Revue de Littérature Générale et Comparée, ISSN 1778-3887, Vol. 15Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In the 16th century a revolution took place for women poets in Italy and Gaspara Stampa (1523-1554) was one of the strongest voices of the period. She is not only a woman writing within a literary code created by and for men, Petrarchism – she writes her poetry with confidence, takes tone and makes a woman’s voice heard where it traditionally does not exist. She goes against ideals and creates female speaking and loving subject At the same time, she makes man her muse and silent object of her praise. And where the tradition divides love in high and low, heavenly and earthbound, Stampa seeks union of body and soul, a union of the two lovers, because without love life is not even worth living.

Abstract [fr]

Au XVIe siècle a lieu une révolution pour les femmes poètes en Italie et Gaspara Stampa (1523-1554) est l’une des voix les plus fortes de cette période. En plus d’être une femme écrivant au sein d’un code littéraire créé par et pour les hommes – le pétrarquisme – sa poésie est empreinte de confiance, elle fait résonner la voix d’une femme où il n’en existe traditionnellement pas. Elle s’oppose aux idéaux et donne la parole à un sujet féminin plein d’amour. Dans le même temps, elle fait de l’homme sa muse et l’objet silencieux de ses louanges. Là où la tradition divise l’amour entre le haut et le bas, le céleste et le terrestre, Stampa cherche l’union du corps et de l’âme, ainsi que celle des deux amants, puisque sans amour la vie ne vaut pas la peine d’être vécue.

National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98247 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-04 Created: 2013-10-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Vernqvist, J. (2013). Negotiations of Renaissance Desire. In: Anders Cullhed, Carin Franzén, Anders Hallengren and Mats Malm (Ed.), Pangs of Love and Longing: Configurations of Desire in Premodern Literature (pp. 110-129). Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negotiations of Renaissance Desire
2013 (English)In: Pangs of Love and Longing: Configurations of Desire in Premodern Literature / [ed] Anders Cullhed, Carin Franzén, Anders Hallengren and Mats Malm, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, p. 110-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The complex relationship between psychic structures, social norms, and aesthetic representations is a challenge for every analysis of the historical manifestations of human desire. This book provides an understanding of this relation by an assessment of the linguistic and artistic configurations of desire in European literature over the years

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013
Keywords
Literature, Ancient History and criticism, Literature, Medieval History and criticism, Desire in literature, Begär i litteraturen historia, Åtrå i litteraturen historia, Kärlek i litteraturen historia
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98246 (URN)978-1-4438-4763-6 (ISBN)1-4438-4763-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-10-04 Created: 2013-10-04 Last updated: 2014-10-24Bibliographically approved
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